Ongoing research projects

IMMC

Ongoing research projects in iMMC (July 2020)


This a short description of research projects which are presently under progress in iMMC.
Hereunder, you may select one research direction or choose to apply another filter:

Biomedical engineering

Computational science

Civil and environmental engineering

Dynamical and electromechanical systems

Energy

Fluid mechanics

Processing and characterisation of materials

Chemical engineering

Solid mechanics


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List of projects related to: composite




TECCOMA
Researcher: Pierre Bollen
Supervisor(s): Thomas Pardoen

graduated as engineer in chemistry and materials science at Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium) in 2010. In 2015, he obtained at UCL his PhD thesis entitled hierarchical hybrid materials combining wideband electromagnetic absorption and mechanical performance, funded by a FRIA grant. After working one year as a support engineer in the field of extended finite element modeling, he came back at the UCL as a senior researcher involved in applied research projects in collaboration with industry. He is currently dealing with erosion coating on CFRP as well as thermal and electromagnetic management in electrical power converter.



Teccoma
Researcher: Vincent Destoop
Supervisor(s): Thomas Pardoen

made his PhD on the adhesion of tooth-filling materials to the dentine. He’s now working on composite materials to replace metals in aircraft applications. He takes part to projects studying the mechanical behavior of composite materials (mainly polymer matrix reinforced with long fibers) which are new candidate materials for modern planes. His investigations focus on their bulk, cracking, impact and adhesion properties.




Researcher: Catherine Doneux
Supervisor(s): Thomas Pardoen

graduated as Civil Engineer at University of Liege in 1992. She began her career with a first experience on the assessment of an existing prestressed railway bridge. Thanks to several FNRS grants, she obtained a PhD degree in the domain of steel-concrete composite structures under seismic action in 2002 and was involved in several researches on paraseismic design at ULg until 2005. After some career break, she joined UCL in December 2008 to take part to the development of new composite activities related to various applied research projects in collaboration with the industry (aeronautics) Her main fields of expertise are the mechanical characterization of composite materials by mechanical testing, the quality control of the standardised tests and the development of new tests. She has also some experience in fatigue testing, damage characterization and fracture mechanics. She is currently working on the preforming of composite thermoset prepreg fabrics.



Improving the properties of glass fiber reinforced acrylic thermoplastic resin based composites
Researcher: Sarah Gayot
Supervisor(s): Thomas Pardoen

For the manufacturing of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites (CFRTP), certain monomers can be infused through glass fabric and then polymerized in situ, in order to make a thermoplastic composite part. However, defects - e.g. porosity - can occur in the material, due to the thickness of the laminates and the shrinkage of the resin matrix during polymerization. Such phenomena must be understood, as well as their effects on the mechanical properties of the final composite part.

The originality of this work lies in the very nature of the polymeric matrix used for manufacturing the composite parts, which is thermoplastic instead of thermoset. Little is known about the behaviour of such thermoplastic composites, especially at a microscopic scale. During this PhD, we will try to understand how defects occurring in the material can influence the structural properties of the CFRTP, and we will try to mitigate (or at least control) the incidence of such defects. This will imply a better knowledge of how usual characterisation techniques can be applied from thin to thick composite parts. In particular, digital simulation will be used so as to predict the properties of thick composite parts from those of thinner samples.



Deformation and failure of polymeric and metallic glasses
Researcher: Frederik Van Loock
Supervisor(s): Thomas Pardoen

My research work is focused on the deformation and fracture of (glassy) polymeric materials and polymer-based hybrid material concepts such as polymeric foams, adhesive joints, and fibre-reinforced polymer composites. Some current research topics include:
i) The development of a mesoscale constitutive finite element model based on the concept of shear transformation zones (STZs) for glassy materials (polymers and metals). The STZ model allows to predict the complex large deformation response of glassy polymers, including post-yield softening and non-linear unloading behaviour, by calibration of a few parameters via experiments on the polymer of interest. The model also sheds light on the interactions between discrete and elementary distortion mechanisms (and their collective organisation) during plastic deformation of polymeric glasses. Ongoing research with the STZ model includes ageing (and mechanical rejuvenation) of polymers, viscoelastic effects, and the effect of confinement due to the presence of fibres on the constitutive response of glassy polymers. The STZ modelling approach is also being used to study deformation and fracture of confined layers of metallic glasses.
ii) Fracture problems in polymers and fibre-reinforced polymer composites.
iii) The development of a thermochemical model for the in-situ polymerization of a thermoplastic matrix in a fibre-reinforced polymer composite (PhD work of Sarah Gayot).
iii) Fracture problems in solder joints subjected to thermal cycling (PhD work of Vincent Voet).