ICTM - Soutenance publique de thèse - M. Sergio CASTRO MEJIA

Pour l’obtention du grade de Docteur en Sciences de l’Ingénieur

A Portable Approach for Bidirectional Integration between a Logic and a
Statically-Typed Object-Oriented Programming Language

Lundi 8 septembre 2014 à 14h00 - Auditoire BARB 94

This dissertation seeks to improve on the state of the art for creating systems
integrating modules written in both a logic and a statically-typed object-oriented
language. Logic languages are well suited for declaratively solving computational
problems that require knowledge representation and reasoning. Modern objectoriented
programming languages benefit from mature software ecosystems featuring
rich libraries and developer tools. The existence of several integration approaches
testifies the interest of both communities in techniques for facilitating the creation of
hybrid systems. In this way, systems developed in an object-oriented language can
integrate modules written in a logic language that are more convenient for solving
declarative problems. On the logic side, non-trivial declarative applications can take
advantage of the existence of large software ecosystems such as those surrounding
contemporary object-oriented languages. The combination of both paradigms allows
a programmer to use the best language available for a given task.

Existing integration approaches provide different levels of abstractions for dealing
with the integration concern (i.e., the required interoperability in order for logic
routines to access the object-oriented world, and vice versa). Some of them still
require significant amounts of boilerplate code which hinders their adoption and
steepens their learning curve. Others provide a high degree of integration
transparency and automation which simplifies their usage. However, many of those
approaches often impose strong assumptions about the architecture of a system
(e.g., a logic program must run embedded in an object-oriented one) thus suffering
from portability issues. Furthermore, most approaches provide limited support for
custom context-dependent reification of objects in the logic world and custom
mappings of arbitrary logic terms to objects in the object-oriented world.
To address these problems, we introduce our portable and customisable approach for
bidirectional integration between a logic and a statically-typed object-oriented
language. This approach enables a transparent and (semi-) automatic communication
between routines in these two worlds. In addition, it provides a customisable contextdependent
mechanism for defining how artefacts in one language should be reified in
the other language. A concrete implementation is provided as a portable Java–Prolog
interoperability framework.

To ensure portability, our framework has been made compatible with three open
source Prolog engines (SWI, YAP and XSB) by means of drivers.
We validated our approach through case studies requiring a seamless integration of
declarative programs in Prolog with object-oriented programs in Java.

Membres du jury :
Prof. Kim Mens (UCL), Promoteur
Prof. Charles Pecheur (UCL), Président
Prof. Anthony Cleve (UNamur), Secrétaire
Dr. Jan Wielemaker (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
Prof. Paul Tarau (UNT Texas, USA)

Publié le 15 septembre 2014