Although we do not yet know how long the social distancing related to the Covid-19 pandemic will last, and regardless of the changes that had to be made in the evaluation of the June 2020 session in relation to what is provided for in this learning unit description, new learnig unit evaluation methods may still be adopted by the teachers; details of these methods have been - or will be - communicated to the students by the teachers, as soon as possible.
The prerequisite(s) for this Teaching Unit (Unité d’enseignement – UE) for the programmes/courses that offer this Teaching Unit are specified at the end of this sheet.
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
a. Contribution de l¿activité au référentiel AA (AA du programme)
Cohérence des AA cours en regard de ceux du programme
B1.1., B1.3., B1.4., B1.5., B2.1., B2.3., B3.1., B3.3., B3.5., B3.7., B6.2., B6.5.
b. Formulation spécifique pour cette activité des AA du programme (maximum 10)
At the end of this course, the student:
- understands the specifics of forest ecosystems and of their management;
- understands the functions and issues related to forests, in a variety of bio-climatic and socio-economic contexts;
- has the basics (vocabulary, methods, tools) needed to characterize forests (at the 'tree', 'stand', and 'ecosystem' levels; in both static and dynamic ways) and management methods;
- understands the main processes that regulate forest dynamics at the 'tree', 'stand' and 'ecosystem' levels, in natural conditions or under management;
- knows the cropping objectives associated with forest management as well as the silvicultural interventions implemented to meet them in the main temperate silvicultural systems (even-aged high forest, selection system, coppice and coppice with standards);
- is able to describe and analyse forest stands, and based on this, to establish basic management recommendations.
The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
- diversity of forests over space
- diversity of forests over time
- humans and forests
Partie II. Trees
- morphology and growth
- effects of environmental factors on tree
Partie III. Forest dynamics
- solar radiation and forests
- site availability and opening of gaps
- colonization and installation
- biotic interactions
- species strategies
- silvigeneses: single-cohort vs multicohort stands
Partie IV. Silvicultures
- silvicultural systems
- cropping objectives and silvicultural interventions
- Presentations given by stakeholders in the socio-professional world
- Integrated small-scale group project (basic stand description and analysis), with feedback in the field
- One-day field trip in public forests.
- Written report related to the description and analysis of a forest stand
Pour en savoir plus, l'étudiant pourra consulter utilement les ouvrages de référence suivants :
- Barnes, B.V., Zak, D.R., Denton, S.R., Spurr, S.H., 1998. Forest ecology. 4th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 774 p ;
- Chapin III, F.S., Matson, P.A., Vitousek, P. 2011. Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. Springer-Verlag, New York ;
- Kimmins, J.P. 2004. Forest ecology. A foundation for sustainable forest management and environmental ethics in forestry. 3rd edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, USA, 611 p. + annexes ;
- Nyland, R.D., 2002. Silviculture: concepts and applications. 2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill, USA, 682 p. ;
- Oliver, C.D., Larson, B.C., 1996. Forest stand dynamics. Updated Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 520 p. ;
- Sands, R., 2005. Forestry in a global context. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 262 p. ;
- Schütz, J.-P., 1990. Sylviculture 1. Principes d'éducation des forêts. Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, Suisse, 243 p. ;
- Schütz, J.-P., 1997. Sylviculture 2. La gestion des forêts irrégulières et mélangées. Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, Suisse, 178 p. ;
- Smith, D.M., Larson, B.C., Kelty, M.J., Ashton, P.M.S. 1996.The practice of silviculture: applied forest ecology. 9th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA