This biannual learning unit is being organized in 2020-2021
Alternating with the course LGLOR2631, the course deals with:
1. Reading of biblical prose texts with special attention being given to:
- textual criticism (practical initiation);
- linguistic study linked to the other Semitic languages;
- the main mods of expression of the Hebraic poetry;
- the historical position of the text, and its place in the development of bible thinking.
2. Reading of ancient Hebrew inscriptions (non biblical).
The exercises (15 hours) are integrated into the lectures (30 hours) and provide the basis of the presentation of textual, linguistic and historic criticism.
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
At the end of this course, the student will be capable of translating and giving philological commentaries (vocabulary, morphology, and syntax) of poetical Hebrew texts.
If he has already followed the course LGLOR2631, he will be able to explain the principal differences in the usage of biblical Hebrew, between prose and poetry.
The study of one or other more recent non-vocalized text (Ecclesiastics, Qumran, Mishna, etc.) will enable the student to acquire a first notion of the evolution of the Hebrew language at the end of the first millennium B.C.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Class study of Hebrew texts which the students will have already prepared. During the study of these texts, shorts interventions by the lecturer will point out the textual criticism, morphology and syntax, as well as the historical aspects of the language.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Oral exam (20 minutes + 90 minutes preparation): translation of 2 biblical texts explained during the lessons and 1 unknown biblical text. Explanation of some morphological forms and syntactical peculiarities.
The use of working tools (textbook, dictionary, grammar) is allowed.
- P. Joüon, Grammaire de l'hébreu biblique, Rome, P.I.B., 1965
ou P. Joüon, T. Muraoka, A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. Rome, P.I.B., 2006.
- W.G.E. Watson, Classical Hebrew Poetry : a guide to its techniques, Sheffield, Academic Press, 1984
- L. Alonso Schökel, A manuel of Hebrew Poetics, Rome, P.I.B., 2000.
Ouvrages complémentaires :
- F. Brown, S.R. Driver, C.A. Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1975.
- F. Zorell, Lexicon hebraicum et aramaicum Veteris Testamenti, Rome, P.I.B., 1968.
- L. Koehler, W. Baumgartner, Hebräisches und aramäisches Lexikon zum Alten Testament, Leiden, Brill, 1967-1996 = The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, 1994-2000.
- D.J.A. Clines (éd.), The Dictionnary of Classical Hebrew, Sheffield, University Press, 1994-