Archives des séminaires IPSY 

Louvain-La-Neuve

2020

 

!! Until June 30th, all IPSY seminars are cancelled or postponed / Jusqu'au 30 juin, tous les séminaires IPSY sont annulés ou reportés !!

 

 

Cancelled or Postponed !

Comment aider les élèves à apprendre en réduisant les exigences superflues ?
Professeur André Tricot, Université de Toulouse (France)

Le séminaire sera précédé d’un lunch avec sandwiches à midi
Inscriptions au plus tard le mercredi 11 novembre : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be

Apprendre à l’école demande des efforts : il faut être attentif, se concentrer, réfléchir. Pour certains élèves, comme pour nous tous dans certaines situations, ces efforts sont parfois hors de portée. La théorie de la charge cognitive a pour objectif d’identifier des moyens d’optimiser les ressources cognitives des élèves lors d’apprentissages scolaires. Ces moyens consistent essentiellement à supprimer les informations non-pertinentes dans la situation scolaire et à concevoir la tâche la moins exigeante possible, pour maintenir des exigences là où elles sont importantes : l’apprentissage de connaissances. Depuis une trentaine d’années, les travaux dans ce domaine ont identifié 15 techniques qui permettent ainsi d’aider les élèves à apprendre. L’objectif de cette conférence est de présenter cette approche et ces quinze techniques. A la fin de la conférence je présenterai quelques résultats qui montrent que le temps aussi est une ressource pour apprendre, et que nous pouvons l’optimiser.

Invitant.es : B. Galand et S. Colognesi


Cancelled or Postponed !

Mental State Inference as a Gating Mechanism to Cognitive and Affective Processes
Lasana T. Harris University College London

People flexibly infer mental states—think about the minds of others. This spontaneous psychological process imbues social targets with full humanity, or denies them full humanity when withheld. Mental state inferences can trigger or inhibit other psychological processes, including logical reasoning, learning, economic valuation, and empathic responses. Here, I discuss behavioural and brain evidence for this gating mechanism across economic and legal contexts. Specifically, I discuss research where people are commoditised, tortured, or engaged in collusion, and highlight the influence of mental state inferences on cognitive and affective psychological processes.

Invited by: Pierre Maurage, Stéphanie Demoulin, Florence Stinglhamber


Cancelled or Postponed !

Modifications du sommeil associées à la consommation excessive d’alcool : liens avec les altérations cérébrales et cognitives
Alice Laniepce
, : Université de Caen / Université de Rouen

En amont du développement de complications neurologiques sévères telles que le syndrome de Korsakoff (SK), les patients ayant un Trouble de l’Usage d’Alcool (TUAL) présentent des altérations cérébrales et cognitives de nature et de sévérité variables, ainsi que des troubles du sommeil. Bien qu’il soit clairement établi que le sommeil contribue au fonctionnement cérébral et cognitif, son implication comme facteur explicatif des atteintes cérébrales et cognitives dans le TUAL reste peu documentée. L’objectif de cette présentation sera de proposer une vision intégrée des modifications du sommeil (à la fois subjectives et objectives) liées à la consommation chronique et excessive d’alcool en décrivant les similarités et les différences observées selon la forme clinique étudiée (TUAL versus SK). Puis, nous préciserons le rôle de la sévérité du syndrome de sevrage sur les modifications de l’architecture du sommeil chez les patients TUAL récemment abstinents. Enfin, nous présenterons les données suggérant une implication du sommeil dans la physiopathologie des atteintes structurales et cognitives liées à l’alcool. Sur le plan clinique, nos études soulignent la nécessité d’évaluer et de traiter les troubles du sommeil en addictologie afin d’améliorer le pronostic des patients à la sortie des services hospitaliers.

Invitant·tes : Pierre maurage & Louvain Experimental Psychopathology (LEP) Research Group


Cancelled or Postponed !

Childhood adversities, interoception and emotion regulation in alcohol use disorders
Andrzej Jakubczyk & Maciej Kopera, Université de Varsovie (Pologne)

Childhood adversities, interoception (the way one perceives internal, somatic stimuli from the body) and emotion dysregulation have been all linked to the risk of development and course of alcohol use disorders (AUD). During the session, associations between all these factors will be discussed basing on recent findings from the study performed at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw. Specifically, dr. Jakubczyk will present on how interoceptive accuracy and sensibility may affect emotion regulation and how resilience to pain (specific interoceptive stimulus) may mediate the association between childhood trauma and emotion dysregulation. Dr. Kopera will present results of two studies on different (clinical and non-clinical) populations. The first study was aimed at investigating if the presence of risky alcohol use during the developmental age would influence the relationship between childhood adversity and mental states recognition in early adulthood. The second study assessed, whether the transgression from risky alcohol use to AUD would influence the trauma-mentalization relationship in another treatment seeking AUD sample. Results of all presented studies will be discussed in the context of possible clinical implications for treatment of AUD.

Invited by: Pierre Maurage & LEP


Cancelled or Postponed !

Que peuvent apporter les recherches sur l’enseignement à la formation des professeurs ?
Roland Goigoux, Université Clermont-Auvergne

Roland Goigoux prendra appui sur son expérience de formateur d’enseignants pour suggérer de profondes modifications dans les relations entre décideurs, chercheurs, formateurs et enseignants. Il défendra sa vision de la co-conception d’outils didactiques et du rôle de ceux-ci peuvent jouer dans le développement professionnel des enseignants. Il interrogera à ce propos les rapports entre les sciences de la cognition et de l’éducation à un moment où les premières affichent des prétentions importantes sur les questions d’enseignement. Il indiquera enfin cinq éléments de structuration d’un plan de formation des professeurs fondé sur une analyse de l’activité d’enseignement (planification, régulation, motivation, explicitation, différenciation).

Invitants : Benoît Galand, Sébastien Delisse


Cancelled or Postponed !

Cognitive Control Training Enhances Emotion Regulation
Noga Cohen,The Edmond J. Safra Brain Research Center for the Study of Learning Disabilities, University of Haifa, Israel

Adaptive behavior depends on the ability to effectively regulate emotional responses. Failure in the regulation of emotional arousal can result in heightened physiological reactions and disruptive behavioral performance. In turn, these behavioral and physiological alternations can
lead to various psychopathologies. In several studies we demonstrated that training cognitive control, an attentional mechanism that enables goal-directed behavior, lead to reduced emotional interference by aversive pictures. This training was also associated with a reduction in amygdala activation to aversive pictures and with an increase in amygdala-prefrontal connectivity. Moreover, we showed that training individuals to recruit cognitive control prior to the presentation of unpleasant pictures enhances their ability to regulate an upsetting personal event using reappraisal.
These findings suggest that the interplay between emotion and cognitive control is essential for maintaining adaptive behavior and may be impaired in individuals with emotion regulation deficits.

Invited by: Alexandre Heeren


Cancelled or Postponed !​​​​​​​

Neural Processing and Perception of Speech in Children with Mild to Moderate Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Axelle Calcus, Laboratoire des Systèmes Perceptifs, Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris, France) 

Mild (21-40 dB HL) or moderate (41-70 dB HL) sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL) can lead to persistent changes to the cortical processing of speech sounds. This was evidenced in a recent study conducted on 46, 8- to 16-year old children with MMHL and 44 normally- hearing (NH) age-matched controls (Calcus et al., 2019). While present in younger children with MMHL, there was no significant MMN in older children with MMHL. However, to date no studies have examined speech processing at the subcortical level in children with MMHL, yet this is known to be linked to speech perception in noise (SIN) in NH children. Moreover, the effects of amplification on the neural encoding of speech remain poorly understood, with previous data suggesting a benefit at the subcortical but not the cortical level.
Here, I will present a study aiming to investigate (1) the subcortical and cortical processing of speech sounds in children with MMHL, (2) the relation with SIN, and (3) the effects of amplification on the neural processing of speech, for children with MMHL. Behavioural  thresholds were measured at 70 dB SPL for consonant identification in both steady and fluctuating noise. Subcortical and cortical EEG activity evoked by speech stimuli were simultaneously recorded in 18, 8- to 16-year old children with MMHL and 15 age-matched NH  controls. The frequency-following-response (FFR) and MMN were used as indeces of speech processing at the subcortical and cortical levels, respectively. For the MMHL group, stimuli were presented both unamplified (70 dB SPL), and with a frequency-specific gain (without compression) based on their individual audiograms. Behavioural thresholds were poorer for children with MMHL than NH controls, whatever the background noise. At the subcortical level, children with MMHL showed a smaller FFR than NH controls’ in the unamplified condition. With simulated amplification, the FFR of the MMHL group was comparable to that of NH controls. However, the relationship between subcortical encoding of speech and SIN was not significant. At the cortical level, there was no significant MMN in children with MMHL presented with either unamplified or amplified speech.
The neural processing of unamplified speech may be impaired at both subcortical and cortical levels in children with MMHL. Moreover, amplification may benefit auditory processing at subcortical but not cortical levels in this group. I will offer two alternative explanations for our findings: increasing multi-sensory integration at successive levels of the auditory system, and/or later maturation of the auditory cortex compared to the inferior colliculus.

Invited by: Olivier Collignon, Ceren Battal


!!!Postponed to a later date!!!

Cognition throughout the lifespan: the power of the bilingual experience
Wouter Duyck
, Ghent University

Research has shown that both languages of a bilingual are always active. However, at the same time, bilinguals suffer only rarely for cross-language intrusions due to these interactions. This suggests an efficient mechanism for language control in bilinguals. Research has shown that the neural circuits used for this language control overlap with those recruited for cognitive functions. As a result, the mental exercise implied by bilingualism has been demonstrated to yield cognitive advantages beyond the verbal domain. In the present talk, I will briefly discuss the mechanisms involved in bilingual lexical access, language control, and the effects of bilingualism on general cognition. For children, I will present data on effects of bilingual immersion schooling on intelligence. For adults, I will present data demonstrating behavioral and neural changes resulting from translator/interpreter training. For older people, I will present data showing that the clinical onset of Alzheimer’s disease may be delayed by four years in bilinguals, relative to monolinguals.

Invited by: Arnaud Szmalec, Bernard Hanseeuw


Thursday, March 5th - 1 pm
Room: salle du conseil A224

Neural Representations of Faces Are Tuned to Eye Movements
Roberto Caldara
, University of Fribourg, Department of Psychology, Switzerland

Eye movements provide a functional signature on how human vision is achieved, with human faces eliciting distinct eye movement patterns during identity and emotional expression decoding. Nonetheless, a fundamental question remains debated: are such face processing biological-skills governed by universal perceptual processes? It has long been presumed that this is the case. However, over the past decade our work has called into question this widely held assumption. First of all, we have demonstrated that the face system relies on different strategies to perform a range of face processing tasks with comparable levels of efficiency across cultures. Commonalities aside, we found that Westerners distribute local fixations across the eye and mouth regions, whereas Easterners preferentially deploy central, global fixations during face recognition. Moreover, during the recognition of facial expressions of emotion, Westerners fixate the mouth relatively more to discriminate across expressions, whereas Easterners favor the eye region. This difference is corroborated by the use of culture-specific emoticons with Westerners using the mouth for the expressions of happiness and sadness:-) :-( and Easterners, the eyes ^_^ T_T . Finally, we have recently shown that eye movements play a functional role during face processing by providing the neural system with the information that is diagnostic to a specific observer. The way humans perceive the world and process faces is determined by experience and environmental factors and it is governed by idiosyncratic rather than universal representations.

Invited by: Valérie Goffaux 


Mardi 3 mars de 11h00 à 12h30
Local : E139

Forces et faiblesses du modèle de l'alternance en formation
Jean-Luc Gurtner, 
Université de Fribourg (Suisse)

La fréquentation alternée de lieux de formation différents est une caractéristique constitutive de très nombreux systèmes de formation professionnalisante. Ainsi on n'imaginerait plus une formation à l'enseignement, une formation technique ou une formation dans le domaine de la santé sans périodes de pratique professionnelle ou sans cours théoriques.
Malgré son usage très répandu, un tel modèle peine cependant souvent à dépasser la simple succession de temps d'école et de temps de terrain plus ou moins longs, plus ou moins récurrents, sans grande articulation.
Certes, on rencontre volontiers dans les programmes de formation des espaces dévolus à cette articulation, nommés tantôt analyses de pratiques, séminaires d'intégration, unités d'articulation théorie-pratique, ateliers de préparation au stage, etc, mais ce qu'on y fait réellement dépend grandement de la personne qui en a la charge et reste souvent très général et très peu relié aux expériences et aux situations réelles de chaque apprenant. Divers outils comme le rapport de stage, le dossier de formation ou le portfolio professionnel, par exemple, permettent également de rapatrier dans l'autre lieu une synthèse des expériences faites "de l'autre côté". Mais le statut ambigu de ces outils – support de réflexion ou objet d'évaluation – conduit bien souvent les apprenants à les utiliser de manière peu productive pour les apprentissages ultérieurs.
Au niveau théorique enfin, différents concepts et métaphores ont été proposés pour qualifier les enjeux et les attentes liées à la situation d'alternance et aux apprentissages en contextes multiples, tels que "connectivity", "boundary crossing", "expansive learning", etc...
Dans mon intervention, je développerai la thèse que l'exploitation de métaphores s'avère une démarche prometteuse pour réfléchir à la situation d'alternance mais qu'on peut et doit aller beaucoup plus loin dans cette recherche si l'on veut exploiter au mieux tout le potentiel de l'alternance comme modalité d'apprentissages complexes.

Invitant·tes : Benoît Galand,  Noémie Baudoin


Jeudi 27 février à 13h00
Local : Socr 27

L’entrainement à la communication hypnotique pour gérer la douleur procédurale en oncologie pédiatrique : une étude pilote
Jennifer Aramideh, David Ogez, Université de Montréal

Les traitements d’un cancer pédiatrique confrontent les jeunes patients à des douleurs procédurales qu’il est utile de prendre en charge. Parmi les alternatives non pharmacologiques, l’utilisation de la communication hypnotique s’est montrée efficace selon de nombreuses recherches. Les études d’évaluation menées dans ce contexte sont toutefois complexes, car il est important de pouvoir soutenir une acquisition des techniques hypnotiques avant de les évaluer. Dans cette conférence, nous nous intéresserons particulièrement à définir une méthodologie pour évaluer la communication hypnotique et présenterons une étude de faisabilité menée au CHU Sainte-Justine. Concrètement, les objectifs de cette conférence sont (1) introduire le protocole d’entrainement à la communication hypnotique en oncologie pédiatrique ; (2) présenter la méthodologie de recherche en acquisition de compétence à la communication hypnotique ; (3) présenter les résultats d’une étude de faisabilité menée en oncologie pédiatrique.

Invitants : Emmanuelle Zech & PCLab


Thursday, February 27 - 11 am
Room E139

Automatic and controlled processes in the acquisition and extinction of fear
Gaëtan Mertens
, Utrecht University

For some years, there has been ongoing debate in the literature on the relative contribution of controlled and automatic processes in the acquisition and extinction of fear. Particularly, some influential models have argued that conditioned fear largely originates from subcortical fear structures that operate largely automatically (i.e., outside of awareness, with minimal sensory input, involuntary, and outside of cognitive control processes) (e.g., LeDoux & Pine, 2016). Alternatively, other models have argued that fear acquisition and extinction learning are critically dependent on awareness and controlled cognitive processes (e.g., Lovibond, 2011). I will present data concerning the role of verbal instructions, awareness and inferential reasoning processes in fear acquisition and extinction that critically challenges the former and supports the latter class of models. Furthermore, I will argue that this debate is not only interesting from a theoretical perspective, but also influences the therapeutic practices that are employed and new interventions that are being developed for the treatment of fear and anxiety. Finally, I will conclude this talk with giving a brief overview of ongoing and future research projects within this line of research (e.g., symbolic processes in fear conditioning, expectation effects in psychotherapy).

Invited by: Olivier Corneille, Pierre Philippot, Alexandre Heeren, Pierre Maurage


Thursday, February 20 - 1 pm
Room: salle du conseil A224

A novel framework for the neural organization of action and object knowledge
Moritz Wurm, Trento University

How is knowledge about things and events in the world organized in the brain? Popular theories suggest a major division between occipitotemporal and frontoparietal cortex in representing object and action information, respectively. Here I challenge this view by taking a closer look at the neural pathway of action recognition and understanding: In a series of fMRI-based MVPA studies, I show that critical levels of action representation – from basic perceptual action precursors (such as body movements toward different types of entities) to perceptually invariant representations of action meaning – can be localized in lateral occipitotemporal cortex (LOTC) rather than frontoparietal areas. Moreover, the representational organization of actions in LOTC follows salient semantic principles and appears topographically aligned with related object representations. Based on these findings, I propose an updated model of knowledge organization in occipitotemporal cortex.

Invited by: Gilles Vannuscorps


Thursday, February 20 - 11 am
Room: Socr 27

Understanding Subjectivity in the Age of Superdiversity: Lessons from London and Beirut
Nikolay Mintchev
, University College London

The nature of cultural and ethnic diversity is changing in many cities across the globe. Migration flows from multiple parts of the world, as well as histories of sustained arrival and settlement over decades, have led to a proliferation of difference in urban social fabrics. This has produced social patterns of ‘superdiversity’, characterised by multiple ethnic/cultural differences, as well as differences in class, immigration status, religion, language, and political orientations that cut across cultural identity. What happens to the subject in such conditions of superdiversity? How does the subject experience itself and others when differences are ubiquitous in everyday life, and when long-established modes of self-other relations are reconfigured? How does the subject navigate the conflicting experiences of everyday superdiversity and the rise of populist politics? Drawing on psychoanalytic theory, ethnographic research and qualitative interview data from London and Beirut, this talk explores new ways of thinking about subjectivity in order to more adequately respond to the changing social realities of the twenty-first century.
Dr Nikolay Mintchev is a research associate at the Institute for Global Prosperity at University College London. He specialises in the themes of ethnic identity and subjectivity in psychoanalysis and the social sciences. His latest publication (co-authored with Henrietta L. Moore) is “Brexit’s Identity Politics and the Question of Subjectivity” (2019) which appears in Psychoanalysis, Culture & Society.

Invited by: Jochem Willemsen


Wednesday February 19 - 9 am
Room E139

In Search of Explanations for the Medically Unexplained: Models and Mechanisms of Chronic Somatic Symptom Distress
 Michaël Witthöft
, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Germany

Chronic somatic symptom distress (as e.g. characteristic of chronic pain, somatoform disorders, and functional somatic syndromes) represents a widespread and disabling clinical condition of transdiagnostic relevance. Compared to other areas of psychopathology (e.g. affective and anxiety disorders), clinical conditions marked by chronic somatic symptoms represent a relatively neglected and poorly understood area. By using correlational as well as experimental methods, we aimed at developing and testing models of chronic somatic symptom distress. Results of taxometric analyses and structural equation modeling favor a dimensional approach and identified a bifactor model as the best fitting model in which the variability of somatic symptom distress is simultaneously explained by a general factor representing a cognitive-affective component of symptom perception and symptom specific factors that reflect sensory aspects of symptom perception. Experimental studies focusing on interoceptive information processing suggest that chronic somatic symptom distress is associated with less accurate cardiac interoception. The results are in line with a Bayesian predictive processing model of chronic somatic symptom distress. Implications for promising novel treatments for patients with chronic somatic symptoms will be discussed.

Invited by: Olivier Luminet, Laboratoire Illuminetti - IGIA (interest group on interoception and alexithymia)


Thursday, February 6 - 1 pm
Room: salle du conseil A224

The untangling the nature of category selectivity in the ventral visual pathway
J. Brendan Ritchie, KULeuven

The end stage of the ventral visual pathway is characterized by a category-based representation of objects. The nature of this category selectivity is ill-understood. Two major factors emerge from the literature.
On one hand, the search for category-selective regions with maximal selectivity has shown the presence of a few such regions for a small minority of categories, such as faces and other body parts (Downing et al., 2016). On the other hand, analyses of the distributed pattern of selectivity across occipitotemporal cortex at large have emphasized the dominance of more encompassing dimensions, in particular the animate-inanimate continuum (Connolly et al., 2012; Kriegeskorte et al., 2008; Sha et al. 2015).
Here we present an experimental paradigm that is designed to dissociate the two hypotheses. Animate stimuli consisted of a single close-up face and full-body image of 24 animals from different biological classes (48 images total). These were contrasted with images of natural objects. We collected data for behavioral tasks including judgments for pair-wise face and body similarity, and similarity to human faces and bodies. The responses from these tasks were used to construct dissimilarity matrices (DM) to perform representational similarity analysis, and compared with DMs constructed from neural responses from ventral pathway regions selective for objects, faces, and bodies measured with human fMRI (N = 15). We found that while the face-body division dominated the organization of the pathway, a weaker animacy continuum effect was also observed. The animacy continuum effect was also preserved when analyzing face and body responses separately.

Invited by: Olivier Collignon, Federica Falagiarda


Mercredi 5 février à 16h30
Socrate 40

Why people believe false information despite knowing better
Professeur Christian Unkelbach, University of Cologne (Germany)

Le séminaire sera suivi d’un drink à 18h00
Inscriptions au plus tard le mercredi 29 janvier : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be

The modern world experiences strategic misinformation, fake news, and the apparent loss of belief in traditionally credible sources such as universities. Thus, the question of how and why people believe information to be true is a prominent research topic. I will approach this question from a Brunswikian perspective: Truth is a distal concept that cannot be assessed directly. Instead, people must use cues that may be indicative of information’s factual truth status. I will distinguish between two broad classes of cues, namely informational cues (e.g., knowledge sources, advice) and experiential cues (e.g., familiarity, fluency). The former cues may be misleading; that is, a source may be faulty or advice may be wrong. The latter cues are a priori true; if information feels familiar or is processed fluently, the experience has an inherent truth value. With this assumption, one may explain and predict when and why people believe false information despite knowing better. I will present several experiments that pit these two classes of cues against each other and show that they jointly inform judgments of truth. However, if the cues contradict each other, people still use the experiential cue, even for highly relevant topics and with tangible costs for themselves in an incentivized paradigm. The present framework thereby provides a basis for explaining false beliefs and suggest novel paths for debunking false information.

Invitant.es : O. Corneille,avec O. Luminet, V. Yzerbyt, S. Demoulin


Thursday, February 6 - 11 am
Room: salle du conseil A224

Understanding substance use in adolescence and emerging adulthood: epidemiological and psychometrical perspectives
Stéphanie Baggio
, Hôpitaux Universitaire de Genève, Suisse

Substance use initiation and escalation are major health concerns and it is crucial to understand how adolescents start to use substances and how they may progress through the drug course. This presentation will first explain how initiation and escalation of substance use occur and which key features should be targeted to develop efficient preventive interventions. Then, we will focus on screening for substance use disorders, as current screening tools are imprecise and can lead to an overestimation of “addicted” individuals. We will discuss in detail the current issues and future challenges to assess adequately substance use disorders, and in our case, alcohol use disorder. Of critical interest will be the focus on methodological and psychometrical challenges in the measurement of substance use.

Invited by: Alexandre Heeren & Pierre Maurage


Jeudi 30 janvier à 12h30
Socrate 40

Social Life in a Dynamic World: The Role of Cognitive Flexibility in Maintaining Social Anxiety
Professeure Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, University of Bar Ilan, Tel Aviv (Israël)

Le séminaire sera précédé d’un lunch avec sandwiches à midi
Inscriptions au plus tard le jeudi 23 janvier : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be

Navigating dynamic and multi-faceted social environment is challenging to many. Individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) find such navigation as particularly daunting. Negative evaluations of self and others are postulated to contribute to the maintenance of SAD. Importantly, these evaluations appear to be resistant to change even when inconsistent information is clearly presented. Delineating factors alleviating this resistance may remove key obstacles to treatment effectiveness, and assist in detecting contributors to the maintenance of SA. Cognitive flexibility (CF) is one such factor. A central component of CF is the ability to update beliefs and modify behaviors in response to dynamically unfolding information. I will present research addressing the role of flexibility in SAD using novel learning-based paradigms. In addition, I will present data suggesting that CF in other-evaluations predicts SA-related distress (post-event processing, social behavior) and SA-severity. Exploring CF in the context of dynamic social interactions and its role in the formation, revision, and maintenance of social bonds will be discussed.

Invitant.es : P. Philippot,

avec P. Maurage, A. Heeren, C. Douilliez, S. Agrigoroaei, Ph. De Timary (IoNS)

 


Thursday, January 30 - 10 am
Room E139

In control? How emotional and physiological states impact impulsive actions and decisions - the relationship to alcohol use
Aleksandra Herman
, Royal Holloway, University of London

Impulsivity refers to both a stable personality trait and a set of behaviours which undergo momentary changes depending on the current circumstances. Impulsivity plays a vital role in daily life as well as clinical practice as it is associated with drug misuse and certain neuropsychiatric conditions. Because of its great health and well-being importance, it is crucial to understand factors which modulate impulsive behaviours. In this talk, I am going to present research using a variety of methods, including behavioural testing, physiological recordings, psychopharmacology and neuroimaging, investigating the role of emotions and physiological arousal as modulators of impulsive actions and decisions in healthy individuals.
Our findings suggest that changes in internal bodily state are related to behavioural impulsivity level. Staying more attuned to those changes and finding adaptive ways to adjust behaviour according to bodily needs might be vital to reducing impulsivity levels. I will also discuss how it might be relevant to alcohol use initiation and progression.

Invited by: Pierre Maurage & LEP


Monday, January 13th - 11 am
Room E139

Multifamily group therapy: An excellent tool for recovery
Gilbert Lemmens
, Ghent University (Dpt Psychiatry) & Ghent University Hospital, Belgium

Mental disorders have an important impact on families. Parents, children and/or siblings are often burdened by them and different domains of the family functioning are affected. At the same time, the family remains the primary source of support and recovery for the mentally ill family member. But, substantial barriers to involve family members in treatment still exist. Multi-family group therapy may offer a valuable treatment option to create room for the stories of the families living with mental disorders, to increase family resilience and recovery and to offer the families a more central role in treatment. During the presentation current outcome multi-family group research will be discussed. Further, potential therapeutic factors within the family groups and their implications for the clinical practice will be explained.
Prof. dr. Gilbert MD Lemmens is a psychiatrist and family therapist and is head of the Dept. of Psychiatry at the Ghent University Hospital (Belgium). He lectures psychiatry and is a trainer in couple, family and systemic therapy at the Ghent University (Belgium).

Moïra mikolajczak, Isabelle Roskam
 

 

2019

 

Thursday, December 12 - 0:30 pm
Room D312

When and why is thinking about what might have been functional?
Epstude Kai
, University of Groningen

In the present talk, I will give an updated version of the functional theory of counterfactual thinking. I will outline that the functionality of counterfactual thoughts is linked to the goals individuals pursue as well as the needs that are relevant in a given situation. The respective changes in affect and motivation influence future behavior. In support of this argument, I will present empirical evidence from different domains, such as risk taking behavior in a health context as well as bereavement. These studies will illustrate the importance of examining real-life situations when studying counteefactuals and the related affective experiences.

Invited by:  Karl-Andrew Woltin, Julie Terrache


Thursday December 12 - 11 am
Room: Socr 43

Affective Disturbances in Psychosis: Do Aberrant Affect Dynamics Play a Role?
Ulrike Nowak, Hamburg University

Historically, psychotic disorders have been considered genetic brain diseases that are open only to psychopharmacological treatment. However, decades of psychological research have now demonstrated that psychotic symptoms like paranoia occur not only in clinical samples but are distributed as quantitative traits in the general population. Furthermore, evidence shows that a number of common psychological processes, including affective processes, are implicated in the etiology of psychosis and from these insights psychological interventions have been developed. To increase the effectiveness of these interventions, a more detailed understanding of how exactly affective functioning is compromised in psychosis is needed. In this respect, recent findings point towards a role of aberrancies in affect dynamics, which describe the patterns and regularities with which affect fluctuates over time. Research has put forward several approaches to make affect dynamics describable and preliminary evidence suggests that more unstable but also more inert affect dynamics are associated with psychosis. I will present data from an experience-sampling study that aims to disentangle the relative contributions of different aspects of affect dynamics to paranoid thoughts in a general population sample. Implications for emotion-focused psychological interventions for psychosis and avenues for future research are discussed.

Invited by: Alexandre Heeren


Friday December 6 - 1:30 pm
Room: Socr 011

Parental Burnout and Sibling Relationships in Chinese Adolescents

Bin Bin Chen, Fundan University, China

Background: Since the implementation of the comprehensive second-child policy in 2016, the number of two-child families in China has risen sharply.
However, very little practical information is available for those parents to help them improve sibling relationship quality. The current research was designed to remedy this situation by conducting the study on Chinese adolescents’ sibling relationships. In addition, existing research on parenting burnout is still scarce, in particular the research on the impact of parenting burnout on child development. Based on previous research dealing with parental roles in sibling relationship quality, the present study aimed to examine how parental burnout would affect the children's sibling relationship through the mediator of parenting behavior.
Methods: Young adolescents and their mothers from 208 families in Huzhou, Zhejiang province, China participated in this research. Mean age of adolescents (93 boys, 115 girls) was 13.10 years (SD= 1.90). All adolescents in the present study had at least one sibling, with a mean age of 12.72 years (SD= 7.49). The mean age difference between the siblings was 6.82 years (SD =3.46). Mothers were, on average, 39.26 years old and had completed 9.91 years of education. Mothers completed questionnaires that assessed parenting burnout. Furthermore, adolescents competed questionnaires that assessed sibling relationship and mother's parenting behaviors.
Results and Discussion:: We followed current standard practice for mediation analyses (Hayes, 2013), using Model 4 in the PROCESS macro for SPSS. The results showed that higher levels of maternal burnout led to more neglected parenting behavior, which in turn increased adolescents’ conflicts and avoidance in sibling relations but decreased sibling intimacy. The current findings suggested that mother’s mental statement did affect the child's sibling relationship, and this role was transmitted through parenting. The findings provided a new perspective for improving the sibling relationship.
Intervention or prevention should focus on mothers’ maternal mental state in order to improve the sibling relationships. Because of the different parenting roles between father and mother in a Chinese family, future studies should include fathers to examine this issue.

Invited by: Isabelle Roskam, Moïra Mikolajczak, Alexandre Heeren


Friday November 22nd 11 am
Room E241

What do the public understand about intersex and its medicalization?
Peter Hegarty, University of Surrey

Intersex also called “variable sex characteristics” and “disorders of sex development” refers to physical characteristics that are different from normative definitions of male and female bodies. Early medical interventions on such characteristics are ongoing and increasingly critiqued as infringing human rights around the world. Whilst such interventions have, for decades, been justified on the grounds that they avoid what would otherwise be unbearable stigma, this form of stigma has been virtually ignored by social psychologists. Accordingly, the questions of how ordinary members of the public conceptualize intersex and whether or not they support early medicalization has remained under-researched. Drawing together research from focus groups, surveys, and experiments conducted in the UK, USA and Scandanavia, I will argue that public understanding of intersex is constructed through analogies to more familiar experiences, that sexual identity is an important predictor of opinions about medicalization, and that laypeople sometimes underestimate the difficulties of constructing one’s intersex characteristics as the grounds for an intersex social identity.

Invited by: Annalisa Casini


Friday November 15 - 2 pm
Room: Montesquieu 03

Stress: The quiet killer
Daryl O'Connor
, University of Leeds

This talk will argue that stress may indirectly contribute to health risk and reduced longevity to the extent that it produces deleterious changes in diet and/or helps maintain maladaptive health behaviours as well as directly by influencing biological processes across the life span (e.g., blood pressure, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning). Studies investigating the relationship between chronic stress, perseverative cognition, the cortisol response and health outcomes will be presented. The second half of the talk will describe recent work investigating the effects of childhood trauma and the role of HPA axis responses to stress in vulnerability to suicide. The importance of studying the effects of stress across the life course and developing stress management interventions will also be highlighted.

Invited by: Olivier Luminet & Labo Illuminetti


Jeudi 14 novembre de 15h à 17h
Salle du conseil A224

Souffrance au travail et consommation d’alcool au Togo
Pari Pabousoum, 
Université de Lomé, Togo

L’objectif de cette étude est d’examiner les difficultés psychologiques liées au travail et les motivations qui expliquent des comportements de consommation d’alcool chez des travailleurs au Togo. Il s’agit d’une étude prospective qui a concerné trente-cinq sujets masculins adultes admis en hospitalisation au service d’Hépato-Gastro Entérologie du CHU-Campus de Lomé (Togo) pour une maladie du foie provoquée par la consommation d’alcool en lien avec leurs conditions de travail. La collecte des données a été effectuée au cours de l’évaluation psychologique de ces patients au moyen de l’observation directe, de l’entretien individuel semi-structuré et de l’échelle de Karasek. L’étude a permis de mettre en évidence des contraintes mentales importantes du travail et des fonctions de l’alcool pour y faire face. Par exemple, la consommation de l’alcool au travail s’est révélée être un moyen pour 91,4% des enquêtés de supporter les traitements qu’ils jugent humiliants de leurs supérieurs hiérarchiques. Par ailleurs, certains participants affirment consommer de l’alcool pour « se sentir vigoureux et être plus vigilent au travail » et d’autres affirment que l’alcool les aide à combattre la peur et à braver la douleur. C’est aussi un moyen qui leur assure le « courage pour faire face à l’hypocrisie et à l’indifférence des collègues ». La théorie de la psychodynamique au travail (Christophe Dejours) a servi de grille de lecture des résultats. En effet, la souffrance est consubstantielle à toute situation de travail et constitue un état de lutte que vivent les travailleurs pour demeurer dans la normalité et ne pas sombrer dans la dépression et le burn out. L’alcool serait donc un moyen de lutte pour surmonter les difficultés liées aux relations de travail. Malheureusement, cet état de lutte a un coût à la fois psychique et somatique.

