This biannual learning unit is not being organized in 2020-2021 !
Alternating with the course LGLOR2632, the course deals with:
1. Reading of biblical prose texts with special attention being given to:
- textual criticism (practical initiation);
- linguistic study linked to the other Semitic languages;
- the historical position of the text, and its place in the development of bible thinking.
2. Reading of ancient Hebrew inscriptions (non biblical).
The exercises (15 hours) are integrated into the lectures (30 hours) and provide the basis of the presentation of textual, linguistic and historic criticism.
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
At the end of this course, the student will be capable of translating and giving philological commentaries (vocabulary, morphology, and syntax) of prose Hebrew texts.
If he has already followed the course LGLOR2632, he will be able to explain the principal differences in the usage of biblical Hebrew, between prose and poetry.
The study of one or other ancient inscription (Stela of Mesha, inscription of Siloah, ostrakon of Lakish) will enable the student to acquire a first idea of Hebrew literature of the pre-exile epoch.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Class study of Hebrew texts which the students will have already prepared. During the study of these texts, shorts interventions by the lecturer will point out the textual criticism, morphology and syntax, as well as the historical aspects of the language.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Oral exam (20 minutes + 90 minutes preparation): translation of 2 biblical texts explained during the lessons and 1 unknown biblical text. Explanation of some morphological forms and syntactical peculiarities.
The use of working tools (textbook, dictionary, grammar) is allowed.
P. Joüon, Grammaire de l'hébreu biblique, Rome, P.I.B., 1965 ou P. Joüon, T. Muraoka, A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. Rome, P.I.B., 2006.
B.T. Arnorld, A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
A. Niccacci, The Syntax of the Verb in Classical Hebrew Prose, Sheffield Academic Press, 1991.
F. Brown, S.R. Driver, C.A. Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1975.
F. Zorell, Lexicon hebraicum et aramaicum Veteris Testamenti, Rome, P.I.B., 1968.
L. Koehler, W. Baumgartner, Hebräisches und aramäisches Lexikon zum Alten Testament, Leiden, Brill, 1967-1996 = The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, 1994-2000.
D.J.A. Clines (éd.), The Dictionnary of Classical Hebrew, Sheffield, University Press, 1994