International migration and trade


Gonzague Vannoorenberghe, Frédéric Docquier, Fabio Mariani, Luca Pensieroso

Research Project

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FSR Sources of change in comparative advantage and policy implications Gonzague Vannoorenberghe   2017 2020
FNRS CDR Measuring inequality from trade data Gonzague Vannoorenberghe   2018 2019
FNRS EOS Winners and losers from globalization and market integration: Insights from micro-data Frédéric Docquier and William Parienté Esther Delesalle, Adam Levai 2018 2022

The economics of deep trade agreements

Project description: The project develops a framework to analyze the economic consequences of deep trade agreements. This new generation of trade agreements, such as the ones signed between the EU and Japan or the EU and Canada (CETA) go much beyond traditional tariff reductions and have at their core the dismantling of many non-tariff barriers. These raise a number of questions about regulatory convergence, the recognition of foreign standards (e.g. should hormone-fed beef be allowed for consumption) and investment protection. Many in the public debate fear a loss of national sovereignty, implying a lower consumer protection and unfair competition to local, high-quality producers. Most existing trade models are ill-equipped to address these questions as they restrict trade liberalization to be similar to a reduction in tariffs. Our project addresses these shortcomings by considering quality standards as a legitimate way to curb consumption or production externalities, and not only as a way to protect the national industry. In this setup, we derive the conditions under which new trade agreements are welfare improving, and provide guidance as to when countries should mutually recognize their standards or not. We also address the role of new trade agreement for international tax competition.

Mathieu Parenti and Gonzague Vannoorenberghe   2019 2022
ARC New approaches to understanding and modelling global migration trends Frédéric Docquier   2018 2023


Journal Articles

1. Docquier, Frédéric; Kone, Zovanga L.; Mattoo, Aaditya; Ozden, Caglar. Labor market effects of demographic shifts and migration in OECD countries. In: European Economic Review, Vol. 113, p. 297-324 (2019). doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.11.007.

2. Bos, Maraijke J. D.; Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague. Imported input varieties and product innovation: Evidence from five developing countries. In: Review of International Economics, Vol. 27, no.2, p. 520-548 (2019). doi:10.1111/roie.12387.

3. Iftikhar, Zainab; Zaharieva, Anna. General equilibrium effects of immigration in Germany: Search and matching approach. In: Review of Economic Dynamics, Vol. 31, no.n/z, p. 245-276 (2019). doi:10.1016/

4. Docquier, Frédéric; Iftikhar, Zainab. Brain drain, informality and inequality: a search-and-matching model for sub-Saharan Africa. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 120, p. 109-125 (September 2019). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2019.05.003.

5. Mariani, Fabio; Pensieroso, Luca. Fiscalité et commerce international : quels enjeux pour l’immigration clandestine ?. In: Regards économiques, , no.148, p. 1-6 (2019). doi:10.14428/regardseco/2019.06.20.01.

6. Djajić, Slobodan; Docquier, Frédéric; Michael, Michael S. Optimal education policy and human capital accumulation in the context of brain drain. In: Journal of Demographic Economics, Vol. 85, no.4, p. 271-303 (2019). doi:10.1017/dem.2019.10.

7. Vasilakis, Chrysovalantis. Massive migration and elections: evidence from the refugee crisis in Greece. In: International Migration, Vol. 56, no. 3, p. 28-43 (June 2018). doi:10.1111/imig.12409.

8. Dujardin, Claire; Louis, Virginie; Mayneris, Florian. Les pôles de compétitivité wallons. In: Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, , no.2, p. 417-462 (2018). doi:10.3917/reru.182.0417.

9. Docquier, Frédéric. Long-term trends in international migration: lessons from macroeconomic model. In: Economics and Business Review, Vol. 4 (18), no.1, p. 3-15 (2018). doi:10.18559/ebr.2018.1.1.

10. Dào, Thu Hién; Docquier, Frédéric; Parsons, Chris; Peri, Giovanni. Migration and development: Dissecting the anatomy of the mobility transition. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 132, p. 88-101 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2017.12.003.

