Post-doctorats en cours

Doignon Yoann

La diffusion spatiale de la Seconde Transition Démographique en Belgique et en France depuis 1970

Promoteurs : Eggerickx Thierry (UCLouvain), Rizzi Ester (UCLouvain)
Financement : FSR (UCLouvain)

La seconde transition démographique (STD) a été développée pour comprendre les transformations socio-démographiques en Europe du Nord-ouest à partir des années 1970. De nombreuses dimensions de la STD ont été étudiées dans la littérature, mais la dimension spatiale de ces changements démographiques reste beaucoup moins étudiée. Ce projet propose de combler ces manques en analysant la diffusion spatiale des changements démographiques de la STD en France et en Belgique depuis 1970, et à un niveau géographique fin. Les objectifs du projet sont les suivants : 1/ Décrire comment la STD se propage dans l’espace, en questionnant en particulier les effets de frontières (politiques et culturelles) ; 2/ Identifier les facteurs qui expliquent ce schéma spatial ; 3/ Analyser l’impact des migrations sur la progression de la STD dans un territoire.

 


                                

Le Guen Mireille                      

Changes in contraceptive uses in time of “pill scare”: a comparison between Belgium, France and Switzerland

Promoteur : Bruno Schoumaker (UCLouvain)
Financement : FSR (UCLouvain)

At the end of 2012, following the media coverage of a complaint against a pharmaceutical company by a young woman who had suffered a stroke and was blaming it on her use of new-generation oral contraception, a media controversy, also called “pill scare” broke out in France and echoed in the French speaking media in Belgium and in Switzerland, two countries were the pill is also the most widely used method of contraception. As a result, pill use dropped in France and in Belgium while in Switzerland a decrease in pill sales was observed and social inequalities in access to contraceptives available under prescription have increased in France. Using data from 11 representative cross-sectional surveys conducted in Belgium, France and Switzerland, we compare recent trends in contraceptive uses in the three countries according to women’s social background in order to know how “pill scare” differently affect contraceptive practices in the three countries characterized by great differences in health care insurance reimburses medical consultation and contraceptive methods. I will also seek to understand, by conducting qualitative interviews in Belgium and Switzerland, to what extent these changes are result from difficulties in accessing certain contraceptives or from consumption practices for health care and medical goods that differ according to women’s socio-economic background.

 


Nie Wanli  

Internal migration and Urbanisation in Asia

Promoteur : Philippe Bocquier (UCLouvain)
Financement : Globmig project

In Asia, internal migration has led to rapid expansion of urban borders. However, as rural/urban definition varies by countries and across time, and in some circumstances absent, it is hard to come up with a robust estimation of historical trend of urbanization. To fill this gap, this project is dedicated to provide a harmonized estimation of urbanization and to understand to what extent has internal migration contributed to changes in urbanisation. We used micro-level data available at IPUMS-international, DHC among others, and adjusted our estimates according to those published by the World Urbanization Prospect.

   


Menashe-Oren Ashira

Child migration and parental death in rural and urban sub-Saharan Africa

Promoteur : Philippe Bocquier (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS (UCLouvain)

Under the MADIMAH project (Child health, migration and family composition in Africa and Asia: Comparative analysis), my research aims to study child migration after parental death within sub-Saharan Africa, while accounting for orphan’s socioeconomic environment and their household characteristics. This research examines the probabilities of child migration over a gradient of urbanicity in particular, to account for the conditions under which children live, since rural/urban residence can determine child wellbeing. This research assesses to what extent orphans have higher probabilities of migration in comparison to other children and how this differs by rural/urban sector.

 


Mikucka Malgorzata

Care, retirement and wellbeing of older people across different welfare regimes

Promotrice : Ester Rizzi (UCLouvain)
Financement : BELSPO

As societies age, the well-being of the elderly increasingly becomes a priority and challenge. CREW is an inter-disciplinary team from six institutions in five countries poised to examine the interrelationships between social participation (in the forms of paid work and caregiving) and health and wellbeing. Our proposed research covers four broad topics. First, we investigate the determinants of health and wellbeing in older age and critically examine new and old measures. Second, we describe patterns of caregiving and the impact of providing care on the wellbeing of caregivers. Third, we analyze the challenges faced by pension sys-tems as consequence of changes in family dynamics and work patterns. Finally, we examine the population of older adults without close kin, analyse its characteristics, and how the welfare state shapes their well-being. Gender and welfare policies are transversal themes of each topic, as they shape all of the dynamics analyzed. CREW fills key policy-relevant gaps in existing research, ultimately contributing to knowledge which inform poli-cies to guarantee high quality of ageing and equal opportunities for successful ageing for both men and women and for people of different socio-economic groups.

