The IRES Lunch Seminar is an informal forum where researchers present their work in progress in details and receive criticism and feedback from colleagues. Presentations on the blackboard are also welcome. PhD students entering the job market this year are strongly encouraged to present their job market paper.
The Macro Group provides sandwiches. Whether you would like a sandwich or not, please register by the Friday before the meeting at :
- Elsa Leromain
- Gonzague Vannoorenberghe
12:45 to 13:45
Considering the new rules on teleworking, we will get back to a hybrid format for our IRES seminars. You are welcome to join in person in Doyen 22 but to facilitate teleworking, you can also follow our seminars on Teams.
If you are not registered on the Microsoft Teams channels for the seminar, here they are: - IRES Lunch Seminar
Programme - 2021 -2022
14 Joseph Gomes (IRES/LIDAM)
Whither Identity? The Political Economy of Ethnic Exclusion: Consequences, Mitigators, and Facilitators
28 Leo Czajka
Using third party data to improve tax compliance in a context of low enforcement: three possible designs for one RCT in Senegal
12 Marcus Biermann
Remote Talks: How ICT Changed Economics Seminars during COVID-19 (JMP Presentation)
19 Vincent Vandenberghe (IRES/LIDAM)
Partial De-Annuitization of Public Pensions v.s. Retirement Age Differentiation. Which is Best to Account for Longevity Differences?
a pension system with a unique retirement age is a priori problematic. The usual policy recommendation to address this problem is to differentiate the retirement age by SES. This paper explores the relative merits of (partial) de-annuitization of public pensions v.s. retirement age differentiation as ways of addressing (imperfectly assessed) inequality of longevity
28 THURDSDAY Jean - François Maystadt (IRES/LIDAM) LECL 72
Refugees, child health and malaria transmission in Africa.
2 Elsa Leromain (IRES/LIDAM)
Import Liberalization as Export Destruction? Evidence from the US (JMP Presentation)
16 Erika Pini (CORE/LIDAM) CORE B-135
Polarization in a multidimensional political space (JMP Presentation)
23 Guillermo Santos Antreassian (IRES/LIDAM)
Optimal fiscal stimulus under active and passive monetary policy
30 Elisa Navarra (ULB) ONLINE
Spillover effects of subsidies on downstream trade
7 Daniele Verdini CORE B-135 !! CANCELLED !!
Globalization and the Urban-Rural Divide in France
Programme - 2020 -2021
22 David de la Croix More 56
The Academic Market and the Rise of Universities in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1000-1800)
29 Fabio Blasutto (IRES) CORE B-135
The Rise of Cohabitation and Unilateral Divorce
This paper analyzes the role of unilateral divorce for the rise of cohabitation. Exploiting the staggered introduction of unilateral divorce across the US states, we show that after the reform singles become more likely to cohabit than to marry, and that newly formed cohabitations last longer. We then provide a theoretical rationale for these facts, building a life-cycle model with partnership choice, female labor force participation and saving decisions. A structural estimation of the model suggests that unilateral divorce decreases couples' stability, which makes cohabitation preferred to couples that would have been at high risk of divorce. Since cohabiting couples formed after the reform are better matched, the average length of cohabitations increases. A counterfactual experiment reveals that the time spent cohabiting would have been halved if divorce laws had never changed.
Joint with Egor Kozlov (Northwestern University)
13 Charles de Beauffort (IRES) Doyens 22
Minding One's Own Business: Optimal Time-Consistent Fiscal and Monetary Policy in a Liquidity Trap when Coordination is Lacking"
27 Samia Ferhat
The impact of university openings on human capital formation
This paper presents new evidence on the impact of university openings on the acquisition of human capital by the local youth in France. We exploit seven university openings between 1991-1993 in counties where no previous universities existed that we combine with five waves from representative outflow samples of young individuals leaving the French educational system at the end of their studies.
We take advantage of specific control groups to compute differences-in-differences estimates that are robust to displacement, spillover and substitution effects. Our DiD outflow estimator identifies the underlying and policy relevant inflow treatment effect on birth cohorts under mild conditions that are consistent with the data. We find that opening a new university increases significantly the probability of attaining at least a two-year post-secondary degree by about 10 percentage points in counties that are initially undereducated compared to the rest of France. Conversely, university creations which occur in relatively educated counties does not have a significant impact on the acquisition of human capital. We argue in favour of a catchup effect, in which university openings help undereducated counties to converge to the average level of higher education in a given country.
