Written and oral exams aim to measure skills acquired and the student's communicative know-how and aptitude.
Some subjects, geared towards developing research skills and skills in personal criticism, are the subject of presentations and discussions spread over the year (permanent assessment).
Courses are evaluated according to current university regulations (see General Examination Regulations). Students may find further information on specific evaluation methods in the course descriptions.
To obtain a student’s average, the grades awarded for each course unit are weighted by their respective credits.