The written and oral exams aim to measure knowledge acquired as well as the student's know-how and communication skills.
Some subjects, geared towards helping the student develop skills in research and personal criticism, form the subject of presentations and discussions spread over the year (permanent assessment - seminars).
Courses are evaluated according to current university regulations (see General Examination Regulations). Students may find further information on specific evaluation methods in the course descriptions.
To obtain a student’s average, the grades awarded for each course unit are weighted by their respective credits.