Invitants : Jan De Mol, Ogma Hatta


Wednesday, November 6 - 2:00 pm
Room E139

MOOCs as Drivers for Hybrid Learning Initiatives
Carlos Alario Hoyos
, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

MOOCs not only represent a great evolution for open education, but also allowed many educational institutions to boost their digital transformation. Prof. Armando Fox coined the term SPOC (Small Private Online Course) in late 2013 to refer to the use of MOOCs as a supplement to classroom instruction. Hybrid models that mix face-to-face and virtual instruction have been adopted by more and more educational institutions since then. The flipped classroom is one of the best-known models, although it presents important problems if students do not do their part at home before going to the classroom. This presentation shares the experience of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, a traditional public university in Spain that has committed to an important digital transformation in recent years thanks to MOOCs.

Invited by: Mariane Frenay, Magali Paquot (FIAL/ILC), François Lambotte (ESPO/ILC), Valérie Swaen (LSM/LRIM)


Lundi 28 octobre - 16h00
Salle du conseil A224

Physical activities and exercise for healthy cognitive aging (Présentation en français)
Dr. Louis Bherer, M.Ps., Ph.D, Department of Medicine, University of Montreal Preventive Medicine and Physical Activity Centre (Centre ÉPIC)

Physical activity and exercise can help improve cognition, quality of life and mobility in older adults. This talk will be an overview of more than ten years of intervention studies from our lab supporting the notion that multiple exercise modality, from aerobic endurance training to resistance, gross motor exercise and dance training can lead to several benefits in older adults. Our results suggest that these programs can help enhance cognition, quality of life and boost biomarkers associated with brain plasticity (e.g., BDNF). Studies with patients also suggest that physical activity and exercise can be used as effective non-pharmaceutical intervention in frail older adults and patients with Parkinson’s disease, mild cognitive impairment at dementia.

Invitant : Stefan Agrigoroaei 


Thursday, September 26th - 10 am
Room E241

Investigating the transition from binge drinking to alcohol dependence: Some key issues and findings
Antoinette Poulton
, University of Melbourne (Australia)

Alcohol dependent individuals are characterised by loss of control, which manifests as a strong desire to consume alcohol, difficulty regulating intake, and continuing to drink despite negative consequences. Heightened impulsivity, which arises from an imbalance in the brain between reward sensitive processes and cognitive control mechanisms, is implicated as a key factor underpinning this loss of control. Research concentrating on vulnerability for dependence in binge drinkers has also focused on impulsivity, but results have been inconsistent. Several pertinent factors may be at play. Firstly, it is possible irregularities regarding definitions of binge drinking plus a reliance on retrospective methods of assessing consumption undermine research findings. Secondly, an overarching concern regards low statistical power. To combat these issues, we developed a smartphone app to gather information about alcohol intake behaviour in real time. Additionally, survey and impulsivity data was collected entirely online in order to attract a larger and more diverse sample than previous studies. Results to date will be presented.

Invited by: Pierre Maurage & LEP


Tuesday, September 3 - 3pm (Two presentations)
Room E241

A) The tale of flipping beauty: How fluency and categorization shape our preferences
     Piotr Winkielman, University of California, San Diego (UCSD)

Who's the fairest of them all? My talk argues that our mind’s answer to this question emerges via interaction of processing fluency (effort) and categorization. I’ll start with a classic effect – “beauty-in-averages” (BIA) – where “blended” or “composite” stimuli are appealing. This effect occurs with a variety of natural and artificial objects. Some think the BIA results from koinophilia – a biological tendency to avoid unusual or deviant features. However, I will argue that the BIA reflects hedonic reactions to greater fluency (efficiency) with which average stimuli are usually processed. More interestingly, I will also show that we can reverse this preference with manipulations that change how efficiently the “averages” or “blends” are processed. Specifically, blends can be fluent and liked, but also disfluent and disliked. What specifically happens depends on the perceiver’s expertise with exemplars and categories, and also on how the perceiver constructs the task-relevant category. I will show examples of this flexibility across a variety of stimuli, including social categories of gender and races. In general, I will argue that the flexibility of beauty is at least partly explainable by the “processing dynamics” of the beholder.

   B) Mouth and mind: How superficial language patterns affect our feelings
Sascha Topolinski, Université de Cologne (Universität zu Köln)

This talk highlights recent approaches exploring a thus overlooked route to attitudes, namely motoric articulation patterns of names that invoke approach and avoidance tendencies and thereby trigger positive attitudes towards the objects and products that bear such names. Specifically, names are construed for which the articulations spots of the consonants wander either from the front to the back of the mouth (inward, such as BAKO) or from the back to the front of the mouth (outward, such as KABO). In several lines of studies, participants express higher favorability of inward over outward words. Moreover, persons and companies with inward names are liked more than persons with outward names. Also, participants report higher product liking, purchase intentions, and higher willingness-to-pay for products with inward over outward names. When food is labelled such way, participants report higher palatability of and even consume more of food bearing inward compared to outward names.

Invited by: Anne Kever, Nicolas Vermeulen

Wednesday, june 26 - 2pm
Room : Socr 42

Parallel orthographic processing and reading
Jonathan Grainger, CNRS & Aix-Marseille University

In written languages that use an alphabetic script, orthographic processing lies at the heart of the reading process, enabling visual information to make contact with linguistic information. Indeed, reading can be viewed as a bi-directional interaction between the processing of visual and linguistic information, with orthographic processing serving as the crucial interface between the two. In the present talk, I will summarize the knowledge that has accrued concerning orthographic processing in single word reading before presenting more recent research on sentence reading and the processing of orthographic information spanning several words. In both lines of research, the key words are: parallel, cascaded, and interactive processing. For single word reading the interactivity involves position-coded letter identities and whole-word orthographic representations, and for sentence reading it extends to involve ordered word identities and higher-level sentence structures.

Invited by: Laura Ordonez Magro, Arnaud Szmalec


Thursday, June 20 - 1pm
Salle du conseil A224

Stereovision in man, monkey and machine
Benoit Cottereau, Université de Toulouse, Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse, France

Stereoscopic vision has emerged in various species of the animal kingdom and supports 3D perception. In this talk, I will show how computational neuroscience and neuroimaging in both human and macaque can permit to better understand the processing of stereoscopic information in the primate brain.

Invited by: Valérie Goffaux


Jeudi 13 juin de 15h00 à 17h00
Salle E241

Inégalités sociales d'acquisitions et d'orientation scolaires
Pascal Bressoux
, Université Grenoble Alpes / Institut Universitaire de France

Les inégalités sociales d'orientation ont déjà fait l'objet de nombreux travaux. Toutefois, à notre connaissance, aucun n'a porté sur l'ensemble des phases institutionnelles de l'orientation telles qu'elles existent en France, à savoir : une phase d'intentions formulées par les familles, puis une phase de recommandations de la part du conseil de classe, puis une phase de vœux définitifs des familles et, enfin, la décision de l’établissement. Une recherche conduite sur 20 0000 élèves permet de mieux comprendre les rôles de la famille et de l'école dans ce "dialogue institutionnel" qui constitue le processus d'orientation dans le système éducatif français.Nous présenterons aussi des éléments issus d'un travail longitudinal conduit auprès d'une cohorte de 600 élèves suivis sur toute leur scolarité élémentaire (5 années), qui vise à étudier l'évolution de leurs habiletés en lecture et écriture. On questionne là encore les rôles de l'Ecole et des familles dans la formation de ces habiletés. Ce travail est en cours, les élèves étant actuellement en dernière année d’école élémentaire.

Invitants : Benoit Galand, Sébastien Dellisse


Wednesday, June 12 - 11am
Room : Socr 27

Minding the body: The role of rumination and self-control in embodied information processing
Caroline Schlinkert
, Utrecht University

Virtually everyone ruminates at least once in a while. However, some people ruminate more than others. People high -rather than low- in chronic ruminative tendencies (or simply ‘rumination’) are inclined to dwell passively on (typically negative) thoughts and feelings, particularly under stressful circumstances. Prior research has mostly focused on the cognitive aspects of rumination, even though rumination is associated with a wide variety of physical health complaints, hypertension, pain, and chronic fatigue. It thus seems important
to ask whether and how rumination shapes the way people process their internal, bodily states. This general question is addressed in the present talk. Specifically, this talk will present data who show that stress evoked by an act of self-control can lead ruminators to become alienated from their own bodily states. Specifically, three different lines of research will show that the combination of rumination and high self-control will lead to disrupted appetite regulation, higher senses of inner bodily states and drops in body vitality. The results will be discussed in light of the psychosomatic model of rumination and coping with stress. According to this model, chronic ruminators cope with stress through psychosomatic processes that alternate between mobilization and minimization efforts which may ultimately lead to physical degradation and organic disease

Invited by: Illuminetti lab


Friday, May 17 14:30
Salle du conseil A224

The Cues to Use for Empathic Accuracy
Hodges Sara D., University of Oregon

Want to be a good mind reader? People generally show above-chance empathic accuracy – that is, accuracy at inferring what other people are thinking and feeling. However, their performance reflects the inherent difficult of constructing something not directly accessible to them (i.e., the contents of other people’s heads). Unless you have superpowers, the best route to empathic accuracy is a decidedly mundane strategy: Build your inferences about the target person from content that is likely to overlap with what the target is actually thinking and feeling. Specifically, inferences are more likely to be accurate 1) when they resemble what a person in the target’s context would generally be thinking and feeling (i.e., inferences that are stereotypical) and 2) when they correspond to what the target person is saying out loud. This simple advice not only helps explain why it has been hard to find individual difference correlates of inference accuracy, but it also predicts conditions that will reliably hurt mind-reading success: when stereotypes are wrong; when targets don’t say what they are thinking; and when we don’t trust what the target is saying.

Invited by: Dana Samson, Henryk Bukowski 


This seminar is postponed to a later date!
Local E241 - room E241
Outliers : Why we shouldn’t kill them - How to handle outliers in statistical analysis
Stéphane Rothen, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève

Outliers have the bad habit of generating biased results. Even if it may sound appealing to remove them from the data set to be analyzed, this methods has many flaws. The purpose of this talk is to provide statistical tools able to handle outliers without producing biased estimates. These tools could be gathered under the somewhat weird name of "robust methods".
To make a long story short, robust statistics aims at producing consistent and reasonably efficient estimators or test statistics with stable level and power, when the postulated model is slightly misspecified.
Those methods will be presented first form a theoretical point of view, but briefly - don’t be (too) afraid - and then by specific examples using R.

Invitant : Alexandre Heeren


Tuesday, May 14 - 9:30
Room E139

Bullying and Bystanding: New Insights from a Moral Developmental Perspective
Eveline Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger, University of Fribourg

The moral dimensions of bullying have been recognised and researched for more than a decade now. Different theoretical approaches and associated explanations have been used to elucidate the role of (socio-)moral capacities in explaining youths’ involvement in bully/victim problems. Thus, for example, moral judgment, moral emotion attributions, the use of moral disengagement strategies, moral values, and empathy have been included as core variables, both on the individual, and – especially in the case of moral disengagement – the group or collective level. The related theoretical frameworks include the Kohlbergian tradition, with an emphasis on moral judgment; the Neo-Kohlbergian tradition, especially the Domain Theory (e.g., Turiel, Nucci); the Four Component Model of moral action according to Rest and Narvaez, with a focus on moral motivation; Hoffman’s empathy theory; and Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory, particularly relating to moral disengagement. However, so far, there is a lack of integrative meta-theoretical frameworks to bring these different strands together. Also, with respect to bystander behaviour, theories of moral development have not yet made any substantial contribution towards explaining the actual genesis of differential reactions in bullying situations. How comes that some children stay passive or go away while others support the bully, while some, if any, help the victim? And, very specifically, why can some children assist the bully while normally not starting any bullying themselves? In my talk I offer a tentative theoretical explanation relating to issues of moral temptation and introduce first empirical evidence to support this explanation.

Invited by: Chloé Tolmatcheff, Benoît Galand


Vendredi 10 mai à 10h00
Local E241

Etude de l'efficacité de la remédiation cognitive avec RC2S dans les troubles du spectre de l'autisme : une étude de cas
Elodie Peyroux, Université de Lyon (France)

Dans les troubles du spectre de l'autisme (TSA), les déficits des processus émotionnels et de la théorie de l'esprit sont centraux pour comprendre les difficultés que présentent les patients dans le champ du fonctionnement social. Dans cette présentation nous détaillerons l'impact d'un outil de remédiation cognitive, le programme RC2S composé à la fois de tâches papier-crayon et de tâches de simulation informatisées, chez un jeune homme de 18 ans souffrant d'un TSA et actuellement étudiant en école d'ingénieur. Ces données fournissent des arguments supplémentaires en faveur des outils thérapeutiques basés sur la simulation relationnelle digitale pour améliorer les capacités de fonctionnement social dans les TSA et ainsi favoriser l'inclusion de ces personnes dans la communauté.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Professeur Constantine Sedikides, mardi 7 mai à 14h30 (invitant : V. Saroglou)

Le séminaire sera suivi d’un drink à 16h

Salle du conseil A224, Bâtiment Michotte Place Cardinal Mercier à Louvain-la-Neuve

Inscriptions au plus tard le mardi 30 avril : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be

  • The Future of Nostalgia

    Nostalgia is a bittersweet, self-relevant, and social emotion. The content of nostalgic accounts features the self as protagonist, albeit embedded with close others into momentous occasions. Also, nostalgic content entails more expressions of positive than negative affect, and depicts redemption than contamination life scenes. Nostalgia has remarkable implications for one’s future. It promotes an approach (vs. avoidance) orientation. It raises optimism, and it does so by boosting social connectedness (a sense of support, belongingness, and acceptance) and subsequently lifting self-esteem.  It increases creativity, and it does by bolstering openness to experience. It kindles prosociality, such as intentions to donate and actual monetary donating. And it promotes intergroup contact. Far from reflecting escapism from the present, nostalgia potentiates a positive, attainable future.


Lundi 29 avril de 12h30 à 14h00
Collège Dupriez, salle D144, Place Montesquieu 2

Objectification au travail : de quoi parle-t-on et comment y faire face ?
Laurent Auzoult-Chagnault
, Université Paul-Valéry Montepellier 3

L’objectification est un phénomène qui rend compte des relations de travail s’appuyant sur l’instrumentalisation, le déni d’agentivité ou la réduction du salarié à un simple attribut le plus souvent physique. La littérature sur l’objectification fait état des conséquences délétères pour la santé au travail ainsi que des facteurs favorisant l’objectification sur lesquels il est difficile d’agir. Après avoir décrit le phénomène, ses principaux antécédents et ses conséquences pour la santé, l’objectif de la présentation sera d’établir à partir de travaux passés ou en cours les variables propres au contexte de travail qui favorisent la régulation du phénomène d’objectification et de ses principales conséquences.

Invitants : Donatienne Desmette, Florence Stinglhamber, CIRTES


Thursday, April 25 1pm
Room: salle du conseil A224

Developing an optimised visuomotor system
Tessa Dekker
, University College London, Institute of Ophthalmology

Navigating the world safely and efficiently is a lot more challenging than it appears, because the signals entering our senses are noisy and ambiguous. Despite these complexities, adult perception is robust and our actions are highly adaptive. We are not born this way - newborn infants have very poor visual and motor skills. However, my recent research uses a combination of model-driven neuroimaging and behavioural psychophysics to shows that it takes the developing system many years - even into the teens - to develop adult-like proficiency at making use of all sensorimotor information in the system; Children as old as 10-11 years do not correctly account for the noise in their system during vision and visually-guided action, so improved visuomotor abilities and reduced risk of accidents at these ages may not just reflect increased precision, but also improved decision-making. I will present some examples of tasks that are substantially affected by this development, and present modelling work that disentangles which processes drive the shift from suboptimal sensorimotor processing in early life to the highly optimised performance of adults. This will allow us to gain unique insight in the crucial building blocks of the Bayesian brain.

Invited by: Valérie Goffaux


Wednesday, April 24 10:00 am
Room: A224 salle du conseil

Learning to lose control: A process-based account of behavioral addictions
José Pérales, Université de Grenade (Espagne)

Psychology and neuroscience of learning have developed a corpus of evidence and theory regarding modes of behavior control. In our view, this corpus should play a pivotal role in defining behavioral addictions. Evidence converges at identifying the transition from goal-directed to compulsive behavior as the core process underlying substance use disorders. We will argue that this also applies to non-substance addictive disorders and propose a restricted definition of behavioral addiction that relies on the presence of behavior-specific compulsivity. Additionally, we will ponder the possibility that some excessive behaviors can become disordered while remaining mostly goal-driven. Based on reinforcement learning models, relative outcome utility computation is proposed as an alternative mechanism by means of which dysfunctional behaviors can override adaptive ones, causing significant impairment. Accordingly, despite our restricted definition of addiction, we will also consider the pros and cons of recognizing as disorders conditions that, even not qualifying as addictions, can cause significant functional impairment. Finally, recommendations will be made regarding the importance of identifying individual etiological pathways to dysregulated behavior, the necessity of accurately profiling at-risk individuals, and the dangers of symptom-based diagnosis. In our view, the validity of these recommendations does not depend on the position one takes in the terminological debate.

Invited by: Pierre Maurage & LEP


Jeudi 11 avril à 12h30
Local : Socr 42

Percevoir autrui comme moral ou sociable, pour quoi faire ?
Antonin Carrier
, Université de Bordeaux

Une des leçons les plus élémentaires émanant de la littérature sur la perception sociale est que la perception sert l'action. Ceci est surtout vrai pour les perceptions sur la dimension "Chaleur". Ainsi aura t-on tendance à approcher une personne sympathique et à éviter une personne antipathique. Or nous savons aussi depuis une dizaine d'années que cette dimension "Chaleur" est composée de deux facettes, la moralité et la sociabilité. Une question s’impose alors : en quoi les perceptions de moralité et de sociabilité servent l’action ? Pour répondre à cette question, nous pensons qu’il est nécessaire de tenir compte de la nature ambivalente de la socialité humaine. L’Homme est un « animal social ». La présence d'autrui est nécessaire à son épanouissement, et son absence problématique. Mais l’Homme est aussi « un loup pour l’homme ». La nécessaire présence d’autrui peut également s’avérer problématique, parce qu’elle peut être synonyme d’exploitation ou de conflit. Nos recherches suggèrent que les tendances à l’action suscitées par les perceptions de moralité et de sociabilité ont pour fonction de répondre à ces deux problématiques. Dans une série d’études corrélationnelles et expérimentales, nous montrons que les perceptions de sociabilité (vs. moralité) donnent naissance à une motivation d’approche affiliative permettant de répondre à la problématique de l’absence d’autrui. Au contraire, les perceptions d’immoralité (vs. asociabilité) donnent lieu à une motivation d'évitement dont la fonction est de répondre à la problématique de la présence d’autrui.

Invitants : Marine Rougier, Vincent Yzerbyt


Thursday April 4th 13:00
Salle du conseil A224 - Council room A224

Reading the properties of the written language environment (Language: English)
Teresa Schubert, Harvard University

Learning to read is a statistical learning problem. Fluent readers have knowledge about letters and their relationships to sounds and meaning at multiple levels. In this talk I will focus on the relationship between letters themselves, such as knowing that 'A' and 'E' are vowels, and that 'a' and 'e' are the same letters in lowercase. I will explore what readers know about letters and how they might come to acquire this knowledge based on the text environment. Borrowing methods from distributional semantics, we calculated similarity between all characters (upper and lowercase letters, digits and punctuation symbols) from a large text corpus. This model generated a purely input-driven similarity space that includes divisions previously argued to depend on top-down processing – letter/digit status, case, consonant/vowel status. This type of statistical learning can help explain early divisions between consonant and vowel processing in reading. Furthermore, the learned similarity structure correlates with adult letter recognition behavior. From these results, I will argue that adult readers rely on a rich and continuous measure of similarity between alphanumeric symbols, based on distributed statistical properties.

Invitant : Gilles Vannucorps


Tuesday April 2d 14:15
Salle du conseil A224 - Council room A224

Exploring the Experience sampling method and its use in research and clinical practice from a positive psychology point of view. (Présentation en anglais)
Prof. Dr. Philippe Delespaul, Simone Verhagen, MSc Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Faculty of Health Medicine and Lifesciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands. Mondriaan Mental Health Trust, Department of Adult Psychiatry, Heerlen, the Netherlands

Background: In the field of psychology, we develop numerous questionnaires to assess psychological factors such as affect and behavior and mechanisms such as coping or stress-sensitivity. These help us in research and clinical practice and have some validity but often miss specificity, because they are generally administered cross-sectionally and provide snapshot information on specific moments in time. At best, this helps us understand underlying vulnerabilities, but often the information is provisional. Most relevant psychological mechanisms are adaptational strategies. They can be understood by describing changing processes over time and in relation to contextual challenges.

Method: The Experience sampling Method (ESM), also known as Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) is a time-triggered random sampling technique using small 1-2 minute questionnaires assessing affect and context. Typically, 8-10 reports are collected each day for at least one week. The situations are representative for mental states in normal living circumstances.

Objective: To understand the paradigmatic shift in psychological assessment from stable underlying vulnerabilities to adaptational processes over time leading to insight in the individual’s vulnerability as well as resilience. Consequently, it is relevant to the field of positive psychology. In the seminar, we will explore the ESM/EMA methodology and its applicability. Illustrative examples will be discussed.

 

The seminar will consist of a theoretical part (60 minutes) and a case example (30 minutes).
After the seminar (16:00 - 18:00), there will be a possibility to arrange individual meetings with the speakers. If you would like to meet the speakers, please contact Marta Walentynowicz for further details: marta.walentynowicz@uclouvain.be

Invitants : Marta Walentynowicz, Olivier Luminet


March 27, 2019 at 17:00
Socrate -240

Chaire Internationale Francqui

The wealth paradox: Economic prosperity, populism and opposition to immigration
Jolanda Jetten (University of Queensland)

Media reports often portray the rising support for anti-immigrant political parties as the logical consequence of economic stagnation and rising unemployment, thereby reinforcing the conventional wisdom that electoral support reflects competition over scarce resources (i.e. ‘realistic conflict’). In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), alongside a rather sudden rise in popularity of anti-immigrant parties, there is now a risk that this conventional wisdom explanation will be further reinforced, thereby overlooking interesting counterfactuals, which show that anti-immigrant parties have been remarkably successful in times of unprecedented prosperity. I will present a series of studies focusing on answering the question when and why economic prosperity hardens attitudes towards minorities. These studies show that anti-minority sentiments can be equally prevalent among the more affluent than among the poor. These effects are particularly pronounced when the broader economic situation is presented as unstable (i.e., economic bubble is about to burst) and when the wealth gap within a society is increasing.

And, in terms of readings, you might consider these:
Mols, F., & Jetten, J. (2017). The wealth paradox: Economic prosperity and the hardening of attitudes. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Jetten, J. Mols, F., Healy, N., & Spears, R. (2017). “Fear of falling”: Economic instability enhances collective angst among societies’ wealthy. Journal of Social Issues, 73, 61-79.
Jetten, J., Mols, F., & Postmes, T. (2015). Relative deprivation and relative wealth enhances anti-immigrant sentiments: The v-curve re-examined. PLoS ONE, 10(10): e0139156. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139156.

Registration is free but necessary : vincent.yzerbyt@uclouvain.be 
 


Thursday March 21st 01:00 PM
Salle du conseil A224

Promises and challenges of laminar fMRI
Jelle Van Dijk,
Utrecht University & Spinoza Centre for Neuroimaging.

The human cortex consists of several anatomically distinct cell layers over a thickness of approximately 2.5-3.5 mm. These layers each fulfil distinct roles in processing information. Commonly used resolutions for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments are in the range of 2-3 mm. Distinct processing within the thickness of the cortex is thus lost in these experiments. With the development of ultra-high field (7 Tesla and higher) MRI scanners, it has become possible to start looking at the organisation of the cortex at sub-millimetre resolution, and to start teasing apart differential processing within the thickness of the cortex.
Here I will discuss the promises and challenges of laminar fMRI and show results from recent experiments in our lab.

Invited by: Jolien Schuurmans, Valérie Goffaux


Vendredi 15 mars à 11h00 - Friday March 15th 11:00
Salle du conseil A224 - Council room A224

Distinct cortical feedback to V1 for contextual scene and object information  (Présentation en anglais)
Matthew Bennett, University of Glasgow

Identifying the objects embedded in natural scenes is an important everyday task for the visual system which relies on recurrent processing between lower and higher visual areas. Previous research reveals that cortical feedback directed to foveal V1 cortex contains information about object stimuli presented in isolation from a background scene. We investigate if feedback is projected to foveal V1 for the case of real-world objects embedded in naturalistic scenes. Participants identified objects or background scenes in images with occluded central and peripheral subsections, allowing us to isolate cortical feedback activity to foveal and peripheral regions of V1. We find a trend  for object information in feedback signals directed to foveal cortex and scene feedback in foveal and peripheral regions. Regardless whether the classification task was directed to objects or scenes, the cortical feedback to the fovea region of V1 was object specific and scene specific, whereas feedback to the periphery was only scene specific. We suggest that retinotopic biases throughout the visual hierarchy provide an organizational scheme for segregated cortical feedback of information about distinct higher level stimuli

Invitante : Valérie Goffaux


Mercredi 13 mars à 14h00
Local E241

A psychological approach to social recognition: The role of respect and self-respect for individuals and society
Dr. Daniela Renger, Social and Political Psychology, Kiel University, Germany

Inspired by recognition theory of social philosopher Axel Honneth (1995), my research revolves around the empirical investigation of equality-based respect and its internalization as self-respect. Together with colleagues I have studied respect, i.e. the recognition as someone of equal worth who is taken seriously, in interpersonal, intra- and intergroup relations. We demonstrated effects on central personal outcomes such as autonomy or life satisfaction, as well as social outcomes such as collective identification or participation. For self-respect I recently derived a definition which was lacking in psychology so far. Self-respect represents a person’s ability to see him- or herself as a holder of equal rights and predicts assertive behaviour when one’s rights are violated. In those studies self-respect was not related to aggressive claim making. It therefore implies a form of entitlement that allows the individual to communicate claims in a socially compatible way. In this talk, I will locate my research findings on respect and self-respect within the overall model of recognition theory.

Invitante : A. Casini


Mardi 12 mars à 12h30 - Tuesday March 12th, 12:30
Auditoire Socrate 40 - Room Socrate 40

The attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb memories, collective memory and bearing witness
William Hirst
, New School for Social Research, New York (USA)

Even after substantial delays, people can remember both the details of the event of the attack of September 11, but also where they were when they learned about an event. Building on a 10-year longitudinal study of memories for 9/11, a study of the effects of ageing on flashbulb and collective memories of the attack, and the study of intergenerational transmission of flashbulb memories concerning 9/11, we explore the role of social identity and the functions of flashbulb memories. In particular, we examine the way the presence of a flashbulb memory allows one to give witness to an event that they may not have directly experienced.

Invitant : Olivier Luminet

Le séminaire sera précédé d’un lunch avec sandwiches à midi
Inscriptions au plus tard le mardi 5 mars : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be


 

Lundi 11 mars à 12h30
Dupriez, D144 (séminaire organisé avec le CIRTES)

Social recognition at the workplace: The role of equality-based respect
Dr. Daniela Renger
, Social and Political Psychology, Kiel University, Germany

Recent research on recognition or respect in organizational settings used very different conceptualizations, reaching from achievement-based definitions to definitions based on human dignity. In this talk, I would like to introduce recognition theory (Honneth, 1995) as a framework for studying consequences of (dis)respect at work. Respect defined as the recognition as someone of equal worth who is taken seriously is distinguished from two other forms of recognition, namely achievement-based social esteem and need-based care. In a sample of employees, we studied experienced recognition on these three dimensions from both supervisors and colleagues. Although all three forms of recognition were associated with employees’ autonomy perceptions as well as work satisfaction when regarded separately, taking all three simultaneously into account revealed a unique role of respect from both colleagues and supervisors. My experimental work further demonstrated that high in contrast to low respect from ingroup members increases voice and performance in work groups. I discuss these findings in the context of the workplace with regard to the overall model of recognition theory.

Invitante : A. Casini


Jeudi 28 février à 13h00 - Thursday February 28th 13:00
Salle du conseil A224 - Council room A224

Seeing minds in motion: How is the perception of animacy connected to the rest of the mind?
Ben Van Buren
, KU Leuven

The goal of vision science is to figure out how we see. But perhaps an even more foundational question is: What do we see? Beyondseemingly simple features such as color and shape, recent work suggests that visual processing also extracts properties that are more intuitively associated with higher-level thought – such as the animacy and intentionality. Psychologists have long marveled at demonstrations in which simple moving shapes look alive and goal-directed (e.g. when they appear to be ‘chasing’ each other, or ‘trying’ to satisfy certain goals).However, this phenomenon has often been treated as an isolated curiosity, without a clear relationship to the rest of the mind. In this talk, I will present evidence that the perception of animacy and intentionality is connected to other perceptual and cognitive processes in far richer ways than have been previously imagined – interacting with and supporting several phenomena of perceived eye gaze, and profoundly influencing nearly all aspects of cognitive processing, including goal-directed behavior, memory, attention, and visual awareness. This work collectively shows how processes of social perception can provide a rich foundation for higher-level thought and behavior.

Invitant : Gilles Vannucorps


Jeudi 21 février à 15h30
Salle du conseil A224

Physiological link between alexithymia and psychosomatic diseases (Présentation en anglais)
Michiko Kano, MD, PhDAssistant professor, Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science Behavioral Medicine,Tohoku University, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University Hospital Psychosomatic Medicine

Alexithymia is a personality construct characterized as difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings, externally oriented thinking, and limited imaginal capacity. Alexithymia was originally described from clinical observations of patients with classic psychosomatic diseases responding poorly to psychological intervention. Researches have been shown elevated alexithymia in patients with a variety of psychosomatic disorders including functional gastrointestinal disorders and chronic pain conditions. However, the mechanism of this link between the psychosomatic disorders and alexithymia is unclear. Some studies suggest that the altered interoception (the sensation of the internal state of the body) may underlie the link, though the results of the experiments are inconsistent. We have conducted several studies targeting on the physiological changes associated with alexithymia using neuroimaging and hormonal challenge in healthy volunteers and patients with irritable bowel syndrome. I will discuss the possible physiological link between alexithymia and psychosomatic diseases from the perspective of brain response to physiological stimulation, visceral sensation, and neuroendocrine responses.

Invitant : Olivier Luminet


Mercredi 13 février à 11h00
Salle du conseil A224

Sexual objectification beyond the metaphor (Présentation en anglais)
Jeroen Vaes, University of Trento, Italy

Objectification – reducing a someone to a something – represents a powerful and potentially damaging way in which we can see and treat others. Women are often the victim of processes of objectification that occur whenever a woman is reduced to her body or certain body parts losing out on her inner mental life and moral standing. What remains unclear is the extent to which a woman becomes an object when objectified. Does she actually become similar to a real object or is the object reference a mere metaphor? In the current presentation I will present a set of experiments that tackle this question analyzing both behavioral and neural responses showing that the metaphorical “woman object” is more similar to a real object compared to objectified men or non-objectified women. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the perception of women, when objectified, changes in essence beyond the metaphor making them truly more similar to objects than men.

Invitantes : Stéphanie Demoulin, Tina Chevallereau


Mardi 12 février de 11h00 à 12h30
Local : E139

Conducting Intervention Research: Methodological Considerations about Strategy Instruction in Writing (Présentation en anglais)
Dr. Teresa Limpo, University of Porto

An effective way to boost the writing competence of beginning and developing writers is through strategy instruction. The extent to which writers engage in strategic behaviors is a distinctive difference between skilled and less skilled writers. Less skilled writers rarely display a proactive and systematic use of strategies to regulate cognition, affect, behavior, and contexts. This poor strategic competence might be associated with difficulties in setting goals and action plans to orient writing, a limited repertoire of strategies and scant knowledge about their instrumentality, and emerging negative beliefs about writing and themselves as writers. Importantly, there is now substantial evidence that writing skills can be boosted through explicit instruction. Strategy-focused interventions are particularly suitable to that purpose by enhancing conscious, goal-directed, and effortful processing in writing (Harris & Graham, 2009). In this talk, I will discuss a set of methodological characteristics of writing interventions implementing strategy instruction and present two evidence-based intervention programs targeting planning and self-regulation skills in elementary and middle school children to exemplify how those characteristics can be operationalized in the field.

Invitante : Marie Van Reybroeck


Mardi 22 janvier à 11h00
Local : Socr 24

Social Media and Depression Symptoms: A Time Series Network Analysis (Présentation en anglais)
George Aalbers, University of Amsterdam

The relationship between social media and mental health is controversial. Some studies show that using social media correlates with beneficial outcomes, such as greater self-esteem, but others find that more social media use tends to co-occur with lower well-being. For example, people who spend more time on social media tend to experience higher levels of depression symptoms, loneliness, and stress.

Recent evidence suggests that the effect of social media depends on what people do when they access these platforms. In particular, passive social media use (PSMU) – i.e., scrolling through News Feeds, looking at friends’ photographs – might negatively influence mental health. Thus far, research has shown that PSMU correlates with depression symptoms, but their temporal relationship is unclear.

We examined the link between PSMU and depression symptoms as part of a larger research program: the network perspective on mental disorders. Network theorists propose that mental disorders constitute a causal system of psychological problems, such as symptoms. Viewed from a network perspective, mental disorders develop when the activation of one psychological problem provokes other psychological problems. This perspective hypothesizes, for instance, that depression develops when insomnia triggers fatigue and concentration problems, which cause work-related problems. Such problems might provoke night-time worrying that worsens insomnia.

