Aramaic A (seminar)

lglor2643  2021-2022  Louvain-la-Neuve

Aramaic A (seminar)
5.00 credits
15.0 h + 15.0 h

This biannual learning unit is being organized in 2021-2022
LGLOR1641 and/or LGLOR1642.
Main themes
Mastery of detailed notions of  the grammar of Aramean.
Alternately with LGLOR2644, this course deals with the following themes:
- a commented translation of extracts of Targums, of papyri from Elephantine and of Qumran texts (15 hours of course);
- personal translation of extracts of Targums or Qumran texts (15 hours of exercises).
Learning outcomes

At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :

1 At the end of this course, the student will be capable of translating (with a dictionary) Aramean documents found in Egypt (Hermopolis, Elephantine), at Qumran or extracts of Targums.
The course permits further and deeper study and practice of the language studied in the first cycle. The texts studied vary from year to year and come from different epochs, historical contexts and literary genres:
  • study of papyri  discovered in Egypt, and of Aramean documents discovered at Qumran;
  • comparison of different Aramean dialects of the first century B.C. up to the 6th century A.D. (e.g. Targums of Genesis, with analysis of the special forms of Neofiti, of the Pseudo-Jonathan, of fragmentary Palestinian Targums and of the Samaritan Targum).
Teaching methods
The course is not in the form of lectures: students must have prepared the texts; their preparation will be discussed and improved during the course.
Evaluation methods
Oral exam.
Other information
English-friendly course: course taught in French but offering facilities in English.
Online resources The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • E.M. Cook, Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic, Winona Lake, 2015.
  • G. Dalman, Grammatik des jüdisch-palästinischen Aramäisch nach den Idiomen des Palästinischen Talmud, des Onkelostargum und Prophetentargum und der jerusalemischen Targume, Leipzig, 1905 (surtout pour les tableaux).
  • J. Hoftijzer - K. Jongeling, A Dictionary of North-West Semitic Inscriptions, Leiden, 1995.
  • M. Jastrow, A Dictionary of the Targumin, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, New York, 1950.
  • B. Porten & A. Yardeni, Textbook of Aramaic Documents from Ancient Egypt, Winona Lake, 1986-1999.
  • B. Porten & A. Yardeni, Textbook of Aramaic Ostraca from Idumea, Winona Lake, 2015-2018.
  • B. Porten & T. Muraoka, A Grammar of Egyptian Aramaic (Handbuch der Orientalistik. Der Nahe und der Mittlere Osten 32), Leiden, 1998.
  • T. Muraoka, A Grammar of Qumran Aramaic (Ancient Near Eastern Studies. Supplement 38), Leuven, 2011.
  • T. Muraoka, An Introduction to Egyptian Aramaic (Textbooks of Near Eastern Languages. Aramaic 1 / Lehrbuch orientalischer Sprachen 1), Münster, 2012.
  • M. Sokoloff, A Dictionary of Judean Aramaic, Ramat-Gan, 2003.
  • W.B. Stevenson, Grammar of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, Oxford, 1962.
Faculty or entity

Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Learning outcomes
Master [120] in Ancient Languages and Literatures: Oriental Studies

Master [60] in Ancient Languages and Literatures : Oriental Studies

Master [120] in Biblical Studies