Asymptotic Statistics

lstat2460  2022-2023  Louvain-la-Neuve

Asymptotic Statistics
4.00 crédits
15.0 h + 5.0 h
Q1
Enseignants
Langue
d'enseignement
Anglais
Préalables
Concepts et outils équivalents à ceux enseignés dans les UEs
LSTAT2190Concepts et traitement de vecteurs aléatoires
LSTAT2140Statistique nonparamétrique: méthodes de base
LSTAT2040Inférence statistique et vraisemblance
  • Linear algebra: vectors and matrices
  • Calculus, univariate and multivariate: limits, continuity, differentiability, Taylor’s theorem, deterministic o and O calculus, norms, partial derivatives, Jacobian
Thèmes abordés
The course focuses on mathematical techniques to establish large-sample distributions of common estimators and test statistics arising in statistical methodology
Acquis
d'apprentissage

A la fin de cette unité d’enseignement, l’étudiant est capable de :

To select and use the proper mathematical tools to establish the asymptotic distribution of a sequence of statistics (estimators, test statistics). With regard to the AA reference framework of the Master's programme in Statistics, general orientation, this activity contributes to the development and acquisition of the following AAs: 1.4, 4.1, 4.3.
 
Contenu
  • Basics: Convergence in distribution and in probability, continuous mapping theorem, Slutsky’s lemma, stochastic op and Op calculus
  • Univariate and multivariate central limit theorems (also Lindeberg–Feller)
    • Examples: sample variance, t-statistic (also multivariate, i.e., Hotelling?), Pearson chi-square tests, linear regression, . . .
  • Delta-method (with proof)
    • Examples: sample skewness/curtosis, sample correlation, central order statistics (via quantile transform), variance-stabilizing transformations, . . .
  • Sample moments and moment estimators
    • Example: parameter estimates in full-rank exponential families, . . .
  • M- and Z-estimators, consistency and asymptotic normality under classical conditions
    • Examples: maximum likelihood estimators in smooth single-parameter models, robust estimators
  • U-statistics via Hájek projection (conditional expectation as an L2-projection)
    • Examples: Wilcoxon’s signed rank statistic, Kendall’s tau
    • Optional: two-sample U-statistics, such as Mann–Whitney statistic and Mann– Kendall trend test
Attention will also be paid to verifying the accuracy of asymptotic approximations in finite samples via Monte Carlo simulation experiments in R.
Note: Given the modest prerequisites and the limited time available, the course will not venture into empirical process techniques (Glivenko–Cantelli and Donsker theorems).
Méthodes d'enseignement
In the lectures, the teacher will explain each technique in general and work out an example. The students will then be given an assignment to apply the technique in a similar situation and write out the mathematical developments in some detail in a text (format: LATEX or R Markdown) to be submitted for detailed feedback to both the other students and the teacher.
The practice sessions will focus on theoretical and numerical examples.
Modes d'évaluation
des acquis des étudiants
Each student will be given an assignment similar to those in the course. The examination is oral and is based on the submitted project. The assignments to be made during the year are worth bonus points.
Ressources
en ligne
Course material (literature, explanations, exercises) available on Moodle.
Bibliographie
Optional bibliography:
[1] Hunter, D. R. (2014). Notes for a graduate-level course in asymptotics for statisticians. Penn State University, http://personal.psu.edu/drh20/asymp/lectures/asymp.pdf.
[2] Lehmann, E. L. (1999). Elements of Large-Sample Theory. Springer Texts in Statistics. New York: Springer-Verlag. 2
[3] Polansky, A. M. (2011). Introduction to Statistical Limit Theory. Texts in Statistical Science Series. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
[4] Segers, J. (2017). Théorie des probabilités. UCLouvain, syllabus LMAT1371.
[5] Serfling, R. J. (1980). Approximation Theorems of Mathematical Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. Wiley Series in Probability and Mathematical Statistics.
[6] van der Vaart, A. W. (1998). Asymptotic Statistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Faculté ou entité
en charge


Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Intitulé du programme
Sigle
Crédits
Prérequis
Acquis
d'apprentissage
Master [120] en sciences mathématiques

Master [120] en statistique, orientation générale

Certificat d'université : Statistique et science des données (15/30 crédits)