With this framework in mind, we reasoned: if people experience stronger depression symptoms after passively using social media, then this behavior could be a risk factor for depression. To investigate this, we conducted an experience sampling study in undergraduate psychology students. Using a smartphone app, students (N = 125) reported PSMU, depression symptoms, loneliness, and stress seven times daily for 14 days. Time-series network analysis (multilevel vector auto-regression) revealed statistical associations between PSMU, depression symptoms, loneliness, and stress.

In my talk, I will discuss results from this analysis, and suggest directions for future research on social media effects. I will also devote time to thoroughly introduce the network perspective on psychopathology, and how I hope it will benefit those who suffer from mental disorders.

Invitant : Alexandre Heeren


Mardi 22 janvier de 9h00 à 10h30
Local : Socr 23

L’apport du chien d’assistance chez l’enfant aveugle entre 2 et 3 ans. Etude longitudinale et comparative
Anna Galiano
, Université Lumière Lyon 2

La vision occupe une place importante dans le développement du jeune enfant. Elle est impliquée, entre autres, dans les acquisitions des habilités sensori-motrices, langagières, dans la construction de l’image de soi, de la représentation du monde qui l’entoure, dans les dynamiques relationnelles avec autrui. La survenue d’une déficience visuelle peut engendrer des perturbations développementales si l’enfant ne fait pas l’objet d’une prise en charge précoce et adaptée. Elles concernent trois domaines : le développement des compétences motrices (l’acquisition de la marche, de la motricité globale et fine), le développement des compétences socio-cognitives (l’acquisition du langage et l’utilisation du langage en contexte) et psycho-affectives (les relations d’attachement).
Les observations sur l’enfant voyant indiquent clairement des bénéfices issus de la relation chien-enfant. Ces bénéfices concernent le développement émotionnel, moteur, mais aussi les dynamiques relationnelles dans le cadre des interactions dans et en dehors de la famille. Des études portant sur des enfants atypiques, notamment des enfants avec un trouble envahissant du développement ou avec un retard mental, montrent qu’un médiateur animal peut avoir une influence positive dans le processus de développement de ces compétences. En particulier, ces études s’intéressent au médiateur canin et indiquent que la présence de celui-ci apporte un bénéfice tant à court terme qu’à long terme. Ce bénéfice est observé sur des aspects comportementaux, relationnels et physiologiques (par ex. réduction de stress).
Partant de ces constatations, nous nous sommes intéressés au chien d’assistance et à son apport pour des enfants aveugles de naissance en bas âge. Les premiers résultats issus de la première cohorte seront présentés et discutés.

Invitantes : Mariane Frenay, Marie-Anne Schelstraete, Anne Bragard


Jeudi 17 janvier à 13h00
Salle du conseil A224

Using eye movements and psychophysics to probe aspects of face perception in adults and children
Isabelle Mareschal, Queen Mary University of London

Measuring eye movements when people interact provides a rich source of information: a high-resolution spatiotemporal record of the cognitive and visual processes that guide our behaviour. In a first set of experiments we examined how eye movements reveal important information about people when they look at each other. We recorded people’s eye movements in two different experiments: (1) while they made eye contact with an actor on a screen (akin to a Skype scenario) and (2) while they engaged in “forced” periods of eye contact with another person in real life. In both conditions we found that participants’ eye movements revealed important information about the viewers. In a second set of experiments we used psychophysical methods to measure gaze direction and emotion perception in healthy and atypical adults and children and find subtle impairments that may interfere with healthy social interactions.

Invitante : Valérie Goffaux

2018


Lundi 17 décembre de 10h30 à 12h00
local E139

Religion and positive emotions in the body: How our postures change how we feel and why it matters for religious behaviors to be (Présentation en anglais)
Dr. Patty Van Cappellen, Duke University, USA

Research in psychology suggests that our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors are influenced by not only our mind but also our body’s experiences (e.g., posture). Across religions, worshippers adopt specific postures that may not simply be arbitrary customs but instead be closely intertwined with their religious experience. In this talk, I discuss empirical data on worship and prayer postures adopted by Christians in the U.S. In a first study, 682 Christian church attendees completed a questionnaire after a Sunday service. I present data showing the variety of postures adopted during that Sunday service and the purported meanings attributed to them. I also show that the postures participants reported adopting at service were related to their emotions, prayer orientations, and perceptions of God during that service. Specifically, reports of using more postures that are expansive and directed upwards were related with more positive emotions and praise whereas using more postures that are constrictive and directed downward were related with feeling closer to God and confession. Then, across two experimental studies, we investigated whether assuming two common religious postures would influence people’s emotions. Results consistently revealed that participants asked to adopt an up-oriented religious posture (gaze is up, hands are raised) reported more positive emotions than participants asked to adopt a down-oriented religious posture (gaze is down, hands are folded). This research stands to document the understudied links between postures and religious experience, placing the locus of religion beyond the mind or the brain: in the full body. In conclusion, I integrate these findings in a new theoretical model showcasing the importance of positive emotions to support religious behaviors maintenance.

Invitant·e(s) Vassilis Saroglou et le centre de psychologie de la religion


 

PSY Symposium

Neuropsychology Perception and Action: Improvements in diagnosis, rehabilitation

27th November 2018, 14.00 – 16.00
Local : A224 Salle du Conseil; Psychologie

Chaired by Martin Edwards (martin.edwards@uclouvain.be)

 

14.00 Yves Rossetti (INSERM, Lyon, France)

Boosting and reactivating prism adaptation with tDCS: implications for cognitive rehabilitation: Although Prism adaptation has become the most studied and acknowledged technique to alleviate spatial neglect, some patients do not show sustained improvement and some do not respond. We explore tDCS effects on prism adaptation in three ways: First, we showed that applying tDCS during prism exposure increases the retention of sensori-motor after-effects. Second, we showed that tDCS can re-activate dormant circuits of prism adaptation following the disappearance of after-effects. Third, we showed that combining tDCS with prism adaptation produced a long-lasting therapeutic effect in patients no longer responding to standard prism adaptation

14.45 Michael Andres (Université catholique de Louvain)

Modulation of spatial attention with transcranial electric stimulation: The dominant approach in the rehabilitation of neglect consists in training visual exploration of the neglected side through spatial cueing. This approach fosters the awareness of the deficit and improves spatial behaviour in the clinical setting but not in everyday life. We assume with others that the difficulties of neglect patients persist in everyday life because compensatory strategies require them to pay attention, on a voluntary basis, in a context of limited resources. We will first illustrate this point by showing how multi-tasking may inform us about the residual difficulties of neglect patients. We will then evaluate the possibility to boost attention resources using transcranial electric stimulation. We will present two neuromodulation experiments conducted in healthy individuals performing visual detection or cancellation tasks. Our results suggest that transcranial electric stimulation may help counteracting spatial biases in neglect but they also indicate that its mechanism of action is unrelated to inter-hemispheric competition, which has been considered as the main rationale for neurorehabilitation so far. We will discuss the implications of our findings for the evaluation of neglect and for the design of effective interventions using transcranial electric stimulation.

  1. Magdalena Ietswaart (University of Stirling, Scotland, UK)

1. Improving neglect assessment; 2. Action representations in apraxia

This talk will have two parts, one looking at right parietal patients and the other looking at left parietal patients. In the first part of the talk, about improving neglect assessment, I will show that although classical line bisection may not be a valid test of neglect, an alternative “endpoints weightings” assessment is. This novel method for administering and analysing line bisection provides an end point weighting bias as a highly sensitive index of the core bias of neglect. The diagnostic value of this neglect assessment is further increased by a second end point measure related to overall attentional investment. In the second part of the talk, about action representation in left hemisphere patients, I will show that patients with apraxia have difficulty selecting the appropriate grasp for object-use due to impaired motor imagery. I will explain how the left inferior parietal lobe is critical for motor imagery, and how apraxia can be understood as an inability to use internal motor representations of object manipulation.

16.15 Break

17.00 PhD Public Defense of Vincenza Montedoro (Auditoire Montesquieu 03)

New insights into the diagnosis, rehabilitation and understanding of hemineglect using new technologies

 


Jeudi 22 novembre à 13h00
Local : Salle du conseil A224

Action at a distance on object–related ventral temporal representations.
Jorge Almeida, Coimbra University

The way the world is represented in visual associative cortex, and in particular in ventral temporal cortex, is relatively impervious to external changes in the stimuli. However, these representations are forged via interactions between network-specific modules. Here I will show how we can causally modulate ventral temporal representations, and overall, network-specific functional nodes, by disrupting high-level distal associative areas. I used transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to stimulate left parietal associative cortex and functional MRI to measure object-related neural responses, and show that representational similarity, categorical discriminability, functional connectivity within and from ventral temporal cortex are enhanced by excitatory stimulation compared to inhibitory stimulation of left parietal associative cortex, and that overall, dynamics in the tool network are causally affected. These results show that ventral temporal representations and network dynamics can be causally modulated by distal processing.

Invitants : Michael Andres, Gilles Vannuscorps


Vendredi 16 novembre à 12h30 (Le séminaire sera précédé d’un lunch avec sandwiches à midi).
Auditoire Socrate – 240, Bâtiment Michotte Place Cardinal Mercier à Louvain-la-Neuve. Inscriptions au plus tard le vendredi 9 novembre : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be

Research-practice partnerships in education: Outcomes, dynamics, and challenges.
Professeur Cynthia E Coburn,
Northwestern University (USA)

The use of research in government decision making is in the news. After years of initiatives to increase the use of research in policymaking by governments in Europe and the United States, there seems to be a retreat from and, at times, distain for research in some countries. Researchers wonder why some research ends up being influential in policy making while other research does not. Advocates argue that policy makers should be using the best information available to inform consequential decisions, especially when it affects children and youth. In this talk, I discuss what we know as a field about the ways in which research informs policy making. Rather than taking a normative stance, I discuss the nature of decision making in public agencies and the ways in which research enters into these practices, and the role of researchers and the public in this process. I illustrate the discussion with evidence from my own studies of instructional decision making in US public schools. I discuss implications for researchers, policymakers, and the public.

Invitants : M. Frenay, B. Galand, V. März


Jeudi 8 novembre à 13h00
Salle du condeil A224

Attention in natural scenes
Marius Peelen, Donders Institute, Nijmegen, Netherlands

Our daily-life visual environments, such as city streets and living rooms, contain a multitude of objects. Out of this overwhelming amount of sensory information, we must efficiently detect and recognize those objects that are relevant for current goals, a task that is of critical importance for successful behavior. Visual and attention systems have developed and evolved to optimally perform real-world tasks like these, as reflected in the remarkable efficiency of naturalistic object detection. In this talk I will present our work investigating the functional and neural basis of attentional selection in natural scenes. I will present behavioral, fMRI, TMS, and MEG studies that reveal how the brain efficiently resolves competition between objects in cluttered natural scenes, allowing for the rapid neural representation and detection of goal-relevant objects.

Invitant·e(s) : Valérie Goffaux


Mercredi 31 octobre à 16h00
Local E139

Cognition in (social) context: a social-interactionist approach to emergent phenomena.
Alin Coman,
Princeton University

Communication is a fundamental feature of creatures as social as humans. It helps us exchange information, jointly solve problems, and coordinate our actions. Using a social-interactionist approach I will show how communication allows for community-wide synchronization of memories. To illustrate this approach, I will start from a well-established cognitive phenomenon involving memory retrieval, I will then investigate how mnemonic retrieval is influenced by the social context in which it occurs, and, finally, I will explore how memories propagate in social networks to give rise to collective memories. This approach, I will show, could be applied more generally to bridge between micro-level cognitive processes and large-scale social outcomes.

Invitant·e(s) : Vincent Yzerbyt


Mardi 23 octobre à 14h00
Local : Socrate 27

The development of burnout among Finnish student-athletes across the first year of upper secondary school.
Matilda Sorkkila, University of Jyväskylä, Finlande

The present research investigated the co-development of sport and school burnout symptoms (sport- or school-related exhaustion, cynicism, and feelings of inadequacy) among student-athletes during the first year of upper secondary school. Furthermore, the environment- and individual-related predictors of sport and school burnout were examined.
The participants were student-athletes (N time 1 =391; N time 2 =373) from six Finnish upper secondary sport schools and their 260 mothers and 188 fathers. Athletes and their parents filled out questionnaires at the beginning of upper secondary school. Athletes answered the questionnaires again at the end of the school year, and a subsample of high-level athletes (N=17) was interviewed. Both person- and variable-oriented approaches were used to analyze the data, in addition to a mixed methods approach that combined a quantitative person-oriented approach with a qualitative approach. The results showed that student-athletes were already at risk for symptoms of sport and school burnout in the beginning of upper secondary school. Furthermore, sport and school burnout symptoms increased and became more generalized over time, and school-related exhaustion spilled over into the sport context, which was evident in both the quantitative findings and the athletes’ stories. High individual and parental expectations for a particular domain (sport or school) at the beginning of school were negatively related to burnout in the same domain but positively related to burnout in the other. Sport- and school-related achievement mastery goals protected from cynicism and feelings of inadequacy in the same domain, whereas school-related performance goals predicted cynicism in school over the first year. These findings could be used, for example, by health care professionals for the detection and early prevention of school and sport burnout.

Invitant·e(s) : Isabelle Roskam, Moïra Mikolajczak


Lundi 22 octobre à 14h00
Local : D325

Parental Low Well-being and Daily Distress as Sources of Maladaptive Parenting
Kaisa Aunola
, University of Jyväskylä, Finlande

Verbal expressions like “You should appreciate how much effort I make for you” or “Do not cry, mother is ashamed” are typical examples of psychologically controlling parenting. Psychological control (PC) - defined as “parental behaviors that are intrusive and manipulative of children’s thoughts, feelings, and attachments to parents” (Barber, 1996) - has been linked to various negative outcomes, such as anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, and low achievement, in both children and adolescents in various different cultural settings. In my own research, I have been examining not only the macro-level but also micro-level antecedents and consequences of psychologically controlling parenting. Overall, the results of this research suggest that beside of child characteristics parental low well-being and daily distress play an important role in the use of PC. In order to develop preventive programs to foster adaptive parenting, it is vitally important then to focus on parental well-being and identify the sources of parental distress. These sources can include parental or child characteristics but also lack of social support or cultural values recently evident in the society, for example. The IIPB data will provide excellent possibilities to examine the different sources of parental low well-being and -since in the data collected in Finland measures of parenting behaviors and parental characteristics were also included –those of PC as well.

Invitant·e(s) : Moïra Mikolajczak, Isabelle Roskam


Jeudi 18 octobre à 13h00
Local : E139

Neuromodulation in addiction: effects on craving and emotion regulation.
Anna Goudriaan
, University of Amsterdam

In the past decades there have been several developments in research and treatment of addictions, ranging from the emergence of low-level easily accessible E-health interventions, to more complex or invasive treatment options such as neuromodulation. In research, the working mechanisms of addictions highlight the important role of a motivational (limbic brain) circuitry which overreacts to addictive stimuli and the diminished functioning of cortical regulatory systems such as the frontal-anterior cingulate circuit. In this presentation, insights on working mechanisms of addiction in the brain will be related to (novel) treatment interventions.
One form of neuromodulation, neurostimulation with repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) has effects on craving in substance use disorders. The effects of rTMS on emotion regulation in 40 persons in treatment for alcohol use disorder compared to healthy controls, and the effects of rTMS on the neural mechanisms of emotion regulation (fMRI) will be presented and discussed.

Invitant·e(s): Pierre Philippot, Aurélien Cornil


Mercredi 3 octobre de 11h00 à 12h00
Local : E139

Stimulating the Addicted Brain. Effects of combined tDCS and cognitive training as a treatment for alcohol dependent inpatients.
Tess den Uyl
, University of Amsterdam

Automatically triggered responses to alcohol are potentially relevant for various stages of addiction and have been studied broadly. Retraining these processes with cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) paradigms might be a relevant add-on to treatment of alcohol use disorders. In our research we have tried to enhance effects of CBM by combining it with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. TDCS is a brain stimulation technique that could influence cortical plasticity, and thus was hypothesised to enhance learning retention of the training. We have performed a study with heavy alcohol users and have done two clinical trials with different types of CBM (approach bias modification & attentional bias modification). We also inverstigated electrophysiological responses towards alcohol with EEG and ECG. We only found small beneficial effects of tDCS on the training, thus concluded that the investigated combination was not particulary effective, however, since tDCS reduced relapse one year later this technique still has promise for future research.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Mercredi 26 septembre à 14h00
Salle du conseil A224

Exploring the role of spatial frequencies for scene recognition.
Carole Peyrin, Université de Grenoble

Theories on visual perception agree that scenes are processed in terms of spatial frequencies. Low spatial frequencies (LSF) carry coarse information whereas high spatial frequencies (HSF) carry fine details of the scene. In this talk, I will first discuss a series of behavioural and neuroimaging studies that explore how rapid processing of LSF would activate plausible semantic interpretations of a scene and guide the subsequent processing of HSF. Furthermore, central vision encodes more fine-detailed and higher spatial frequency information in Comparison to peripheral vision, which encodes coarser and lower spatial frequency information. There is evidence that the processing of spatial frequencies is retinotopicallly organized from the retina to the cortex. In addition to neuroimaging studies on healthy subjects, patients with retinal disorders constitute pathological models which enable the specific investigation of a retinotopic mapping through the relationship between the position of the lesion on the retina and the processing of spatial frequencies. In this talk, I will specifically explore the relationship between a central retinal damage (age-related macular degeneration) or a peripheral retinal damage (glaucoma) and the processing of spatial frequencies during scene categorization. This talk will finally highlight the importance of peripheral vision for generating predictions about the nature of a visual scene and influence central vision.

Invitante : Valérie Goffaux


Vendredi 21 septembre à 11h00
Local E139

What do autobiographical memory disorders in schizophrenia tell us about patients’ disorders of self?
Fabrice Berna,
Université de Strasbourg

What do autobiographical memory disorders in schizophrenia tell us about patients’ disorders of self? Cognitive model and therapeutic implications. Disorders of self are regarded as core symptoms of schizophrenia. As autobiographical memory (AM) represents a crucial ground for the self, investigating AM provides a unique way to better understanding the cognitive mechanisms of these alterations. Several studies demonstrated patients’ difficulty to mentally travel in time and to re-experience the person they were in past events. These findings point to alterations of the experiential component of self. Other studies showed that patients were impaired in their capacity to reason about past events and to find out the meaning of these events, this pointing to a weakness of the narrative self. Altogether, these results led us to the hypothesis of a dysconnexion between the self and autobiographical memories in schizophrenia. This dysconnexion would be the consequence of altered executive processes linked to the self, this affecting the balance between cognitive and affective processes. The therapeutic implications of the findings will be finally discussed.

Invitants : de Timary Philippe et Vermeulen Nicolas


Mercredi 19 septembre à 12h00
Local D325

Gendered barriers and fences: How social norms influence our choices and experiences in work and family.
Loes Meussen
, KULeuven

Gender inequalities persist in today’s societies, with unequal participation of men and women in work and family domains. So far, most research has sought to explain and decrease the underrepresentation of women at work. The current presentation shifts focus to the three other quadrants of the gender x work-family spectrum: We study the underlying processes that drive the under-participation of men in the family domain, as well as the over-participation of men in the work domain and women in the family domain.
We outline how gender norms present barriers for men’s involvement in family tasks and fence men in the work domain and women in the family domain; influencing men and women’s choices and work-family balance experiences.
Moreover, we show how gender norms may change over time through relational dynamics in heterosexual couples.

Invitantes : Moïra Mikolajczak, Isabelle Roskam


Jeudi 13 septembre de 14h à 15h
Salle E241

Feast your eyes - Food-related attention and eating behaviour across the weight spectrum
Jessica Werthmann
, University of Freiburg, Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Germany

Abstract: Healthy eating behaviour is essential for a healthy weight and this is an important topic, particularly against the backdrop of the high prevalence of obesity and the individual and societal impact of eating disorders. Recently, a surge of research has tested if attention bias for food is related to eating behaviour and body weight. It has been argued that an attention bias for food could be a cognitive factor contributing to overeating and weight gain. However, attention bias for food has also been implicated as potential cognitive factor contributing to restrictive eating behaviour in Anorexia Nervosa. In my talk, I will review the empirical evidence for the role of food-related attention for eating behaviour, obesity and Anorexia Nervosa. My focus lies on elucidating methodological challenges when measuring attention bias for food cues and on highlighting potential clinical implications of this research.

Keywords: Attention bias, Eye-tracking, Eating Behaviour, Obesity, Anorexia Nervosa

Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Olivier Corneille, Stephan Van den Broucke

Mardi 26 juin de 10h30 à 12h00
Local E139

Anthropocentric biases in the inference to intelligent design.
Jesse Preston
, University of Warvick

A popular argument for the existence of God is the argument from design: that there is an order to life and in the Universe that defies random chance, and so appears to have been planned and created by an intentional agent, i.e., God.  But inferences to design might be even more compelling when an outcome serves humans in particular, e.g. "The Anthropic Principle", that the universe is fine-tuned to support intelligent life. We suggest here that such thinking reflects an intuitive anthro-teleological bias in the inference to intelligent design: that is, design is most likely to be seen in phenomena that benefit humankind. In four studies, people agreed with more design statements that were framed as directed to help humans (e.g., “trees produce oxygen so that humans can breathe”), than the same statements framed to help other targets (“trees produce oxygen so that leopards can breathe”). The bias was greatest when the advantages for humans was well-known, and decreased when advantages for other targets became more salient. But when advantages to humans and others were implied, teleological judgments for humans trumped those for other targets, indicating the antho-teleological bias may be adjusted but not corrected entirely.

Invitants : Vassilis Saroglou et le Centre de psychologie de la religion


Jeudi 21 juin de 9h00 à 10h30
Salle du conseil A224

Sampling approaches allow for strict theorizing in social cognition
Klaus Fiedler
, University of Heidelberg

In a recent agenda article for the European Journal of Social Psychology, I have argued that current social psychology is facing a major developmental task, namely to overcome the confines of local intrapsychic theoretical accounts (motives, attitudes, explicit and implicit goals) that are too close to the effects (actions, judgments, decisions) they are to explain. Cognitive-ecological theories that relate social cognition and behavior to more distant variables in the environment promise to advance more insights and theoretical progress. In the present paper, I point out, with reference to several recent findings, that sampling approaches in particular are ideally for this purpose. Sampling approaches generate new explanations of old findings, they impose clear-cut constraints on strictly formulated theories, and they inspire true  innovations and unprecedented perspectives on social cognition.

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Attention, changement d'heure !

Lundi 18 juin à 14h
Salle du conseil A224

Seeking markers of mental illness: From microstructure imaging to digital phenotyping
Maxime Taquet, 1) Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK & 2) Computational Radiology Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, USA

Markers of mental illness are important as they may refine diagnosis, predict patients’ outcome, and drive treatment discovery. By characterizing the brain cellular organization in-vivo, microstructure imaging holds promise for the development of such markers. Recent advances in microstructure imaging from diffusion-weighted MRI have improved its correlation with histology, enhanced its ability to characterize brain connections, and enabled its routine use in case-control studies. Yet the correspondance between anomalies of the brain microstructure and psychiatric diagnoses remains surprisingly poor. An often overlooked reason for this shortcoming is the very imperfection of psychiatric diagnoses which are based on historical categories and clinical observations rather than phenotypic measurements. By leveraging big data from digital traces left by pervasive mobile technologies, digital phenotyping may refine and redefine diagnostic entities. Combining microstructure imaging with digital phenotyping may play a decisive role in the quest for markers of mental illness. 

Invitants : Alexandre Heeren and The Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology


Vendredi 8 juin à 11h00
Salle du conseil PSP (A224)

Eye-gaze contingent attention training: A new tool to intervene on attentional mechanisms of emotion regulation
Alvaro Sanchez
, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Scientific research has made considerable progresses in identifying mechanisms underlying symptoms of depression and anxiety, such as attentional control deficits, negative attention biases, and emotional regulation impairments. Investigation of how these mechanisms interact is essential to formulate a comprehensive understanding of emotionally distorted functioning which directly informs psychological interventions for these disorders. In this talk, I will show the functioning of a novel eye-gaze contingent attention training (ECAT) targeting attention mechanisms causally involved in emotion regulation processes. I will present a series of studies demonstrating how using ECAT to train top-down regulation and awareness of the attentional processing of emotional information leads to: 1) stronger sustained attention on positive information, in turn predicting greater reappraisal success to down-regulate negative emotions, and 2) larger reductions in state rumination. This novel eye-tracking-based procedure provides an important step to personalized cognitive training aimed to improve emotion regulation capacities and build cognitive resources of resilience against adversity. In my talk, I will also demonstrate how these promising gaze-based techniques can be easily integrated into new fully online applied interventions in an efficient manner. I will show how mouse-cursor and finger-touch procedures can be reliably used to implement ECAT online via computers and mobile devices, and show initial evidence of their effects on emotion regulation capacities. These innovative features will be of key relevance to foster large-scale dissemination of effective techniques to prevent and intervene on affective disorders.

Invitant : Alexandre Heeren


Lundi 4 juin de 11h00 à 12h30
Local E241

De la motivation à la reproduction : freins psychologiques et idéologiques à la réussite des groupes dominés en contexte éducatif.
Céline Darnon, Université Clermont Auvergne

A travers les résultats de plusieurs études réalisées en contextes scolaires et universitaires, nous présenterons les mécanismes psychologiques contribuant à la reproduction sociale des inégalités de genre et de classe sociale. Dans une première série d’études, nous verrons que les contextes mettant en avant des buts de performance (i.e.,chercher à dépasser les autres) sont particulièrement susceptibles de produire des écarts de réussite en fonction de l’origine sociale des élèves. Dans le même ordre d’idées, la promotion de valeurs d’affirmation de soi (vs. dépassement de soi) décourage de nombreuses filles de s’engager dans certaines filières prestigieuses. Dans une seconde série d’études, nous verrons que si ces processus se font relativement sans heurt, c’est que le système éducatif promeut des croyances qui contribuent parfois, in fine, à faire accepter certaines formes d’inégalités.

Invitants : Noémie Baudoin, Benoît Galand


Mardi 29 mai de 11h00 à 12h30
Local : E139

Que font les dispositifs d'aide aux apprentissages des élèves qui présentent des difficultés ?
Marie Toullec-Théry, Université de Nantes

Fondés sur des analyses didactiques (Théorie de l'action conjointe en didactique, Sensevy, 2007, 2011) et comparatistes (Mercier, Schubauer-Leoni, Sensevy, 2002), mes travaux qualitatifs tentent de comprendre ce qui détermine les pratiques professorales in situ et ce qui agit sur les écarts d'apprentissages entre les élèves. J'étudie, depuis 15 ans, la vie de quelques dispositifs d'aide : que « font » -ils aux apprentissages des élèves ? (Toullec-Théry, 2017 ; Toullec-Théry & Marlot, 2012, 2013 ; Marlot & Toullec-Théry, 2014). Le système français a en effet tendance à proposer des dispositifs d'aide, souvent à l'extérieur de la classe et qui interviennent une fois la difficulté décelée pour y remédier (et non l'anticiper). Cette architecture de choix a des incidences sur les pratiques professorales, mais aussi sur l'expérience des élèves avec les savoirs. Cette externalisation induit en effet trois faits : - Une certaine individualisation ou la constitution de très petits groupes (Toullec-Théry, 2016) ; - Une déconnexion des temps didactiques, celui de la classe et celui du groupe restreint (Marlot & Toullec-Théry, 2011) ; - Une délégation de la difficulté à un autre enseignant, spécialisé ou non. Nos résultats attestent que, sans reconnexion avec ce qui se fait en classe, cette externalisation mène souvent à une relégation de l'élève. A partir de quelques exemples emblématiques, je me propose de mettre au jour les incidences de certaines pratiques.

Invitant : Benoît Galand


Jeudi 24 mai à 12h45
Local D312

Blood, Gore, and Video Games: Effects of Violent Content on Players.
Brad 
Bushman, Ohio State University

In today's popular culture, the video game industry has established itself as a major force, surpassing the movie and music industries. Most people now play video games. They are played on consoles, computers, and handheld devices (including mobile phones). The top selling video games contain lots of blood and gore. Bushman will discuss a meta-analytic review of 381 effects from violent video game studies involving over 13,000 participants. He will also discuss some reasons why people deny violent media effects.

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Mardi 22 mai de 11h00 à 12h30
Local E241

Les métaphores du corps entre psychothérapie, psychopathologie et psycho-oncologie.
Alfonso Santarpia, Université d'Aix-Marseille

Alfonso Santarpia, est maître de conférences en psychologie clinique à l'Université d'Aix-Marseille. Ses recherches s'inscrivent principalement dans une approche d'orientation humaniste/existentielle (Santarpia, 2016). Le séminaire portera sur trois axes de recherches. - Les effets discursifs et thérapeutiques du langage: Etudes à travers une méthodologie quantitative des effets discursifs du langage métaphorique centrés sur les métaphores du poids dans la relaxation ou dans des situations de conscience modifiée afin d'améliorer la prise en charge psychothérapeutique (voir Santarpia et al., 2009, 2010). - Les effets narratifs de la médiation artistique et poétique sur des patients en psycho-oncologie: Etudes à travers une méthodologie qualitative des effets thérapeutiques/narratifs de la médiation artistique/poétique (poésie thérapie/Haiku, musicothérapie) dans l'expérience de fin de vie et/ou dans l'expérience de la maladie cancéreuse (voir Santarpia et al, 2015, 2017). - L'expérience sensorielle et émotionnelle en psychopathologie clinique. Etude dans une méthodologie mixte d'une expérience cruciale du soi : l'axe avant-arrière de l?image corporelle associée à des mots émotionnels positifs ou négatifs (ex. joie, plaisir, tendresse, colère, etc) dans un groupe de personnes atteintes de schizophrénie. Santarpia, A. (2016). Introduction aux psychothérapies humanistes. Paris: Dunod. Santarpia, A., Brabant, E., & Dudoit, E. (2017). Les effets narratifs de la musique classique dans les soins palliatifs. Psycho-Oncologie, 11(4), 243-251. Santarpia, A. et al. (2010). Effects of weight-related literal and metaphorical suggestions on the forearms during hypnosis. International Journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, 58 (3), 360-365. Santarpia, A., Dudoit, E., & Paul, M. (2015). The Discursive Effects of the Haiku-based SADUPA Poetry Technique in Palliative Care. The Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28(3), 179-194.

Invitant : PCLab


Jeudi 3 mai à 13h00 (Le séminaire sera précédé d’un lunch avec sandwiches à 12h30).
Auditoire Socrate – 240, Bâtiment Michotte Place Cardinal Mercier à Louvain-la-Neuve.
Inscriptions au plus tard le jeudi 26 avril : nadine.fraselle@uclouvain.be

 

Comment les situations de classe reproduisent les inégalités sociales. 
Professeur Jean-Claude Croizet, Université de Poitiers (France)

La réussite académique est fortement liée à l'origine sociale des élèves. Dans cette conférence, notre ambition sera d'éclairer les processus psychosociaux impliqués dans la reproduction scolaire des inégalités. Ancré dans l'approche de la psychologie sociale expérimentale, nous présenterons un programme d'études qui montre comment les situations de classes favorisent les écarts de réussite liés à l'origine sociale et comment ces situations peuvent être aménagées pour limiter les logiques délétères qui participent à la production des difficultés scolaires et à la reproduction des inégalités. 

Invitants : V. Yzerbyt, M. Frenay


Jeudi 19 avril de 11h00 à 12h30
Salle du conseil PSP  A224

Deuil et Culture : Etudes des facteurs de vulnérabilités associés.
Kossigan Kokou-Kpolou, 
Université de Picardie Jules Verne

Depuis Freud, les modèles descriptifs et explicatifs du deuil d'un être cher ont, pour la plupart, offert une conception intrapsychique et médicale du deuil. Ces modèles ont peu ou prou pris en compte les dimensions existentielle, sociale et culturelle du deuil. Pour élucider le rôle de ces dimensions dans le processus du deuil et peut-être élargir les bases conceptuelles et théoriques de ces modèles, nous avons utilisé une approche transculturelle comparée entre la France et le Togo (Afrique de l'ouest). De même, à travers cette approche, nous avons examiné les facteurs de vulnérabilité et de protection associés au deuil du conjoint. Nos résultats ont montré que même si la prévalence du deuil compliqué tend à être similaire dans ces deux contextes, le processus du deuil et les facteurs associés diffèrent à maints égards. Notre communication propose une vue d'ensemble sur ces résultats et se veut un moment d'échanges sur leurs implications, ainsi que les ébauches conceptuelles et théoriques qu'ils ouvrent. Mots-clés : deuil du conjoint, modèles de deuil, facteurs vulnérabilité et protection, cultures. Références indicatives : Kokou-Kpolou, K., Tremblay, J., Moukouta, C. S., & Baugnet, L. (2017). Unexpected Death, Religious Coping and Conjugal Bereavement Outcomes in Africa (Togo). Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 20(8), 766-782. DOI:10.1080/13674676.2017.1408578 Kokou-Kpolou, K., Mbassa Menick, D., Moukouta, C. S., Baugnet, L., & Kpelly, D. (2017). A Cross-Cultural Approach to Complicated Grief Reactions among Togo-Western African Immigrants in Europe. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48(8), 1247-1262. DOI: 10.1177/0022022117721972

Invitants : Emmanuelle Zech (PCLab), Vassilis Saroglou (Centre for psychology of religion) (in collaboration with Jean-Luc Brackelaire)


Vendredi 23 mars 2018 de 9h30 à 10h30
Salle Ladrière (A124 1er étage, en-dessous de la salle du Conseil)

S'améliorer, être le meilleur ou éviter la catastrophe. Survol de dix années de recherche consacrées aux buts d'accomplissement chez les élèves du secondaire.
Stéphane Duchesne
, Université Laval

La théorie des buts d'accomplissement s'est établie comme l'un des principaux cadres de référence en motivation scolaire en s'appliquant à comprendre les intentions qui guident l'engagement dans une tâche lorsque la compétence personnelle est en jeu et que la réussite y est incertaine. À ce jour, si les relations transversales entre les buts d'accomplissement (BA) et l'expérience scolaire d'apprenants de tous âges ont été largement étudiées, les données prospectives demeurent limitées. De plus, les recherches qui se sont efforcées d'identifier les déterminants de ces buts se sont surtout focalisées sur les contextes d'apprentissage, alors que l'apport des dispositions personnelles et de l'environnement familial a été beaucoup moins documenté. Cette présentation s'appuie sur les résultats de deux enquêtes au long cours et a pour objectifs (1) de décrire l'association prédictive entre les BA et différents indicateurs de fonctionnement scolaire à l'adolescence, (2) de mettre en évidence certains antécédents individuels et familiaux des BA et (3) de préciser le rôle de mécanismes médiateurs impliqués dans ces relations.