03 Nippe Lagerlöf (York University) CANCELLED
10 Sébastien Fontenay (ULB)
The Unintended Consequences of Maternity Leave Allowance on Fertility and Career Decisions
17 Jean-François Maystadt (IRES)
The Gravity of Distance : Evidence from a Trade Embargo (with Afnan Al-Malk and Maurizio Zanardi)
24 Joseph Gomes (IRES) CANCELLED
Maternal Mortality and Women's Political Participation (with Sonia Bhalotra, Damian Clarke, Atheendar Venkataramani)
01 Elisabeth Leduc (ULB)
Subsidizing Domestic Services as a Tool to Fight Unemployment: Effectiveness and Hidden Costs (with Ilan Tojerow)
08 Bart Cockx (Ghent University)
Priority to unemployed immigrants? A causal machine learning evaluation of training in Belgium (with Michael Lechner and Joost Bollens)
15 Gregory Ponthière (Hoover Chair)
Childlessness, childfreeness and compensation (with Marie-Louise Leroux (UQAM) et Pierre Pestieau (ULiège))
02 Joseph Gomes (IRES/LIDAM)
09 Pierre Cahuc
The Lock-in Effects of Part-time Unemployment Benefits (co-authored with Hélène Benghalem and Pierre Villedieu)
16 Rigas Oikonomou (IRES/LIDAM)
23 Adèle Lemoine
Inherited Gender Norms and the Cognitive Gender Gap: Evidence from SHARE data
Several studies showed that women outperform men in verbal and memory abilities, but this finding is not universal. In particular, this female cognitive advantage decreases when gender roles are more traditional. As literature shows that cognitive functioning improves with human capital investment, gender gaps in education and labour market participation are expected to explain cognitive gender differences. We investigate the contribution of gender norms to the gender cognitive gap using second generation immigrants in the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and measures for gender norms at the parental home-country level in the World Value Survey (WVS) and the European Value Study (EVS). We find that female memory skills decrease relatively to men when both parents are born in a country associated to traditional gender roles. The exploration of underlying mechanisms supports the canal of gender differences in education.
02 François Courtoy
Optimal Taxes and Transfers with Household Heterogeneity (co-authored with Boris Chafwehé)
09 Elsa Leromain
Voting under threat: Evidence from 2020 French local elections
This paper studies the impact of the spread of Covid-19 on turnout to French local elections in March 2020. Using heterogeneity in exposure to the virus, we analyse how different risk factors affect voter turnout. We show that proximity to a cluster, population density and the age of the population - known risk factor at the time - deter turnout at the city-level. We also document a large heterogeneity in the effect of turnout depending on the political affinity of the city as measured by its votes in the first round of the 2017 presidential election. Turnout is lower in cities with a higher vote share for Marine Le Pen, conditional on a number of demographic and socio-economic characteristics.
Joint with Gonzague Vannoorenberghe
23 Dorothée Hillrichs
Recovering Within-Country Inequality from Trade Data
20 Marcus Biermann
Remote Talks: Changes to Economics Seminars during COVID-19
27 Clémentine Garrouste (Paris Dauphine)
Impact of later retirement on mortality: Evidence from France
04 Fabien Petit (AMSE)
Inter-generational Mobility and Job Polarization
11 Muriel Dejemeppe CANCELLED
25 Luigi Boggian
Forgone care and horizontal inequity in healthcare use in fifteen European countries: differences between immigrants and natives
This paper assesses disparities in self-reported unmet needs for care in doctor visits and dental care within native and immigrant groups in 15 European countries. Self-reported unmet needs for care refer to the fact that despite identified healthcare needs individuals forego healthcare utilisation for a variety of reasons. We define the immigrant status according to three dimensions: being born abroad, not having the citizenship, being a second-generation immigrant, and the country of origin to identify European and Non-European immigrants or non-citizens. Using a set of non-linear regression models, we explore a number of channels to explain disparities in foregone care between immigrants and natives. Our results show that (i) both first- and second- generation immigrants are more likely to forego care even after controlling for health needs and socioeconomic factors, the effect being mainly driven by immigrants of non-European origin, (ii) the lack of citizenship however leads to a lower access to doctor visits and dental care (iii) only second-generation immigrants with Non-European origins have a slightly higher intensity of doctor visits, (iv) there are country-specific horizontal inequities in foregone care disfavouring immigrants, (v) we rule out language barriers, social trust, religiosity and disparities in health shocks as potential channels explaining disparities in foregone care between immigrants and natives and find that satisfaction with basic health insurance partially explain observed disparities.
Co-authored with Sandy Tubeuf
08 Daniele Verdini (IRES/LIDAM, UCLouvain)
China shock, Markups, and the Evolution of Aggregate Productivity
15 Charles de Beauffort
Debt management in a world of fiscal dominance