 


Sanchez David

Fertility stalls in sub-Saharan Africa

Promoteur : Bruno Schoumaker (UCLouvain)
Financement : FNRS

Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa has decreased little over the last decades. Its decline started much later than in other regions of the world and the pace of the fertility decline has been slower. In some countries, fertility has stalled in recent years, contributing to the uncertainty about sub-Saharan Africa’s future fertility. Such interruptions in fertility decline can have a large impact on the size of Africa’s population by the end of the 21st century, as well as on population distribution across and within countries. An detailed study of their dynamics and causes is essential to understand the recent and future demographic changes in sub-Saharan Africa. This project has three broad objectives: (1) Identifying fertility stalls in sub-Saharan Africa at the national and subnational level; (2) understanding the demographic dynamics of these fertility stalls; and, (3) identifying the underlying causes of these fertility stalls.

 

 


Jean-Paul Sanderson

L’homicide conjugal parmi les morts violentes en Belgique

Promoteurs : Thierry Eggerickx (UCLouvain), Xavier Rousseaux (UCLouvain)
Financement : BELSPO/BRAIN

Cette recherche, menée dans le cadre du projet IPV-PRO&POL (Intimate Partner Violence: Impact, Processes, Evolution and Related Public Policies in Belgium), vise d’une part à étudier l’évolution de la mortalité violente en Belgique, et d’autre part à comprendre plus particulièrement les mécanismes en jeu dans les violences entre conjoints et les homicides conjugaux. Les données utilisées proviennent du Registre national, des recensements, du système informatique des parquets correctionnels (TPI), mais aussi de dossiers de justice et d’entretiens avec des auteurs et des victimes de violences.

 

SODA : Social sciences and humanities data archive

Promoteurs : Thierry Eggerickx (UCLouvain), Bruno Schoumaker (UCLouvain)
Financement : BELSPO

L’objectif de ce projet est de constituer une «archive belge» des enquêtes et données collectées en sciences humaines. Pratiquement, il s’agit de construire un outil de dépôt des données d’enquêtes réalisées en sciences humaines dans les différentes universités belges de manière à pouvoir les réutiliser pour d’autres projets.

 

Measuring Invisibility Brussel (MEASINB)

Promoteur : Thierry Eggerickx (UCLouvain)
Financement : INNOVIRIS

La Région bruxelloise, dans son appel “rendre visible l’invisible” pose la question de l’appréhension de la population présente sur son territoire (qu’il s’agisse des personnes y résidant officiellement ou des groupes dits “cachés”). Celui-ci vise à en obtenir une image claire en vue de mettre en place une politique inclusive soucieuse de l’accès aux droits.
Dans ce cadre, MEASINB s’intéresse à la disparition de ces personnes des registres administratifs. En Belgique, l’inscription du citoyen aux registres, par le biais de la domiciliation, lui permet un accès aux droits. L’absence ou la perte d’un domicile ou d’une adresse de référence a pour conséquence l’exclusion de ceux-ci. La recherche vise à appréhender les processus d’invisibilisation, au regard des contextes urbains et sociaux. Cette compréhension est nécessaire pour apprécier les politiques d’actions publiques appliquées sur le territoire.

 


Veljanoska Stefanija

Understanding the determinants of migration through new data sources and new methodologies

Promoteurs : Bocquier Philippe (UCLouvain), Docquier Frédéric (UCLouvain)
Financement : ARC - GLOBMIG

The research conducted under the GLOBMIG project aims at exploring new data sources to understand internal and international migration patterns. In particular, it combines: i) socio-economic and migration data from various censuses, surveys, as well as the Gallup data, ii) Big Data on cell-phone owners, iii) geo-referenced data on climate change and conflict. New methodologies (e.g., data mining, machine learning algorithms) to analyze the various data will be applied and compared to more traditional approaches. Another intention of this research is to study the interactions between internal and international migration, as well as their relation to the urbanization dynamics. In this framework, the goal is to quantify the internal migration trends by capital, other urban and rural areas in Africa and determine the net migration contribution to the urbanization process.

 


Zuzana Zilincikova

Family ties that bind: A new view of internal migration, immobility and labour-market outcomes

Promotrice : Christine Schnor (UCLouvain)
Financement : ERC

Internal migration (long-distance moves within national borders) is generally assumed to be beneficial to individuals and households. The FamilyTies project has been designed to make a decisive contribution to a much more comprehensive explanation of internal migration and its labour-market outcomes than current, mainly economic, explanations have achieved thus far. It introduces a novel perspective on internal migration and immobility, which focuses on the role of family outside the household in deciding on whether and where to relocate, and which takes into account contemporary family complexity: the family ties perspective. The aim is to identify the role of family ties in internal migration, immobility and labour-market outcomes.