Invitant : Benoît Galand


Vendredi 16 mars à 17h00 (Le séminaire sera suivi d’un drink).
Salle de séminaire B.059 du Bâtiment Carnoy, Place Croix du Sud à Louvain-la-Neuve. 
Inscriptions au plus tard le vendredi 9 mars : cathy.friand@uclouvain.be

The disruptive effect of crowding throughout the visual system 
Professeur John Greenwood, UCLondon (UK)

Visual crowding is the impairment of object recognition that arises in cluttered scenes. In peripheral vision, crowding is the fundamental limitation on perception, disrupting the recognition of a range of visual stimuli (including orientation, motion, colour, and faces) across large spatial regions. Crowding can also disrupt central/foveal vision in a range of visual disorders, including amblyopia, dementia, and dyslexia.

Is there a common mechanism for these various instances of crowding? I will argue that ‘pooling’ models, which depict crowding as an unwanted combination of target and flanker elements, can indeed provide this. In peripheral vision, crowded errors are not random, but rather reflect the combined appearance of the target object and surrounding flankers. We observe a similar pattern of errors in the foveal crowding that affects children with amblyopia, as pooling models predict. Similarly, although it has been argued that crowding disrupts face recognition in a manner unlike that of simpler objects, we find that pooling processes give a more parsimonious account. Finally, I will demonstrate that crowding can independently disrupt judgements of colour and motion for the same target object, suggesting the existence of multiple instances of crowding. Although this finding challenges ‘higher level’ crowding approaches, it is easily explained by pooling models.

Invitante : V. Goffaux


Mercredi 14 mars de 10h30 à 12h45
Local : Socrate 24

 

Cognitive and metacognitive control in depression.
Brage Kraft
, Clinical Neuroscience Research Group, University of Oslo, Norway

I will talk about my recent research project, which focuses on cognitive control and emotion regulation strategies in depression. Three studies will be presented. The first study examined whether dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs are associated with decreased executive control. In the second study, we evaluated the effect of computerised attention bias modification tasks (ABM) on depression symptoms using a computational network approach. We reanalyzed data from a randomized controlled-trial of ABM in patients with remitted depression, and examined whether ABM changes specific depression symptoms, symptom-to-symptom interactions, or other important aspects of the symptom network. Finally, I will present preliminary analyses from the third study, which is a prospective study of rumination, metacognitive beliefs, and executive control in remitted depression.

Invitant : Alexandre Heeren


Jeudi 22 février de 13h00h à 14h00
Local : Socr -242

What measure(s) most consistently indicate(s) an association between speech perception and reading?
Axelle Calcus, University College London

Over the last 50 years, research in speech and language, cognitive psychology and neuroscience have explored the bases of the phonological deficit attributed to dyslexic individuals. In this talk, I will focus on research that has investigated whether basic speech perception deficits accompany poor reading achievement. If so, might such deficits contribute to difficulties attaining awareness of the phonemic structure of spoken words or impede acquisition of decoding skills? Likewise, might the quality of the phonological representation of the perceived stimulus be less robust and detailed as a consequence? Two classes of perception tasks have been used for the bulk of experiments conducted: measures of categorical perception and speech-in-noise. I will present data from my own research as well as other studies in the field in order to explore the nature of the relationship between speech perception and reading abilities in dyslexic individuals. After reviewing these matters, directions for future research will be considered.

Invitant : Gilles Vanuscorps


Jeudi 25 janvier à 11h00
Local E139

Workers as objects: Other and self-objectification in the work domain. 
Cristina Baldissarri
, University of Milan-Bicocca

This contribution aims to present recent empirical evidence on objectification (i.e., the perception of others as mere objects) in the work domain by considering the two facets of this phenomenon. The first concerns the other-objectification, the process by which workers are objectified by others as a consequence of their work. In particular, in a set of studies (Andrighetto, Baldissarri, & Volpato, 2017) we showed that making key work features (i.e., repetitiveness, fragmentation, other-direction) salient activates laypeople's objectified views of the workers (i.e., perceiving them more as mindless instruments than human beings). The second facet regards the workers, self-objectification, the process by which workers objectify themselves because of their work. For example, in a set of studies (e.g. Baldissarri, Andrighetto, Gabbiadini, & Volpato, 2017), we demonstrated that performing an objectifying activity characterized by these features leads to self-objectification and, in turn, to decreased belief in having personal free will and increased conformity. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings will be discussed.

Invitante : Stéphanie Demoulin


Vendredi 19 janvier à 11h00
Local : E139

Current perspectives of Internet-communication disorder regarding social cognitions and craving reactions.
Elisa Wegmann, University of Duisburg-Essen, Allemagne

Internet-communication disorder (ICD) is considered one type of specific Internet-use disorders and contains the excessive use of online-communication applications such as Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, or Instagram (Brand et al., 2016). Cue-reactivity and craving are crucial concepts in both substance-use disorder and behavioral addiction research. Additionally, social cognitions such as social connectivity and fear of missing out are assumed to be specific predispositions for using online-communication applications. These concepts have been recently investigated in subjects with specific Internet-use disorders such as Internet-gaming disorder, Internet-pornography-viewing disorder, Internet-shopping disorder, or unspecific Internet-use disorder. Studies are summarized, which present the relevance of social connectivity, and which address behavioral correlates of cue-reactivity and craving for ICD symptoms. Overall, different studies support the theoretical hypothesis that cue-reactivity and craving are mechanisms underlying ICD. It could also be shown that specific social cognitions intervene with cognitive and affective responses to external stimuli. These findings on cue-reactivity and craving as well as the interaction of social cognitions with further cognitive responses in ICD are consistent with the recently suggested Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model of specific Internet-use disorders. It suggests that gratification and reinforcement contribute to the development of cue-reactivity and craving. However, social cognitions and the interaction with affective and cognitive components describe main mechanisms of an ICD. Specifications of the I-PACE model for ICD are discussed.

Invitants : Pierre Philippot, Aurélien Cornil & Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


Jeudi 11 janvier à 13h00
Local E139

Efficacy of metacognitive therapy in improving mental health: A meta-analysis of single-case studies.
Lucien Rochat, 
Université de Genève, Joël Billieux, Université du Luxembourg

Context. Metacognitive therapy and one of its treatment components, the attention training technique are increasingly being delivered to improve mental health. Objective. To examine the efficacy of metacognitive therapy and/or attention training technique on mental health outcomes from single-case studies. Methods. Fourteen studies (53 patients) were included. The d-statistic for multiple baseline data and the percentage change index were used to compute the effect sizes. Results. Metacognitive therapy has a large effect on depression, anxiety, other psychopathological symptoms, and all outcomes together. Effect sizes were significantly moderated by the number of sessions, the severity and duration of symptoms, and patient gender, but not by study quality or attention training technique when used as a stand-alone treatment. At the follow-up, 77.36% of the individuals were considered recovered or had maintained improvement. Conclusion. Metacognitive therapy and attention training technique strongly contribute to improving mental health outcomes. This study effectively informs evidence-based practice in the clinical milieu.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage, Jory Deleuze & Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


 

2017


Mardi 19 décembre à 14h00
Salle du conseil A224

Separating the signal from the noise: some lessons from the replicability crisis in Psychology. Marco Perugini, University of Milan-Bicocca

An important question facing every researcher is to gather empirical evidence allowing them to make correct inferences from results. If an inference is correct, results will be more likely to be replicated. Starting from the replicability crisis in psychology, conditions for replicable results are set out. Basic statistical and methodological concepts are discussed, with an emphasis on the pivotal role of power and precision for correct inferences, and some practical suggestions are presented. Increased attention to methodological and statistical issues should allow researchers to improve the likelihood that a given inference is correct, that is that they are more likely to get it right.

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Jeudi 14 décembre de 14h00 à 15h00
Local : E241

Le rôle de l'alcool dans le traitement de l'information et la prise de décision en matière de coercition sexuelle. Massil Benbouriche, Wayne State University (Etats-Unis)

De concert avec les modèles de la myopie alcoolique et de la désinhibition pharmacologique, l'alcool est considéré comme un facteur de risque important en matière de coercition sexuelle. Cette conférence a pour but de présenter les résultats issus d'une étude expérimentale (N = 150) portant sur les effets de l'alcool sur (1) la perception des intentions comportementales exprimées par une femme, (2) la perception du consentement sexuel, et (3) les intentions comportementales d?utiliser des stratégies coercitives et de commettre un viol. De manière générale, les résultats indiquent qu'il existe un effet de l'alcool, mais que cet effet est modéré par l'adhésion aux « mythes du viol » et les distorsions cognitives. Par ailleurs, les résultats invitent à une distinction particulièrement intéressante entre des effets d'interaction et l'existence d'effets conditionnels. Alors que les résultats seront discutés à la lumière des modèles théoriques disponibles, une attention particulière sera portée à leurs implications en matière de prévention, notamment primaire et secondaire, de la coercition sexuelle.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Mardi 12 décembre à 16h00
Local E241

Approches décisionnelles et dilemmes sociaux : études empiriques et proposition d’un modèle intégratif. Lisa Moussaoui, Université de Genève

Ce séminaire porte sur les comportements collectifs pro-sociaux. Il s'agit de comportements tels que le don du sang ou la participation à la lutte contre le changement climatique, pour lesquels la contribution de nombreux individus est requise, alors même qu'ils ne bénéficieront pas directement des résultats de leur effort. Les caractéristiques de dilemme social de ces comportements font qu'ils sont particulièrement difficiles à promouvoir. Les résultats de recherches sur cette problématique comme présente dans les comportements pro-environnementaux suggèrent qu'il apparaît primordial de générer un sentiment d'efficacité vis-à-vis de l'atteinte du but chez les personnes. Ceci n'est généralement pas le cas avec les campagnes actuelles faisant appel à des buts de niveau planétaire tel que "sauvez la planète".
Lisa Moussaoui est docteur en psychologie affilié au Groupe de Recherche en Psychologie de la Santé de l'Université de Genève et chercheur invitée à l'UCL. Elle travaille sur les comportements de santé et leurs déterminants (contexte, croyances, motivation, planification), ainsi que sur la promotion des comportements pro-environnementaux.

Invitant: Stephan Van den Broucke


Mardi 12 décembre de 11h00  à 12h30
Local E241

Harcèlement scolaire et cyber-harcèlement chez les collégiens français : De quoi parle-t-on et comment y faire face ? Natacha Hoareau, Université de Lille 3

Il existe très peu d'études à ce jour en France comparativement aux autres pays, pour mieux comprendre les phénomènes de harcèlement scolaire et de cyber-harcèlement (Blaya, 2013 ; Debarbieux, 2011). De même, malgré la politique claire de lutte contre le harcèlement scolaire en France depuis 2011, aucun programme d'intervention validé scientifiquement n'est proposé aux établissements comme c'est le cas dans d'autres pays européens (Olweus, 1999). Au cours de cette présentation, j'exposerai des travaux de ma thèse qui ont poursuivi comme objectifs d'une part, d'étudier les facteurs (i.e., personnels, psychologiques, familiaux, scolaires et environnementaux) qui amènent les collégiens français à adopter ou non des conduites de harcèlement au sein de l'école, mais également derrière leurs écrans. Et d'autre part, de tester expérimentalement une intervention, sur la base du jeu de rôle, pour évaluer dans quelle mesure la promotion des capacités empathiques des élèves peut diminuer leurs comportements de harcèlement (Jolliffe & Farrington, 2011) et ainsi favoriser un climat scolaire harmonieux.

Invitants : Chloé Tolmatcheff, Benoît Galand


Mercredi 6 décembre de 10h45 à 12h15
Salle du conseil A224

An Anatomy of Compulsions. Christine Purdon, Waterloo University (Canada)

It is given that compulsions are enacted to reduce emotional distress and that the resolution of emotional distress constitutes negative reinforcement for their performance. In leading treatment models of obsessive-compulsive disorder amelioration of the distress evoked by the obsessional concern is emphasized, the thinking being that if the obsession produces no distress the compulsion will become obsolete. However, 20+ years of research on the factors evoking distress over obsessions and introduction of cognitive strategies for managing negative appraisal of obsessions has resulted in absolutely no change in treatment efficacy; our ability to successfully treat OCD is stuck at 50% (when treatment refusal and drop out rates are taken into account), as it was over 20 years ago. This begs the question as to whether there are lacunae in our understanding of the presentation of OCD. Recent research clearly suggests that once a compulsion is enacted a number of self-perpetuating mechanisms can be activated which lead to reduced confidence that the compulsion can be terminated. Meanwhile, there has been scant phenomenological analyses of compulsions. In particular, that compulsions are enacted to reduce distress has been assumed, but not, to my knowledge, actually examined. Recent research from in-lab and diary studies suggests that there is considerably more to compulsions than meets the eye. For example, the expressed goal of a compulsion is seldom to reduce anxiety. Compulsions are also associated with considerable conversational thought, the tone of which is well worth attending to. This talk will present recent data on the phenomenology of compulsions and attempt to make the case for introducing goal identification and modification as an important complement to treatment.

Invitants : Lab. of Experimental Psychopathology & CPS - Troubles des Emotions


Mardi 28 novembre 2017 à 10h00
Local : E241
Social Anxiety in Youth: An Integration of Current Findings and new Perspectives. Anne C. Miers, Developmental and Educational Psychology Unit, Leiden University, Netherlands

In this talk I will present an overview of findings primarily from the Social Anxiety and Normal Development (SAND) study about the cognitive, physiological, and behavioral characteristics of socially anxious adolescents. These findings will be placed within the context of the key cognitive-behavioral and developmental models of social anxiety disorder from Clark and Wells (1995; 2010), and Spence and Rapee (2016). The importance of peer relationships and peer feedback will be highlighted and used as a backdrop to introduce a new line of research in which the "power of peers" is harnessed in modifying negative cognitions of socially anxious adolescents. Moreover, new discoveries from the network analysis approach to the structure of social anxiety symptoms will be outlined and the merits of this bourgeoning perspective on psychopathology discussed. 

Invitant: Alexandre Heeren


Lundi 27 novembre de 14h00 à 15h30
Local : Socrate 27

Employing Multinomial Processing Tree Models in Experimental Research: An Illustration in the Domains of Attitude Acquisition and Moral Judgment. Prof Mandy Hütter, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

Multinomial Processing Tree (MPT) models constitute one of the most powerful experimental tools to dissociate psychological foundations of judgment and behavior. This talk will be devoted to explicating the preconditions and assumptions of MPT models and illustrate successful implementations of MPT models that advanced theory in various domains of psychology. In so doing I will focus on two social-cognitive domains. The first domain concerns automaticity in attitude acquisition. Specifically, I will present research that dissociates effects of uncontrollable learning from effects of controllable learning in an evaluative conditioning paradigm. The second domain concerns the separation of consequence-driven and norm-driven responses as well as general inaction tendencies in decisions in moral dilemma situations. By the use of these examples, I will illuminate how MPT models can be validated and used as measurement tools in social-cognitive research.

Invitants : Olivier Corneille, Adrien Mierop


Vendredi 17 novembre à 14h00
Local : socrate 26

How to navigate a tempting food environment. Prof. Dr. Emely de Vet, Wageningen University, the Netherlands

Obesity and overweight increased dramatically in the past decades in most countries. Our modern food environment, characterized by an easy accessibility and wide availability of tempting foods, is often held responsible for this epidemic. However, it is not exactly clear how the food environment gets under the skin. People are often considered victims of the food environment they are exposed to, but this view may be too myopic. Individuals make interpretations of the food environment, respond to food environments, navigate the food environment, but also learn from the environment. In this talk I will present our research on how individuals and environments interact in the context of food and eating. I will discuss results from experimental work on novel intervention strategies, such as nudging and temptation exposure.

Dans le cadre du projet "Psyfood" supervisé par Olivier Corneille, Olivier Luminet, Stephan van den Broucke (UCL), Olivier Klein et Axel Cleeremans (ULB)


Lundi 6 novembre à 12h45
Local : E241

Auto-affirmation et préjugés à l'égard des immigrés : le rôle de l'orientation individualiste et des valeurs politiques. Constantina Badea, Université Paris Nanterre

Les immigrés sont souvent perçus comme une menace pour l'identité nationale, ce qui conduit à des préjugés à leur égard. Les objectifs de cette recherche sont (1) de tester le potentiel de la procédure d'auto-affirmation (e.g. se rappeler un succès passé, hiérarchiser des valeurs importantes pour soi) dans la diminution de cette menace identitaire et de ses conséquences négatives et (2) d'examiner les conditions dans lesquelles cette procédure peut s'avérer efficace. Dans deux études expérimentales (Etude 1, Etude 2), les participants appartenant au groupe majoritaire réfléchissent à des valeurs importantes pour eux personnellement (affirmation du soi individuel), pour eux en tant que Français (affirmation du soi collectif) ou pour quelqu'un d'autre (condition contrôle). Ils répondent ensuite à des échelles de menace et de préjugés à l'égard des immigrés. Les résultats montrent que le niveau des préjugés est plus faible en condition d'affirmation du soi individuel par rapport aux deux autres conditions et que cet effet est médiatisé par une moindre perception de menace provenant de l'immigration. De plus, l'efficacité des procédures d'auto-affirmation dépend de caractéristiques individuelles telles que l'orientation individualiste /collectiviste des participants. Les résultats de l'Etude 3 montrent que l'effet de l'affirmation du soi individuel sur les préjugés est plus important chez les participants qui ont un score élevé à l'échelle d'individualisme, alors que l'affirmation du soi collectif s'avère inefficace indépendamment du profile individualiste /collectiviste des participants. Par ailleurs, la concordance entre les valeurs utilisées dans la technique d'auto-affirmation et l'orientation politique des participants (de gauche comme de droite) augmente l'affirmation du soi individuel (Etude 4, Etude 5).

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Mercredi 11 octobre de 14h00 à 15h30
Local : E139

Le modèle motivationnel du contexte, du soi et des actions s'applique-t-il de la même façon à tous les élèves : le cas de trois études en contexte québécois. Isabelle Archambault, Univeristé de Montréal

Le modèle motivationnel du Contexte, du soi et des actions de Connell et Wellborn suggère que le contexte de classe est au coeur du processus motivationnel menant à l'engagement actif des élèves dans les tâches scolaires. Un tel contexte comprend notamment de bonnes pratiques enseignantes, dont la structure, le soutien à l'autonomie et l'implication. Ces pratiques contribuent aux perceptions de soi positives chez les élèves, soit un bon sentiment de compétence, d'autonomie et d'appartenance à l'école. Bien que ce modèle ait reçu de nombreux appuis empiriques auprès de l'ensemble des élèves, on en sait très peu sur son application auprès des élèves qui présentent des caractéristiques particulières. À travers trois études, notre équipe cherche donc à identifier en quoi les pratiques enseignantes et les perceptions de soi entrent distinctement en jeux dans le développement de l'engagement scolaire de différents groupes d'élèves. À la lumière de ces trois études, il semble que les liens proposés dans le modèle du Contexte, du soi et des actions s'appliquent effectivement aux élèves qui présentent des caractéristiques individuelles divergeant de la norme, mais que ces liens sont plus ou moins importants pour certains groupes d'élèves. Les implications de ces résultats seront discutées.

Invitants : Virginie Hospel, Benoît Galand


Mardi 3 octobre de 11h00 à 12h00
Local E241

Single dose testosterone administration impairs cognitive reflection in men. Gidi Nave, Wharton College (University of Pennsylvenia)

Single dose testosterone administration impairs cognitive reflection in men The sex steroid testosterone regulates reproductive behaviors such as intra-male fighting and mating in non-humans. Correlational studies have linked testosterone with aggression and disorders associated with poor impulse control, but the neuropsychological processes at work are poorly understood. Building on a dual-process framework, we propose a mechanism underlying testosterone's behavioral effects in humans: reducing cognitive reflection. In the largest behavioral testosterone administration study to date, 243 men received either testosterone or placebo and took the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), that estimated their capacity to override incorrect intuitive judgments with deliberate correct responses. Testosterone administration reduced CRT scores. The effect was robust to controlling for age, mood, math skills, treatment expectancy and 14 other hormones, and held for each of the CRT questions in isolation. Our findings suggest a mechanism underlying testosterone's diverse effects on humans judgments and decision-making, and provide novel, clear and testable predictions.

Invitants : Illuminetti labgroup


Jeudi 21 septembre de 14h00 à 15h30
local E139

Empathy, Morality, and the Effects of Violent Video Games. André Melzer, Université du Luxembourg

The effects of violence in video games have been widely investigated (Happ & Melzer, 2014). However, research on whether or not playing violent video games causes adverse effects on aggression and antisocial behavior has led to fierce debates among scientists and in the general public. Findings from the Luxembourg lab on empathy and morality support the notion that the effects of video game violence (VGV) are best understood within a model of risk and resilience factors, including characteristics of medium, player and situation. A first series of studies confirmed the moderating role of empathy (Happ, Melzer, & Steffgen, 2013). When game characters were induced as warm and empathic, game violence was perceived as less justified, irrespective of the morality of the game character. However, empathy had differential effects on hostile perception, depending on character morality. Neutral faces were perceived as less aggressive after playing the Superman character, but more hostile after playing the evil Joker. Inducing empathy also had differential effects depending on the nature of the video game (Happ, Melzer, & Steffgen, 2015). Empathy decreased antisocial and increased prosocial behavior after a prosocial game (Study 1) or when participants played a positive character in an antisocial game (Study 2). However, empathy increased antisocial behavior and reduced prosocial behavior after playing a mean character in an antisocial game (Study 1 & 2). Regarding the moral implications of VGV, it was found that games that involve violence against humans might pose a threat to one?s moral self (Gollwitzer & Melzer, 2012). This was especially true for inexperienced players, who reported greater moral distress and selected more hygiene products as a symbolic act of moral cleansing than frequent video game players.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Mardi 12 septembre

Transfer of Training: Recent Theoretical and Methodological Advances. Andreas Gegenfurtner, Technische Hochschule Deggendorf, Germany
The concept of transfer of training describes the application of trained knowledge and skills in workplace situations. Transfer is a multifacted and dynamic phenomenon, which generates a number of challenges for its theoretical conceptualization and its empirical measurement. In addition, transfer of training is influenced by numerous individual, training-related, and situational factors. This talk will offer some of the recent theoretical and methodological advances of research on transfer of training, its antecedents, and consequences. A particular focus will highlight motivational dynamics and technology-enhanced boundary conditions of transfer. In compliment to the doctoral dissertation of Anne Jacot, this talk will contribute to a deepened dialogue of how we can support trainees in their efforts of applying trained knowledge and skills

Invitantes : Mariane Frenay et Isabel Raemdonck

2017

Jeudi 29 juin à 14h00
Local : Socr 42

Maybe not spending more, but spending better on healthcare: some perspectives from health economics. Borja Garcia, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Population Health Centre, EMOS Team and Spanish Network of Health Technology Assessment Agencies. HTA Unit of Canary Islands

Health economics deals with the allocation of scarce resources in order to improve health (health care, public health, etc.). This involves the allocation of resources both within the economy to the health system and within the health system towards health programs and individuals. One criteria to allocate resources lays on the economic evaluation of health technologies (e.g., devices for monitoring glucose) and health public programs (e.g., lifestyle, holidays or educational programs). Both categories are based on quantitative methods and provide information for decision makers who, in a scarce resource context, ought to make justified investment decisions based on the health improvements that are obtained. In this presentation, we will focus on economic evaluation of health technologies. We will also examine challenges related to the economic evaluation of health public programs. We will finally examine how psychologists may contribute to economic evaluations.

Invitants : Illuminetti labgroup


Postponed!

"It all looks different to me " Social cognition and alcohol dependence: An overlooked treatment priority. Sharon Cox, London South Bank University

Previous research has shown that alcoholism is associated with deficits in the conscious, deliberate processing of social information, e.g., how someone is feeling or thinking. However, until recently, there was paucity of evidence on how alcohol dependence effected the ability to spontaneously process social information in real time; that is, computations that are relevant to successful "online" social interaction. We investigated the extent to which alcoholism affects the ability to spontaneously adopt the viewpoint of another in a visuo-spatial perspective taking (VSPT) task. The results of this study and a number of others will be discussed, along with an overview of how these may impact social actions. To date, there is no routine screening for social cognitive deficits in the UK, and yet social interaction and relationships are crucial elements in relapse and abstinence. While alcohol dependence is not unique to the UK, the UK does present with unique alcohol related problems. How emotional processing paradigms can be translated in to UK alcohol treatment models remains overlooked.

Invitants :  Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Lundi 8 mai à 15h00
Local : E241

Le rôle du thalamus dans la mémoire: étude de l'amnésie thalamique. Anne-Lise Pitel université de Caen Normandie

Le modèle classique du circuit cérébral sous-tendant la mémoire épisodique inclus le thalamus et plus particulièrement le noyau antérieur. Toutefois, des travaux menés chez des patients amnésiques des suites d'un infarctus thalamique ou d'un syndrome de Korsakoff indiquent que le noyau médiodorsal pourrait également être impliqué. Les résultats obtenus grâce aux études menées chez l'animal enrichissent notre vision de l'anatomie et de la connectivité du thalamus et permettent d'expliquer les résultats des travaux obtenus chez les patients présentant une amnésie thalamique.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Mercredi 24 mai à 11h00
Salle du conseil A224

On dit les apprécier - alors pourquoi les personnes en situation de handicap sont-elles discriminées? Odile Rohmer Université de Strasbourg

Alors que le principe de non-discrimination constitue une base des législations relatives au handicap, force est de constater que ce principe est loin d?être une réalité sur le terrain. L'objectif de cette conférence est de comprendre la persistance de cette discrimination, grâce à des travaux relevant de la cognition sociale, essentiellement basés sur le modèle théorique du « Big Two » (Fiske, 2015 ; Yzerbyt, 2016). En m'appuyant sur des recherches récentes utilisant différentes méthodologies de mesures indirectes des attitudes, je propose de mettre en lumière comment les attitudes positives à l'égard des personnes handicapées semblent essentiellement relever de pressions normatives à la non-discrimination et n'ouvrent pas à une réelle reconnaissance de la différence.

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Jeudi 4 mai à 11h00
local E139

Normes culturelles et attributions d'humanité à autrui. Nicolas Frébert & Benoît Testé, Université de Rennes 2

La recherche en psychologie culturelle et interculturelle a connu un développement considérable dans les 30 dernières années, démontrant l'existence d'une variabilité importante des fonctionnements psychologiques individuels et des comportements sociaux entre cultures. Les orientations culturelles de loin les plus étudiées ont été celles de l'individualisme et du collectivisme, les sociétés occidentales étant régulièrement décrites comme imprégnées d'une culture individualiste. Un enjeu scientifique majeur concerne la clarification des mécanismes impliqués dans l'influence des orientations culturelles sur les fonctionnements psychologiques et, corolairement, dans la transmission et la perpétuation des orientations culturelles au sein des sociétés concernées. Les approches normatives sont actuellement vues comme particulièrement prometteuses (Zou & Leung, 2015). Deux approches ont principalement été développées. Alors qu'une première approche est focalisée sur le rôle des normes culturelles subjectives (principalement des normes descriptives, Fischer et al., 2009 ; Zou et al., 2010), une seconde approche est centrée sur l'étude de l'influence prescriptive des orientations culturelles (individualiste vs. collectiviste) sur la présentation de soi et les jugements portés sur autrui au sein du groupe culturel d'appartenance (Dubois & Beauvois, 2005 ; Testé et al., 2012). Une articulation de cette approche a récemment été proposée (Testé, 2017) avec les travaux sur les attributions différenciées d'humanité et les formes subtiles de déshumanisation d'autrui (Demoulin et al., 2004 ; Haslam, 2006 ; Leyens, 2015). L'objectif de la présentation est d'exposer et de mettre en discussion un ensemble de recherches expérimentales prolongeant cette articulation en examinant l'hypothèse générale d?attributions différenciées d'humanité à autrui selon son degré de conformité aux orientations culturelles individualiste et/ou collectiviste.

Invitante : Rafaele Dumas


Mercredi 3 mai à 16h00
Local : Socr 40

Cognition and learning and under which conditions can we reshape them. Roy Cohen-Kadosh, Oxford University

Learning processes are of primary interest in the fields of biology, neuroscience, psychology, and education, due to their wide-rangingimpact, from survival to socioeconomic status.
Current attempts have focused on improving learning and cognition in children and adults using behavioural approaches, such as cognitive training. I will present a series of studies, in the domains of mathematical cognition, sustained attention, and executive functions, which aimed to improve learning and cognition using brain stimulation. I will discuss the observed behavioural effects and how different neural indices coming from EEG, fMRI, and MR spectroscopy moderate the degree of observed effects. These experiments provide a better understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in cognitive functions and learning and the principles that allow brain stimulation to improve human behaviour.
 

Invitant : NEUROCS


Vendredi 28 avril de 11h00 à 12h30
Local Socr24

Developmental and social aspects of autobiographical narratives. Christin Köber, New York University at Abu Dhabi

The life story is a key aspect of identity as it integrates autobiographical memories with a biographical view of the self. By crafting one's life story, individuals are challenged to integrate various life events into a coherent story that on the hand explains plausibly one's current identity and on the other hand is true to past and current life events. That's why life stories are subject to constant change due to individuals development and their relationships which too develop throughout the lifespan. Thus, this talk explores two questions: first, how stable are autobiographical narratives and second, to what extent do significant others shape one's personal stories or how do autobiographical narratives mirror one's social reality.

Invitants : Illuminetti labgroup


Lundi 24 avril à 12h30
Salle de conseil A224

Le phénomène d'exposition sélective à l'information : vers un renouveau du paradigme. Brigitte Bardin & Stéphane Perissol, Université de Toulouse le Mirail

Cette présentation propose, à travers une revue de la littérature et différentes études dans le domaine de la santé, d'expliciter le phénomène d'exposition sélective à l'information. Originellement étroitement lié à la théorie de la dissonance cognitive (Festinger, 1957 ; 1964), il supposait une tendance des individus à s'exposer aux informations consistantes avec leurs attitudes et/ou comportements et à éviter celles susceptibles de les remettre en cause. L'inconsistance des résultats de ce champ de recherche a conduit à l'abandon progressif de l'étude de ce phénomène. Depuis le début des années 2000, un renouveau du cadre théorique (e.g., Jonas, Schulz-Hardt, Frey & Thelen, 2001) démontre un tournant épistémologique menant à considérer l'exposition sélective comme un biais de confirmation suite à une prise de décision, abandonnant les questions d'évitement de l'information. Pourtant, en respectant un certain nombre de précautions méthodologiques mais également en ayant recours à des mesures d'attitude adaptées (attitude implicite, optimisme comparatif), il est possible de mettre en évidence un effet d'exposition sélective tel que l'avait envisagé Festinger. Au regard de ces considérations, différentes études permettront d'illustrer le phénomène d'évitement de l'information dans des champs liés à la prévention et à la santé tel que le tabagisme, les ondes électromagnétiques ou encore la présence d?OGM dans l?alimentation. Des perspectives seront discutées en vue d'augmenter l'impact des campagnes de prévention et souligneront l'intérêt de poursuivre, malgré les récentes orientations théoriques, les études sur l'évitement de l'information inconsistante.

Invitante : Rafaele Dumas


Lundi 24 avril à 11h00
Local E241

Competitive neurocognitive processes underlying learning and memory. Prof. Dezso Nemeth, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest

Human learning depends on multiple cognitive systems related to dissociable brain structures. These systems interact not only in cooperative but sometimes competitive ways in optimizing performance. Previous studies showed that manipulations reducing the engagement of frontal lobe-mediated explicit, attentional processes can lead to improved performance in striatum-related procedural learning. Here we present four studies in which we investigated the competitive relationship between statistical learning and frontal lobe-mediated executive functions. Our result shed light not only on the competitive nature of brain systems in cognitive processes but also could have important implications for developing new methods to improve human learning.

Invitant : Arnaud Szmalec


Mercredi 22 mars de 10h00 à 12h00
Local E139 

Cerveau et comportement sexuel : une fenêtre dans l'exploration du cerveau social. Prof. Harold Mouras, Université de Picardie (France)

Ce séminaire abordera quelques uns des principaux résultats de recherche portant sur le rôle du cerveau dans le traitement de l'information motivationnelle et sexuelle, et montrera comment cette question a été abordée au travers de différentes sphères. Nous nous focaliserons dans un premier temps sur la sphère centrale grâce à des études ayant utilisé la neuroimagerie fonctionnelle pour explorer le rôle du cerveau dans la motivation. Dans un second temps, la sphère périphérique sera abordée pour montrer comment nous avons pu récemment utiliser des méthodes comme la post urographie pour approfondir notre connaissance sur le rôle des corrélats moteurs dans le traitement de l'information motivationnelle.

Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le LEP


Lundi 20 mars 2017 à 12h00
Local : salle du Conseil PSP A224

The computational architecture of the human auditory cortex. Elisa Formisano, Maastricht Brain Imaging Center, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Maastricht University

This lecture illustrates current research on the functional and computational architecture of the human auditory cortex and pathway. In a first part, I will show how the high spatial resolution (< 1 mm) and specificity achievable with (f)MRI at ultra-high fields (7 Tesla and higher) opens up the possibility to examine “unknown” territories, such as the fine-grained functional organization of relevant subcortical nuclei along the auditory pathway (e.g. MGB, IC) and the columnar and laminar architecture in primary auditory cortical areas. In a second part, I will present research combining high resolution fMRI with computational modelling aiming at revealing how natural sounds are represented in auditory cortex in humans as well as in macaque monkeys.  Results show that – in both species - the cortical encoding of natural sounds entails the formation of multiple spectrogram representations with different degree of spectral and temporal resolution. This multi-resolution analysis may be crucially relevant for flexible and behaviorally-relevant sound processing. Analyses of cross-species differences suggest that – in the human cortex - even “general purpose” mechanisms of sound analysis are shaped by the characteristic acoustic properties of speech.

Invitante : Valérie Goffaux


Lundi 27 février à 12h30
Local : salle du conseil A224

A Cognitive-Ecological Model of Social Comparison. Hans Alves, University of Cologne

I present a framework according to which evaluative asymmetries (e.g. intergroup biases, self-serving biases) arise from the interaction between the information environment and basic congitive comparison processes. Specifically, I assume two fundamental characteristics of the information environment: Positive attributes occur more frequently than negative attributes and positive attributes are less diverse than negative attributes. It follows mathematically that shared attributes (similarities) are more positive than unshared attributes (differences). Hence, evalautions that rely on simialrities will be positively biased, while evalautions that rely on differences will be negatively biased. This gives rise to a number of evalautive asymmetries in the social domain that are "innocent" in that they do not result from biased or motivated processing but from the statistical properties of the environment.

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Jeudi 16 février à 14h00
Local : Socrate 28

The non-separation of premature infants and their parents: current evidence in health care. Anne-Marie Bergh, University of Pretoria

There is a lot of evidence on the importance of minimising the separation between infant and mother/parent when an infant is born prematurely. Apart from continuous advances in the medical and technological care of premature infants in neonatal intensive care units, new evidence has also come to the fore with regard to methods of minimising separation between infant and parent/caregiver. One of the care methods for premature infants is kangaroo mother care, a method whereby the infant is cared for skin-so-skin by the mother, father or other caregiver up to 24 hours per day instead of being in an incubator. The latest evidence of using this method focuses on the safety of the method, the increased survival of these small infants, and other improved results on indicators related to infection, maternal-infant attachment, breastfeeding, growth and neurodevelopment. This presentation will discuss some of these new developments and will also demonstrate how this method is practised in high- and low-income countries.

Invitant : Stephan Van den Broucke


Jeudi 16 février à 14h00
Salle du conseil A224

Using virtual reality to study brain mechanisms underlying multisensory integration during skilled grasp. Marco Davare, KULeuven

Grasping and manipulating objects with high dexterity requires the brain to extract useful information from several sensory channels, in particular vision and touch. The integration of multiple sensory sources that convey signals to the brain at different times during movement is a major challenge for the motor system. In a series of behavioural and TMS experiments, I?ll show how the brain integrates multisensory information into short term sensorimotor memories and how these memories can be rapidly updated online based on available sensory information.

Invitant : Michael Andres


Mardi 14 février 13h00 à 14h00
Local : E241

Burnout among parents of children with special needs; illness, work, and everyday life. Annika Lindahl Norberg, Stockholm University

Being the parent of a child with special needs includes a number of different challenges (e.g., assisting with homework, arranging school and rehabilitation, monitoring medication, and being observant of any further symptoms), while at the same time coping with their own fears and unmet needs for control. In addition, parents have to balance the caring commitments and their occupational demands. In light of this, clinicians and researchers have observed that parents of children with special needs may be exposed to long-term stress, and consequently their psychological reactions may include symptoms of exhaustion, generally referred to as burnout. Our study confirms that there seems to be an increased prevalence of burnout symptoms in parents of children with serious or chronic medical conditions (in our studies cancer, stem cell transplant, irritable bowel disease, and diabetes). Certain medical aspects of the child's condition, such as severity of health impairments, were found to be associated with parental burnout. In addition, subjective aspects of the situation were related to burnout, e.g. self-reported influence of the illness on everyday life, and (particularly for mothers) a high need for control. A qualitative study revealed that some parents choose to reduce working hours or change employment, because of the difficulties of combining a demanding job and the practical and emotional aspects of the care for a child with special needs. On the basis of these results and other studies conducted in our lab, we will discuss further clinical implications and directions for research regarding parental long-term stress and burnout, including suggestions for preventative and treating interventions.

Invitant : Isabelle roskam


Vendredi 3 février de 10h00 à 11h30
Local : Salle du conseil A224

Meta-analysis for Dummies : Pratiques consensuelles et conduire une méta-analyse sous R et Excel. Oulmann Zerhouni, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense

La recherche quantitative en psychologie est étroitement liée à l'approche fréquentiste dans l'analyse des données. Afin (I) d'établir l'existence et (II) estimer au mieux l'importance d'un phénomène, il est nécessaire de collecter une grande quantité de données ou d'agréger des données issues de plus échantillons d'observations, collectés séparément mais investiguant le même phénomène. Développée dans cette optique, la méta-analyse est un outil statistique qui vise à résumer la taille des effets individuels et les estimations de la variance à partir d'une collection d'études portant sur la même question de recherche. Dans le contexte d'une science cumulative, la réalisation d'une méta-analyse est essentielle pour parvenir à un consensus scientifique. Ce séminaire propose une brève revue des pratiques consensuelles concernant la conduite d'une méta-analyse ainsi qu?une mise en pratique (sous R et Excel) de trois points centraux de la réalisation d'une méta-analyse, c'est à dire (I) agréger et homogénéiser les données issues d'études différentes (II) calculer un effet principal, (III) évaluer l'hétérogénéité entre études et introduire des modérateurs.

Invitante : Florence Stinglhamber


Jeudi 2 février à 14h00
Local : Salle du conseil A224

Unconscious cognitive control: The role of metacognition. Filip Van Opstal, University of Amsterdam

In the past two decades, strong evidence has accrued in favour of deep processing of visual information that is presented below the threshold of subjective visibility. This culminated in the observation that even trial-by-trial top-down control, long considered being a hallmark for conscious processing, can be partially deployed unconsciously. While these findings suggest that any cognitive process can be affected by an unconscious stimulus, we recently explored the possibility that an unconscious stimulus only affects behaviour through a conscious, indirect path. In this talk, I will present a series of studies in which we demonstrated that an unconscious stimulus can reliably evoke metacognitive awareness of errors and response conflict, and that this conscious metacognitive representation is essential to regulate behavioural performance through top-down control.

Invitant : Michael Andres


Vendredi 27 janvier de 11h00 à 12h00
Local D312

Explaining individual differences in mathematics: Number sense, working memory, and creativity. Evelyn H.Kroesbergen, Utrecht University

Number sense, or the ability to understand and process numerical information, is thought to be a basic ability for later mathematical development. Recently, number sense has received growing attention in scientific literature. These recent findings have also raised important questions about what number sense actually is, how it can be measured, how it develops, and how it is related to mathematics. The focus of this presentation will lie on these questions, and recent empirical studies will be discussed. Furthermore, many studies have shown the important influence of domain-general cognitive abilities (intelligence, language, working memory, executive functions) on mathematical development. We will discuss the role of working memory in mathematical development, by looking at several longitudinal, cross-sectional, and intervention studies. Special attention will be given to a recent study that showed that working memory not only plays a significant role in mathematics itself, but also in number sense. These results were confirmed in a recent meta-analysis on working memory and mathematics in elementary school children

Invitant : Marie-Pascale Noël


Vendredi 27 janvier de 10h00 à 11h00
Local D312

What predicts arithmetic fluency? The role of symbolic numerical processing (and domain, general factors). Bert de Smedt, KULeuven

Being fluent and efficient in performing basic calculations has been regarded as an important building block for the development of mathematical skills. On the other hand, deficits in retrieving arithmetic facts from memory are the hallmark of children with dyscalculia. The ability to represent symbolic numerical magnitudes has been put forward as a major determinant of children's general mathematics achievement. Does this factor then also contribute to the specific mathematical skills of arithmetic fluency, its development and its impairments? In this talk, I will present a series of recent cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in typically developing children, studies in children with dyscalculia and studies in children with genetic disorders all of which have investigated the role of numerical magnitude processing in the development of arithmetic fluency or the transition towards arithmetic fact retrieval. These studies also investigated the potential contributions of domain, general factors, such as working memory or inhibitory control. The key message from these studies is that particularly children's symbolic magnitude processing skills are a unique and very stable predictor of children's arithmetic (fact retrieval) development. These data all suggest that screening children's symbolic processing skills is useful for detecting children at risk children and I will present data from a recent large-scale validation of such a screening measure.

Invitant : Marie-Pascale Noël


Vendredi 13 janvier de 14h00 à 15h00
Local : BARB 94 Place Sainte Barbe, 1 - Louvain-la-Neuve,

Marketing Social et Alimentation Equilibrée : facteurs externes influençant la consommation alimentaire. Caroline Werle, Grenoble Ecole de Management

Les recherches qui seront présentées portent sur deux types de facteurs externes influençant la consommation alimentaire : ceux manipulés par les pouvoirs publics tels que les campagnes de prévention de l'obésité, et d'autres éléments externes pouvant influencer la prise alimentaire comme l'emballage des produits alimentaires ou le label utilisé pour décrire un produit. Les premières recherches citées s'inscrivent dans le domaine du marketing social. Dans cette littérature, l'intérêt est porté à l'amélioration des politiques de prévention mises en place en adoptant des techniques largement utilisées en marketing comme la réalisation d'expériences contrôlées pour évaluer les politiques adoptées. Nos recherches ont pour objectif d'identifier les types d'argument les plus efficaces pour prévenir l'obésité auprès d'une cible précise comme les adolescents ou identifier les effets comportementaux et implicites des messages sanitaires de prévention de l'obésité. Le deuxième groupe de recherches que nous présenterons porte sur la façon dont certaines actions de marketing influencent la consommation alimentaire. Nous nous intéresserons ainsi au rôle de différents types de labels décrivant l'aliment ou ses caractéristiques nutritionnelles

Invitants : Stephan Van den broucke, Olivier Luminet

2016


Lundi 12 décembre à 11h00
Local : Salle du conseil A224

The multitude of neural representations behind visual and social cognition. Hans Op de Beeck  KU Leuven

Theories in cognitive neuroscience make predictions about the content of cognitive representations in particular brain regions. With brain imaging, we can test these hypotheses through multi-voxel pattern analysis. Using this approach, more and more neural representations have been discovered in more and more neural regions. To make sense of such data, we need to consider functional hypotheses that explain the co-occurrence of multiple cognitive representations and the transitions among them. Testing these hypotheses requires the use of multifactorial experimental designs. In the domain of object recognition, findings with such designs back up the statement that ventral visual cortex contains feature-based categorical representations with sensitivity to multiple category-relevant object features. In the domain of social cognition, these designs help to visualize the hierarchical way in which abstract features such as social congruence are gradually computed from visual information. As a whole, this approach helps us to systematize the multitude of neural representations behind visual and social cognition. In a next step, it will also allow a more broad-spectrum approach to the study of divergent representations in brain disorders.

Invitants : NEUROCS


Mercredi 7 décembre de 12h30 à 14h00
Local Salle du Conseil

La clairvoyance de la désirabilité sociale : Une nouvelle approche de la falsification des mesures autorapportées. Benoît Dompnier, Université de lausanne

Depuis plus de cinquante ans, de nombreux recherches ont été conduites pour quantifier l'impact de la désirabilité sociale et des stratégies de présentation de soi sur la validité des mesures autorapportées (e.g., questionnaires, inventaires de personnalité). Principalement menés dans le domaine de la psychologie de la personnalité, ces travaux sont arrivés à la conclusion que le biais de désirabilité sociale (généralement mesuré à partir d'échelles de désirabilité sociale (e.g. Crowne & Marlowe, 1964)) n'avait qu'une influence très limitée sur la validité de ce type de mesures (e.g. Ones, Viswesvaran, & Reiss, 1996). Dans le cadre de ce séminaire, nous interrogerons cette conclusion à la lumière de recherches récentes conduites à partir d'une méthode alternative de mesure de la désirabilité sociale : le paradigme de l'autoprésentation (Gilibert & Cambon, 2003; Py & Somat, 1991). En effet, ces recherches ont mis en évidence, d'une part, que la connaissance des individus de la désirabilité sociale d'un construit donné en réduisait la validité prédictive (Dompnier, Darnon, & Butera, 2009, 2013 ; Smeding, Dompnier, Meier, Darnon, Baumberger, & Butera, 2015). D'autre part, cette connaissance renverrait à une variable différentielle supra-ordonnée " la clairvoyance de la désirabilité sociale" qui serait manifesterait dans les réponses autorapportées des individus et qu'ils pourraient mobiliser dans certaines situations sociales afin de donner une bonne image d'eux-mêmes (e.g. contextes évaluatifs).

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Vendredi 2 décembre à 11h00
Salle du conseil

Refining the ABC model of spontaneous stereotypes about groups. Alex Koch, Université de Cologne

Previous research argued that group stereotypes differ primarily on warmth and competence (Fiske et al., 2002). Participants in this research rated groups on warmth and competence only; without this theoretical constraint, participants might use other stereotype dimensions. We present data driven, unconstrained research in which ~5,000 participants stereotyped groups on spontaneously chosen dimensions. Results showed that people spontaneously and consensually stereotype groups based on their agency / socioeconomic success (A) and conservative-progressive beliefs (B). In contrast, communion/warmth (C) was found as a spontaneous individual stereotype dimension. Specifically, groups seen as similar to the self on agency and beliefs were seen as high on communion, whereas groups seen as dissimilar to the self on agency and beliefs were seen as low on communion, resulting in an ABC model of spontaneous group stereotypes (Koch et al., 2016). Additional studies highlight the importance of modeling communion as an individual rather than consensual dimension: Individual communion ratings predict intergroup emotions better than consensual communion ratings. This is not the case for agency and beliefs ratings.
Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Jeudi 24 novembre de 15h00 à 16h00
Local E139

Distorted Body Representations in Healthy Adults. Matthew Longo, Birkbeck University of London

Misperceptions and delusions about one's own body are characteristic of numerous psychiatric and neurological conditions. Such phenomena have long fascinated researchers, in large part because of their sheer strangeness. Our body is so ubiquitous in our perceptual experience and so intimately known to us, it is difficult to imagine not having accurate knowledge of it. In this talk, I will discuss several recent experiments that have shown, in striking contrast to this intuition, that our brain maintains highly distorted representations of the body, used for perceptual tasks including position sense and tactile size perception.

Invitant : Martin Edwards


Jeudi 17 novembre de 16h00 à 17h30
Local E241

The cultural shaping of prejudiced attitudes: The role of ideal affect. Magali Clobert, Stanford University, Culture and Emotion Lab

Due to globalization, individuals are coming into increased contact with people whose values and traditions differ from their own. One consequence of this increased contact is prejudice against outgroups. Although many factors predict prejudice, increasing research suggests that people's actual experience of and tendencies to experience specific negative emotions play an important role. Guided by the Affect Valuation Theory (Tsai, 2007), we propose that valuing negative emotions, particularly high arousal negative (HAN) states such as anger and fear, increases prejudice against outgroups even more than the actual experience of these emotions. We find support for this prediction in individuals responses to hypothetical scenarios, in the content of U.S. news articles about minorities, and in experimental manipulations. Furthermore, cultures differ in the extent to which they value specific negative states over others. Evidence suggests that while anger is more valued than fear in Western cultures, fear is preferred over anger in East Asian contexts. These differences in ideal negative affect can in turn predict the cultural preference for active (i.e. confronting) over passive (i.e. avoiding) prejudiced attitudes against outgroups. This insight is important because emotional values are culturally shaped and influence emotional experience. Therefore, investigating the role of ideal affect on prejudice is critical to understanding how prejudiced attitudes vary across cultures as well as to changing how people respond to outgroups.

Invitant : Centre de psychologie de la religion


Mardi 8 novembre de 13h00 à 14h00
Local Socrate 42

Excessive internet use in European adolescents (summary from 25 countries in EU Kids Online project). Lukas Blinka (Mazaryk University, Czech Republic)

The term excessive Internet use (EIU) is often associated with pathological extensive Internet usage, which could also be called “online addiction” and is usually defined by the following components used for determining other types of addictive behaviour: salience, mood modification, withdrawal symptoms, tolerance, conflicts and relapse and reinstatement. Behaviours fulfilling these criteria may lead to the social, mental, and/or physical impairment in children and youth. A number of recent studies provided insights into the prevalence and correlates of this phenomenon. Nevertheless, only a limited amount of research has focused on comparison of excessive Internet use in adolescents from different cultural and national contexts.
In this presentation I will reflect upon findings from the EU Kids Online II project, which includes representative samples of adolescents aged 11 to 16 from 25 European countries (N = 18,709), the biggest pan-European project on social and psychological factors of children’s use of digital media so far. A short five-item Excessive Internet Use Scale was used to measure the phenomenon. In the presentation, I will provide methodological details of the project and psychometric properties of the scale. I will discuss issues of identifying at-risk population, psychological, behavioural, and social factors associated with EIU as well as cross-country and cultural differences.

Invitant : Joël Billieux et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale


Mercredi 2 novembre de 14h00 à 17h00
Local Salle du conseil A224

Variabilité cardiaque de haute fréquence et comportements prosociaux. Approche causale de la théorie polyvagale. Brice Beffara, Université de Grenoble/UCL

La théorie polyvagale (Porges, 2007) propose la flexibilité physiologique comme corrélat des compétences socio-émotionnelles. Cette flexibilité physiologique est en partie déterminée par les interactions coeur-cerveau mesurables par la variabilité cardiaque de haute fréquence (HF-HRV). Selon cette théorie, une plus haute HF-HRV devrait être associée à une meilleure perception des émotions et à des comportements davantage prosociaux. Si plusieurs données tendent à corroborer cette proposition, aucune étude ne permet de tester précisément ces hypothèses. Nous avons donc mené une série d’études ayant pour but de les tester. Dans une première étude, nous avons testé le lien entre HF-HRV et comportement prosocial mesuré par le niveau de coopération. Le niveau de HF-HRV prédisait le niveau de coopération mais dans un contexte spécifique. Notre deuxième étude avait pour but de tester le lien entre HF-HRV et perception des émotions. Ici, le niveau de HF-HRV ne prédisait pas de meilleures performances en reconnaissance d’émotions. Nous avons ensuite voulu tester un éventuel lien causal existant entre HF-HRV et prosocialité. Pour cela nous avons réalisé une expérience (étude 3) visant à manipuler la HF-HRV par biofeedback. Le biofeedback augmentait la HF-HRV mais uniquement chez les individus avec une faible ligne de base. L’étude 4 testait si manipuler la HF-HRV par biofeedback modulait le comportement de coopération. Nous n’avons pas répliqué nos résultats quant à l’efficacité du biofeedback et n’avons donc pas observé d’effet sur la coopération. La cinquième et dernière étude permettait de tester si manipuler la prosocialité modulait le niveau de HF-HRV. Nous n’avons pas observé d’effet de notre manipulation expérimentale sur la HF-HRV. En conclusion, la prédiction de la théorie polyvagale est corroborée par les données empiriques quant au lien entre HF-HRV et comportements prosociaux mais aucune confirmation n’a pu étayer le rapport entre perception des émotions et HF-HRV. Dans le cas des manipulations expérimentales à court terme, aucune relation causale entre HF-HRV et comportements prosociaux n’a été observée.

Invitant : Stefan Agrigoroaei


Vendredi 28 octobre de 15h00 à 18h00
Local Socr 41

Is this music, the extraordinary nature of a single drumming bout compared to ordinary noise making in chimpanzees. Valérie Dufour, Université de Strasbourg

Here I will present the unusual characteristics of the drumming performance of a chimpanzee named Barney. His sound production, several sequences of repeated drumming on an up-turned plastic barrel, shared several features of typical human musical drumming: it was rhythmical, decontextualized, and well controlled by the chimpanzee. This type of performance raises questions about the origins of our musicality. Following this work we also recorded all events of sound production with objects that spontaneously occurred in Barney’s colony. First we looked at the frequency and duration of sound making. We examined effects of context of sound making, the sex of the producer, as well as the medium and the degree of elaboration of the technique used. Then we filmed as many events as possible to increase our chances of recording sequences that would be musically similar to Barney’s performance in the original study. Interestingly, properties of sound productions differed across contexts, sex, and techniques. We also filmed several long productions that were rhythmically interesting. However, none fully met the criteria of Barney’s production in terms of musicality. Nevertheless, the high frequency of occurrence of sound making with objects in the observed colony may have concurred to create favorable conditions leading to this “once in a lifetime” music making by Barney.

Invitants : Brice Beffara et Nicolas Vermeulen


Jeudi 27 octobre de 15h00 à 18h00
Local Socr 41

Supériorité et Limites des Réseaux de Neurones Artificiels dans la Reconnaissance et la Catégorisation Visuelle. Martial Mermillod, Université de Grenoble-Alpes

Depuis la seconde moitié du 20 siècle et les travaux pionniers de psychologues tels que McCulloch & Pitts (premier neurone formel), Donald Hebb (base de la règle d'apprentissage synaptique), ou Frank Rosenblatt (premier réseau de neurones parallèle distribué) jusqu'aux travaux plus récents sur le Perceptron MultiCouches, les Deep Belief Networks ou les Convolutional Neural Network, les recherches sur les réseaux de neurones artificiels ont permis des progrès remarquables dans la compréhension et l?imitation de processus cognitifs humains. Dans ce séminaire, je présenterai les travaux récents dans le domaine de la reconnaissance et de la catégorisation visuelle mais aussi les limites et perspectives actuelles. En particulier, nous explorerons quelques pistes de recherche sur le predictive coding en neurosciences cognitives et en psychologie ainsi que sur les bases computationnelles de ces fonctions cognitives qui, au-delà de l'efficacité des réseaux des neurones artificiels dans la catégorisation et l'identification de scènes ou d?expressions émotionnelles, permettraient de doter ces systèmes artificiels de capacités anticipatoires et conceptuelles.

Invitants : Brice Beffara et Nicolas Vermeulen


Jeudi 20 octobre à 11h30
Local Socr 23

Deliciously healthy: Healthy food cues elicit approach motivation and reduce breadth of attention. Irena Domachowska (TU Dresden)

I will present results of my research on the influence of appetitive food cues on attentional breadth. In Experiment 1, we replicated findings of an influential study conducted by Gable and Harmon-Jones (2008), in which the authors demonstrated that appetitive stimuli elicit positive affect high in approach motivation, which reduces the breadth of attention. In Experiment 2, instead of using pictures of unhealthy snacks, we used pictures depicting delicious and healthy foods, mainly fruits (Domachowska et al., 2016). We replicated the original finding, i.e. the pictures of healthy food stimuli narrowed the attentional breadth and we evaluated as equally positive as the original, unhealthy stimuli. These results show that both healthy and unhealthy types of food can be seen as highly positive and elicit approach motivation. I will discuss possible factors influencing this effect.

Invitant : Olivier Luminet
Dans le cadre du projet "Psyfood" supervisé par Olivier Corneille, Olivier Luminet, Stephan van den Broucke (UCL), Olivier Klein et Axel Cleeremans (ULB)


Mercredi 12 octobre de 9h30 à 11h00
Local : E139

The Role of Dysfunctional Thinking Styles in the Development and Maintenance of Substance Abuse in the Homeless population. Madders Michelle University of Southampton

Homelessness in the Western world has increased exponentially within the last few decades. This is in parallel to the increased rates of depression, rising with each successive generation. Authors have referred to depression as the "disease of modernity". Further, research on depression and substance use has revealed that these disorders co-occur. This comorbidity is worrisome, as it has been linked to increased risk for relapse for depression and substance abuse, more severe chronic illness presentations, greater social impairment and increased risk for suicide. These impairments have been demonstrated within the homeless population. Substance use disorder history has been reported to be a key risk factor in repeated homelessness. Furthermore, substance use has been linked to violent and maladaptive behaviours, leading to social exclusion and isolation. The prevalence of Axis I disorders within this marginalised group of society are estimated as high at 50% to 70%. Yet little research is being conducted in identifying adequate psychological treatment interventions for the homeless. A mediation analysis examined how prior childhood trauma acts upon dysfunctional behaviour through the indirect mediator of dysfunctional cognitions.

Invitants : Pierre Philippot & LEP


Mercredi 28 septembre de 14h00 à 16h00
Local E139

Les défis de l'évaluation du langage chez le très jeune enfant sourd. Louise Duchesne Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR)

L'avènement du dépistage néonatal universel de la surdité, de plus en plus répandu en Occident, fait en sorte que les familles d'enfants ayant une surdité sévère à profonde font appel de plus en plus tôt aux services de réadaptation. Le fait de prendre en charge des enfants très jeunes comporte plusieurs défis pour les cliniciens : d'abord, ceux-ci doivent ajuster leurs interventions aux très jeunes enfants et à leurs familles. Un autre de ces défis, tant pour les cliniciens que pour les chercheurs, est la manière de recueillir des données d'évaluation du langage fiables et valides. Les parents peuvent donc devenir une source appréciable d'information au sujet des habiletés linguistiques émergentes de leur enfant. Ce séminaire portera sur diverses méthodes d'évaluation du langage en fonction du degré d'implication du parent. Les résultats d'une étude comparant trois méthodes (journal de bord, inventaire lexical et échantillon de langage) sur une période de 12 mois seront d'abord présentés. Une discussion suivra sur la représentativité et la validité de chaque méthode et sur l'implication et le sentiment d'efficacité personnelle des parents de jeunes enfants sourds.

Invitantes : Mariane Frenay, Marie-Anne Schelstraete et Anne Bragard (Chaire UCL-IRSA)


Mercredi 7 septembre à 10h00

Prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases through Community Health Development: Experiences in a middle income country. Tin Tin Su, University of Malaya, Malaysia

Public health is concerned with protecting and promoting the health of entire populations, from local neighborhoods to entire countries or regions of the world. Public health professionals try to prevent problems from happening or recurring through implementing health education programs, recommending policies, administering services, and conducting research. The Community Health Development concept becomes a central element of population-based health promotion strategies, assisting members of a community to identify a community's health concerns, mobilize resources, and implement solutions. Community empowerment and promotion of the community's capacity to deal with health issues are the goals of such programmes. The seminar will illustrate the Community Health development approach via a case study in Malaysia on prevention and control of NCD which applied Community Health Development as well as interventions based on behavioural theory. Malaysia is classified as a high middle income country. It is a multi-ethnic nation with a growing population experiencing rapid urbanization and vast changes in lifestyles, including poorer dietary habits and less physical activities. Mortality due to CVDs has risen dramatically from 15.7% in 1996 to 25.4% in 2006 and is expected to increase in the subsequent decades. The "PARTNER" project was conducted among the residents of an urban community housing project located in metropolitan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. These community housing projects are densely populated with low socioeconomic groups. The PARTNER project explored the health and social needs of low income urban communities, and assessed lifestyle factors and health risk behaviours among the study population. More than 39% of the studied population have hypertension and one out of five low-income urban dweller has high chance of having CVD in the next ten years. An intervention on life style modification and peer support home blood pressure monitoring based on Social Cognitive Theory was also developed, which included social support, self-regulation and self-efficacy. The findings, challenges and lesson learnt from the PARTNER project and the life style programme will be presented and discussed.

Invitant : Stephan Van den Broucke


Lundi 29 août à 14h00
Local E139

Narrative change in a parent group: The incredible years basic parent program. Maria Filomena Gaspar (Université de Coimbra, Portugal)

In this conference we reflect about some of the mechanisms of change that operated in a parenting group where one of the most known parenting program was applied: the Incredible Years Basic (Webster-Stratton, 2012). Several RCT conducted in different countries (Menting, de Castro, & Matthys, 2013), including Portugal (Webster-Stratton, Gaspar, & Seabra-Santos, 2012), show the efficacy of the program in parenting skills and well-being and in child behavior problems (Azevedo, Seabra-Santos, Gaspar, & Homem, 2015). Our point is that in an educational group operate mechanisms of change similar to those operating in a therapeutic intervention with families. We will focus specifically on narrative change over the 14 sessions of the program. The instrument used for the assessment of change through the program sessions was the Grid Therapeutic Process Analysis - GAPT (Sequeira, 2012). The 5 GAPT dimensions correspond to axes considered important in the narrative organization and respective transformation in therapeutic context.

Invitantes : Laurie Loop et Isabelle Roskam


Jeudi 18 août de 14h00 à 15h30
Local : E241

Effects of oxytocin administration and genotype on spirituality and emotional responses to meditation. Patty Van Cappellen, University of North Carolina

The oxytocin (OT) system, critically involved in social bonding, may also impinge on spirituality, which is the belief in a meaningful life imbued with a sense of connection to a Higher Power and/or the world. Midlife male participants (N = 83) were randomly assigned to receive intranasal OT or placebo. In exploratory analyses, participants were also genotyped for polymorphisms in two genes critical for oxytocin signaling, the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR rs53576) and CD38 (rs6449182 and rs3796863). Results showed that intranasal OT increased self-reported spirituality on two separate measures and this effect remained significant a week later. It also boosted participants, experience of specific positive emotions during meditation, at both explicit and implicit levels. Furthermore, the effect of OT on spirituality was moderated by OT-related genotypes. These results provide the first experimental evidence that spirituality, endorsed by millions worldwide, appears to be supported by OT.

Invitants : Vassilis Saroglou, Centre de psychologie de la religion


Mercredi 29 juin de 11h00 à 12h15
Local Socr 24

Using Group Characteristics to Predict When Worldview Conflict Will Emerge. Mark Brandt Tilburg University, Dept. of Social Psychology

Social psychology often defines prejudice narrowly as unjustified or overgeneralized negative affect towards a group or an individual based on group membership. I adopt a broader prejudice definition as negative affect towards a group or an individual based on group membership. This focuses on the core psychological feature of prejudice (negative affect) and removes difficult or impossible to validate criteria such as unjustifiability and overgeneralization. By taking this broader definition, research can examine how (perceived) characteristics of target groups can lead some people to express prejudice towards some groups but not others. In two sets of studies I will highlight the advantages of this approach. In Study 1, I will show how the typical association between (low) cognitive ability and prejudice (a) does not hold across a diverse set of target groups, (b) shows the opposite effect for some target groups, and (c) that the size and direction of cognitive ability-prejudice association is associated with the perceived ideology and choice over group membership of the target groups. In Studies 2-5, I will show how a similar approach can be used to build simple models that accurately predict the size and direction of the ideology-prejudice association in new samples and for target groups that the models have not seen before. By taking a broad definition of prejudice researchers can make clear predictions about when prejudice will emerge towards which particular groups.

Inviants : Vassilis Saroglou, Centre de psychologie de la religion


 

Lundi 27 juin à 14h00
Local E241

Why to parents do as they do? Insights from longitudinal and interventions studies into the determinants of (changes in) parenting. Maja Dekovic, Université d'Utrecht

Parenting programs, that is, interventions designed to enhance parental role performance through training, support or education, are now-a-days generally accepted as evidence-based interventions for child problem behavior. The idea behind parenting programs is that improvement in parenting would lead to improvement in child outcomes. In the last decade, there is a growing body of research that indeed shows that changes in parenting serve as a causal mechanism that produces changes in child behavior. The question regarding mechanisms that might explain changes in parenting has been asked less often. This is a surprising omission, given that parenting programs aim, in the first place, to change parenting. In our research program (http://www.uu.nl/en/research/child-and-adolescent-studies/research-programmes/development-and-treatment-of-psychosocial-problems-family-dynamics-peers-and-culture), we examine the determinants of (change in) parenting, through both fundamental (longitudinal) studies and applied studies (evaluations of parenting interventions). In this presentation, examples of this work will be presented, focusing specifically on parental sense of competence (i.e., the beliefs parents hold about their ability to parent successfully) as a potential determinant of parenting behavior. The implications of our findings for clinical practice will be discussed.

Invitante : Isabelle Roskam


Jeudi 16 juin de 14h00 à 15h30
Local : E241

What do atheists believe and why? Miguel Farias & Jonathan Jong, Coventry University, UK

It has not taken long since the well-documented "rise of the nones" to establish that the nonreligious are a heterogeneous bunch. If "religion" is not a natural kind category, then it is hardly surprising that its inverse fails to be too. In our presentation, we will first address what nonbelievers may believe in. In a sample of 500 US nonbelievers we asked: If you don't believe in God, what then do you believe in? We then move to explore two potentially competing hypotheses, one taken from Cognitive Science of Religion which asserts that nonbelievers will still hold implicit supernatural beliefs and the other, taken from social and motivational psychology, that nonbelievers will find secular alternatives to believe in (belief replacement hypothesis). We discuss evidence for and against both hypotheses based in our past and current research.

Invitant : Centre de psychologie de la religion


Mardi 14 juin à 15h00
Local : Salle du conseil

L'effet de compensation dans les relations intergroupes. Laurent Cambon, Université Nice Sophia Antipolis

L'effet de compensation dans les relations entre groupes peut s'interpréter, respectivement pour les groupes de bas et haut statut, comme une volonté de (a) rehausser l'estime de soi sur la dimension de chaleur suite à une comparaison défavorable sur la compétence, (b) ne pas paraître discriminant sur la dimension de chaleur après la prise en compte de leur supériorité sur la compétence. Deux études testent ces hypothèses en manipulant (a) la protection de l'estime de soi par la possibilité d'affirmer ou non le soi (b) les normes de non-discrimination par l'activation d'une norme pro- versus non-discrimination. Les résultats montrent que la compensation disparaît bien lorsque les sujets dans les groupes (a) de bas statut ont la possibilité d'affirmer leur soi ; (b) de haut statut sont confrontés à une norme autorisant la discrimination.

