Post-doctorats en cours

Atiqul Haq Shah Md. 

Are fertility preferences related to perception of climate change and extreme weather events in Bangladesh? A comparative study

Promoteur : Bruno Schoumaker (UCL)
Financement : FNRS

Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change and many people in this country are vulnerable to the adverse impacts of extreme weather events. My project aims to explore how people living in areas prone to extreme events such as floods, cyclones, and drought perceive about climate change and climate change impacts. This project also tries to explore how climate change perception varies with different extreme weather events and its relationship with fertility decision. This study proposes to compare the variations of fertility decisions with the impacts of different extreme events in Bangladesh. This project enhances a comprehensive and multidisciplinary understanding of Bangladeshi people representations on climate change and their perception about the impacts of climate change on fertility decision.

 


Kim Younga

Women’s Retirement Intentions and Work-Family Life History

Promoter : Ester Rizzi (UCL)
Financement : MOVE-IN Louvain project cofunded by European Commission Marie Curie Actions

My project is to evaluate the effect of work-family life histories on retirement behaviors among women. This proceeds by comparing countries with different conditions of reconciliation between family life and work. By doing so, I involve the themes of ageing, gender and the relationship between the life course, work, and family life. The project comprises three papers. The first concerns the effects of work and family trajectories on retirement intentions: a comparison of 13 European countries. The second is about associations between women’s retirement intentions and the subsequent retirement behaviors in South Korea, by addressing the question of who makes their wishes come true. The third focuses on changes in women’s retirement intentions over time in Europe from 2004 to 2013.

 


Ma Li

Social policy, life-course transitions, and family dynamics in China

Promoteur : Rizzi Ester (UCL)
Financement : MOVE-IN Louvain project cofunded by European Commission Marie Curie Actions

China is a developing society that has not only experienced remarkable economic growth over the past few decades, but has also faced a series of demographic changes and challenges, such as the reduction of marriage and fertility, the diffusion of cohabitation, and the rise of divorce. So far, one study on marriage and three studies on divorce have been conducted. All these studies provide empirical evidence that socioeconomic changes at the macro level interacted with behaviour changes at the micro level. This project not only improves our understanding of the family dynamics in Chinese society, but also give implications for life-course transitions in developing societies at large.

 


Munno Cristina

La démographie différentielle : une approche syndémique à l’étude de la mortalité en milieu urbain

Promoteur : Eggerickx Thierry (UCL)
Financement : FNRS

Ce projet met en évidence les mécanismes qui ont marqué l’évolution de la mortalité à Venise au 19ème siècle, l’une des plus grandes villes italiennes, où les taux de mortalité sont parmi les plus élevés en Europe. Cela suppose d’observer les différentes composantes de la mortalité, par cause, sexe et âge, leur distribution dans l’espace et le temps, et leurs influences réciproques. Une étude détaillée de la mortalité est rendue possible par un ensemble exceptionnellement riche de données extraites des registres de la population d’une ville composée d’environ 130 000 habitants. D’autres données concernent les conditions de logements (disponibilité de l’eau et de l’assainisse­ment), les causes de décès, les températures quotidiennes et les rapports hebdomadaires des prix des denrées alimentaires.

 


Singh Akansha

Spatial modeling of child mortality at the district level in India

Promoter : Bruno Masquelier (UCL)
Financement : MOVE-IN Louvain project cofunded by European Commission Marie Curie Actions

Since the inception of the Millennium development goals, the world has cut both the rate and number of child deaths by more than one half. Though more than 6 million children under age five had still died in 2015 and half of these deaths have occurred in the six countries including India. India has the highest number of child deaths in the world, with significant regional variations within the country. Country-level estimates could well obscure spatial or socioeconomic inequalities in mortality that might well exceed intercountry differences. With decentralized planning, it has become inevitable to monitor child level mortality at the district level. Measuring district level child mortality in India is also important because of the fact that there is large interdistrict variation in the level of socioeconomic development and health care condition. Sample Registration System provides the estimates on infant and child mortality at the national level and for major states of India annually. However, very little is known about the long term changes in child mortality rate at the district level. This study aims to develop estimates of child mortality rate at the district level to describe trends in survival chances of child over the last few decades and examine the spatial pattern of child mortality risk in India. This study also purposes to assess the effect and contribution of health interventions, socioeconomic and demographic factors including fertility on child mortality at the district level and examine the heterogeneity of the relationship between major risk factors and child mortality. ​