At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
The objective is to offer the students some familiarity with continental philosophers and conceptual schemas that will help them situate the occidental history of medical science and analyse the social impact of medical and scientific discoveries. This basic knowledge of philosophers (Platon, Descartes, Kant, Canguilhem) will aim at helping the students articulate philosophical interrogations and the history of scientific inquiry throughout modern history.
The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
1) Firstly, we will present some important figures of the history of philosophy (Descartes, Hume, Kant, Comte), in order to identify the different possible relations between philosophy and sciences.
2) Secondly, we will concentrate on modern and contemporary philosophy of sciences (Carnap, Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos, Feyerabend), by addressing in particular the question of scientific progress and the relation between science and truth.
3) Thirdly, we will identify the mechanist paradigm and the darwinist paradigm as the two fundamental paradigms of contemporary life sciences, and we will study different forms of social impact of these paradigms, from social darwinism to pharmacology and medical practice
P. Tort, Darwin et le darwinisme, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 4eéd., 2011.
G. Canguilhem, Le normal et le pathologiqueaugmenté de Nouvelles refléxions concernant le normal et le pathologique, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1966.
P. Pignarre, Qu’est-ce qu’un médicament ? Un objet étrange, entre science, marché et société, Paris, La Découverte, 1997.