Vivès Seminar

CHAIRE HOOVER Louvain-La-Neuve


The Vivès Seminar in Law, Economics and Political Philosophy is a reading seminar taking place every two weeks at the Hoover Chair. Phd students, Post-Docs and visitors at the Chair are invited to present their work-in-progress and to comment on the work of others. For any questions, please contact Refia Kadayifçi.

  • November 27, 2018 -- Danielle Schwartz
  • December 11, 2018 -- Manuel Valente

Lisa Basishvili, Tbilisi State University
An importance of TV Media for Democratic Deliberation and Civic Engagement
A case of Georgia

ABSTRACT: Post-Soviet country Georgia after its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 (Slider. D) embarked on ა path towards the greater democratization and integration into Euro-Atlantic organizations. The first peaceful transfer of power from the United National Movement (UNM) to the six-party Georgian Dream (GD) coalition took place in October 2012 (Report, 2016). An article “Revenge of deplorables that was published in the Economics, states - ‘Eastern Europe region is characterized by low levels of popular support for democracy. Much of this stems from widespread disappointment with the political and economic transition from communism […] This is exacerbated by political parties’ weak roots among voters and the poor functioning of leading governments’. According to the Democracy Index, there are 4 types of democracy around the world: “full democracy”; “flawed democracy”; “hybrid regime” and “authoritarian regime”- Georgia, is classified as “hybrid regime”. Democracy index of Georgia varied from 4.90 to 5.93, over the course of 10 years from 2006 until 2016. (Democracy Index 2016). Georgia’s overall democracy score is 5.93 out of 10. (Democracy Index, 2016).
Mass Media, which is often referred as the fourth branch of government has a key role in democracy. Contemporary democratic theory undeniably appreciates the media’s role in ensuring governments are held accountable (Sheila S. Coronel, 2003). In democratic societies, mass media acting as a watchdog and guardian is in fact in the public interest. (S. Coronel, 2003). Those arguments together with this one ‘media have the potential to provide citizens with a better knowledge base for support of democratic principles (Sotirovic. M., McLeod J.M) and ‘political knowledge that media provides affects the acceptance of democratic principles, and political participation’ (William A. Galston, 2001) are proved to be true for democratic developments. However, the present democracy index indicator for Georgia’s democracy is still non-optimistic, which, in accordance with the current conditions in the county give no hope for future improvement.

Gonzalo Olmedo (Catholic University of Córdoba/Columbia University) (from skype)
Neoliberalism Still Rules: Decoding the Impact of Neoliberal Ideology in Public Policy
ABSTRACT: Neoliberalism is alive and well, despite some scholars claiming otherwise. Since its inception, neoliberalism has successfully mutated from an economic system and ideology, to a rationality wherein policy makers, implementers and recipients are immersed in its logic, in many cases unknowingly. I argue that the neoliberal rationality is present in every sphere of public and private life, and has affected not only the cosmovision of how individuals see government, its policies and its legitimacy, but most interestingly, the very perception of our own selves, often precluding our capacity to work together as a collective and rise above our own individualities.

Refia Kadayifci Kaya (Hoover Chair)
Age and Reasonable Accommodation
ABSTRACT: Age discrimination has been prohibited under numerous legal systems when it was revealed that disparate treatment based on generalized assumptions on the grounds of age prevents certain vulnerable age-groups from participating fully in the working life. Certain legal systems go further than this and involve a duty to provide special accommodation by considering the special needs of vulnerable age groups. This paper aims to combine the existing philosophical knowledge on reasonable accommodation and legal approaches in order to see whether “reasonable accommodation” should be extended to age issues and if extended, should the “reasonableness test” be as strict in age and non-age cases.

Alonso Villarán (Universidad del Pacífico, Lima)
Conflicts of Interest: A Moral Analysis
ABSTRACT: What is a conflict of interest? And what is morally wrong about one? In this article I address these questions as follows. I begin with the definition and for that I organize available literature (authors) and create two continuums—one devoted to the more specific definition of “interest,” and the other to that of “duty” (two elements that belong to the definition of conflicts of interest and over which the debate revolves). In each continuum, I place the authors according to the narrowness or broadness of their positions. This facilitates the understanding of the debate as it has developed until now, as well as what is at stake when trying to define conflicts of interest. Once established the continuums, I present a moral framework based on Immanuel Kant’s (1724-1804) highly influential and illuminating deontology. This framework in turn facilitates the moral analysis that leads to the sought-for definition and the reasons why conflicts of interest are morally problematic.