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Jeudi 2 juin à 14h00
Local : Salle du conseil

L'utilisation des probabilités subjectives dans l'analyse des données : Introduction aux statistiques bayésiennes. Wojciech Swiatkowski, Université de Lausanne

Depuis quelques années, on constate dans la littérature un intérêt croissant pour l'usage des statistiques bayésiennes dans l'analyse de données quantitatives. Cependant, force est de constater que ces méthodes d'analyse demeurent encore peu connues dans la communauté scientifique. Le but du séminaire sera donc de familiariser l'audience avec la mécanique de l'analyse bayésienne. Tout d'abord, le premier but de la présentation consistera à expliciter les motivations qui justifient l'intérêt des statistiques bayésiennes, en faisant un bref état d'art sur l'utilisation actuelle des statistiques fréquentistes en psychologie. Ensuite, en référence aux deux définitions des probabilités, nous allons introduire les notions clefs et les bases théoriques des statistiques bayésiennes pour expliquer leur logique inférentielle. On abordera l'équivalent bayésien du test d'hypothèse fréquentiste dont l'utilisation sera étayée par des exemples concrets. La présentation finira par une comparaison et une mise en évidence des différences majeures entre les statistiques fréquentistes et les statistiques bayésiennes.

Invitante : Florence Stinglhamber


Mardi 31 mai à 15h
Local E139

Attachement et Stress. Blaise Pierrehumbert, Université de Lausanne (UNIL)

Attachement et stress forment un couple indissociable : déjà chez le bébé, les comportements d'attachement sont fortement activés lors d'expériences stressantes. La façon dont l'entourage va répondre à ces comportements pourra s'imprégner profondément dans le psychisme de l'enfant: suis-je digne de l'intérêt des autres, de leur affection, de leur empathie ? Pouvoir ressentir le stress dans son corps et exprimer une demande de réconfort dépend ainsi de l'expérience avec les caregivers. Dans nos études, nous avons rencontré des bébés, des enfants et des jeunes adultes ayant subi un stress intense dans la période périnatale, ayant été traumatisés par la maladie dans l'enfance, ayant été abusés, ou encore ayant été carencés. Nous les avons observés et interrogés à l'aide d'instruments relevant de la théorie de l'attachement ; nous avons pu voir comment un attachement sécure peut représenter un facteur de résilience relativement à la santé mentale de la personne traumatisée. Nous avons également étudié les réponses endocriniennes de l'enfant et de l'adulte traumatisé en situation de stress. Dans ces dernières situations, nous avons pu observer la présence de clivages entre le ressenti subjectif, le comportement, et les réponses endocriniennes. Le corps et le psychisme racontent parfois des histoires différentes ; c'est là une trace des expériences de l'enfance.

Invitante : Isabelle Roskam


Vendredi 27 mai de 11h00 à 12h30
Local Soc 23

Effets d'interventions brèves (pleine conscience, psychologie positive) sur la modification des dynamiques affectives. Anne Congard, Aix-Marseille Université

Cette étude a pour objectif d'identifier l'effet des interventions de type mindfulness et psychologie positive sur les paramètres de la dynamique émotionnelle. En effet, si les résultats convergents vers le constat d'une augmentation du bien-être et une diminution de la détresse des participants après intervention, rares sont les études qui se concentrent sur la dynamique émotionnelle impliquée. Les résultats présentés portent sur une étude interventionnelle composée de trois groupes : un groupe contrôle (77 personnes), un groupe expérimental pratiquant la pleine conscience chaque jour (70 personnes) et un groupe réalisant des exercices de psychologie positive chaque jour (75 personnes). Les participants ont rempli différents inventaires en pré et en post test et ont également rempli deux fois par jour pendant 50 jours une fiche d'auto-observation comprenant l'échelle de mesure des affects ressentis. Les résultats ont été modélisés à l'aide de modèles généralisés additifs à effet mixtes (GAMM) ainsi que d'analyses en réseau et montrent des effets différentiés des thérapies sur la dynamique émotionnelle.

Invitante : Moïra Mikolajczak


Jeudi 26 mai de 11h00 à 12h30
Local Soc 23

Modéliser la dynamique émotionnelle : analyse en système dynamique par équations différentielles. Bruno Dauvier, Aix-Marseille Université

La présentation décrit une méthode d'analyse des variabilités affectives sous forme de systèmes dynamiques reposant sur les relations entre les dérivées des séries temporelles (Chow, Ram, Boker, Fujita & Clore, 2005). Elle permet d'identifier trois éléments caractéristique : un point central correspondant à une zone d'équilibre, une forme de réactivité aux perturbations externes et une force de régulation homéostatique maintenant le système à proximité de son point d'équilibre (Kuppens, Oravecz & Tuerlinckx, 2010). Des modèles aditifs généraux à effets mixtes (GAMM) sont utilisés pour identifier les relations entre les dérivées. L'intérêt des GAMM est la possibilité qu'ils offrent de révéler des relations multivariées non linéaires. Cette méthodologie permet d'accéder à des phénomènes de rétroaction positive qui correspondent à des cercles d'auto-renforcement des affects. De plus, les différences interindividuelles de personnalité, en particulier les traits névrosisme et extraversion qui sont théoriquement liés aux dynamiques affectives, seront intégrées dans les modèles de manière à étudier leurs effets sur les différents paramètres (Congard, Dauvier, Gilles & Antoine 2010).

Invitante : Moïra Mikolajczak 


Jeudi 26 mai de 10h00 à 11h30
Local E241

Interpersonal Emotion Dynamics in Intimate Relationships. Dominik Schoebi, Université de Fribourg

Emotional interdependence is a defining feature of intimate relationships, and requires that both partners affective experiences are dynamic, and coordinated. Because emotions signal environmental challenges and prepare individuals to respond to these, interpersonal emotion dynamics likely reflect relational processes with adaptive goals. While interpersonal affect dynamics can be linked to both maladaptive and adaptive relational processes, a tendency to affectively respond to relational cues seems vital. In the current talk, I propose that interpersonal affect patterns need to be interdependent, and coordinate partners? experiences in ways that down regulate negative affect in the relationship and fosters a sense of connection and well-being. I present research showing that individual differences in individual emotion dynamics shape interpersonal experiences, and that specific interpersonal emotion dynamics foster intimacy in close relationships. Furthermore, I present evidence suggesting that the strength of these affective dynamics prospectively predicts long-term individual and relational adjustment.

Invitante : Barbara Gabriel


Mercredi 25 mai à 14h00
Local Soc 27

Illness specific cognitive processing in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Alicia Hughues, King's college London

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by severe and disabling fatigue. Whilst no single somatic cause has been identified, studies have shown that specific cognitions and behaviours play a role in maintaining the condition. However, little experimental research has been carried to explore the role of more habitual cognitive processes in CFS, such as how people attend to and interpret illness related information. I will present a brief overview of experimental research conducted to date and provide more detail of our recent programme of experimental research, focusing on two studies. The first is investigating cognitive processing biases. The second is a replication study. The findings of both these studies indicate people with CFS have illness specific biases in how information is attended to and interpreted. These biases are not related to comorbid mood disorder or attentional control and may independently play a part in maintaining symptoms by reinforcing maladaptive beliefs and behaviours. I will explore how these cognitive processes contribute to the cognitive behavioural model of CFS and will conclude by suggesting some directions for innovative and research practice

Invitants : Olivier Luminet


Mardi 17 mai 2016 de 15h00 à 16h30
Local Soc 23

Vieillissement, variations stratégiques et fonctions exécutives : études en arithmétique. Patrick Lemaire, Aix-Marseille Université

L'évolution des performances cognitives avec l'âge au cours de la vie adulte est associée à des variations stratégiques bien identifiées. Ainsi, dans de nombreuses tâches cognitives, les adultes âgés utilisent moins de stratégies que les jeunes et/ou des stratégies différentes, utilisent plus fréquemment des stratégies moins efficaces, exécutent les stratégies disponibles avec plus de difficultés et sélectionnent sur chaque problème la meilleure stratégie moins systématiquement (Lemaire, 2015, pour une revue). Parmi les facteurs responsables de ces variations stratégiques au cours du vieillissement, les mécanismes de contrôle exécutif ont fait l'objet d'une attention particulière. Dans une série d'études en arithmétique, nous avons montré que l'évolution avec l'âge de l'efficacité des mécanismes de contrôle exécutif est un médiateur de l'évolution stratégique au cours du vieillissement. Ces études seront présentées ici. Leurs résultats permettent de réconcilier des approches quantitatives (mettant l'accent sur l'évolution de ressources de traitement de l'information) et des approches qualitatives (e.g., les stratégies cognitives) du vieillissement.

Invitante : Marie-Pascale Noël


Jeudi 28 avril à 09h30
Local E241

Neuroendocrine and Health Effects of Social Relationships. Richard B. Slatcher, Wayne State University, Université de Fribourg

Several decades of research have demonstrated that social relationships can have a powerful influence on health and well-being. However, we still know surprisingly little about how social relationships affect physical health both in terms of psychological processes and biological ones. This talk highlights research investigating the emotional, cognitive, behavioral and biological mechanisms through which social relationships get under the skin to impact health. The first section focuses on links between marital relationships, health, and daily cortisol production. The second section focuses on the effects of family social environments on the health and well-being of youth. The talk will conclude with a discussion of ongoing and next steps in this research, including investigating the epigenetic effects of social relationships on the immune system, longitudinal work, and interventions.

Invitante : Barbara Gabriel


Mercredi 27 avril de 14h00 à 15h30
Local Soc 43

The effects of oxytocin on social approach - part 2. Sina Radke (RWTH Aachen University)

In several placebo-controlled administration studies, we investigated the effects of oxytocin on social approach in healthy volunteers. Combining assorted interactive paradigms with intranasal administration of 24 IU of oxytocin, and partially also fMRI, allowed us to map different aspects of approach-related processing and behavior. Applying a well-established social approach-avoidance task in which participants react to angry and happy faces by pulling or pushing a joystick, respectively, we found oxytocin to increase approach towards angry faces with direct gaze in participants with low levels of social anxiety. However, beyond this published finding, other results have remained in our drawer, which I would like to share and discuss with you.

Invitants : Moïra Mikolajczak & Olivier Luminet


Mardi 26 avril de 14h00 à 16h00
Salle du conseil A224

Tendances à l'approche/évitement : une approche de cognition. Dominique Muller, Université Grenoble Alpes

Comment devons-nous réagir face à telle ou telle catégorie de stimuli ? L'un des modes de réponses cruciales concerne la question de savoir si nous devons nous approcher ou nous éloigner. Au lieu de délibérer à propos de cette question, il semble plus efficace de réactiver les tendances adoptées par le passé. Dans cette présentation, nous proposerons d'adopter une approche de cognition incarnée sur la façon dont ces expériences passées sont stockées en mémoire. Nous étayerons ensuite cette proposition à l'aide des travaux précédents sur les tendances à l'approche/évitement. Enfin, nous présenterons des études permettant de démontrer qu'une tâche d'approche/évitement élaborée suivant les principes mis en lumière par cette approche s'avère particulièrement propice à la démonstration d'effets de compatibilités d'approche/évitement (i.e., approche de stimuli positifs et évitement de stimuli négatifs).

Invitant : Olivier Corneille


Mercredi 13 avril à 10h00
Local E139

La qualité de vie liée à l'usage d'alcool : une approche centrée sur la personne permettant de repenser le soin et la prévention. Amandine Luquiens, Hôpital Paul Brousse - Université Paris-Sud

L'évolution des pratiques en alcoologie, suivant le modèle des soins centrés sur le patient, permet une meilleure prise en compte du point de vue du patient, participant à la définition de ses objectifs thérapeutiques et à leur évaluation. Nous illustrerons l'apport de cette approche dans la construction du soin, via l'échelle « Alcohol Quality of Life Scale », mesurant l'impact des consommations sur la qualité de vie, à partir de l'analyse qualitative du vécu subjectif des patients. Un travail complémentaire qualitatif a montré le caractère transculturel de l'impact des consommations d'alcool sur la qualité de vie, malgré des habitudes de consommation différentes. La qualité de vie rapportée par la personne est un abord original pour explorer différents modes de consommation à risque (p.ex. binge drinking), et repenser les stratégies de prévention. Nous avons ainsi pu montrer dans une enquête en ligne auprès de 16930 étudiants que ceux ayant eu au moins un épisode de binge drinking dans le mois avaient une qualité de vie réduite. La fréquence des épisodes de binge drinking et l'identité de buveur étaient des facteurs indépendamment associés au niveau d'impact de la qualité de vie.

Invitants : Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale (LEP)


Vendredi 25 mars de 14h00 à 16h00
Local : E241

La clairvoyance de la désirabilité sociale : Une nouvelle approche de la falsification des mesures autorapportées. Benoît Dompnier, Université de Lausanne

Depuis plus de 50 ans, de nombreuses recherches ont été conduites pour quantifier l?impact de la désirabilité sociale et des stratégies de présentation de soi sur la validité des mesures autorapportées. Ces travaux sont arrivés à la conclusion que le biais de désirabilité sociale n?a qu?une influence très limitée sur la validité de ce type de mesure (e.g. Ones, Viswesvaran, & Reiss, 1996). Dans ce séminaire, nous interrogerons cette conclusion à la lumière de recherches récentes conduites à partir d?une méthode alternative de mesure de la désirabilité sociale : le paradigme de l?autoprésentation (Gilibert & Cambon, 2003; Py & Somat, 1991). Ces recherches ont mis en évidence, d?une part, que la connaissance des individus de la désirabilité sociale d?un construit donné en réduisait la validité prédictive (Dompnier, Darnon, & Butera, 2009, 2013). D?autre part, cette connaissance renverrait à une variable différentielle supra-ordonnée ? la clairvoyance de la désirabilité sociale ? qui se manifesterait dans les réponses autorapportées et que les individus pourraient mobiliser dans certaines situations sociales afin de donner une bonne image d?eux-mêmes (e.g. contextes évaluatifs).

Invitant : Vincent Yzerbyt


Jeudi 24 mars. Conférence annulée et reportée à une date ultérieure !

Cyberaddicts in elderly:data and perspectives. Sophia Achab, MD,PhD Médecin-Adjointe au chef de Service Service d'addictologie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève

Problematic Internet use in elderly has received little interest within the medical literature until now. This point to the need of specific research to better apprehend the current and potential future public health issues specific to this part of the population. Even if the currently elder may only moderately be concerned by internet related health problems, current data on young adults point to a future need to seriously consider the development of prevention policies and health care programs specifically tailored to the aging population

Invitants : Joël Billieux et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale


Vendredi 18 mars de 11h00 à 12h00
Local E139

La publicité et le bien-être de femmes : étude des stratégies pour combattre les effets néfastes de l'exposition à l'idéal de minceur. Leila Selimbegovic, Maître de conférence, Université de Poitiers. Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage (CeRCA)

Dans les sociétés occidentales contemporaines, la publicité valorise la minceur, souvent excessive, en tant qu’idéal de beauté féminine. Or, la recherche montre que l’exposition à ce type d’images publicitaires nuit au bien-être psychologique et physique des femmes. Ces standards de beauté sont inatteignables pour une grande majorité de femmes, d’autant plus que les photographies publicitaires sont retouchées dans des logiciels de traitement d’image avant d’être publiées. Nos travaux développent cette ligne de recherche en se focalisant sur des mesures implicites du contenu de la pensée suite à l’exposition à l'idéal de minceur, et en examinant l’efficacité de certaines stratégies visant à protéger le public féminin. L’intervention se focalisera sur cette dernière facette de nos recherches: étude des techniques de protection des femmes des effets néfastes de l’exposition à l’idéal de minceur. Une stratégie souvent mise en avant consiste à informer le public qu’une photographie a été retouchée afin de modifier l’apparence corporelle du modèle. Cette stratégie devrait favoriser l’adoption d’un regard critique par rapport au contenu de la publicité et souligner son caractère irréaliste, amenant ainsi les femmes à ne pas se comparer à ces images et ne pas en subir les conséquences. Or, plusieurs recherches récentes suggèrent que cette stratégie tend au contraire à amplifier les effets négatifs de l’exposition à l’idéal de minceur. Une première étude visant à examiner l’efficacité de cette stratégie à long-terme (2 mois), se focalisant sur une mesure implicite de l’accessibilité des pensées négatives, sera présentée. Cette étude donne des résultats cohérents avec l’idée que le démenti précisant que la photographie a été retouchée favorise l’accessibilité des pensées négatives. Etant donné l’inefficacité et les effets souvent contre-productifs de cette stratégie, nous avons commencé à explorer d’autres moyens de protéger les femmes des effets d’exposition à l’idéal de minceur. La seconde étude qui sera présentée s’attache à examiner l’utilité d’une procédure de ré-entrainement des associations entre les concepts de la beauté et de la minceur. Le ré-entrainement des associations mentales a déjà été validé comme une stratégie efficace dans le contexte de la menace du stéréotype ou encore dans la prévention de la rechute alcoolique. De façon cohérente, nos résultats montrent que cette technique est également efficace lorsqu’il s’agit de protéger les femmes relativement corpulentes d’une augmentation de l’insatisfaction corporelle suite à l’exposition à l’idéal de minceur. D’autres études en cours seront évoquées dans le cadre d’une discussion sur les processus qui sous-tendent ces effets.

Invitants : Joël Billieux et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale (LEP)


Lundi 14 mars à 13h00
Local : salle du conseil A224

Exploring individual differences in exposure to understand the development of face perception. Margaret Moulson, PhD Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada

Faces are arguably the most important visual stimulus used in human social communication. Exposure to faces is ubiquitous during development; however, the number and diversity of faces infants and children encounter vary enormously. It is well documented that this diversity is related to infants’ developing face processing ability. For example, infants develop expertise only for those face categories with which they have significant experience, and infants deprived of face experience show disruptions in face processing. Despite the extensive literature linking early experiences to face learning, it is unclear what aspects of experience are crucial and how individual differences in experience might lead to individual differences in face processing ability. In this talk, I will present recent findings from two lines of research in my lab. In the first line of research we use head-mounted cameras to document infants’ natural, daily exposure to faces from their own perspective. In the second line of research we investigate how face and emotion perception are influenced by experience with different face categories. Our findings demonstrate how differences in daily face exposure shape the development of face and emotion perception.

Invitant : Bruno Rossion


Jeudi 3 mars de 14h à 15h30
Local E139

Older workers and late career; the contribution of work and organizational psychology. Franco Fraccaroli, Université de Trento

The traditional relationship between age and work has been severed. There are increasing pressures to work longer at a mature age (raising of the pensionable age); there are more favourable individual conditions to continue working (good health); it is increasingly necessary for work organizations to manage complex generational relationships (between young work entrants and mature adults); the transition to retirement often combines with work more or less central for the individual. These social and organizational processes require responses and interventions by work and organizational psychologists. How do workers? abilities, skills, and motivations change with age? How can the presence in work of mature people be assured while at the same time favouring efficiency, quality of working life, and individual well-being? How can the consolidated negative stereotypes of elderly workers be overcome? How can human resources management in work organizations be differentiated according to the ages of workers? Some answers will be offered to these questions by drawing on the studies conducted or currently underway by the research group of University of Trento in cooperation with Portland

NB : la communication sera faite en français.

Invitants : Donatienne Desmette et Stefan Agrigoroaei


Mercredi 24 février à 10h30
Local Soc 43

On the role of interoceptive processes for emotions and health-related behavior. Olga Pollatos, Universität Ulm, Allemagne

Interoception is understood as the sensing and representation of signals concerning the internal state of the body. Within psychology, there has been a resurgence of interest in interoception, driven by increasing realization of the extent to which mental processes are embodied. Individual differences in perception of, and sensitivity to, changes within the internal bodily state are one way of quantifying interoceptive processes. Empirical data presented here will focus on the role of interoception for emotions and their regulation as well as for health-related behaviour. This includes results on the role of interoception for reducing aversive states provoked by social exclusion and for the use of different emotion regulation strategies. Furthermore, data on the interplay between interoception and physical activity, body weight and eating behaviour will be presented referring to different methods used such as EEG; heart rate or heart rate variability. Samples assessed include healthy adults, clinical populations as well as children and adolescents, demonstrating that interoception has broad implications across perceptual, cognitive, emotional and behavioural domains.

Invitants : PSYFOOD UCL-ULB joint research group (Promotors: Axel Cleeremans, Olivier Corneille, Olivier Klein, Olivier Luminet, Stephan Van den Broucke)


2015


Mercredi 16 décembre de 10h30 à 12h00
Local Soc 27

UGent Unit “Nutrition and Food Safety”: new focus on stress and emotion. Dr. Nathalie Michels, Gent University

The unit ‘Nutrition and Food Safety' was launched as an independent unit within the Department of Public Health in 1998, with the major aim to promote the importance of diet as a major determinant of public health. Currently three main research niches can be distinguished. Nutritional research on diverse food-related aspects (nutrients, dietary pattern, eating behavior, social/environmental aspects like stress) and their impact on public health (obesity, cardiovascular, bone health). Food safety research is mainly focused on chemical food safety in relation to environment (e.g. heavy metals in fish, mycotoxines) and food-technology (e.g. additives, phthalates). Methodological research to support both pillars of nutritional research and food safety research, including dietary assessment, measurement of body composition, probabilistic techniques for exposure assessment and feasibility testing of objective stress measures in children. Over the past ten years, the unit has been involved in 11 EU projects and more than double the amount national/university funded projects.
An increasing amount of interest and expertise on stress and emotions has been developed. Since 2007, three PhD’s in this stress-obesity field have been finalized and another two PhD’s are ongoing, with already a total of 22 A1 publications. After a cross-sectional study in adolescents, a longitudinal study was initiated in primary school children (ChiBS study). This cohort was measured in 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2015 where stress was explored by questionnaires, cortisol values and heart rate variability. The initial hypothesis was that stress might increase adiposity by increasing cortisol values and by deteriorated diet (diet choice and emotional eating) and physical activity. Over the years, also adipocytokines, reward sensitivity and telomere length were included in the hypotheses. In the next 3 years, a postdoctoral research plan on the role of inflammation and gut microbiota in this stress-obesity relation will be executed. Apart from using the existing cohort, also paediatric patients with depression and/or obesity will be recruited and interventions are planned.

Invitants : The PSYFOOD UCL-ULB joint research group (Promotors: Axel Cleeremans, Olivier Corneille, Olivier Klein, Olivier Luminet, Stephan Van den Broucke)


Mardi 15 décembre 2015 de 11h00 à 12h30
Local E241

The Existential Gravitas of Nostalgia. Constantine Sedikides, University of Southampton, England, and British Academy, UK

Nostalgia, a sentimental longing for one's past, has long been considered a brain disease, illness, disorder, or dysfunction. This bad reputation is undeserved. Nostalgia is a predominantly positive (albeit bittersweet) and social emotion, is prevalent, and is a psychological strength not a psychological liability. Importantly, nostalgia confers existential benefits. Nostalgia is associated with, or provides, a sense of meaning in life (mostly through its sociality) and is an antidote to meaning threats including boredom. Nostalgia lowers the perceived value of money. It also enriches the psychological well-being of individuals with chronic meaning deficits. Finally, nostalgia buffers existential threat by reducing death anxiety and death cognitions. In all, nostalgia bolsters existential meaning and protects against the fear of death.

Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou


Mardi 15 décembre 2015 à 9h30
Local Soc 25

Executive function development: Making sense of the environment to behave adaptively. Nicolas Chevalier, University of Edinburgh, UK

Emerging executive function in childhood, one of the main predictors of life success, is goal-directed in nature. Yet children's ability to identify goals (i.e., what should be done) has been underresearched, often because of implicit assumptions that it is trivial even in early childhood. In contrast, I will present evidence for goal identification as a major force behind developing executive function. Both increasing attention to environmental cues and increased goal inferencing from these cues drive goal-identification improvement with age. This framework has important implications for assessing and supporting executive function in childhood.

Invitants : Marie-Pascale Noël, Alexandra Volckaert


Vendredi 11 décembre à 11h00
Local Soc 28

Executive control of (impulsive) action. Frederick Verbruggen, Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter (UK)
Cognitive control theories attribute action control and goal-directed decision-making to executive processes that inhibit responses and adjust behavior online. In the last two decades, cognitive control and response inhibition have received much attention across research domains. Cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists have explored the cognitive and neural mechanisms of action control, developmental scientists have studied the rise and fall of control capacities across the life span, and clinical researchers have examined correlations between individual differences in action control and behaviors such as substance abuse, overeating, and risk taking. In the first part of my presentation, I will provide a selective review of my recent behavioral and computational work on response inhibition. In the second part, I will focus on the limitations of executive (action) control. My main aim is to demonstrate that response inhibition and other forms of action control rely on an interplay between many processes that take place on different time scales.

Invitants : Joël Billieux et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale (LEP)


Mercredi 9 décembre à 14h00
Local E139

La désintégration cérébrale fonctionnelle dans la schizophrénie: de la détection à la prédiction avec l'IRMf. Pierre Orban, Université de Montréal

La schizophrénie, à l’instar de nombreuses maladies mentales, se définit notamment par des altérations de connexion cérébrale fonctionnelle. L’imagerie par résonance magnétique fonctionnelle (IRMf) constitue un outil de choix afin d'observer les patrons spatiaux de synchronie de l'activité cérébrale, que ceux-ci soit guidés par des processus intrinsèques ou extrinsèques. Je présenterai une série d'expériences démontrant l'intérêt de cette méthodologie pour la détection des connexions anormales au niveau du cerveau entier, la définition de sous-types d'organisation cérébrale guidés par la pathophysiologie et la prédiction du statut clinique. Ensemble, les résultats de ces expériences illustrent la vaste gamme de questions en lien avec les bases neurophysiologiques de la schizophrénie qui peuvent trouver des ébauches de réponses grâce à l'IRMf.

Invitants : Fabien D'Hondt, Pierre Maurage et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale (LEP)


 

Mercredi 2 décembre à 10h45
Local Soc 27 

Keep Calm and Age Well? Age-related vulnerability to acute and cumulative stress exposure. Amanda Marshall, Université d'Essex

Elderly individuals are hypothesised to be more vulnerable to the effects of acute stress due to reduced coping resources and an inability to control their hormonal stress response. Recent evidence indicates that this vulnerability also emerges on a behavioural level, leading to reduced memory performance among elderly participants encountering a stressor. Similarly, cumulative life stress has been implicated as a factor accelerating cognitive decline with advancing years. In my talk, I will present four experiments summarising work into the way acute and cumulative stress impact on age-related cognitive decline. Experiments 1 and 2 investigated behavioural and electrophysiological age-differences manifesting after exposure to an acutely stressful situation. Results found no stress-related impact on elderlies’ memory performance, however increased levels of anxiety during acute stress encounter led to a reduction of early perceptual EEG markers which was more pronounced in elderly relative to young individuals. Experiments 3 and 4 explored the effects of cumulative stress on behavioural and electrophysiological age-differences. In a spatial memory task and an inhibitory control paradigm, heightened levels of cumulative stress produced behavioural impairments exclusive to the elderly participant sample, which coincided with changes in oscillatory frequencies linked to the successful execution of both tasks. Combined, findings highlight that both acute and cumulative stress affect ageing cognition in domains of perception, spatial memory and inhibition. However, the relationship between age and acute stress seems more complex than originally assumed, affecting early perceptual processes rather than exerting a direct effect on memory.

Invitants : Pierre Philippot (LEP) & Stefan Agrigoroaei


Lundi 30 novembre de 11h15 à 12h30
Local  Soc 23

Attention bias for food, eating behaviour and body weight.  Dr Jessica Werthmann, King's College London, United Kingdom

Living in an “obesogenic” environment poses a serious challenge for weight maintenance. Yet, not everybody is equally susceptible to food temptations. The way in which someone perceives and reacts to this environment could contribute to individual differences in the susceptibility to food temptations. Recently, a surge of research has tested if attention bias for food is related to eating behaviour and body weight. It has been argued that an attention bias for food could be a cognitive route for overeating and weight gain, resulting in obesity. The primary aim of the current presentation is to review existing empirical evidence for the notion that selective attention for food relates (causally) to eating behaviour and weight gain. Another aim is to highlight methodological challenges when studying attention bias for food cues.

Invitants : The PSYFOOD UCL-ULB joint research group (Promotors: Axel Cleeremans, Olivier Corneille, Olivier Klein, Olivier Luminet, Stephan Van den Broucke)


Jeudi 26 novembre à 13h00

Local Soc 21

Problematic digital gaming behavior and its relation to the psychological, social and physical health of finnish adolescents and young adults. Niko Männikkö, Oulu University of Applied Sciences

Considering the increased prevalence of online gaming, this study aimed to identify problematic gaming behavior among Finnish adolescents and young adults, and evaluate its connection to of psychological, social and physical health indices. This cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 293 respondents aged from 13 to 24 years completing an online survey. Problematic digital game use was measured with the Game Addiction Scale (GAS). In addition to health measures such as perceived psychological and physical symptoms, life satisfaction levels, preferences for social interaction, general health, Body Mass Index (BMI) and physical activity level were measured using questionnaire. Problematic game use was found to relate to psychological health problems, namely fatigue, sleep interference, low satisfaction with life, depression and anxiety symptoms. Weekly digital game playing time, depression and a preference for online social interaction predicted increased problematic game symptoms.

Invitants : Olatz Lopez-Fernandez et Joël Billieux (LEP/IPSY)


Reporté en 2016 !

Remédiation cognitive en pratique clinique : l'exemple du biais attentionnel et des déficits de cognition sociale en population alcoolo-dépendante. Alice Villepoux & Valentin Flaudias, CHU de Clermont-Ferrand
Les déficits cognitifs associés à l'alcoolodépendance sont nombreux, fréquents et ont pour la plupart été largement étudiés dans la littérature. Cependant si les déficits en eux-mêmes ont été l'objet de nombreuses études, les méthodes pour palier ces déficits, spécifiquement dans l'alcoolodépendance, sont bien moins explorées. L'un des axes de travail du Pôle de Référence en Addictologie du CHU de Clermont Ferrand est de développer une réhabilitation cohérente, intégrant de façon dynamique les aspects bio-neuropsycho-sociau , et de développer des outils concrets de remédiation, dont deux feront l'objet d'une présentation : - La remédiation des biais attentionnels à l'aide d'une application pour tablette tactile qui fait actuellement l'objet d'une étude d'impact auprès d'une population admise en service d'hospitalisation. - La remédiation des déficits de cognition sociale avec un programme partiellement informatisé, créé dans le but de remédier aux déficits de reconnaissance des émotions. Ces outils fournissent donc une base de travail pour intégrer la remédiation cognitive, et certaines de ses composantes spécifiques, dans la prise en charge de la dépendance à l'alcool.

Invitant : Pierre Maurage et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale (LEP)


Vendredi 20 novembre de 9h00 à 10h30
Local E139

Bridging the gap between educational theory and pratice: challenges and pitfalls. Pr. Alexander Minnaert, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

In this presentation I will address strengths, weaknesses, opportunties and threats to bridge the gap between theory and educational practice. Issues with respect to motivational, emotional, social and cognitive processes will be highlighted within the context of inclusion and full participation of students with/without disabilities.

Invitants, Benoît galand, Virginie Hospel


Lundi 16 novembre de 9h30 à 10h45
Local Soc 28

Pleasure as a Substitute for Size: How Multisensory Imagery Can Make People Happier with Smaller Food Portions. Pierre Chandon (INSEAD)
Research on overeating assumes that pleasure must be sacrificed for the sake of good health. Contrary to this view, the authors show that focusing on sensory pleasure can make people happier and willing to spend more for less food, a triple win for public health, consumers and businesses alike. In five experiments, American and French adults and children were asked to imagine vividly the taste, smell and oro-haptic sensations of three hedonic foods prior to choosing a portion size of another hedonic food. Compared to a control condition, this multisensory imagery  intervention led hungry and non-dieting people to choose smaller food portions, yet they anticipated greater eating enjoyment and were willing to pay more for them. This occurred because it prompted participants to evaluate portions based on expected sensory pleasure, which peaks with smaller portions, rather than on hunger. In contrast, health-based interventions led people to choose a smaller portion than the one they expected to enjoy most a hedonic cost for them and an economic cost for food marketers.

Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Stephan Van den Broucke


 

! Annulé et reporté à une date ultérieure !

Imaging studies in behavioral addictions and alcohol addiction. Ruth J. van Holst, University of Amsterdam
Certain nonsubstance behaviors--such as gambling, Internet use and video-game playing -bear resemblance to alcohol and drug dependence. Growing evidence suggests that these behaviors warrant consideration as nonsubstance or "behavioral" addictions and has led to the inclusion of gambling disorder as the first behavioral addiction in the "Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders" category of the DSM-5. Other behavioral addictions have as of yet not been included, due to insufficient data to justify their inclusion. I will discuss some of our studies investigating the neurocognitive functions in pathological gambling, "gaming addiction" and alcohol dependence. We used a variety of behavioral tasks, MRI techniques and rTMS to investigate brain circuits and ways to manipulate these, resulting in a better understanding of the similarities and differences between addictive disorders, and potential candidates for treatment of "Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders". 

