Introduction to forestry sciences

LBIR1334  2019-2020  Louvain-la-Neuve

Introduction to forestry sciences
3.0 credits
22.5 h + 15.0 h
2q

Teacher(s)
Ponette Quentin (coordinator) ; Vincke Caroline ;
Language
Français
Aims

  • 1

    a. Contribution de l¿activité au référentiel AA (AA du programme)

    Cohérence des AA cours en regard de ceux du programme

    B1.1., B1.3., B1.4., B1.5., B2.1., B2.3., B3.1., B3.3., B3.5., B3.7., B6.2., B6.5.

     

    b. Formulation spécifique pour cette activité des AA du programme (maximum 10)

    At the end of this course, the student:

    - understands the specifics of forest ecosystems and of their management;

    - understands the functions and issues related to forests, in a variety of bio-climatic and socio-economic contexts;

    - has the basics (vocabulary, methods, tools) needed to characterize forests (at the 'tree', 'stand', and 'ecosystem' levels; in both static and dynamic ways) and management methods;

    - understands the main processes that regulate forest dynamics at the 'tree', 'stand' and 'ecosystem' levels, in natural conditions or under management;

    - knows the cropping objectives associated with forest management as well as the silvicultural interventions implemented to meet them in the main temperate silvicultural systems (even-aged high forest, selection system, coppice and coppice with standards);

    - is able to describe and analyse forest stands, and based on this, to establish basic management recommendations.

The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.

Content

Part I. Forests

- definitions

- diversity of forests over space

- diversity of forests over time

- humans and forests

Partie II. Trees

- definitions

- morphology and growth

- effects of environmental factors on tree

Partie III. Forest dynamics

- solar radiation and forests

- successions

- disturbances

- site availability and opening of gaps

- colonization and installation

- biotic interactions

- species strategies

- silvigeneses: single-cohort vs multicohort stands

Partie IV. Silvicultures

- context

- silvicultural systems

- cropping objectives and silvicultural interventions

Teaching methods

- Lectures with active learning mini-activities and real-life examples

- Presentations given by stakeholders in the socio-professional world

- Integrated small-scale group project (basic stand description and analysis), with feedback in the field

- One-day field trip in public forests.

Evaluation methods

- Written exam with short answers

- Written report related to the description and analysis of a forest stand

Bibliography

Les supports de cours obligatoires (diapositives power point, documents de référence) sont mis à disposition de l'étudiant sur Moodle.

 

Pour en savoir plus, l'étudiant pourra consulter utilement les ouvrages de référence suivants :

- Barnes, B.V., Zak, D.R., Denton, S.R., Spurr, S.H., 1998. Forest ecology. 4th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 774 p ;

- Chapin III, F.S., Matson, P.A., Vitousek, P. 2011. Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. Springer-Verlag, New York ;

- Kimmins, J.P. 2004. Forest ecology. A foundation for sustainable forest management and environmental ethics in forestry. 3rd edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, USA, 611 p. + annexes ;

- Nyland, R.D., 2002. Silviculture: concepts and applications. 2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill, USA, 682 p. ;

- Oliver, C.D., Larson, B.C., 1996. Forest stand dynamics. Updated Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 520 p. ;

- Sands, R., 2005. Forestry in a global context. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 262 p. ;

- Schütz, J.-P., 1990. Sylviculture 1. Principes d'éducation des forêts. Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, Suisse, 243 p. ;

- Schütz, J.-P., 1997. Sylviculture 2. La gestion des forêts irrégulières et mélangées. Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, Suisse, 178 p. ;

- Smith, D.M., Larson, B.C., Kelty, M.J., Ashton, P.M.S. 1996.The practice of silviculture: applied forest ecology. 9th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA
Faculty or entity


Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Program title
Sigle
Credits
Prerequisites
Aims
Minor in Scientific Culture
3
-

Minor in Development and Environment
3
-

Bachelor in Bioengineering

Master [120] in Biology of Organisms and Ecology
3
-