The master in “Modern Languages and Literatures: Oriental Languages” trains specialists in Oriental texts and civilisations, with a particular focus on one or various of the following fields: the Ancient Near East, Pharaonic Egypt, Byzantium, Oriental Christianity, Islam, the Arab world, India and the Far East. By working on original sources, this course develops an ability to produce precise and rigorous analyses, guided by a critical mind-set and intellectual independence, with a view to interpreting an author’s ideas or a question relating to societal issue in its context. These qualities will enable access to employment outside the strict domain of ancient languages and literatures. The challenge for students, in an immediate civilisation such as ours, it to promote the rigorous analysis of facts on the basis of primary sources and from a long-term perspective.
On successful completion of this programme, each student is able to :
1.2. Apply knowledge of vocabulary and grammar to Oriental texts, within the framework of different activities: translations and prior transliteration, individual research, preparation of oral presentations and production of written work.
1.3. Acquire an in-depth knowledge of Oriental works of literature and their authors, by mastering the tools and methods used in the analysis and interpretation of these texts.
1.4. Understand the mechanisms for communicating Oriental texts, from their originals (epigraphy, palaeography) to the modern versions.
2.2. Situate texts in their cultural and historical contexts with a view to extracting information from them relevant to an historical reconstruction project.
2.3. Become expert in comparative approaches to linguistics, literature, culture and religion.
2.4. Create links between cultural traditions, between languages as a means of expression and between the past and present.
2.5. Depending upon the elective chosen, widening their knowledge in the field of Near-Eastern and Ancient Egyptian archaeology, in the field of Jewish, Christian and Muslim studies (including modern Arabic), or in the field of modern Asian cultures (including modern Chinese).
3.2. Develop a methodology specific to the subject being studied and implement it in the handling of that subject.
3.3. Deal with a well-defined subject: provide a specific question, define an issue, produce clear and structured arguments and formulate results.
3.4. Examine a theme by demonstrating its origins, development, circulation and possible permanency within Oriental literature.
3.5. Communicate the results of an individual research assignment in writing which fulfils the formal drafting requirements (referenced citations, language and style, structure and layout).
3.6. Communicate the results of individual research work orally and adapt that communication to the target audience.
4.2. Manage all types of data: gather and analyse data, classify it and evaluate its relevance.
4.3. Implement a critical approach: identify the original sources of the data, assess their value and analyse their impact.
4.4. Demonstrate the ability to summarize: efficiently analyse the data inherent to a situation or a question with a view to drawing the most appropriate conclusions or solutions from them.
4.5. Acquire the independence necessary to practise lifelong independent learning.
5.2. Produce a critical edition of the texts.
5.3. Examine historical questions which call for the use of sources in various Oriental languages.
6.2. Understand the steps in the creation and approval; of a book within a publishing house (taking decisions, monitoring projects, etc.).
6.3. Simultaneously analyse (1) the cultural mission statement which characterises the entire current book trade (at the level of retail sales, new and second-hand, including online sales) and (2) the practical, cultural and political issues at play in the book trade today, and e-books in particular.
7.2. Give a relevant opinion in current debates relating to relationships between Europe and the East.
7.3. Work in different sectors such as national or regional governments, European institutions, cultural services, diplomatic corps, journalism, tourism, research.