Atiqul Haq Shah Md.
Are fertility preferences related to perception of climate change and extreme weather events in Bangladesh? A comparative study
Promoteur : Schoumaker Bruno (UCLouvain), Bartiaux Françoise (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS
Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change and many people in this country are vulnerable to the adverse impacts of extreme weather events. My project aims to explore how people living in areas prone to extreme events such as floods, cyclones, and drought perceive about climate change and climate change impacts. This project also tries to explore how climate change perception varies with different extreme weather events and its relationship with fertility decision. This study proposes to compare the variations of fertility decisions with the impacts of different extreme events in Bangladesh. This project enhances a comprehensive and multidisciplinary understanding of Bangladeshi people representations on climate change and their perception about the impacts of climate change on fertility decision.
Child migration and parental death in rural and urban sub-Saharan Africa
Promoteur : Philippe Bocquier (UCLouvain)
Financement : UCLouvain
Under the MADIMAH project (Child health, migration and family composition in Africa and Asia: Comparative analysis), my research aims to study child migration after parental death within sub-Saharan Africa, while accounting for orphan’s socioeconomic environment and their household characteristics. This research examines the probabilities of child migration over a gradient of urbanicity in particular, to account for the conditions under which children live, since rural/urban residence can determine child wellbeing. This research assesses to what extent orphans have higher probabilities of migration in comparison to other children and how this differs by rural/urban sector.
Second Demographic Transition in Asia
Promotrice : Ester Rizzi (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS
The theory of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT) has now often been proposed to understand changing family profiles not only in western societies but also in eastern societies. Currently, in Asian societies such as Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and China, many features of the SDT have been observed, including the low fertility rate, late marriage and childbearing, increasing singlehood, surging divorce. However, the ingredients of cohabitation and out-of-wedlock births seem to be missing in these societies; and there are also very few up-to-date empirical studies to investigate whether the observed changes in family behavior have reflected the ideational changes. Therefore, this research project takes efforts to fill in these gaps. The project aims 1) to investigate the prevalence and trends of cohabitation and non-marital births in the five Asian societies over the past decade, 2) to identify the factors associated with these behaviors, and 3) to reconstruct and compare the family normative frameworks between the West and the East.
Spatial modeling of child mortality at the district level in India
Promoter : Masquelier Bruno (UCLouvain)
Financement : MOVE-IN Louvain project cofunded by European Commission Marie Curie Actions
Since the inception of the Millennium development goals, the world has cut both the rate and number of child deaths by more than one half. Though more than 6 million children under age five had still died in 2015 and half of these deaths have occurred in the six countries including India. India has the highest number of child deaths in the world, with significant regional variations within the country. Country-level estimates could well obscure spatial or socioeconomic inequalities in mortality that might well exceed intercountry differences. With decentralized planning, it has become inevitable to monitor child level mortality at the district level. Measuring district level child mortality in India is also important because of the fact that there is large interdistrict variation in the level of socioeconomic development and health care condition. Sample Registration System provides the estimates on infant and child mortality at the national level and for major states of India annually. However, very little is known about the long term changes in child mortality rate at the district level. This study aims to develop estimates of child mortality rate at the district level to describe trends in survival chances of child over the last few decades and examine the spatial pattern of child mortality risk in India. This study also purposes to assess the effect and contribution of health interventions, socioeconomic and demographic factors including fertility on child mortality at the district level and examine the heterogeneity of the relationship between major risk factors and child mortality.