Thermal cycles

lmeca2150  2019-2020  Louvain-la-Neuve

Thermal cycles
Note from June 29, 2020
Although we do not yet know how long the social distancing related to the Covid-19 pandemic will last, and regardless of the changes that had to be made in the evaluation of the June 2020 session in relation to what is provided for in this learning unit description, new learnig unit evaluation methods may still be adopted by the teachers; details of these methods have been - or will be - communicated to the students by the teachers, as soon as possible.
5 credits
30.0 h + 30.0 h
Q1
Teacher(s)
Language
English
Prerequisites
Students are expected to master the following skills: basics in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics , as they are covered within the courses LMECA1855 and LMECA1321
Aims

At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :

1

In consideration of the reference table AA of the program "Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering", this course contributes to the development, to the acquisition and to the evaluation of the following experiences of learning:

  • AA1.1, AA1.2, AA1.3
  • AA2.1, AA2.2, AA2.3, AA2.4
  • AA3.1, AA3.2, AA3.3
  • AA4.1, AA4.2, AA4.3, AA4.4
  • AA5.1, AA5.3, AA5.4, AA5.5, AA5.6
  • AA6.3

The student will acquire the necessary knowledge to understand, design and evaluate thermodynamic systems involved in power cycles. A the end of the course he/she will be able to:

  • Use the concept of exergy to evaluate the performance of a power cycle and complete the energy approach
  • To formulate a detailed analysis of losses and irreversibilities at each component of a power cycle and present results by plots/pie charts
  • To elaborate assumptions and setup models to simulate a steam, gas and combined cycles
  • To setup a user friendly software with a GUI to simulate a complex combined cycle up to 3 pressure levels and performing energy/exergy analysis
 

The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
Content
  • Chapter 1: characterization of performances of driving engines
  • Chapter 2: Steam power cycles (Rnakine-Hirn)
  • Chapter 3: Gas power cycles (Brayton)
  • Chapter 4: Combined gas-steam cycles
  • Chapter 5: Combined heat and power cycles (CHP)
Teaching methods
Lectures intensively use slides with technical drawings, plots, and main formula. Some theoretical developments and thermodynamic reminders are done in class. Attendance is highly recommended as a permanent link between models/theory/formula and practical/technological arrangements is explained during the class. The spirit of the course is a permanent comparison between the classical energy approach and the exergy analysis.
To apply the theory as seen in class, a project is organized over the whole session with periodic consultations by the assistant
Evaluation methods
Project:Simulation of  (i) a complex Rankine Cycle including breedings and reheat, (ii) a gaz turbine cycle, (iii) a combined cycle. The project also includes the energy and exergy analysis of those cycles.
Exam: Closed book (3-4 h). Understanding/theory/application
The final mak is calculated according the project and the exam marks. The relative weights of the project and exam is variable and calculated according the marks obtained in both evaluations. The exact calculation key is presented at the first lecture and in the moodle site (starting slides of the course). For information, the weight is 50% for the exam and 50% for the project if the mark at the exam is higher than 10/20, and the mark for the project is higher than 13/20 but lower or equal than 15/20. Other weights are applied according the case.
Bibliography
  • Thermal Power Plants - Energetic and Exergetic approaches", D. Johnson, Joseph Martin et Pierre Wauters, 2015, presses universitaires de Louvain, ISBN: 978-2-87558-408-3
  • Slides disponibles sur Moodle
  • Eléments de thermodynamique technique",Joseph Martin et Pierre Wauters, 2014, presses universitaires de Louvain
  • Thermodynamique et énergétique: de l'énergie à l'exergie", L. Borel et D. Favrat, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
  • "Thermal Power Plants - Energetic and Exergetic approaches", D. Johnson, Joseph Martin et Pierre Wauters, 2015, presses universitaires de Louvain, ISBN: 978-2-87558-408-3. Obligatoire
  • "Eléments de thermodynamique technique",Joseph Martin et Pierre Wauters, 2014, presses universitaires de Louvain. Recommandé
  • Slides disponibles sur Moodle, obligatoire
  • "Thermodynamique et énergétique: de l'énergie à l'exergie", L. Borel et D. Favrat, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes. Recommandé
Teaching materials
  • Thermal Power Plants - Energetic and Exergetic approaches", D. Johnson, Joseph Martin et Pierre Wauters, 2015, presses universitaires de Louvain, ISBN: 978-2-87558-408-3
  • Slides disponibles sur Moodle
  • Eléments de thermodynamique technique",Joseph Martin et Pierre Wauters, 2014, presses universitaires de Louvain
  • Thermodynamique et énergétique: de l'énergie à l'exergie", L. Borel et D. Favrat, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
Faculty or entity


Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Sigle
Credits
Prerequisites
Aims
Master [120] in Electro-mechanical Engineering

Master [120] in Mechanical Engineering