Learning outcomes

Bachelor in Biomedicine students must endeavour to prepare themselves for the training offered in the various Master’s programmes taught by the School of Biomedical Sciences. To this end, students will apply themselves to acquiring the knowledge and skills that will enable them to become specialists in a field of biomedicine and play an integral part in a scientific project.

As part of the Bachelor in Biomedicine programme, students will study in detail the basic scientific foundations required to practise biomedicine and will discover a variety of specific areas of biomedical research. These activities will enable them to decide on their training projects for the Master's programme. In addition, practical lab work will enable Bachelor students to acquire the professional skills that they will develop during the Master's programme with increasing robustness and independence.

The objective of the School of Biomedical Sciences is to produce health sector professionals capable of conducting and interpreting scientific projects intended to improve the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of human diseases. In particular, the training is aimed at developing the skills required for the acquisition and analysis of observations and experiments in biomedicine, while at the same time cultivating scientific robustness and integrity.

On successful completion of this programme, each student is able to :

1 Use the tools required to acquire integrated knowledge in biomedicine

1.a Incorporate the general knowledge and methodologies in experimental biomedicine: biochemistry and molecular biology; cellular biology, general and special histology, general anatomy; general and special physiology; principal pathologies and their multifactorial pathogenesis, genetic diseases as experiments by nature; the major principles of pharmacology.
1.b Describe the experimental approaches and observation methods that resulted in this knowledge base.
1.c Use modern knowledge sources to effectively research pertinent, new and specific information.

2 Master the culture of numbers and representations

2.a Understand units and deal with orders of magnitude; use the standardisations and tests limiting the dispersion of experimental measurements; use reasoning and statistical tools; use forms of graphical representation.
2.b Understand the functions and rules of modern mathematical modelling; understand the mathematical translation of the major laws of physics, chemistry and biology (speed and constants, flux, interactions and affinity); identify the crucial limiting parameters.
2.c Display command of the IT tools that assist analysis and calculation.

3 Conduct biomedical experiments

3.a Formulate a biomedical problem, translate it into a scientific question and determine an experimental strategy to deal with it.
3.b Execute the successive steps of an experimental protocol:
- understand and accurately describe them, so that they may be reproduced by another scientist.
3.c Conduct experiments:
- manipulate biological and chemical equipment, demonstrating manual dexterity and observing laboratory best practices, including safety and waste management standards;
- use measuring and imaging instruments appropriately, as well as the IT tools associated with them;
- ensure effective reproducibility through accurate and thorough know-how.

4 Analyse, write and evaluate data from biomedical experiments

4.a Robustly analyse the observations in order to draw interpretations from them; identify analogical and deductive reasonings; identify correlation and causality.
4.b On the basis of the above reasonings, present a detailed argument of the results by comparing them with the bibliographical data (critical analysis).
4.c Recognise the failures and identify their causes.

5 Present scientific observations clearly, verbally and in writing

5.a Understand and employ a precise and specific biomedical vocabulary adapted to the applications of biomedicine.
5.b Draft a precise protocol, note the observations in detail in a laboratory notebook, write a clear, informative and exhaustive report on a series of observations or experiments.
5.c Use the rules enabling effective verbal communication of projects, published data or the results of experiments.
5.d Demonstrate the internal consistency of the results and incorporate them into the published knowledge bases.