Research directions

IMMC

 

  • Fluid mechanics (aerodynamics, turbulence, hydraulic, geophysical flows, river morphology and dynamics, porous media, polymers, foams, suspensions);
  • Mechanics of solids and structures (geotechnical and geomaterials, composite materials, fracture mechanics);
  • Mechanics of granular media (liquefaction of saturated soils, dispersive and distributive mixing);
  • Thermodynamics, electromechanics and energy (combustion, thermal and electrical machinery, production techniques and conversion of energy, nuclear technology and renewable energy, electrical power);
  • Simulation and design of mechanical processes (extrusion, stamping, assembly, welding), thermal (crystallization, solidification) and chemical (electrochemical, chemical kinetics, catalysis, separation and treatment of pollutants, biomass) and biological (bioreactors, biocatalysis );
  • Chemical (reactive flow modeling of catalysis and chemical kinetics, reactor design);
  • Methods of modeling, design, optimization and prototyping of mechatronic systems (applications in robotics, biomedical and aerospace);
  • Development of multi-body models, multi-physics and multi-scales;
  • Physico-chemical characterization (eg electron microscopy, X-rays) and modeling of the phenomena involved in the development of micro-structures of a material during its implementation and its manufacturing (micro-macro models, damage, micro mechanics, rheology of materials microstructure evolving). Development of new methods for characterization and mechanical testing;
  • Development of new materials (multi-materials, hybrid materials and architectures, thin films, biomaterials);
  • Numerical methods (finite differences, finite elements, finite volume, particle methods, hybrid methods, adaptive techniques, stochastic approaches). Algorithms for Scientific Computing (parallel computing). Interpretation and representation of numerical results of complex models.

These disciplines have high fundamental importance, high societal or economic value, and often require integration of several expert groups. For example,

  • New energy production processes requiring new materials and new devices
  • Biomechanical systems involving multi-physics simulation and multi-body, mechatronics, bio-materials, and bio-coatings
  • Multi-physics simulation of aeronatautical systems including fluid-structure integration and modeling of new composite materials and electromechanical systems
  • Environmental systems and climate modeling involving the river and sea such that the problems of sedimentation and ecological processes can be investigated
  • Hybrid actuation systems requiring multi-physics simulation and multi-body and advanced methods of mechatronics design

These examples show clearly, at the methodological level, the importance of the integration of research in modeling and numerical simulation, experimentation, and multi-physics and multi-scale approaches. It is important to add that if the macroscopic object is the ultimate goal, it will remain essential in this research to reach a precise understanding of underlying mechanisms, based on physics, mechanics, thermodynamics, and chemistry.