Soil physics applied to Agronomy and Environment

lbres2103  2019-2020  Louvain-la-Neuve

Soil physics applied to Agronomy and Environment
Note from June 29, 2020
Although we do not yet know how long the social distancing related to the Covid-19 pandemic will last, and regardless of the changes that had to be made in the evaluation of the June 2020 session in relation to what is provided for in this learning unit description, new learnig unit evaluation methods may still be adopted by the teachers; details of these methods have been - or will be - communicated to the students by the teachers, as soon as possible.
4 credits
30.0 h + 15.0 h
Q1
Teacher(s)
Language
French
Main themes
- Characteristics of a porous medium
- Water retention and water potential in soils
- Flow of water in saturated and unsaturated media
- Techniques for characterizing water content, water potential and hydraulic conductivity
- Introduction to solute transfer
- Transfer of gas and heat in soils
- Soil Mechanics
Aims

At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :

1

a. Contribution de l'activité au référentiel AA (AA du programme)

 

M1.2 ; M1.4 ; M2.2 ; M2.3 ; M2.4 ; M6.5 ; M6.8

 

b. Formulation spécifique pour cette activité des AA du programme

At the end of the course, the student will be able to:

- Explain the factors that determine the physical properties of soil

- Master the basic techniques of characterization of soil physical properties

- Explain the impact of soil physical properties on the retention and flow of water, the transfer of gas, heat and dissolved substances, and mechanical properties of soils

- Establish the profiles of total water potential from baseline data

- Establish the basis for modeling the dynamics of soil water in space and time, and applying Darcy's equation to estimate steady water flow

- Associated with a given type of soil, depending on texture and structure, the physical properties that correspond to it, and interpret soil physical data

- Describe the principle of operation, advantages and disadvantages of conventional methods and instruments used for the characterization of soil physical properties

- Extract soil samples in situ and characterize the basic hydraulic properties in the laboratory

- Write a report according to scientific standards and critically and consistently analyze results

- Contribute effectively to collegial data acquisition, analysis and writing of the results and conclusions.

 

The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
Content
Lectures :
- Reminder regarding the characteristics of a porous medium
- Retention of water in soil, capillarity, water retention, hysteresis
- Potential of water in soils: gravitational, matrix, hydrostatic, overburden, osmotic, barometric potential
- Techniques for characterizing water content and water potential
- Water flow in soils under steady saturated and unsaturated conditions : laws of Poiseuille, Darcy Equation and Richards equation
- Techniques for characterizing the hydraulic conductivity curve
- Equation of water transport in soil: Examples of analytical solutions
- Introduction to solute transport in soils
- Transfer of gas and heat in soil : processes
- Mechanical properties of soils , compaction, and characterization techniques
Practicals
- Sampling of soil
- Measurement of bulk density
- Measurement of infiltration : constant head infiltrometer and permeameter
- Characterization of the water retention curve
- Calculation of water potentials
- Calculation of water balance
Teaching methods
- Classes, largely illustrated by photos and schematics
- Videos (water retention and flow in soils)
- Practicals in the lab
- Exercise solving sessions
- Feedback on practicals report around mid-semester
Evaluation methods
Report of practicals
Oral exam based on solving of exercises (written preparation)
Oral exam based on 3 theoretical questions (no préparation)
Other information
This course can be given in English.
Online resources
Moodle
Bibliography
Ouvrage de référence :
-       'Environmental Soil physics', D. Hillel
-       Transparents des cours sur iCampus
Faculty or entity


Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Sigle
Credits
Prerequisites
Aims
Master [120] in Chemistry and Bioindustries

Master [120] in Agricultural Bioengineering

Master [120] in Environmental Bioengineering

Master [120] in Agriculture and Bio-industries