Labor Economics

People

Vincent Bodart, Muriel Dejemeppe, Bruno Van der Linden

Research Projects

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
Banque nationale

Scrapping benefits for youth: Does it brings jobs or just misery

Bruno Van der Linden and Muriel Dejemeppe   2017 2021

Project description

This project studies the impact of the prospect of a loss of eligibility to UI benefits on the transition to employment and some other destinations of young unemployed individuals. Measuring the impact on schooling decisions is also part of the research project. We exploit a policy change in Belgium that occurred in 2015, whereby some young school-leavers lost UI eligibility, while others did not, using a Difference-in-Difference and Triple difference approaches.

Sponsor Project Title IRES promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
IWEPS Labour Market Integration of Low-Skilled Youths in Wallonia: The Role of Information, Income Support and Hiring Subsidies Muriel Dejemeppe   2019 2023

Project description

This research seeks to evaluate, using microeconometric evaluation methods, the role of various and complementary support schemes for low- skilled youth integration on the labour market in Wallonia, a primarily French-speaking region in the southern part of Belgium. The set of schemes that are evaluated ranges from disseminating information in schools about job opportunities and labour market programmes for young school-leavers, hiring subsidies targeted at low-skilled unemployed youths, to financially support those who are long-term unemployed. The analysis is based on both a quasi-experimental approach (difference-in-differences and regression discontinuity design) applied to administrative individual data, and an experimental approach that randomizes information dissemination at the vocational high school level and allows to evaluate its effect on the labour market trajectories of young school-leavers.

Sponsor Project Title IRES promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FNR The Effect of Schengen, the Euro and Local Labour Markets: A Causal Analysis on Cross-Border Workers in Europe Muriel Dejemeppe and Bruno van der Linden   2018 2021

Project description

This research programme studies the choice of becoming a cross-border worker. Natural experiments implemented in Europe are exploited. The rst work package assesses the impact of the Schengen agreement and the single currency on labour market outcomes of individuals living in the border regions of Europe. The second and third work packages assess the effect of local labour market conditions on cross-border employment. These packages focus on the Belgian- Luxembourgish border. They look at the consequences of the introduction of a Belgian hiring subsidy scheme targeted at low-educated young jobseekers and at the 2012 reform of the Belgian unemployment insurance.

Publications


Journal Articles


1. Vandenberghe, Vincent. Health, Cognition and Work Capacity Beyond the Age of 50: International Evidence on the Extensive and Intensive Margin of Work. In: International Labour Review, (2020). doi:10.1111/ilr.12174 (Accepté/Sous presse). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/230720

2. Cockx, Bart; Declercq, Koen; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Inga, Leda; Van der Linden, Bruno. Switching from an inclining to a zero-level unemployment benefit profile: Good for work incentives?. In: Labour Economics, Vol. 64, p. 10816 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2020.101816. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/230462

3. Batyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier; Sneessens, Henri. Structural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in France and Germany. In: German Economic Review, Vol. 20, no. 4, p. e38-e69 (2019). doi:10.1111/geer.12150. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200587

4. Mesén Vargas, Juliana; Van der Linden, Bruno. Why Cash Transfer Programs Can Both Stimulate and Slow Down Job Finding. In: IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 8, no.1, p. 1-27 (2019). doi:10.2478/izajole-2019-0005. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/223126

5. Bodart, Vincent; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Fontenay, Sébastien. Évolution de l’emploi en Belgique : tentons d’y voir plus clair. In: Regards économiques, , no.146, p. 1-11 (2019). doi:10.14428/regardseco/2019.05.02.01. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/216570

6. Vandenberghe, Vincent. The Contribution of Educated Workers to Firms’ Efficiency Gains: The Key Role of Proximity to the ‘Local’ Frontier. In: De Economist, Vol. 166, no.3, p. 259-283 (2018). doi:10.1007/s10645-018-9322-2. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/209367

7. Bodart, Vincent; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. The Labor Market in Belgium, 2000-2016. In: IZA World of Labor, , no.484, p. 1-12 (2018). doi:10.15185/izawol.428. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/196375

8. COCKX, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Launov, Andrey; Van der Linden, Bruno. Imperfect Monitoring of Job Search: Structural Estimation and Policy Design. In: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 36, no. 1, p. 75-120 (2018). doi:10.1086/693868. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/191690

9. Bourgain, Arnaud; Metha, Kirti; Shadman Valavi, Fatemeh; Sneessens, Henri. Formation des salaires en Belgique : interactions sectorielles et performances macroéconomiques. In: Regards économiques, , no.141, p. 1-15 (2018). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/212439

10. DELMEZ, Françoise; Vandenberghe, Vincent. Long Working Hours Make Us Less Productive but Also Less Costly. In: Labour : review of labour economics and industrial relations, Vol. 32, no. 4, p. 259-287 (December 2018). doi:10.1111/labr.12128. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200684

11. Declercq, Koen; Verboven, Franck. Enrollment and degree completion in higher education without admission standards. In: Economics of Education Review, Vol. 66, p. 223-244 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2018.08.008. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/225657

12. COCKX, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. Werk voor ouderen in België: werkt het beleid ?. In: Over.Werk, no. 1, p. 99-107 (2017). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/185693

