Physiological and nutritional biochemistry

lbral2102  2022-2023  Louvain-la-Neuve

Physiological and nutritional biochemistry
4.00 credits
37.5 h
Debier Cathy; Larondelle Yvan (coordinator);
The set of competences, abilities and knowledge acquired during a bachelor degree in the area of Bioscience engineering.
Main themes
- A detailed description of the processes of digestion and absorption
- A review of the main aspects of the metabolism of glucides, lipids and protides, with a special focus on the regulation and on the fate of the dietary constituents
 - An integrated view of the main metabolic pathways via the analysis of some specific physiological situations (fasting, diabetes, exercise, pregnancy, lactation)
- A detailed analysis of the dietary requirements of humans (energy, nitrogen, amino acids, essential fatty acids, vitamins, water, minerals, dietary fibre), including the biochemical, metabolic and physiological justifications for them
- A detailed presentation of the concept of 'healthy food' in relation with some chronic diseases such as type-II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, obesity, neurodegenerative diseases, intestinal diseases.
Learning outcomes

At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :

1 a. Contribution de l'activité au référentiel AA (AA du programme)
1.1 ; 1.2 ; 1.4 ; 2.5
b. Formulation spécifique pour cette activité des AA du programme
At the end of the course, the student will be able :
- to make to links between the major pathways of the energetic and nitrogen metabolism,
- to expose the metabolic relationships between the different organs and physiological functions of the organism,
- to discuss the impact of food items, specific nutrients, and feeding behaviours on human metabolism,
- to give a justification for the nutrient requirements of humans,
- to comment on the concept of « healthy food »,
- to give a sound opinion on the industrial developments in the frame of the « healthy food » concept,  
- to make practical and innovative proposals for the  development of food items.
1 – Digestion and absorption
2 – Post-absorptive nutrient utilization: 1) during the absorptive phase, 2) during the postabsorptive phase, 3) during prolonged energy malnutrition or complete food deprivation
3 – Physiological and pathophysiological situations, such as fasting, gestation, lactation, physical exercice, obesity and metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cancer
4 – Introduction to nutrition
5 – Requirements in energy and macronutrients (nitrogen, amino acids, essential fatty acids, dietary fibres) 
6 –Requirements in vitamins and minerals
7 - Seminars on the development of healthy food items and/or visits of food industries
Teaching methods
Coordinated package of lectures and flipped classrooms with videos followed by exercises, examples and discussion (questions-answers) sessions.  
Seminars given by invited experts
Most of the activities require the presence of the students.
Evaluation methods
Ongoing evaluation with written tests organized throughout the quarter (no exam during the session in January)
Other information
This course is usually taught in English.
Online resources
Notes de cours données par les professeurs (dias disponibles sur Moodle)
Livres de référence conseillés mais non imposés
Slides used by the professors are available on Moodle
Several references books are recommended (but not mandatory)
Faculty or entity

Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Learning outcomes
Master [120] in Biomedical Engineering

Advanced Master in Brewing Engineering

Master [120] in Chemistry and Bioindustries

Master [120] in Agricultural Bioengineering