11. Camacho, Carmen; Mariani, Fabio; Pensieroso, Luca. Dealing with Illegal Immigration: the Role of Informality, Taxation and Trade. In: Economia italiana, , no.1, p. 97-122 (2018).

12. Delogu, Marco; Docquier, Frédéric; Machado, Joël. Globalizing labor and the world economy: the role of human capital. In: Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 23, no.2, p. 223-258 (2018). doi:10.1007/s10887-017-9153-z.

13. Mariani, Fabio; Mercier, Marion; Verdier, Thierry. Diasporas and conflict. In: Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 18, no. 4, p. 761-793 (2018). doi:10.1093/jeg/lby014.

14. Docquier, Frédéric; Ruyssen, Ilse; Schiff, Maurice. International Migration: Pacifier or Trigger for Military Conflicts. In: The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 54, no.9, p. 1657-1679 (2018). doi:10.1080/00220388.2017.1355456.

15. Bos, Marijke; Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague. Total factor productivity spillovers from trade reforms in India. In: Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 51, no. 2, p. 549-606 (2018).

16. Chabé-Ferret, Bastien; Machado Carneiro, Joël; Wahba, Jackie. Remigration intentions and migrants' behavior. In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 68, p. 56-72 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2017.10.018.

17. Docquier, Frédéric. The Emigration-Development Nexus: Recent Advances from the Growth Theory Perspective. In: Revue d'économie du développement, Vol. 25, no.3, p. 45 (2017). doi:10.3917/edd.313.0045.

18. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Income Disparities, Population and Migration Flows Over the Twenty First Century. In: Italian Economic Journal, Vol. 3, no.2, p. 125-149 (July 2017). doi:10.1007/s40797-017-0054-2.

19. Docquier, Frédéric; Müller, Tobias; Naval, Joaquín. Informality and Long-Run Growth. In: The Scandinavian journal of economics, Vol. 119, no. 4, p. 1040–1085 (October 2017). doi:10.1111/sjoe.12185.

20. Curuk, Malik; Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague. Inter-sectoral labor reallocation in the short run: The role of occupational similarity. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 108, p. 20-36 (September 2017). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2017.05.003.

21. Camacho Pérez, Maria del Carmen; Mariani, Fabio; Pensieroso, Luca. Illegal immigration and the shadow economy. In: International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 24, no.6, p. 1050-1080 (December 2017). doi:10.1007/s10797-017-9444-5.

22. Vasilakis, Chrysovalantis. Does talent migration increase inequality? A quantitative assessment in football labour market. In: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 85, p. 150-166 (2017). doi:10.1016/j.jedc.2017.10.003.

23. Docquier, Frédéric; Leruth, Luc. Economie du développement en Belgique. In: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Vol. LV, no.1 (2016).

24. Docquier, Frédéric; Lodigiani, Elisabetta; Rapoport, Hillel; Schiff, Maurice. Emigration and Democracy. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 120, p. 209-223 (May 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.12.001.

25. Mercier, Marion; David, Anda; Mahia, Ramón; De Arce, Rafael. Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain. In: International Migration, Vol. 54, no.6, p. 56-73 (December 2016). doi:10.1111/imig.12288.

26. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Global Competition for Attracting Talents and the World Economy. In: The World Economy, Vol. 39, no.4, p. 530-542 (April 2016). doi:10.1111/twec.12267.

27. Ariu, Andrea; Docquier, Frédéric; Squicciarini, Mara P. Governance quality and net migration flows. In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 60, p. 238-248 (September 2016). doi:10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2016.07.006.

28. Docquier, Frédéric. Émigration, capital humain et développement : enseignements des recherches récentes menées à l’IRES. In: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Vol. LV, no.1, p. 73-87 (2016). doi:10.3917/rpve.551.0073.

29. Schiff, Maurice; Docquier, Frédéric. Institutional impact of brain drain, human capital and inequality: a political economy analysis. In: Latin American Journal of Economics, Vol. 53, no.1, p. 95-110 (December 2016).

