Soil management in tropical and subtropical regions

lbres2203  2023-2024  Louvain-la-Neuve

Soil management in tropical and subtropical regions
3.00 credits
22.5 h + 7.5 h
Main themes
1 Soil forming processes and pedological processes in tropical regions (inter-tropical and Mediterranean areas): alterationcomplex and major constituents, identification of major soil types and their constituents (WRB system).
2 Relations between constituents and properties: analysis of surface properties and charge through the study of permanent and variable charge models; implications for physical and physico-chemical soil properties.
3 Diagnosis of major soil constraints in warm regions: mineral reserves, humus stocks, acidity, salinity, nutrient depletion,mass recovery, compaction, erosion, water availability: derive constraints from the knowledge of constituents-propertiesrelationships.
4 Remediation and management techniques, viewed through some major cropping systems and soil types.
Learning outcomes

At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :

1 a. Contribution de l'activité au référentiel AA (AA du programme)
 M1.2 ; M1.4 ; M2.2 ; M2.4 ; M6.5
b. Formulation spécifique pour cette activité des AA du programme :
At the end of the course, , on the basis of case studies, students should be able to:
- Integrate morphological, mineralogical and physico-chemical properties of soils, in order to diagnose the functioning of soils of warm regions and to identify constraints
- Establish appropriate soil management and remediation practices adapted to soil, climate and socio-economic conditions
Four topics will be adressed :
Part I ' Soil forming processes and pedological processes in warm regions : use of phase diagrams (stability, solubility), recognition of major soil types via the interpretation of morphological and analytical data of typical soil profiles.
Part II - Relations between constituents and properties:  studyof permanent and variable charge models, isoelectric point and point of zero charge, retention of cations and anions, phosphate adsorption, carbon storage, micro-aggregation, implications for physical and physicochemical properties of the soils .
Part III - Diagnosis of major soils in tropical regions: determinants of fertility, estimates of stocks of humus and nutrients, diagnosis of constraints (nutrient depletion, acidity, salinity') and physical degradation (hard setting, compaction, erosion) based on morphological and analytical data.
Part IV - Techniques of remediation and management viewed through some major cropping systems and soil types (case studies)
Teaching methods
- Classes, illustrated by case studies
- Case study analyses
Evaluation methods
Written exam : theoretical questions and analysis of case study. Open book (computer not allowed)
Online resources
Ouvrage de référence :
-       'Soils of the tropics' de A. Van Wambeke
Faculty or entity

Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Learning outcomes
Advanced Master in Environmental Sciences and Management in Developing Countries

Master [120] in Forests and Natural Areas Engineering

Master [120] in Environmental Bioengineering

Master [120] in Agriculture and Bio-industries

Master [120] in Agricultural Bioengineering

Advanced Master in Water-Energy-Food Nexus