Atiqul Haq Shah Md.
Are fertility preferences related to perception of climate change and extreme weather events in Bangladesh? A comparative study
Promoteur : Schoumaker Bruno (UCLouvain), Bartiaux Françoise (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS
Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change and many people in this country are vulnerable to the adverse impacts of extreme weather events. My project aims to explore how people living in areas prone to extreme events such as floods, cyclones, and drought perceive about climate change and climate change impacts. This project also tries to explore how climate change perception varies with different extreme weather events and its relationship with fertility decision. This study proposes to compare the variations of fertility decisions with the impacts of different extreme events in Bangladesh. This project enhances a comprehensive and multidisciplinary understanding of Bangladeshi people representations on climate change and their perception about the impacts of climate change on fertility decision.
Second Demographic Transition in Asia
Promotrice : Ester Rizzi (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS
The theory of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT) has now often been proposed to understand changing family profiles not only in western societies but also in eastern societies. Currently, in Asian societies such as Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and China, many features of the SDT have been observed, including the low fertility rate, late marriage and childbearing, increasing singlehood, surging divorce. However, the ingredients of cohabitation and out-of-wedlock births seem to be missing in these societies; and there are also very few up-to-date empirical studies to investigate whether the observed changes in family behavior have reflected the ideational changes. Therefore, this research project takes efforts to fill in these gaps. The project aims 1) to investigate the prevalence and trends of cohabitation and non-marital births in the five Asian societies over the past decade, 2) to identify the factors associated with these behaviors, and 3) to reconstruct and compare the family normative frameworks between the West and the East.
Child migration and parental death in rural and urban sub-Saharan Africa
Promoteur : Philippe Bocquier (UCLouvain)
Financement : UCLouvain
Under the MADIMAH project (Child health, migration and family composition in Africa and Asia: Comparative analysis), my research aims to study child migration after parental death within sub-Saharan Africa, while accounting for orphan’s socioeconomic environment and their household characteristics. This research examines the probabilities of child migration over a gradient of urbanicity in particular, to account for the conditions under which children live, since rural/urban residence can determine child wellbeing. This research assesses to what extent orphans have higher probabilities of migration in comparison to other children and how this differs by rural/urban sector.
Understanding the determinants of migration through new data sources and new methodologies
Promoteurs : Bocquier Philippe (UCLouvain), Docquier Frédéric (UCLouvain)
Financement : ARC - GLOBMIG
The research conducted under the GLOBMIG project aims at exploring new data sources to understand internal and international migration patterns. In particular, it combines: i) socio-economic and migration data from various censuses, surveys, as well as the Gallup data, ii) Big Data on cell-phone owners, iii) geo-referenced data on climate change and conflict. New methodologies (e.g., data mining, machine learning algorithms) to analyze the various data will be applied and compared to more traditional approaches. Another intention of this research is to study the interactions between internal and international migration, as well as their relation to the urbanization dynamics. In this framework, the goal is to quantify the internal migration trends by capital, other urban and rural areas in Africa and determine the net migration contribution to the urbanization process.