Students need to master the following skills, basic concepts in general chemistry and chemical physics, organic chemistry and biochemistry, and biology and cellular physiology taught during the Bachelor's degree (e.g. in the following courses : LFSAB1301 or LCHM1111, LBIR1220A, and LGBIO1111 or LBIR1150)
General introduction to main classes of biomaterials: structure of natural and synthetic materials (polymers, ceramics and glasses, metals and composites).
Properties of biomaterials: mechanical properties, surface vs bulk properties, physical and chemical properties, degradability, etc. This includes the study of living organism-material interactions: protein adsorption, cell adhesion, inflammatory and immune reactions, coagulation, etc.
Examples of application of different classes of biomaterials in medicine: cardiovascular and orthopedic devices, dental materials, tissue engineering, etc.
With respect to the AA referring system defined for the Master in Biomedical Engineering, the course contributes to the development, mastery and assessment of the following skills :
- AA2.1, AA2.3, AA2.5
- AA3.1, AA3.3
- AA5.1, AA5.4, AA5.5, AA5.6
- AA6.1, AA6.3
At the end of this teaching unit, the student will be able to:
- Describe the structure and properties of different classes of biomaterials, and explain the principles governing living organism-material interactions;
- Analyze the choice of a biomaterial for a given function.
Through the preparation of the project (see "learning process" hereunder), the student will also be able to:
- Write a synthetic report based on the content of a dozen of scientific articles related to a selected topic;
- Present orally, in a clear and synthetic manner, the achievements of the project to an audience with basic knowledge in biomaterials science.
The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
Part 1 : General introduction to main classes of biomaterials
- 1.1 Polymers
- 1.2 Metals
- 1.3 Ceramics
- 1.4 Compositifs
- 1.5 Hydrogels
- 1.6 Natural Materials
Part 2 : Properties of biomaterials
- 2.1 Mechanicals properties
- 2.2 Surface vs bulk properties
- 2.3 Living organism-biomaterial interactions
Part 3 : applications of biomaterials in medicine
The first part of the teaching unit consists in lectures covering three axes: (i) principles of biology related to host-biomaterial interactions; (ii) general introduction to main classes of biomaterials: structure of natural and synthetic materials (polymers, ceramics and glasses, metals and composites); (iii) properties of biomaterials: mechanical properties, physical and chemical properties, surface properties, and relation between these properties and host-material interactions.
The second part of the teaching unit includes a series of application of different classes of biomaterials in medicine, biology and artificial organs: biomaterials for cardiovascular applications, orthopedic prostheses, dental materials, drug delivery systems, biosensors, tissue engineering, etc. This part of the course is illustrated through presentations by experts from research and industry. Moreover, the visit of a company active in the field of biomaterials may be proposed.
The third part of the teaching unit consists in a project, prepared by teams of two to three students. On the basis of at least a dozen of scientific papers or book chapters, the students will discuss a current issue in biomaterials science. Regular mentoring session with the teachers are organized, to orient students in their search of appropriate literature, and to help them structuring and writing the report. At the end of the semester, the work is presented to the other students following the same teaching unit.
- Final written or oral exam during the session (60 % of final grade)
- Project evaluation (40 % of final grade): the written report is taken into account, as well as the oral presentation in front of the students participating to the course.
- For students registered for a partim (LGBIO2030A, 3 ECTS), the final grade is solely based on the final examination.
The course can be taken as a partim [LGBIO2030A] (3 ECTS, 30 h + 10 h). In such case, the student does not prepare a project, but participates to project presentation by other student.
- Notes de cours sur Moodle
Livre de référence (exemplaires prêtés aux étudiants par groupe) :
Biomaterials : The intersection of Biology and Materials science : Int. Edition
J. Temenoff & A. Mikos, Pearson Education