The cell and organelles
How physics and chemistry are implicated in the structure and function of the cell.
How cells are studied.
The programme and the nucleus; the membranes and compartments; the energy and syntheses; the movement and cell organisation.
The control of cell behaviour by extra- and intracellular signalling.
The transmission of the programme.
The integration of cells into a pluricellular organism.
The differentiation and variety of cells ensure the diversity of organism's functions (protection, motility, inputs and outputs of metabolism, coordination, reproduction)
The evolution guided the history of living things.
The origin of life, the major kingdoms and their diversity, the mechanisms of evolution.
The organisms are associated within the biosphere, with complex interactions.
Biosphere and diversity of environment, ecosystems and communities (food networks, energy pyramid, biogeochemical cycles), populations (growth, regulation, human population).
- 1 The course consists in an initiation to fundamental concepts in biology, with examples of applications. It features the particularities of the approach in biology, facing the complexity and diversity of its objects.
The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and
command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be
accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled
“Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
Prerequisites: none. Teaching method: lectures with contribution of current media.
- Diapositives du cours disponibles sur Moodle UCL (format pdf) / Slides available online (Moodle UCL) in pdf format
Ouvrage de référence : N.A. Campbell et J. Reece, Biologie (7ème édition), De Boeck Université.