30. Mercier, Marion. The return of the prodigy son: Do return migrants make better leaders?. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 122, p. 76-91 (September 2016). doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2012.10.006.

31. Le Goff, Maëlan; Salomone, Sara. Remittances and the Changing Composition of Migration. In: The World Economy, Vol. 39, no.4, p. 513-529 (April 2016). doi:10.1111/twec.12266.

32. Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague; Janeba, Eckhard. Trade and the political economy of redistribution. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 98, p. 233-244 (January 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2015.09.008.

33. Ourens Brocos, Guzman. Trade and growth with heterogeneous firms revisited. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 100, p. 194-202 (May 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2016.03.006.

34. Aubry, Amandine; Burzynski, Michal; Docquier, Frédéric. The welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 101, p. 1-21 (July 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2016.03.005.

35. Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague; Wang, Zheng; Yu, Zhihong. Volatility and Diversification of Exports: Firm-Level Theory and Evidence. In: European Economic Review, Vol. 89, p. 216-247 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.07.002.

36. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Crise des réfugiés : quelques clarifications s'imposent !. In: Regards économiques, , no.119, p. 1-6 (octobre 2015).

37. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël; Sekkat, Khalid. Efficiency Gains from Liberalizing Labor Mobility. In: The Scandinavian journal of economics, Vol. 117, no.2, p. 303-346 (April 2015). doi:10.1111/sjoe.12097.

38. Beine, Michel; Docquier, Frédéric; Özden, Çağlar. Dissecting network externalities in international migration. In: Journal of Demographic Economics, Vol. 81, no.4, p. 379-408 (December 2015). doi:10.1017/dem.2015.13.

39. Artuc, Erhan; Docquier, Frédéric; Özden, , Çaglar; Parsons, Christopher. A Global Assessment of Human Capital Mobility: The Role of Non-OECD Destinations. In: World Development, Vol. 65, p. 6-26 (2015). doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.04.004.

40. Bertoli, Simon; Docquier, Frédéric. International Migration and Inequality Across Nations. In: The World Economy, , p. 1-2 (March 2015). doi:10.1111/twec.12263 (Accepté/Sous presse).

Book Chapters

1. Docquier, Frédéric. L’immigration menace-t-elle notre économie?. In: L'apport de l'autre : Dépasser la peur des migrants (Compétences interculturelles; xxx), L'Harmattan: Paris, 2017, p. 53-58. 978-2-343-11632-7.

2. Docquier, Frédéric. The global costs from migration barriers. In: Refugees and Economic Migrants: Facts, policies and challenges , CEPR Press: London, 2016, p. 151-161.

3. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Remittance and Migration Prospects for the Twenty-First Century. In: Financing Sustainable Development: Addressing Vulnerabilities , Economica: Paris, 2015, p. 217-230. 978-2-9550779-0-0.

4. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Remittances and migration prospects for the 21st century. In: Financing sustainable development; Adressing vulnerabilites , Economica: Paris, 2015, p. 217-230. 978-2-9550779-0-0.

Working Papers

1. Raouf Boucekkine; Giorgio Fabbri; Salvatore Federico; Fausto Gozzi; Leblanc, Virginie. A Spatiotemporal Framework For The Analytical Study Of Optimal Growth Under Transboundary Pollution (xxx), 2019. 27 p.

2. Michal Burzynski; Christoph Deuster; Docquier, Frédéric; Jaime de Melo. Climate Change, Inequality, and Human Migration (xxx), 2019. 64 p.

3. Dany Bahar; Hillel Rapoport; Turati, Riccardo. Does Birthplace Diversity Affect Economic Complexity ? Cross-Country Evidence (xxx), 2019. 52 p.


1. Cordisco, Isabella; Meda, Stefania G.; Ortensi, Livia; Salomone, Sara. Famiglia in Migrazione. Rubettino Editore: Soveria Manelli, 2015. 9788849843682. 140 pages.