Gasdynamics and reacting flows

lmeca2195  2020-2021  Louvain-la-Neuve

Gasdynamics and reacting flows
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information below is subject to change, in particular that concerning the teaching mode (presential, distance or in a comodal or hybrid format).
5 credits
30.0 h + 30.0 h
Q2
Language
English
Prerequisites
It is expected that the students have mastered the basics of thermodynamics, as covered in the courses LMECA1855 or  LPHYS1343, as well as the basics of fluid mechanics, as covered in the courses LMECA1321 or LPHY1213.
Main themes
  • Governing equations of compressible flows
  • Steady and unsteady compressible flows in one dimension
  • Steady compressible flows in two and three dimensions
  • Supersonic combustion, detonations
  • Subsonic combustion - deflagrations, explosions
  • Introduction of multiphase compressible flows.
Aims

At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :

1 With respect to the reference  AA of the programme of studies "Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering", this course contributes to the development and acquisition of the following skills
  • AA1.1, AA1.2, AA1.3
  • AA2.2, AA2.4, AA2.5
  • AA3.2, AA3.3
  • AA4.1, AA4.2, AA4.3, AA4.4
  • AA5.1, AA5.4, AA5.6
  • AA6.1, AA6.4
More precisely, by the end of the course, the student will be capable
i) to use the main concepts of gas dynamics to the analysis of propulsion systems
ii) to apply the main concepts of compressible flows to the analysis of the aerodynamics of aircraft and rockets
iii) to perform thermo-mechanical calculations involving nonlinear waves of gas dynamics (shock waves, rarefaction waves and contact surfaces)
iv) to understand and use elements of supersonic combustion and detonation dynamics to the study of explosions and of systems for hypersonic propulsion.
 
Content
  1. Steady and unsteady compressible flows in one spatial dimension. Variable-area flows, nozzle operation, rocket equation.
  2. Compressible potential flow; subsonic and supersonic regime. Characteristic decomposition, applications to airfoils.
  3. Simple waves, normal shock waves. Rankine-Hugoniot relations.
  4. Steady compressible flows in two and three dimensions.Oblique shocks. Expansion fans and method of characteristics. Prandtle-Meyer equation. Supersonic flow around projectiles.
  5. Unsteady flows. Shock formation. Piston-induced flow. Wave interactions. Shock tubes and Riemann problem. Introduction to numerical methods.
  6. Detonations. Introduction. Chapman-Jouguet theory. ZND theory. Stability analysis. Multi-dimensional structure. Applications.
Teaching methods

Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.

  • Course lectures
  • Session of exercices
  • Lectures in the classroom or mixed (classrooms with simultaneous broadcasting on Teams) depending on the pandemic conditions
Evaluation methods

Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.

  • Written exam, with open books and notes. The score on the exam counts for 70% of the overall score on the course.
  • 3 homework assignments. The score on each assignment counts for 10% of the overall score on the course
  • We maintain the right to ask a student for an oral exam in case of technical problems or suspicion of fraude.
Online resources
Bibliography
  • P.A. Thompson, Compressible Fluid Dynamics, 1988. Mandatory.
  • H.W. Lipmann and  A. Roshko, Elements of Gasdynamics, 2001, Dover. Recommended
Teaching materials
  • Hand-written notes for the course LMECA2195, available on the moodle site of the course.
  • Homeworks, available on the moodle site of the course.
Faculty or entity
Force majeure
Teaching methods
Due to the pandemic, the class lectures and exercise sessions in 2020-21 will take place on line, via Teams.
Evaluation methods
If the exam cannot take place in an auditorium for sanitary reasons, the exam will take place on line, via Teams. It will be of duration of 3 hours, open notes and books and monitoring via webcam.


Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Sigle
Credits
Prerequisites
Aims
Master [120] in Electro-mechanical Engineering

Master [120] in Mechanical Engineering