Post-doctorats en cours

Chen Mengni

Second Demographic Transition in Asia

Promotrice : Rizzi Ester (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS

The theory of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT) has now often been proposed to understand changing family profiles not only in western societies but also in eastern societies. Currently, in Asian societies such as Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and China, many features of the SDT have been observed, including the low fertility rate, late marriage and childbearing, increasing singlehood, surging divorce. However, the ingredients of cohabitation and out-of-wedlock births seem to be missing in these societies; and there are also very few up-to-date empirical studies to investigate whether the observed changes in family behavior have reflected the ideational changes. Therefore, this research project takes efforts to fill in these gaps. The project aims 1) to investigate the prevalence and trends of cohabitation and non-marital births in the five Asian societies over the past decade, 2) to identify the factors associated with these behaviors, and 3) to reconstruct and compare the family normative frameworks between the West and the East. 

 


Doignon Yoann

La diffusion spatiale de la Seconde Transition Démographique en Belgique et en France depuis 1970

Promoteurs : Eggerickx Thierry (UCLouvain), Rizzi Ester (UCLouvain)
Financement : FSR (UCLouvain)

La seconde transition démographique (STD) a été développée pour comprendre les transformations socio-démographiques en Europe du Nord-ouest à partir des années 1970. De nombreuses dimensions de la STD ont été étudiées dans la littérature, mais la dimension spatiale de ces changements démographiques reste beaucoup moins étudiée. Ce projet propose de combler ces manques en analysant la diffusion spatiale des changements démographiques de la STD en France et en Belgique depuis 1970, et à un niveau géographique fin. Les objectifs du projet sont les suivants : 1/ Décrire comment la STD se propage dans l’espace, en questionnant en particulier les effets de frontières (politiques et culturelles) ; 2/ Identifier les facteurs qui expliquent ce schéma spatial ; 3/ Analyser l’impact des migrations sur la progression de la STD dans un territoire.

 


Le Guen Mireille

In-migration and out-migration of primary and secondary migrants from south European countries to Belgium around the economic crisis of the late 2000s

Promoteur : Bruno Schoumaker (UCLouvain)
Financement : UCLouvain

In Europe, the global economic recession of the late 2000s strongly affected PIIGS (Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain). The rapid deterioration of the labor market conditions affecting natives and immigrants from these countries leaded to an increase in outmigration to Western and Northern European countries less affected by the crisis, such as Belgium. To understand how economic crises modulate the selection process of migration differently among men and women according to their migration status, we study immigration of people came from PIIGS to Belgium before and after the crisis of the late 2000s among natives (primary migrants) and non-natives (secondary migrants). We also study primary migrants and secondary migrants’ emigration from Belgium according to their insertion on the Belgian labor market before and after the crisis.

 


Menashe-Oren Ashira

Child migration and parental death in rural and urban sub-Saharan Africa

Promoteur : Philippe Bocquier (UCLouvain)
Financement : UCLouvain

Under the MADIMAH project (Child health, migration and family composition in Africa and Asia: Comparative analysis), my research aims to study child migration after parental death within sub-Saharan Africa, while accounting for orphan’s socioeconomic environment and their household characteristics. This research examines the probabilities of child migration over a gradient of urbanicity in particular, to account for the conditions under which children live, since rural/urban residence can determine child wellbeing. This research assesses to what extent orphans have higher probabilities of migration in comparison to other children and how this differs by rural/urban sector.

 


Mikucka Malgorzata

Care, retirement and wellbeing of older people across different welfare regimes

Promotrice : Ester Rizzi (UCLouvain)
Financement : BELSPO

As societies age, the well-being of the elderly increasingly becomes a priority and challenge. CREW is an inter-disciplinary team from six institutions in five countries poised to examine the interrelationships between social participation (in the forms of paid work and caregiving) and health and wellbeing. Our proposed research covers four broad topics. First, we investigate the determinants of health and wellbeing in older age and critically examine new and old measures. Second, we describe patterns of caregiving and the impact of providing care on the wellbeing of caregivers. Third, we analyze the challenges faced by pension sys-tems as consequence of changes in family dynamics and work patterns. Finally, we examine the population of older adults without close kin, analyse its characteristics, and how the welfare state shapes their well-being. Gender and welfare policies are transversal themes of each topic, as they shape all of the dynamics analyzed. CREW fills key policy-relevant gaps in existing research, ultimately contributing to knowledge which inform poli-cies to guarantee high quality of ageing and equal opportunities for successful ageing for both men and women and for people of different socio-economic groups.

 


Sanchez David

Fertility stalls in sub-Saharan Africa

Promoteur : Bruno Schoumaker (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS

Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa has decreased little over the last decades. Its decline started much later than in other regions of the world and the pace of the fertility decline has been slower. In some countries, fertility has stalled in recent years, contributing to the uncertainty about sub-Saharan Africa’s future fertility. Such interruptions in fertility decline can have a large impact on the size of Africa’s population by the end of the 21st century, as well as on population distribution across and within countries. Better apprehending their dynamics and causes are essential to understand the recent and future demographic changes in sub-Saharan Africa. This project has three broad objectives: (1) Identifying fertility stalls in sub-Saharan Africa at the national and subnational level; (2) understanding the demographic dynamics of these fertility stalls; and, (3) identifying the underlying causes of these fertility stalls.

 


Veljanoska Stefanija

Understanding the determinants of migration through new data sources and new methodologies

Promoteurs : Bocquier Philippe (UCLouvain), Docquier Frédéric (UCLouvain)
Financement : ARC - GLOBMIG

The research conducted under the GLOBMIG project aims at exploring new data sources to understand internal and international migration patterns. In particular, it combines: i) socio-economic and migration data from various censuses, surveys, as well as the Gallup data, ii) Big Data on cell-phone owners, iii) geo-referenced data on climate change and conflict. New methodologies (e.g., data mining, machine learning algorithms) to analyze the various data will be applied and compared to more traditional approaches. Another intention of this research is to study the interactions between internal and international migration, as well as their relation to the urbanization dynamics. In this framework, the goal is to quantify the internal migration trends by capital, other urban and rural areas in Africa and determine the net migration contribution to the urbanization process.