13. Vandenberghe, Vincent. The productivity challenge. What to expect from better-quality labour and capital inputs?. In: Applied Economics, Vol. 49, no.40, p. 4013-4025 (2017). doi:10.1080/00036846.2016.1273504. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/185991

14. Marchiori, Luca; Pierrard, Olivier; Sneessens, Henri. The EU-US Unemployment Puzzle Revisited : Institutions, Demography, and Capital Flows. In: Journal of Demographic Economics, Vol. 83, no.3, p. 259-305 (2017). doi:10.1017/dem.2017.13. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/195531

15. Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. "Le chômage au plus bas depuis 1992" : remettons les pendules à l'heure. In: Regards économiques, no. 123 (2016), p. 1-5 (2016). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/192754

16. Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. Réduire le coût du travail. Oui mais comment ?. In: Dynamiques régionales, no. 3, p. 15-28. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172294

17. Lehmann, Etienne; Montero Ledezma, Paola Liliana; Van der Linden, Bruno. Workforce location and equilibrium unemployment in a duocentric economy with matching frictions. In: Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 91, p. 26-44 (January 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jue.2015.11.003. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/168237

18. Vandenberghe, Vincent. Is workforce diversity good for efficiency? An approach based on the degree of concavity of the technology. In: International Journal of Manpower : an interdisciplinary journal on human resources, management & labour economics, Vol. 37, no.2, p. 253-267 (2016). doi:10.1108/IJM-01-2015-0010. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/174364

19. Lehmann, Etienne; Lucifora, Claudio; Moriconi, Simone; Van der Linden, Bruno. Beyond the labour income tax wedge: the unemployment-reducing effect of tax progressivity. In: International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 23, no. 3, p. 454-489 (June 2016). doi:10.1007/s10797-015-9377-9. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/165720

20. Van der Linden, Bruno. Do in-work benefits work for low-skilled workers?. In: IZA World of Labor, , no.246, p. 1-10 (March 2016). doi:10.15185/izawol.246. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172524

21. Vandenberghe, Vincent. Women Make a Fraction of Every Euro Earned by Men.. In: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Vol. LV, no.4, p. 11 - 22 (2014). doi:10.3917/rpve.554.0011. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/186005

22. Dejemeppe, Muriel; Smith, Catherine; Van der Linden, Bruno. Did the Intergenerational Solidarity Pact increase the employment rate of older workers in Belgium? A macro-econometric evaluation. In: IZA : Journal of Labor Policy, Vol. 4, no. 17, p. 1-23 (2015). doi:10.1186/s40173-015-0040-y. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/165154


Conference Papers


1. Cockx, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Inga, Leda. The Job Seekers Allowance for School-Leavers: The Effect of Tighter Eligibility Conditions. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/226169


Book Chapters


1. Declercq, Koen; Verboven, Frank. Uitdagingen vorr het hoger ondewijs. In: De (her)vormde school , SKRIBIS ITINERA, 2018, p. 207-248. 9789492944207. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/225822

2. Declercq, Koen; Verboven, Frank. Les défis de l'enseignement supérieur. In: L'école du renouveau , SKRIBIS ITINERA, 2018, p. 207-248. 9789492944214. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/225815

3. Sneessens, Henri. Growth and Welfare: Shifts in Labour Market Policies. In: After the Financial Crisis: Shifting Legal, Economic and Political Paradigms (Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology; xxx), Palgrave MacMillan: London, 2016, 139-172. 978-1-137-50954-3. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-50956-7. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/176308

4. Van der Linden, Bruno. Pauvreté et évolution du marché du travail. In: Pauvreté en Belgique : Annuaire 2015 , Académia Press: Gand, 2015, p. 297-315. 978-90-382-2474-9. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/159053


Working Papers


1. Ounnas, Alexandre. Worker Flows and Occupations in the CPS 1976-2010: A Framework for Adjusting the Data (xxx), 2020. 72 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228014

2. Ounnas, Alexandre. Job Polarization and the Labor Market: A Worker Flow Analysis (xxx), 2020. 38 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228018

3. Ounnas, Alexandre. Worker Flows, Occupations and the Dynamics of Unemployment and Labor Force Participation (xxx), 2020. 39 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228017

4. Bart Cockx; Michael Lechner; Joost Bollens. Priority to unemployed immigrants? A causal machine learning evaluation of training in Belgium (xxx), 2020. 81 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/229685

5. Cockx, Bart; Declercq, Koen; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Inga, Leda; Van der Linden, Bruno. Scrapping the entitlement to unemployment benefits for young labor market entrants : An effective way to get them to work ? (xxx), 2019. 34 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/223558


Books


1. Vandenberghe, Vincent; Bughin, Jacques; Dhyne, Emmanuel; Jousten, Alain; Volral, Mélanie; van Zeebroeck, Nicolas. L'emploi et ses nouveaux défis: Vieillisement, digitalisation, migration &(dé)mondialisation : Actes du 23 congrès des économistes. Editions de l'Université Ouverte: Charleroi, 2019. 978-2-87306-154-8. 405 pages. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/237109


Reports


1. COCKX, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno; Albanese, Andrea; Ghirelli, Corinna; Smith, Catherine; Thuy, Yannick. Werk voor ouderen in België : Werkt het beleid ? = L'emploi des seniors en Belgique : Quelles politiques pour quels effets ?, 2017. 104 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/184398