Inviyants : Olatz Lopez-Fernandez et Joël Billieux


-1. Mardi 29 Septembre 13h30
Local SOC 25

Newborn chicks and the number space. Kostantinos Priftis (Dpt of General Psychology, University of Padova, I)

It has been proposed that humans represent numbers along a mental number line (MNL), on which smaller numbers are located on the left and larger numbers are located on the right. Nonetheless, the origin of the MNL and its connections with cultural experience remain unclear. On the one hand, reading habits can influence the orientation of the MNL (left-to-right vs. right-to-left). On the other hand, pre-verbal infants and nonhuman species show a variety of numerical abilities, supporting the existence of evolutionary precursor-systems for number processing. We tackled the issue of the origin of the MNL, by studying number processing in newborn chicks. Results showed that three-day-old domestic chicks, once familiarized with a target number, spontaneously associated a smaller than the target number with the left side of space. By contrast, chicks associated a larger than the target number with the right side of space. We propose that the MNL might have a remote origin during species evolution. In humans, however, cultural factors can flexibly rearrange some aspects of the MNL (e.g., left-to-right vs. right-to-left orientation).

-2. Mardi 29 Septembre 14h30
Local SOC 25

Approximately no sense in the number sense. Wim Gevers (ULB)

It is widely accepted that human and nonhuman species possess a specialized system to process large approximate numerosities. The theory of an evolutionarily ancient approximate number system (ANS) has received converging support from developmental studies, comparative experiments, neuroimaging, and computational modelling, and it is one of the most dominant and influential theories in numerical cognition. The existence of an ANS system is significant, as it is believed to be the building block of numerical development in general. The acuity of the ANS is related to future arithmetic achievements, and intervention strategies therefore aim to improve the ANS. Here we critically review current evidence supporting the existence of an ANS. Important shortcomings and confounds in existing empirical studies on human and non-human animals will be discussed, as well as in the logic used to build computational models that support the ANS theory. Rather than taking the ANS theory for granted, a more comprehensive explanation might be provided by a sensory-based system that compares or estimates large approximate numerosities by weighing the different sensory cues comprising number stimuli.

 

Invitant : Mauro Pesenti


Mercredi 9 septembre de 14h à 16h00
Local E139

Influence différentielle de l’école et des enseignants sur l’engagement scolaire des élèves immigrants et non immigrants en milieux défavorisés par Isabelle Archambault, Professeure à l'Université de Montréal et membre du GRES (groupe de recherche sur les environnements scolaires)

Depuis plusieurs décennies, les professionnels de l’éducation réfléchissent aux mesures à mettre en place pour favoriser la réussite de tous les élèves. Les recommandations qui émergent de ces réflexions situent l’engagement des élèves dans leurs apprentissages dès le primaire au cœur des priorités. Au cours des dernières années, les chercheurs ont commencé à étudier les pratiques des écoles et des enseignants qui favorisent l’engagement en classe pour l’ensemble des élèves. Toutefois, peu de ces recherches concernent l’engagement des enfants immigrants. Le but de la présente étude est donc d’examiner dans une perspective comparative les pratiques enseignantes et les caractéristiques de l’environnement scolaire qui influencent de manière différentielle l’engagement des élèves immigrants et non immigrants. L’échantillon est composé de 711 enfants de 3e à 6e année et de leurs enseignants. Ces enfants du primaire fréquentaient tous une école de milieu très défavorisé localisée sur l’Ile de Montréal (Québec, Canada). Nos résultats indiquent que certaines pratiques ont un effet différentiel, voire même opposé sur l’engagement des élèves immigrant et non immigrants. Les implications pratiques de ces résultats ainsi que les pistes pour la recherche future seront discutées.

Invitant GIRSEF


1. Jeudi 25 juin à 14h00
Local Soc 40

Video games: from addiction to motivation. Antonius J. van Rooij (University of Gent)
The introduction of a proposal for ‘Internet Gaming Disorder’ in the DSM-5 has accelerated growth of the research into this proposed new ‘disorder’. The criteria for game addiction generally strongly resemble better-known issues such as pathological gambling or substance use disorder, with little theoretical frameworks being produced. The existing literature, including my own research, has strongly focused on exploring the psychiatric and psychological characteristics of the proposed game addicts using this medical model, using an essentially confirmatory approach 1. Moreover, there is very little work being done on actual patients, which is strange since a disordered state is implied 2. In some cases, the patients are hard or even impossible to find (social media addiction).
From my perspective the way forward included a clear split between the clinical patients, which require more substantial attention, and a focus on understanding the mechanics of heavy game use in essentially healthy samples. To provide more substantial theoretical thinking on this last issue of heavy use, I think it might be fruitful to incorporate and expand non-clinical perspectives from communication theory that deal with the initiation and cessation of playing behavior. Therefore, this talk will briefly summarize the state of the literature on game addiction. In the second half of the talk, I will summarize some main approaches to motivation and media use from communication science and will explain how they may be relevant to the study of heavy/intense media use.

2. Jeudi 25 juin à 15h00
Local Soc 40

Addiction versus Habit: Understanding Automaticity in Mobile Phone Use from a Media Effects Perspective. Mariek M. P. Vanden Abeele (Research group for Media and ICT, University of Gent, Belgium)
Over the past ten years, several studies have been published on problematic mobile phone use and its correlates. These studies typically address problematic phone use as a phenomenon that is recognized in addiction-like symptoms, and that establishes itself among individuals with particular (predisposing) traits (e.g., low self-esteem).
Although this clinical approach to problematic phone use has proven its merits, its strong focus on problematic phone use as a propensity of the (predisposed) individual has led to reduced attention for the role that mobile technologies themselves play in the formation of habitual usage patterns. This is unfortunate, as recent studies show that the nature of mobile media technology itself is highly conducive to bring forth automaticity in its usage (Bayer et al., 2015; Oulasvirta et al., 2012). Such a ‘media effects’-approach to problematic phone use is relevant, as it helps understand certain areas of problem use (e.g., mobile phone use while driving) that do not necessarily result from ‘phone addiction’.

Invitants: Joël Billieux, Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


1. Mercredi 24 juin 2015, 10h-11h30
Local E139

The effects of exercise on emotion-regulation and risk-taking. Yacine Ouzzahra (University of Luxembourg)

In the first part of this presentation, the author will describe his current research project in which he is investigating the effects of exercise on psychological and psychophysiological responses to anger-eliciting stimuli, in adolescents. A growing body of evidence suggests the important contribution of physical activity towards psychological well-being. While much of this research has focused on the effects of exercise on mood, less is currently known regarding reactivity to emotional stress. Furthermore, previous research concerned with exercise and reactivity to emotional stimuli has investigated adults, and similar studies in adolescents are not yet documented. Adolescence is a particularly sensitive period for the development of social-cognitive functions important for emotion regulation. Moreover, anger is a recognised issue within younger populations, often leading to hostility and antisocial conduct.
In the second part of the presentation, a proposed follow-up project will be presented, looking into the effects of exercise on risk-taking in adolescents. The burden of risky choices is evident in patterns of adolescent injuries and morbidity. Given the enormous toll of risky choices in adolescence on lifelong health and achievements, it is important to better understand determinants which may minimise adolescent risk-taking. Preliminary cross-sectional evidence has suggested that youth participation in physical activity may be associated with reduced risk-taking behaviours. Moreover, previous research has demonstrated improvements in cognitive flexibility and inhibitory control in response to aerobic exercise. Whether acute and chronic exercise reduce risk-taking and impulsivity has not, however, been systematically investigated, and therefore constitutes the overall research question of this proposed project.

2. Mercredi 24 juin 2015, 10h-11h30
Local E139

Self-regulation and health. Prof. Dr. Claus Vögele, Unité de recherche INSIDE, Université du Luxembourg

Self-regulation is an important psychological process by which people seek to exert control over their thoughts, their feelings, their impulses and appetites, and their task performances. The human capacity for self-regulation appears to be much more extensive than what is found in other species, which suggests that the evolutionary pressures that guided the selection of traits that make up human nature, such as participation in cultural groups, found self-regulation to be especially adaptive and powerful. If so, then self-regulation may be one of the most distinctive human traits.
Even if human beings are capable of more self-regulation than other animals, however, their capacity is far less than what many would regard as ideal, and self-regulation failures are central to the majority of health problems that plague individuals in modern societies. Failure to inhibit the impulse to eat is in part responsible for obesity, for example; failure to control anger can result in interpersonal aggression, and failure to control negative thoughts may lead to depression and anxiety. Many such failures are unplanned or are experienced to be beyond control; they are lapses of self-regulation rather than intended acts. Zeal in self-regulating, on the other hand, can also be maladaptive, as it is associated with inhibition of emotional expression and authentic behaviour. Why do people act contrary to their intentions or feel out of control? Where is the right balance between control and relaxation? What factors determine self-regulatory strength, i.e. the ability to meet self-regulatory demands such as inhibiting impulses, making decisions, persisting at difficult tasks, and controlling emotions? Can self-regulation be trained?
In this presentation these questions will be addressed in terms of a continuum between health and disease, and adaptation and maladaptation. Results will be presented from experimental studies and intervention trials focusing on processes of self-regulation and inhibitory capacity; emotion and cognition in eating disorders; anxiety disorders, depression and rumination; cardiovascular disorders, depression and perceived threat; obesity and emotional eating.

Invitants : Pierre Philippot et Mandy Rossignol


Jeudi 18 juin de 13h00 à 14h30
Local E139

When Less is More. Jordi Quoidbach (University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona)
When less is more (Jordi Quoidbach, Elizabeth Dunn, Alissa Croft, Paul Piff) Money enriches our lives by providing protection from negative events and access to wonderful experiences, but precisely because of this, money may also impoverish our emotional lives by reducing our appreciation for everyday joys. In a series of cross-sectional, laboratory, and field studies we show that both material and experiential wealth tend to reduce people's propensity to savor simple pleasures. We then provide evidence that having experienced adversity in the past, experiencing scarcity in present, and considering how chaotic and unpredictable the future might be promote savoring. We conclude that sometimes having less offers a more productive route to happiness than consistently indulging in pleasure.

Invitantes : Moïra Mikolajczak, Fanny Weytens


Mardi 9 juin de 9h à 10h30
Local : Soc 24

Sanctification of marriage and relationship functioning. Petruta Rusu (Université Stefan cel Mare Suceava, Romania, et Université Zuerich)
The role of religiosity in couple relationships has been increasingly studied in the last two decades. In general, evidence suggests that religiosity is related to marital satisfaction and positive behaviors in couple. From all religious constructs that have been studied thus far, sanctification of marriage proved to be one of the best predictors of marital quality and stability. However, previous studies on sanctification and relationship outcomes have typically investigated husbands and wives in separate analyses, without considering the dependency of dyadic data and the mechanisms underlying this association are still not clear enough. Our research explored the mediating role of dyadic coping in the association between sanctification and relationship satisfaction as well as individual well-being of both partners. Analyses using the Actor-Partner Mediator Model indicated that husband's sanctification was positively associated with the support given and received, which in turn was positively related to his own, and his wife's marital satisfaction and his wife's well-being. Gender differences, theoretical and practical contributions of the current findings are discussed.

Invitant : Barbara Gabriel


Mercredi 27 mai de 9h00 à 10h30
Local Soc 24

Martina Zemp, Dr. phil. (Universität Zürich)

Interparental conflict emerged as one of the primary family risk factors for child maladjustment with increasing evidence about the harmful effects on children's cognitive functioning. However, little is yet known about the role of interparental conflict in causing attention problems in children. We addressed this gab by examining the impact of marital conflict on children's attention performance in 94 children, aged 11-13 years, and their mothers in an experimental approach. The results suggest that a 1-min videotaped couple conflict detrimentally interfered with children's attention performance, and that highly physiologically responsive children from high-conflict homes might be at elevated risk. A further study was conducted to examine the effects of interparental negativity on children, weighed in terms of the parents positivity in an online sample of 375 parents. The findings indicate that interparental conflict is unavoidable in family life; what matters may be that it is buffered by at least twice the amount of positivity for the children's sake. If replicated elsewhere, the current findings raise important clinical implications.

Invitant : Barbara Gabriel 


Mardi 12 mai à 11h00
Local E241

Déshumanisation et infra-humanisation dans les rapports intergénérationnels. Valérian Boudjemadi (Université de Strasbourg)
La déshumanisation (DH) correspond au fait de dénier une partie ou la totalité de l'humanité d'un groupe (Haslam, 2006 ; Haslam & Loughnan, 2014). Deux formes de DH ont été identifiées dans la littérature. La première correspondant au déni d'attributs uniquement humains (DH animaliste) alors que la seconde renvoie au déni d'attributs partagés avec les animaux (DH mécaniste). De nombreux travaux témoignent de DH de cibles de discrimination. Par exemple, certains groupes sont comparés à des animaux (e.g., les noirs) et d'autres à des objets (e.g., les femmes). Qu'en est-il des cibles de la discrimination basée sur l'âge ? L'objectif général de ce travail est de démontrer au travers de quatre études que les personnes âgées (PA) sont victimes de DH. Les trois premières études visent à témoigner d'une DH animaliste de la catégorie supra-ordonnée "PA". Pour ce faire, l'étude 1 teste l'existence d'une association automatique en mémoire entre les PA et l'animalité. Une tâche de décision lexicale (TDL ; Wittenbrink, Judd & Park, 1997) a mis en évidence une facilitation de la reconnaissance de cibles pré testées comme associées à l'animalité (e.g., bave) lorsqu'elles sont précédées d'amorces âgées en comparaison à des amorces jeunes, et ce comparativement à la reconnaissance de cibles négatives et non associées à l'animalité (e.g., viol). Les études 2 et 3 s'appuient sur la théorie de l'infra humanisation (Leyens et al., 2001) . Ce phénomène s'exprime quand un individu perçoit un groupe donné comme étant moins apte que son groupe d'appartenance à ressentir des émotions uniquement humaines (e.g., honte), alors que ces mêmes groupes sont considérés comme aussi apte l'un que l'autre à ressentir des émotions partagées avec une partie du monde animal (e.g., colère). L'étude 2 utilise un protocole classique de mesure de l'infra humanisation, alors que l'étude 3 s'appuie sur une TDL. Dans les deux cas, nous assistons à une attribution moindre d'émotions uniquement humaines positives aux PA par rapport aux jeunes. Aucune différence relative aux émotions primaires n'est significative. L'étude 4 a pour objectif de démontrer l'expression de diverses formes de DH en fonction du stéréotype de l'âge activé. Les limites et implications de ces recherches seront discutées.

Invitante : Stéphanie Demoulin


Vendredi 8 mai de 14h00 à 15h00
Local : D325

"I have nothing against Muslims, but …" Reactions to Muslims and perceived value violations. Jolanda van der Noll (University of Hagen, Germany)

In the current discourse on the acceptance of Islam and Muslims in Western societies, people often argue that they do not have a problem with Muslims per se, but do object to certain beliefs and practices that are at odds with democratic liberal values, such as gender equality, acceptance of homosexuality, or the separation of State and Church. Moreover, it has been argued that people do not object to Islam in particular, but religion more generally. Yet, it remains often unclear if these distinctions between the rejection of value-violating behavior or of religiosity vs. ethnic prejudice are also reflected in popular attitudes. In this presentation, I present the results of a series of experimental online studies conducted in Belgium and Germany that aim at examining to what extent reactions towards Muslim targets depend on the target?s religiosity, and behavior and beliefs being potentially in conflict with values such as gender equality, acceptance of homosexuality, and freedom of speech. Furthermore, the studies address the question whether a violation of these values by a Muslim target is seen as more severe than that of a non-Muslim target.

Invitantes : Isabelle Roskam, Neda Bebirolglu Abiven


Jeudi 30 avril de 12h30 à 13h30
Salle du conseil

Améliorer le contrôle de la colère chez une personne avec un traumatisme crânio-cérébral sévère : une étude de cas unique. Lucien Rochat (Unité de Psychopathologie et de Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Université de Genève Université de Genève)

Les difficultés de régulation émotionnelle et les changements comportementaux sont fréquents à la suite d’une atteinte cérébrale tel un traumatisme crânio-cérébral (TCC). Ces problèmes peuvent entraîner un impact négatif important sur la réinsertion sociale et professionnelle des patients, constituent une source de stress pour les proches, et sont susceptibles d’entraîner une diminution de la qualité de vie pour le patient et son entourage. Malgré la prévalence et les conséquences négatives de ces difficultés, peu d’études se sont intéressées à examiner l’efficacité de stratégies spécifiques d’intervention visant à en diminuer la fréquence et/ou l’intensité. Dans cette présentation, je décrirai le cas d’un patient avec un traumatisme crânio-cérébral sévère présentant d’importantes difficultés de gestion de la colère et à qui nous avons proposé successivement deux stratégies spécifiques d’intervention : la première visait à améliorer l’expression et la reconnaissance des émotions, et la seconde, à augmenter la réalisation de comportements orientés vers un but via une stratégie de planification et d’auto-régulation appelée « intentions d’implémentation ». A l’aide d’analyses statistiques inédites et spécifiquement adaptées à la méthodologie du cas unique, nous avons pu mettre en évidence que ces deux stratégies ont permis de réduire la fréquence et l’intensité des crises de colère de cette personne.

Invitants: Joël Billieux, Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


Jeudi 30 avril à 10h30
Local : Soc 24

Intergenerational Transmission of Memory: Case Studies Across the World. William Hirst (New School for Social Research - USA)

As the refrain “never forget” insists, the intergenerational transmission of memories is a moral imperative, the basis for communal legacy, and a daunting challenge.  The way transmission, reception, and consequences of intergenerational memories unfolds depends on a host of factors, including (1) the nature of the memory, (2) the psychological dynamics of members of each generation, (3) societal factors, such as the presence or absence of cultural artifacts, and (4) the cultural factors.  The present talk explores each of these issues in a wide variety of cultural contexts.  It will particularly focus on the intersection of personal memories and historical memories of WWII, the Argentine Military Junta of 1967, and the attack of September 11, 2001.

Invitant : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab ; Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab


Mercredi 29 avril de 14h à 16h
Salle du conseil

Thanks to Darwin: Gratitude and the Evolution of Friendship in Biological Markets. Michael E. McCullough, DHC UCL PSP-IPSY (University of Miami)

Emotion theorists have speculated about the functions of gratitude for two millennia, but little definitive scientific progress could be made before the advent of two powerful tools for thinking: Darwin's theory of natural selection and the computational theory of mind. In this talk, I review a dozen empirical facts for which a tenable theory of gratitude must account, and then describe a theory that meets this challenge. Our explanation for gratitude commits to a function: Gratitude's function is to motivate behaviors that induce seemingly profitable relationship partners to include the grateful individual within their circles of most favored cooperation partners. Put plainly, gratitude motivates humans to be a friend in order to make a friend. In this talk I will present results from some experiments in which novel predictions based on this hypothesis were tested.

Invitants : Vassilis Saroglou, Centre de psychologie de la religion


Mardi 28 avril de 12h30 à14h00
Local E241

Communication judiciaire et perception de justice : Exemples d’apports de la psychologie à la justice pénale. Nathalie Lionet-Przygodski (PSITEC, Université de Lille 3, France)

Inspirée des procédures anglo-saxonnes de « plea bargaining » ou de « plea guilty » et appliquée en France depuis 2004, la « Comparution sur Reconnaissance Préalable de Culpabilité » (CRPC) permet d’accélérer le traitement judiciaire de la plupart des délits. Répondant à une sollicitation de l’Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature, notre étude s’est déclinée en deux temps. Nous avons d’abord procédé à une analyse de la communication verbale et non verbale de procureurs de la République et de prévenus lors d’audiences judiciaires de cabinet. Même si la CRPC ne peut être qualifiée de justice « négociée » (Przygodzki-Lionet & Schiaratura, 2008), le justiciable pourrait néanmoins, du fait de sa plus grande proximité physique avec le procureur et de la possibilité de s’exprimer, être davantage acteur dans la détermination de sa peine au sein de cette procédure qu’en audience correctionnelle classique. On peut dès lors supposer que les prévenus inscrits en CRPC éprouvent un « sentiment de justice » plus important que ceux qui suivent le parcours pénal traditionnel. Nous avons donc ensuite construit un questionnaire qui a été soumis à des prévenus à leur sortie d'audience correctionnelle (CRPC versus audience habituelle). Les données recueillies nous ont permis à la fois de valider notre questionnaire et de confirmer partiellement notre hypothèse (Przygodzki-Lionet, Léoni & Humez, 2014). L’ensemble de nos résultats peut être mis en perspective avec d’autres recherches ayant étudié les conséquences des perceptions de justice et des attitudes à l’égard d’institutions. Ces travaux de psychologie judiciaire et juridique peuvent également alimenter des propositions pour une amélioration du service public de la justice à l’égard de ses usagers.

Invitante Rafaele Dumas


Mardi 28 avril à 14h00
Local Soc 43

Vision in Autism. Norcia Anthony (Stanford University, USA, ca)

Autism has classically been defined on the basis of social communication and social interaction deficits. More recently, the definition has been expanded to include repetitive or restrictive behaviors and sensory hyper- or hypo-sensitivity. This talk will present new data on vision in autism obtained from Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) recordings. The work to be described focuses on the processing of very simple stimuli (gratings and random checkerboards) and examines how contrast information is transmitted by the early visual pathway. We find that specific aspects of spatial information transfer are affected in children with autism, especially in the right hemisphere and that contrast processing is effected consistent with a shift of the normal excitation/inhibition balance towards less inhibition. These deficits may have downstream consequences for higher-order processes, particularly those that are strongly represented in the right hemisphere such as faces.

Invitants : Bruno Rossion and Face Categorization Lab


Mercredi 29 avril à 11h
Local E139

A theoretical and empirical case for blatant dehumanization. Nour Sami Kteily (Kellog School of Management, Illinois, USA)

Dehumanization is a central concept in the study of intergroup relations. Nevertheless, whereas theoretical and methodological advances in subtle, "everyday" dehumanization have progressed rapidly, blatant dehumanization remains vastly understudied. The present research attempts to re-focus theoretical and empirical attention on blatant dehumanization, examining when and why it provides additional explanatory power. In doing so, we introduce and validate a blatant measure of dehumanization based on the popular depiction of evolutionary progress in the "Ascent of Man" We compare blatant dehumanization to established conceptualizations of subtle and implicit dehumanization, including infrahumanization, perceptions of human nature (HN) and human uniqueness (UH), and implicit associations between ingroup/outgroup and human/animal concepts.

Invitante : Stéphanie Demoulin


Jeudi 26 mars de 11h à 12h30
Local D312

Universalisme sans uniformité: des variations culturelles dans la construction de l'estime de soi et du sentiment de continuité de soi. Maja Becker (Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès)

Au-delà des besoins fondamentaux de nourriture, eau, affiliation et sécurité, les pensées et actions des humains sont souvent guidées par des besoins symboliques. Ces derniers incluent les motivations identitaires, qui prédisposent les individus à se voir de différentes manières. Dans cette présentation, je vais me focaliser plus particulièrement sur la manière dont les individus arrivent à se voir positivement (à satisfaire la motivation d'estime de soi) et à se voir comme perdurant dans le temps (à satisfaire la motivation de continuité de soi). La théorie de la construction identitaire motivée (Vignoles, 2011) propose que ces motivations identitaires se généralisent à travers les cultures, mais s'y expriment de manière culturellement adaptée. Deux grandes études ont testé cette hypothèse auprès de 14 000 membres de groupes culturels tirés de 37 nations. Nos résultats viennent appuyer l'idée d'universalisme sans uniformité (Shweder & Sullivan, 1993) ; l'estime de soi et le sentiment de continuité de soi semblent se construire de manière différente en fonction des valeurs et croyances saillantes dans le contexte culturel dans lequel les individus évoluent.

Invitante : Ginette Herman


Mercredi 11 mars de 11h à 12h15
Local E139

The influence of empathy-related emotions on social behavior. Olga Klimecki (Université de Genève)

How emotions influence our social behavior is a question of key interest to psychologists. In this talk, I will focus on the influence of social emotions on helping behavior and on behavioral reactions to provocation. To address the challenge of reliable and controlled measurement of social emotions and interpersonal behavior under laboratory conditions, different tasks were recently introduced. The Socio-affective Video Task (SoVT) can be used to study changes of emotional responses to suffering. Social behavior related to helping strangers can be assessed by means of the Zurich Prosocial Game, while behavioral reactions to provocation can be measured using the Inequality Game. With the Inequality Game, for instance, we could show that inter-individual differences in empathic tendencies such as compassion, perspective taking and empathic distress have distinct effects on aggressive and forgiveness behavior following provocation. In my presentation, I will introduce each of these tasks and discuss some of the related results. I will end my presentation by discussing the overall implications that these studies have for intervention programs aimed at changing social emotions.

Invitants : Moïra Mikolajczak, Nicolas Vermeulen


Mardi 10 février de 13h30 à 14h30.
Local : E139

L’addiction aux drogues stimulantes. Laurent Karila, Dr. psychiatre (Centre de recherche et de traitement des addictions, Hôpital Paul Brousse, Université Paris Sud-11)

Les drogues stimulantes font partie du nouveau paysage des addictions. A un niveau mondial, la cocaïne est devenue en l’espace de quelques années, extrêmement présente sur la scène des drogues, même si le cannabis reste au sommet des consommations. Les stimulants de synthèse que sont les amphétamines et la méthamphétamine sont fabriqués en Europe pour une consommation domestique, bien qu’une certaine quantité soit également produite à des fins d’exportation. Sous la dénomination d’euphorisants légaux, les nouvelles drogues de synthèse ont fait une percée considérable dans le marché des drogues depuis 2008. Les caractéristiques cliniques de ces substances psychoactives sont communes avec des différences singulières. Elles sont à l’origine de complications somatiques, psychiatriques et sociales. La prise en charge thérapeutique doit être multimodale. La recherche dans ce domaine doit se poursuivre.

Mots clés : cocaïne, nouvelles drogues de synthèse, drogues stimulantes, méthamphétamine, addiction

Invitants: Joël Billieux, Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


Mardi 3 février de 10h à 12h
Local E139

Rencontre avec des élèves en situation de handicap. Christian Sarralié, maître de conférences et chercheur en Sciences de l’éducation à l’université Paris Ouest

Je me propose de revenir sur mon parcours de recherche concernant la réadaptation scolaire d'adolescents traumatisés crâniens et de personnes en situation de handicap en général. Ce point de départ a pour objectif, d'une part, de montrer mon passage d'un ancrage didactique à une approche clinique des faits étudiés, et d'autre part, de proposer, au carrefour d'un ensemble de disciplines, une réflexion dans le champ des sciences de l'éducation sur des questions relatives à l'apprentissage et aux situations de handicap.

Invitantes : Anne Bragard, Marie Van Reybroeck, Catherine Van Nieuwenhoven


Vendredi 16 janvier de 13h à 15h
Local E241

Digital public health interventions: potential and challenges. Lucy Yardley (University of Southampton, UK)

Over the past decade, digital media have become an increasingly widely used mode of delivery for public health interventions, including public health interventions. Digital interventions are attractive to providers because of their potential for wide reach at low cost per person, and are valued by users as they can provide convenient, private, instant access to automated, expert and peer support to help achieve behavioural goals. However, the promise of digital interventions has not always been realised; often effect sizes are small and dropout from interventions high, and with the advent of mobile app technology the market has already become saturated with untested and often unhelpful apps. This talk illustrates how rigorous, iterative development and evaluation of digital interventions can produce accessible, engaging and effective public health interventions.

Invitants : Stephan Van den Broucke, Louise Schinckus


Vendredi 16 janvier de 9h00 à 10h30
Local E139

Autorégulation émotionnelle et motivationnelle chez les élèves ayant des besoins éducatifs particuliers en classes spécialisées. Greta Pelgrims (Université de Genève)

Invitante : Marie van Reybroeck


2014


Vendredi 5 décembre à 09h00
Local Soc 41

Expressed Emotion (EE) des patients et partenaires de couples dont la femme souffre d'un cancer du sein. (Absract) Linda Charvoz, (BC Université Genève, HES-SO Lausanne)
Invitant : Barbara Gabriel


Mercredi 3 décembre à 10h
Local Soc 24

Are odors efficient primes to induce relevant food choices? Stéphanie Chambaron (INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation)

Studies in cognitive psychology have revealed the non-conscious influences that a cue can have on thinking and doing. Our research explored the impact of an olfactory food cue on food choices. In a first series of studies, two fruity odors (melon and pear) were chosen as olfactory food cues to examine the impact on consumers? food choices. The results showed: (1) participants in the melon-scent condition answered faster only for the word 'melon' in comparison with other tested words, (2) these participants were more likely than control participants to choose starters with vegetables, but not main courses or desserts with fruit and vegetables. In a second series of experiments, we explored if sweet-fatty odour could increase food choices towards high energy density foods. tended to choose more desserts with high energy density (a waffle) than participants in the control condition. Finally, we evaluated the impact of olfactory priming onsubsequent food intake and eating behaviour with Alzheimer patients. Results showed a significant effect of olfactory priming, with a 25% increase in meat and vegetable consumption compared to the control condition.

Invitation dans le cadre du: UCL-ULB joint psyfood research group (Promotors: Axel Cleeremans, Olivier Corneille, Olivier Klein, Olivier Luminet, Stephan Van den Broucke)


Vendredi 21 novembre de 10h à 12h
Local E139

Perturbation de la morphologie grammaticale chez des enfants sourds profonds implantés cochléaire à 10 ans post implant. M-T Le Normand (Université Paris Descartes)

Le développement de la morphologie grammaticale a été examiné, sur un suivi de dix ans, chez 50 enfants sourds profonds congénitaux et prélingaux qui ont été implantés entre 21 et 78 mois. Leurs productions ont été comparées à celles d'enfants entendants appariés afin de suivre leurs trajectoires développementales. Les enregistrements ont eu lieu dans 4 centres d'implantation (Paris, Toulouse, Lyon, Montpellier) au cours de situations standardisées. Des échantillons de parole spontanée provenant des enfants implantés et des enfants appariés ont été analysés avec les outils du CHILDES. Les résultats ont permis d'identifier des difficultés spécifiques des morphèmes grammaticaux avec des omissions des déterminants et des pronoms dans des contextes plurisyllabiques, des particularités dans les flexions nominales et verbales et des erreurs de genre et de nombre. Toutes ces données seront discutées dans le cadre des théories de l'initialisation prosodique des catégories grammaticales chez l'enfant implanté cochléaire.

Marie-Anne Schelstraete, Anne Bragard


Mardi 4 novembre de 14h00 à 15h00
Local Salle du conseil

Betting and the brain: Clinical implications of neuroscience research in problem gambling. Pr. Anneke Goudriaan (Université of Amsterdam)

Evidence from neuroscience indicates that several neurobiological mechanisms are related to differential outcomes in addiction. For instance, higher levels of impulsivity have been related to earlier relapse, and brain activity patterns like higher responsivity to addiction related cues as measured in fMRI research, have predictive value for earlier treatment drop-out or relapse.The overall number of neuroimaging studies in pathological gamblers is still modest, but is increasing sharply in the last few years. Despite the relatively small number of studies, neurobiological processes have been shown to play a key role in the development of problem gambling, its continuation, and relapses in gambling problems after treatment. Functional MRI studies consistently show a diminished response of the reward-related mesolimbic-prefrontal brain circuit in problem gamblers and pathological gamblers when responding to rewards or losses that they encounter outside of a gambling situation. However, neuroimaging studies that focus on the neural responses of problem gamblers and pathological gamblers in gambling situations, show that increased activation in this reward-related brain circuit is present, for instance in response to high-risk gambles, or when winning when the probability of winning is low. Similarly, studies of gambling cue-reactivity implicate an increased response in motivational and attentional brain circuitry, consistent with studies in substance use disorders. Recent fMRI studies on gambling specific aspects such as expectations of wins, near-wins, and risky gambles indicate that these aspects are associated with neural mechanisms relevant in determining behavior of problem gamblers compared to non-addicted gamblers. In this presentation, an overview is given focusing on the newest insights in the neurobiology of problem gambling and on clinical implications of these findings.

Invitants : Prof. Joël Billieux, Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


Mardi 4 novembre à 14h30
Local Soc 41

From Reading to Feeling: A Psycholinguistic Approach to Alexithymia. Dalya Samur (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

Alexithymia is a personality dimension defined by difficulties in recognizing and describing emotions. Prior work has found that reading iterary fiction may enrich social-cognitive and emotional functioning, which are the skills that are impaired in alexithymia. Building on and extending these findings, my colleagues and I have recently proposed and tested the new idea that alexithymic individuals may be helped by reading literary fiction which challenges them to consider unfamiliar feelings and experiences (Samur et al., 2013). We conducted 3 experiments examining the effects of literature-reading and the moderating role of engagement into the literature on individuals with varying levels of alexithymia. We found that when engagement with fiction was high, emotion recognition was better for low alexithymic individuals. This difference was not present for high-alexithymic individuals. These preliminary findings suggest that emotion-processing deficits among high alexithymic individuals are not due to a lack of motivational engagement. We will also include a new study focused on metaphors which have a potentially crucial role in emotional language comprehension of high alexithymia.

Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab ; Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab 


Vendredi 3 octobre à 14h
Local E139

L'acceptation et la pleine conscience dans la prise en charge de la douleur chronique. Frédérick Dionne (Université du Québec)
Invitant : P. Philippot, CPS-Troubles Emotionnels et Laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)

 


Mardi 30 septembre à 11h00
Local Salle du conseil

Development, sensitive phases and adult recalibration of multisensory processes. Pr. Brigitte Roeder, (Department of Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg)

Abstract : Prospective developmental studies have shown that the development of multisensory representations is characterized by a protracted developmental time course. In contrast, retrospective studies have demonstrated that early sensory experience seems to be crucial for the emergence of multisensory functions. Research in adults has shown that multisensory functions are continuously recalibrated. This talk will report data from studies employing these three research approaches. At the end an attempt will be made to relate results from these three lines of research.

