45.0 h + 10.0 h
The procedure comes straight from philosophy, in that it is an argumentative practice, and from historical criticism, according to their respective and common rules, in a perspective which is both history and language driven.
To achieve the objectives listed above, we will examine the way in which a line of argument is constructed, the kind of language support and techniques employed, and the possible uses that can be made of it.
We will deal with the most basic concepts in rhetoric, logic and argumentation, using a wide range of teaching aids, from the oldest to digital. We will also examine the different stages of historical criticism:
external and internal criticism, comparison of documents and drawing conclusions on the issues of causality and meaning.
This course aims to support and enhance training for citizenship and social responsibility. It is also designed to provide students with the tools to develop verification and validation skills in relation to the relevance of everyday information.
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
This teaching unit will enable students to acquire skills in the field of argumentation and the criticism of information, to ensure the validity and the accuracy of the specific corpus on which students in humanities are working, to aim for the greatest possible academic objectivity.
Gaining basic skills in the field of historical criticism is a vital tool for research in humanities, to validate the corpus being worked on, to set out an issue and to strive for academic objectivity.
Students will thus be able to analyse critically a piece of discourse by looking at the ideas used, the facts related, the causes and consequences established, the assessment of the values put forward, in short all the strategies deployed to support or undermine the development of a thesis.
Armed with these tools, by the end of the course, students will also be able to formulate and justify a critical stance towards all the different kinds of discourse in everyday life.
The course is made up of formal lectures (30 hours) and 10 hours of practical exercises on collections of texts.
The formal lectures will introduce the different stages of historical criticism. They will underline the importance of the issue and documentary research in carrying out a solid piece of academic research. Finally, there will be a review of the different kinds of sources, including digital ones, their contribution to knowledge of the past and their limitations. There will then be a systematic examination of the stages of external criticism, internal criticism and the comparison of witness accounts. Finally, we will draw a conclusion on the issues of causality and meaning.
We will also introduce different kinds of styles of argument, particularly hypothetical and syllogistic, to understand why and how we reason. We will study various techniques such as definition, the division of a concept, empirical research on factors, the lines of argument to establish or refute a thesis, as a way of understanding how specific techniques can construct thinking.
Assessment is by means of a written examination, the first part of which relates to the adoption of theoretical frameworks and the second to the use of these frameworks to analyse documents and discourse which students have not encountered in the course.
Faculty or entity
Title of the programme
Bachelor in Modern Languages and Literatures : General
Bachelor in History of Art and Archaeology : General
Bachelor in Ancient Languages and Literatures: Oriental Studies
Bachelor in Philosophy
Bachelor in Ancient Languages and Literatures : Classics
Bachelor in Modern Languages and Literatures: German, Dutch and English
Minor in Medieval Studies
Minor in History
Bachelor in History
Bachelor in French and Romance Languages and Literatures : General
Bachelor in Ancient and Modern Languages and Literatures
Bachelor in History of Art and Archaeology : Musicology