Invitant : Bruno Rossion


You are cordially invited to attend the next IPSY lecture and workshop presented by Kerry Chamberlain, Professor of Social and Health Psychology (Massey University in Auckland, New Zealand) More

  • Jeudi 18 Septembre de 10h30 à 12h 00

Local Socrate 41

Lecture on critical health psychology (max 1 hour lecture and max 1 hour of discussion). Critical psychology and health research: Making a difference

In this seminar I will discuss the premises of critical psychology and consider how we might apply critical psychology to health research. I will examine recent developments in health psychology and the establishment of      more critical and qualitative forms of health psychology research, driven from community health psychology and critical health psychology, and consider the ways in which critical health psychology does its work. I will illustrate these with examples from our recent research into homelessness, medications, and poverty.

  • Vendredi 19 Septembre de 10h00 à 12:30

Local Socrate 41

Workshop on qualitative methods in health psychology (Session1) Working qualitatively

In this workshop I will address some of the fundamental issues for qualitative research practice, including epistemological assumptions, the use of theory, the value of reflexivity, qualitative questioning, and introduce a critical approach to methodology. I will illustrate these issues with examples of research that would be conducted within health psychology. The session will provide a core introduction to the field and lead onto the second workshop.

  • Vendredi 19 Septembre de 14h00 à 16h00

Local Socrate 43

Workshop on qualitative methods in health psychology (Session 2) Challenging methodology

In this workshop, I will address issues of methodological creativity and innovation, and illustrate ways of going beyond common qualitative data collection processes (individual interviews and focus groups) to extend and deepen data and enhance research engagement and practice in health research. These will include photo-voice, photo-elicitation, mapping, time-lining and graphic-elicitation, mobile methods, like go-along interviews, and arts-based performative work. We will conclude with some caveats about innovative methods.

Organizers: O. Luminet and S. Van Den Broucke


Mardi 24 juin de 11h à 12h30
Local Soc 25

A structural investigation of dysfunctional automatic associations and interpretations in psychopathology. (Abstract) Marcella L. Woud (Ruhr University Bochum, Germany)
Invitants : Alexandre Heeren et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale


Lundi 23 juin à 14h
Local Soc 27

Body Awareness, Social Cognition, and Physiology: Insights from Chronically-Traumatized Adults and Children. (Abstract) Wendy d'Andrea (New school for social research, New York)
Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab; Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab

Lundi 23 Juin à 11h
Local Soc 27

On the diversity of Mental Time Travel. (Abstract) Aline Cordonnier (Macquarie University, Australia)
Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab; Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab


jeudi 12 juin de 9h30 à 10h30
Local E241

Magnetic attraction in movements. Action towards attention or fixation? (Abstract) Elisabetta Ambron (Università di Trieste Italy)
Invitants : Martin Edwards, Stéphane Grade


Lundi 26 mai de 11h à 12h30
Local E139

What's love got to do with it? Eye gaze during parent-child affection and callous-unemotional traits in antisocial children. (Abstract) Jennifer Allen (Department of Psychology and Human Development
Institute of Education University of London, UK)

Invitants : Isabelle Roskam, Neda Bebiroglu


Mercredi 7 mai à 9h30
Local Soc 41

Approche conjugale de l'alexithymie. (Abstract) Aurélie Untas Université Paris Descartes
Invitants : Barbara Gabriel, Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab ; Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab


Mardi 6 mai de 12h30 à 14h
Local Soc 24

The ideological (and religious) conflict hypothesis (Abstract) Dr Mark Brandt  (Dept. of social psychology, Tilburg University, Netherlands)
Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou


Mardi 22 avril à 14h30
Local Soc 41

Evaluer les capacités de cognition sociale : enjeux pour la compréhension du comportement humain et applications en neuropsychologie clinique. Illustrations dans le vieillissement normal et pathologique. (Abstract)  Pauline Narme  Université Paris Descartes
Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab ; Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab


Mardi 15 avril à 10h30
Local Soc 25

The development of arithmetical strategies and finger use. (Abstract) Brian Butterworth, emeritus professor of Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, (University College London, UK)
Invitants : Mauro Pesenti


jeudi 10 avril 11h30
Local E241

Embodiment in spatial perception and language. (Abstract) Coello Yann Professor of Cognitive Psychology Neuropsychology, Director of the Research Unit on Cognitive and Affective Sciences (Université de Lille, France)
Invitant : Stéphane grade


Jeudi 3 avril 11h
Local Soc 40

Alexithymie, recherche de sensations et jeux de hasard et d'argent : des facteurs de risque commun aux joueurs pathologiques ? (Abstract) Céline Bonnaire, Maître de Conférences en
psychopathologie (Université Paris Descartes, FR)
Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab and Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab; J. Billieux, Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology


Vendredi 28 mars à 11h
Local Soc 41

Apport de neurosciences dans la compréhension de l'Hystérie (Abstract) Selma Aybek (Université de Genève (UNIGE) et Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève (HUG), Suisse)
Invitants : Joël Billieux et le laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)


Mercredi 26 mars à 14h
Local Soc 40

Towards universities that promote health: psychology’s contribution to health promoting universities (abstract) prof. Cecilia Chau Pérez Aranibar (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)
Invitant : Stephan van den Broucke.


Lundi 17 mars à 16h30

Local E241

Recalling our memories in everyday life: A functional approach to autobiographical memory (Abstract) Burcu Demiray (University of Zürich, Suisse)
Invitant : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab and Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab


Vendredi 14 mars de 9h à 10h30
Local D325

Le comportement d'innovation dans les organisations (Abstract) Professeur Adalgisa Battistelli (Université de Bordeaux, France)
Invitant : Florence Stinglhamber


Vendredi 7 mars de 11h à 12h30
Local E241

Dérèglements émotionnels dans l'anorexie mentale (Abstract) Pr. Jean-Louis Nandrino, (Université Lille 3, france)
Invitant : Pierre Maurage et le laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)


Jeudi 6 mars à 10h Conférence annulée !
Local Soc 41

Serotonin, genetics, and cognitive control. (Abstract) Prof. Nils Inge Landrø (University of Oslo, Norvège)
Invitants : Joël Billieux et le laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)


Jeudi 27 février à 14h et 15h
Local E241

  • 14h : Valence asymmetries in Social Cognition (Abstract) Prof. Christian Unkelbach (Universität zu Köln, Allemagne)
  • 15h : Emotional Resemblance in English Letters: The Role of Face Perception in Word Evaluation (Abstract) Prof. Max Weisbuch (University of Denver, Colorado, USA)

Invitants : Evelyne Treinen, Olivier Corneille


Mercredi 26 février à 16 h
Local Soc -240

Mixing Methods: Challenges and Benefits (Abstract) Dr Nollaig Frost, Senior Lecturer (Dept of Psychology, Middlesex University, UK)
Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab and Cognition, Health, Emotion and Social Studies Lab


Mardi 25 février de 12h30 à 14h
Local E241

Vers une reconsidération expérimentale des liens épistémiques entre persuasion et influence (Abstract) Prof. Stamos Papastamou (Univ. Panteion Athènes, Dept. de psychologie, Grèce)
Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou


Jeudi 13 février de 14h à 15h
Local E241

The brain of the beholder? inferior temporal representations of visual objects are individually unique and predict perceived similarity (Abstract) Ian Charest (Université de Cambridge, Royaume-Uni) Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)


Vendredi 31 janvier de 14h à 15h30
Local D325

Whence meaning? Religion in empirical research on meaning in life (Abstract) Tatjana Schnell (Univ. of Insbruck, Austria)
Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou


Lundi 20 janvier 14h
Local E241

How emotion shapes narrative and narrative shapes emotion (Abstract) Tilmann Habermas (Goethe University, Francfort, Germany)
Invitant : Olivier Luminet


2013


Vendredi 20 décembre de 11h à 12h
Local E241

Troubles de la cognition sociale et remédiation cognitive en psychiatrie (Abstract) Elodie Peyroux, (Centre de Neurosciences Cognitives Université de Lyon, France)
Invitants : Pierre Maurage et le laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)


Mardi 17 décembre de 12h30 à 14h
Local D312

Fundamental Motives and the Varieties of Religious Experience (Abstract) Adam B. Cohen (Dept. of Psychology, Arizona State University, USA)
Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou


Lundi 16 décembre de 12h à 13h30
Local D312

Introduction aux méthodes qualitatives dans le domaine de la santé (Abstract) Maria Del Rio Carral (Université de Lausanne, Suisse)
Invitant : Olivier Luminet


jeudi 28 novembre de 13h00 à 16h00 et le vendredi 29 novembre de 10h00 à 13h00
Local E139

La susceptibilité différentielle
Séminaire sur la susceptibilité différentielle organisé par le professeur Isabelle Roskam dans le cadre de l'école doctorale Psycheduc
La susceptibilité différentielle repose sur des caractéristiques propres à chaque individu et stables à travers le temps, en particulier les facteurs génétiques et du tempérament. Elle s’applique à différents domaines et permet de comprendre pourquoi des interventions thérapeutiques fonctionnent chez certaines personnes et pas d’autres. La sensibilité des enfants aux pratiques éducatives de leur parent sera discutée mais elle peut aussi être appliquée aux stratégies éducatives mises en place dans le milieu scolaire par exemple, et à d’autres interventions qui visent à modifier l’environnement.
Dans le champ de la parentalité et du développement de l'enfant, la susceptibilité différentielle offre une perspective nouvelle. Les pratiques parentales négatives et les conflits entre parents et enfants ont longtemps été présentés comme des facteurs de risque de comportements difficiles chez les enfants. Cependant, il est désormais montré que les enfants diffèrent dans leur sensibilité à l’environnement parental. Cette susceptibilité différentielle, mesurée à travers des différences génétiques, expliquerait que les enfants les plus sensibles soient le plus affectés défavorablement par une parentalité négative mais aussi les plus affectés favorablement par une parentalité renforcée, pour le pire et le meilleur.
En se basant sur l’étude ORCHIDS centrée sur 480 familles avec des enfants de 6 à 8 ans, Geert-Jan Overbeek prolongera ce concept à travers l’hypothèse non plus seulement d’une sensibilité à l’environnement différente d’un enfant à l’autre mais celle d’une rigidité entre parent et enfant, dans la dyade, mettant l’accent sur la réactivité comportementale des enfants et la synchronisation des affects positifs et négatifs entre parent et enfant.
Ce séminaire aura lieu à l'UCL, faculté de psychologie, 1er étage, dans la salle e-139 en deux sessions : le jeudi 28 novembre de 13.00 à 16.00 et le vendredi 29 novembre de 10.00 à 13.0. Le cours sera donné en anglais.
Merci de confirmer votre participation en envoyant un mail à benedicte.mouton@uclouvain.be


Postponed !

Gambling Careers: a Longitudinal, Qualitative Study of Gambling Behaviour (Abstract) Prof. Gerda Reith, (School of Social and Political Sciences, Université de Glasgow, GB)
Invitants : Joël Billieux et le laboratoire de psychopathologie expérimentale (LEP)


Vendredi 15 novembre de 14h00 à 15h30
Local Soc -240

Eyewitness testimony in young and older adults (Abstract) Amina Memon, Professor of Psychology (Royal Holloway, University of London, GB)
Amina Memon is professor of psychology at Royal Holloway University of London (UK) where she also heads the eyewitness research group. Prof. Memon has been conducting research for 25 years in the field of Cognitive and Social Psychology applied to the areas of eyewitness testimony, investigative interviewing and biases in decision-making. She has been working in close relationship with policy makers and practitioners in the field of policing, social work and the law. Prof. Memon’s studies brought significant contributions to police practices, especially in the development and assessment of video identification parades, and the technique of the cognitive interview.
Invitant : Rafaele Dumas


Vendredi 8 novembre de 15h00 à 17h00
Local E241

The Principal health & well-being survey: A large-scale longitudinal study in Australia (Abstract) Dr. Philip Riley (Monash University Melbourne, Australia)
Invitant : Christelle Devos


Mardi 5 novembre de 15h30 à 17h
Local E139

Les effets de la consommation numérique sur le fonctionnement cognitif (Abstract) Michel Desmurget, chargé de recherche au CNRS (centre de neuroscience cognitive de Lyon, France)
Invitant : Benoît Galand


Vendredi 18 octobre de 14h  à 15h30
Local Soc 24

Aspects on human echolocation: How blind people detect objects using echoes (Abstract) Bo Schenkman (Blekinge Institute of Technology, Ronneby, Sweden)
Invitants : Martin Edwards, Olivier Corneille


Mardi 15 octobre de 10h30 à 12h00
Local E241

De la sociologie de l'éducation à la sociologie du handicap et des pratiques éducatives dans des perspectives d'inclusion scolaire (Abstract) Eric Plaisance, Professeur émérite (université Paris Descartes - Cerlis, France)
Invitants : Mariane Frenay et Anne Bragard


Mercredi 25 septembre de 9h00 à 17h00
Local E241

Robert Weisz, Pr de management (Université d'Aix en Provence, france)
Invitant : Moira Mikolajczak
Séminaire d'une journée (infos) sur les différents profils de communication et ses implications pour le leadership
Ce sera un séminaire interactif, avec beaucoup d'applications pratiques visant à mieux se connaître, mieux interagir, mieux communiquer.
L'inscription est gratuite. Il suffit d'adresser un courriel à Nadine Fraselle pour s'inscrire.


Vendredi 9 août 2013 de 11h à 12h
Local D312

Modulations in mu and beta rhythms during motor learning and action planning. Lawrence Behmer (Washington State University, USA)
Invitant : Martin Edwards


 

Lundi 1 juillet à 10h30
Local D312

Invitant : Marie-Pascale Noël

Normal numerical development and developmental dyscalculia Dr Denes Szucs (Univesity of Cambridge,UK)  




Mardi 25 juin de 12h30 à 14h
Local E241

 

 

Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou

Promoting intergroup harmony between Muslim and Christian adolescents: A longitudinal fieldwork study Dr Abu-Rayya Hisham (University of Sydney, Australia) Abstract




Vendredi 14 juin à 14h
Local : salle du conseil
 

Invitant : Joël Billieux et le Laboratoire de Psychopathologie Expérimentale (LEP)

Quels enjeux de l’évaluation clinique d’un premier épisode psychotique ?

Dr. Manuel Tettamanti, Psychologue,
Thérapeute de Famille (Département de santé mental

et de psychiatrie, Hôpitaux Universitaires
de Genève et Université de Genève, Suisse)

 

Abstract




Mercredi 12 juin à 10h30
Local : E241

 

 

Invitant : Olivier Luminet

Le succès des ouvrages de développement personnel (self-help):
étonnement, description et critique sociologiques.
Nicolas Marquis,
CES – Université Saint-Louis
GERME – Université Libre de Bruxelles
Abstract




workshop

Mardi 11 juin de 10h à 18h
Local : Soc 26

Inscription obligatoire pour le workshop auprès de : Olivier.Luminet@uclouvain.be

Invitant : Olivier Luminet et l’école doctorale du FRS-FNRS PSYCEDUC et des Fonds Spéciaux de Recherche de l’UCL

 

Mixing Methods in Health Psychology and Related Disciplines

Dr Felicity Bishop, Lecturer in Health Psychology
(University of Southampton, UK)

http://www.southampton.ac.uk/psychology/
about/staff/flb100.page#background

 

Infos

Conférence

Lundi 10 juin 17h Auditoire Socrate 40
 Info : http://www.uclouvain.be/442707.html

Invitant : Olivier Luminet et l’école doctorale du FRS-FNRS PSYCEDUC et des Fonds Spéciaux de Recherche de l’UCL

Mixing Methods in Health Psychology and Related Disciplines

Dr Felicity Bishop, Lecturer in Health Psychology
(University of Southampton, UK)

http://www.southampton.ac.uk/psychology/
about/staff/flb100.page#background

Infos




Mardi 4 juin de 12h30 à 14h
Local E139

Invitants : Jolanda Van der Noll and Vassilis Sarolgou

 

Wellbeing and prosocial effects of music across cultures

Dr. Diana Boer (Sozialpsychologie, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
Germany)

 

Abstract




Vendredi 24 mai à 11h
Local e241

Invitant : Olivier Luminet, et le "Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab"

The Role of Transitions in the Intergenerational Transmission of History Connie Svob (University of Alberta, Canada) Abstract




Mercredi 15 mai de 10h à 12h

Local E241

Invitant : Olivier Luminet

Workshop Quali Coder

 

Gjalt-Jorn Peters (Maastricht University, Pays-Bas) Program




Jeudi 2 mai à 11h
local e241

 

Invitant : Olivier Luminet, et le "Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab"

Approche mixte en psychologie de la santé : un exemple de recherche sur l’intégration de la sexualité en consultation gynécologique Angélick Schweizer, Centre de Recherche en
Psychologie de la Santé,, Université de Lausanne,
Suisse)
Abstract




Mercredi 24 avril à 11h
Local d312
 

Invitant : Marie-Pascale Noël

Some evidence about the relationship of working memory and school achievement Irene C. Mammarella (Università degli Studi
di Padova, Italie)
Abstract




Vendredi 19 avril de 11h à 12h30
Local : Socrate 27

 

 

Invitant : Bernadette Piérart

Language planning disturbances in children with cluttering or having learning disabilities Yvonne Van Zaalen Associate Professor, Fontys
University of applied sciences, Eindhoven, Pays-Bas)
 




Jeudi 18 avril de 12h45 à 14h
Local Socrate 25

Louvain-La-neuve

Invitant : Agnesa Pillon

The role of sensorimotor simulation in language understanding Raffaella Rumiati (Scuola Internazionale Superiore
di Studi Avanzati, Trieste, Italie)
Abstract

Mardi 16 avril  de 12h45 à 14h00

Local : Socrate 25

Invitants : centre de psychologie de la
religion (Vassilis Saroglou) et le laboratoire de psychopathologie
expérimentale (Pierre Philippot)


"Adieu Dieu: Psychology, Religion, and Atheism"

MickPower, Professor of Clinical Psychology Clinical
Psychology University of Edinburgh, GB

Abstract




Jeudi 28 mars de 14h à 15h30
Local e139

Invitant : Benoît Galand

Missingness in longitudinal data Coertjens Liesje (Université d'Anvers) Abstract

Jeudi 21 mars de 14h à 16h
Local e139

 

Invitant : Benoît Galand


L'évolution de l'engagement scolaire chez les enfants et les adolescents : facteurs de risque et conséquences associées

Isabelle Archambault (Université de Montréal, ca)

Abstract




Jeudi 7 mars de 18h15 à 20h15

Collège Thomas More, More 51

Invitants : O. Luminet et G. Schamps (Centre de droit médical et biomédical)

L’accès à l’information et le droit à la santé : le domaine des essais cliniques
 
Trudo LEMMENS, Scholl Chair in Health Law and Policy,
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto (Canada)

 

 

Jeudi 7 mars à 14h
Local : Socrate 26

 

Invitants : Joël Billieux and the
Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)


Do internal – external information processing promotes positive schizotypal traits expression in adolescence?
 

Deborah Badoud (Unité de Psychologie Clinique de
l'Adolescence, Université de Genève, Suisse)
 

Abstract




Jeudi 24 janvier de 14 à 16h00
Local E139

Invitant : labo de psychopathologie expérimentale (Pierre Philippot)

Impulse Control Disorders in Parkinson's disease Kathy Dujardin & Nicolas Carrière
(Université de Lille, France)
Abstract




Mardi 15 janvier 14h
local E241

Invitant : Olivier Luminet, et le "Personality, Emotion, Cognition and Health Lab"

Food for thought: The links between diet and executive control
 
Holly Miller, PhD (KU Leuven) Abstract

2012







Jeudi 22 novembre à 14h
Socrate 40

 

Invitants : Joël Billieux and the
Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)

Escaping from self: Investigating the relations between failure, self-awareness, and suicide thought accessibility Armand Chatard (Centre de Recherche sur la
Cognition et l'Apprentissage, Université de Poitiers)
Abstract

Jeudi 15 novembre de 14 à 16h
Local E241

Invitant : Moïra Mikolajczak


Anger regulation in the workplace

Tanja Wranik (Université de Genève, Suisse)

Abstract

 





Mercredi 14 novembre à 14h00
Socrate 27

 

 

 

 

 
Invitant : Olivier Luminet

Empirical and Individualistic Approaches to Studying
Collective Memories: Three Methods and an Illustration Employing Memories
for 9/11

 

William Hirst, professeur à la New School for
Social Research, New York City
Abstract




Abstract

Lundi 12 novembre
Local E139 à 14h00

Invitant : Olivier Luminet

Remembering in Conversations: Social Influences and
Collective Memories

William Hirst, professeur à la New School for
Social Research, New York City




Mardi 6 novembre de 12h30 à 14h00
Local E241

Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou

Studies on conversion and de-conversion among Israeli Jews Horenczyk Gabriel, the Hebrew University
of Jerusalem
Abstract




Mercredi 31 octobre à 11h
Socrate 41 

Invitants : Joël Billieux and the
Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)

The Internet And The Mobile Phone Problem Use Scales
For Adolescents

 

Olatz López Fernández, PhD. Universidad
de Barcelona (Spain)

 

Abstract




Jeudi 25 octobre à 14h
Socrate 40

 

Invitants : Joël Billieux and the
Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP)

Cognitive behavioural therapy for sexual addictions: a controlled and randomized trial

 

Manpreet Dhuffar (Phd Candidate, Brunel University,
London, UK)
Abstract




Jeudi 5 juillet de 15 à 16h
Socrate 26

 

Invitants : Emmanuelle Zech,
Pascal de Sutter

Mouvements perçus et émotions: de la théorie au traitement possible de l'arachnophobie  Pr Stéphane Rusinek (Université Lille3, France) Abstract




Mercredi 27 juin de 16 à 17h30
Socrate 26

 

 

 

Invitant : Martin Gareth Edwards

1) Brain-Computer Interfaces for Communication and Rehabilitation 
2) Toward a Brain-Computer Interface for Alzheimer’s Disease Patients
 by Combining Classical Conditioning and Brain State Classification

Emanuele Pasqualotto (Universität Tübingen /
Sapienza Università di Roma)

 

Giulia Liberati (Universität Tübingen / Sapienza Università di Roma)

 




Vendredi 22 juin de 11h à 12h30
Local E139

 

 
Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou

The intergroup context of environmental decision making: Ideological support of environmental inequality Lynne M. Jackson (University of Western Ontario, CA) Abstract




Jeudi 21 juin à 11h30
Socrate 25

Invitant : Olivier luminet

Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Couple Interaction and Health Beate Ditzen ( Dept. of Psychology Clinical
Psychology and Psychotherapy University of Zurich)
Abstract




Lundi 18 juin 14h
Socrate 26

 

 

Invitant : Dana Samson

The Man Who Mistook His Neuropsychologist For a Popstar: When Configural Processing Fails in Selective Prosopagnosia Jansari Ashok (School of Psychology
University of East London, UK)
 
Abstract




Mercredi 13 juin de 14h à 15h30
Local E241

 

Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou

Virtues as a potential instrument to improve relations between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Netherlands Anne F. Sluis & Jan Pieter van Oudenhoven
(University of Groningen, Pays-Bas)
Abstract




Jeudi 31 mai 2012 à 14h
Socrate 23  

 

Invitant : Joël Billieux

La flexibilité de source :
un mécanisme cognitif impliqué dans l’attention centrée sur soi?
Dr Lucien Rochat (Université de Genève)

 

Abstract




Mardi 29 mai 2012 à 15h30
Local E139

 

 

 

 

 

Invitant : Marie-Pascale Noël

-La neuropsychologie de la lecture chez l'enfant avec épilepsie
-la neuropsychologie transactionnelle et l'intervention pédagogique dans la zone proximale du développement.
Pr Gérardo Restrepo (faculté d'éducation de
l'université de Sheerbrooke, Canada)

 

Abstract




Mardi 29 mai 2012 à 10h30
Socrate 40

 

 

 

Invitants : Pr Pierre Philippot et le groupe de Psychopathologie et Neurosciences 

The impact of adolescent anxiety on neural and cognitive processes: behavioural, genetic, and neuroimaging evidence Pr Sven Mueller (Université de Gand, UGent) Abstract

Lundi 7 mai de 14h45 à 16h
Local e241

Invitants : Olivier Luminet, Moïra Mikolajczak, Nicolas Vermeulen


Un cerveau qui défend son corps
 

Valéry Legrain (Université de Gand/Université catholique
de Louvain)
http://nocions.webnode.com/members/valery-legrain/
 

Abstract




Lundi 30 avril de 11h à 12h30
Local d312

 

Invitants : Vincent Yzerbyt,
Nicolas Kervyn de Meerendré

Why does the desire to learn not always predict academic achievement? A social value approach Benoit Dompnier (Université de lausanne,
Suisse)
Abstract

Mardi 24 avril 2012 de 10h30 à 12h
Salle du conseil 2e étage


Not all discrimination is created equal:
How ageism differs from other types of prejudice

Alison Chasteen (Université de Toronto)

Abstract
Invitant : Donatienne Desmette    




Vendredi 30 mars 2012 de 14h à 15h
Socrate 26

 

Invitant : Joël Billieux 

Gaming motivations in Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games
 

Daria Kuss (phd student, University of
Nottingham)
Abstract

Jeudi 29 mars de 10h45 à 12h45
Local e241

 

Invitant :  Isabelle Roskam


The Implementation of an Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation Program and Its Findings

Sherry Heller

Abstract

Jeudi 29 mars 2012 à 11h

Socrate 23 


The effect of oxytocin on social approach behavior

Dr Sina Radke (Université de Nimègue)

Abstract
 

Invitant : Olivier Luminet 

     

Jeudi 22 mars à 14h30
Socrate 23

 

 

Invitant : Olivier Luminet


Les déterminants psychosociaux de l’observance thérapeutique chez les personnes infectées par le VIH

Aurélie Gauchet (Université de Grenoble)

Abstract

Mercredi 21 mars 2012 de 9h à 12h
Socrate 26  

 

 

Invitant : Nathalie Nader-Grosbois


Psycholinguistic factors in children's understanding of
the mind:
Young children's problem with false beliefs.

Mikkel Hansen (Université Paris 8) 

Abstract

Mardi 20 mars 2012 de 12h30 à 14h
Local d312

 

 

Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou


Ethnic, Familial and Religious Identity of Minority and Mainstream Bulgarian Adolescents: Differences in Salience and Relations to Psychological Well-Being

Dr Radosveta Dimitrova (Tilburg University, Dept.
of Cross-Cultural Psychology)

Abstract




Mardi 6 mars
Socrate 21

 

Invitant : Olivier Luminet

On the embodiment of self-regulation: “Feel yourself, regulate yourself.” Olga Pollatos (University of Potsdam, Germany)

 

Abstract

Lundi 5 mars de 11h à 12h30
Local d312

 

 

 

Invitant : Olivier Corneille


Self-Control Spillover: Suppressing One Impulse Facilitates Simultaneous Self-Control in Unrelated Domains

Prof. Steven Sweldens (INSEAD)

Abstract

Mardi 21 février 2012 de 14h à 16h
Socrate 23

Invitants : Bernadette Piérart,
Martin Edwards


Interactions between cognitive and motor processes in speaking and stuttering

Hans-Georg Bosshardt
(Professeur émérite de l’Université de la Ruhr, RDA)

 


Infos




Lundi 20 février 2012 de 14h à 16h
Socrate 25

 

 

 

 

 

Invitant : Marie-Pascale Noël

Leveraging Knowledge about Brain Development to Help Every Child Succeed: Programs and Activities Empirically Demonstrated to 

Aid Executive Function Development in Young Children
Pr Adele Diamond (University of British Columbia, Canada) Abstract




Lundi 13 février 2012 à 13h30
Local E241

Invitant : Stéphanie Demoulin

Procedural Framing Effects in Negotiations: It's not just What You Propose, but How You Frame it Dr Roman Troetschel                                                                                              Abstract

Mardi 7 février 2012 de 14 à 16h
Local d312

Invitants : Assaad Azzi (ULB), Ginette Herman (UCL)


The Dynamics of Acculturation: An Intergroup Perspective

Pr.Rupert Brown (Sussex University)

 


Abstract

Vendredi 27 janvier 2012 de 10h à 12h
Local Socrate 43

 

Invitants : P. Philippot, A. Heeren 


Trauma, Resilience,   Complicated Grief, and “Smartphone” Treatment of Anxiety
 

Richard J. McNally, Ph.D.
(Department of Psychology Harvard University)

 

 


Abstract

2011







Mercredi 21 décembre 2011
à 14h 
Socrate 23

Invitant : Joël Billieux

Towards a neuropsychology of gambling addiction Dr Luke Clark (University of Cambridge, UK) Abstract




Vendredi 2 décembre 2011
de 14h à 15h30
Local E139, bâtiment Michotte

Invitant : Vassilis Saroglou

Thy faith shall be sight: How spiritual beliefs influence
visual perception
Prof. Kevin Ladd (Dept. of psychology, University of
Indiana South Bend)
Abstract




Jeudi 27 octobre 2011
de 9h30 à 16h00
au Socrate 24

 

 

 

 

 

Invitants :  A. Heeren et P. Philippot

Séminaire scientifique du Groupe de Recherche en
“Psychopathologie Cognitive & Neurosciences” (IPSY,
UCL, Louvain-­la-­Neuve)
Thématique: Processus attentionnels et psychopathologie
Fanny Kreush & Etienne Quertemont (ULG, Liège, Belgique)
Vincent Leleu (UDL3, Lille, France)
Alexandre Heeren (UCL, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique)
Damien Brevers (ULB, Bruxelles, Belgique)
Nicolas Vermeulen (UCL, Louvain-la-Neuve Belgique)
Abstract




Mardi 11 octobre 2011
de 10h à 12h30

Salle du Conseil PSP (2e étage)

 

 

Invitant :  M. Frenay

Modèles pédagogiques des formateurs d’enseignants

L’outil de plan de cours électronique : un levier pédagogique

Nicole Rege-Colet (Ph.D. HE pédagogique du Tessin, Suisse)

Serge Talbot (Ph.D., Université Laval, Québec)
 

Abstract




Mardi 4 octobre 2011
à 16h00 au E139

 

Invitants : J. Day et V. Saroglou

When the Spirit Maims and Kills: The Contemporary
Christian Serpent-Handlers of Appalachia
Ralph Hood, Professor of psychology, Department of
Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA
Abstract




Vendredi 23 Septembre 2011
à 14h au Socrate 26

Invitant : Martin Gareth Edwards

Cerebellar rTMS disrupts fast motor learning process Robert Hardwick (University of Birmingham, UK) Abstract




Mercredi 24 août 2011
à 9h30 au E241

Invitant : O. Luminet

Psychological Research Online

Sara Konrath (Research Center for Group Dynamics,
Institute
for Social Research de l’université du Michigan)

Abstract




Mardi 23 août 2011
à 16h au Socrate 26

 

Invitant : D. Samson

Like Me? Investigating the Role of Experience
in Action Perception
Emily S. Cross, Behavioural Science Institute
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Wales Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience
Bangor University, Bangor, Wales
Abstract




Mardi 23 août 2011
à 14h au SOC 26

Invitant : O. Luminet

Empathy: Across Time and Across the World Sara Konrath, Research Center for Group Dynamics,
Institute for Social Research de l’université du Michigan
Abstract




Lundi 20 juin 2011
 

Merci de vous inscrire auprès olivier.luminet@uclouvain.be(séminaire interactif avec nombre de places limitée)

Invitant : O. Luminet

Séminaire théorique et pratique sur l'outil
de communication émotionnelle In My Shoes
Prof. Rachel Calam Abstract




Lundi 23 mai 2011
à 12h à l'auditoire J. Maisin (Central D, site UCL-Woluwé)

Invitant : P. Maurage

Hypnosis and the brain: investigation of
hypnotic suggestions using brain imaging
Yann Cojan (LABNIC, University of Geneva)

 

Abstract




Mercredi 30 mars 2011
11h15
Auditoire SOC 43
Methodological Approaches for Pediatric
Psychology Research: Examples from Pediatric Asthma
Prof. Beatrice Wood, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychiatry, Pediatrics and Psychology, School
of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo,
Buffalo New York, USA
 Abstract




Mercredi 30 mars 2011
9h30
Auditoire SOC 43
Pediatric Asthma: Evidence for Family
Relational and Psychobiological Pathways of Influence
Prof. Beatrice Wood, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychiatry, Pediatrics and Psychology,
School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University
at Buffalo, Buffalo New York, USA
 Abstract




Lundi 7 mars 2011
11h00
Auditoire SOC 26
Pupils' personal conceptions of competence
and collective efficacy of classroom, teachers and schools: Contributions to the enhancement of school
success in secondary school
Luisa Faria, Professor of Psychology and Educational
Sciences in the University of Porto, Portugal
 




Lundi 7 février 2011
11h
Local D312
Can understanding behavioural and emotional
problems help improve the well-being of children with asthma?
Dr Rachel Calam
Reader, Division of Clinical Psychology
University of Manchester
Abstract




2010      




Lundi 29 novembre 2010
12h30-14h00
Local E139
There Are Many Forms of Culture – Including Religion Adam B. Cohen
Arizona State University, USA
Abstract




Mercredi 17 novembre 2010
10h30
Local Socrate 41

More than happy: The need for disentangling
positive emotions
Disa Sauter, chercheuse post-doc du "Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics",Nijmegen, Pays Bas Abstract




Mardi 16 novembre 2010
15h00
Local Socrate 42

Emotions in the voice Disa Sauter, chercheuse post-doc du "Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics",Nijmegen, Pays Bas Abstract




Jeudi 23 septembre 2010
10h
Auditoire SOCR 26
Determinants of Children's Face Processing Professeur Gudrun Schwarzer
Université de Giessen en Allemagne
Abstract