Veille sur l'activité physique

Activité physique

A New Health Promotion Program That Includes Wadaiko Rhythm Exercise to Maintain the Health of Persons Excluded from Receiving Specific Health Guidance

11 août 2022

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 12;19(14):8520. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19148520.

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effectiveness of a new health promotion program, which is a collective intervention program aimed at improving lifestyle habits. It was designed as a one-year prospective cohort study. This program targeted non-obese persons at risk of developing lifestyle-related diseases and participants with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or hyperglycemia who were not included in the specific health guidance system in Japan. The Wadaiko rhythm exercise, which is a traditional performing art, is incorporated into this intervention as an enjoyable routine that can help participants continue the program, preventing them from dropping out. After a one-year follow-up, the effectiveness of the health promotion program was evaluated in 18 participants (2 males, 16 females; mean age 65.2 ± 3.4 years) and 92 controls. The results showed that triglyceride in the intervention group significantly decreased (-24.5 mg/dL; p = 0.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], -44.73 to -4.27) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol significantly increased (+6.1 mg/dL; p < 0.01; 95% CI, 2.46 to 9.65), although levels in the control group did not change. These results suggest that the health promotion program could contribute to lifestyle habit improvements in those who are excluded from receiving specific health guidance.

PMID:35886382 | DOI:10.3390/ijerph19148520

Le sport-santé, une opportunité pour repenser le rapport au travail

28 juillet 2022

L’Observatoire de la MNT publie sa 27e étude, intitulée « Le sport santé, une opportunité pour repenser le rapport au travail », dans sa collection "Guide managérial" et co-écrite par des élèves administrateurs de l’INET, promotion Gisèle Halimi.Publiée le 13 juillet 2022, cette 27e étude de l'Observatoire MNT s’appuie sur 43 entretiens individuels menés auprès d’agents de catégorie A, B, C travaillant en majorité dans un service de ressources humaines, et d’élus de collectivités reflétant la variété des territoires, complétés par une large exploitation bibliographique. Forte de cet état des lieux, l’étude s’attache à relever les bonnes pratiques observées ainsi qu’à formuler plusieurs recommandations afin d’encourager les décideurs locaux à s’engager dans une démarche qui contribue à une meilleure santé, avec un avis scientifique unanime, et qui s’inscrit dans une stratégie RH globale.

EN SAVOIR PLUS / https://collectivites.mnt.fr/actualite/le-sport-sante-au-coeur-etude-27-observatoire-mnt

Outcomes From Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Recognition Programs in Early Child Care and Education: A Scoping Review

28 juillet 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
ObjectiveRecognition programs are designed to incentivize early care and education (ECE) settings to implement childhood obesity prevention standards, yet little is known regarding their efficacy. This scoping review details characteristics, methodologies, and criteria used to evaluate recognition programs, identifies gaps in evaluation, and synthesizes existing evidence.Data SourceA public health librarian created the search strategies for six databases: Ovid MEDLINE, AGRICOLA, CAB Abstracts, PAIS Index, ERIC, and Scopus.Study Inclusion and Exclusion CriteriaInclusion criteria include recognition program, ECE setting, nutrition or physical activity, and qualitative or quantitative outcomes. Exclusion criteria include programming without recognition component, no ECE setting, no nutrition or physical activity outcome, case studies, or not written in English.Data ExtractionThree researchers independently extracted and complied data into an Excel spreadsheet.Data SynthesisTables were created describing location, recognition program criteria, award incentive, study design, study sample, risk of bias, and outcomes (e.g., menu nutrition) evaluated in each study.ResultsThree unique recognition programs (described in 7 studies) provided technical assistance, incentives, and training. While outcome measures and study designs varied across programs, it is clear that recognition programs are well accepted and feasible, and one study demonstrated beneficial weight outcomes.ConclusionAlthough additional evaluation is needed, recognition programs may be a promising strategy to improve obesity prevention practices in ECE.

The physical activity and health promotion activities of global university students: a review of reviews

23 juin 2022

Glob Health Promot. 2022 Jun 22:17579759221099308. doi: 10.1177/17579759221099308. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

University students globally are reportedly living unhealthy lifestyles, challenging universities to develop physical activity (PA) and health promotion (HP) intervention strategies. The current study aimed to review global universities' physical activity and health promotion activities to inform the PA and HP guidelines for Eswatini university students in the Sub-Saharan region. An electronic search was performed for review articles published between 1996 and 2021, using Cochrane, Google Scholar, PubMed Central, Scopus, and Medline Web of Science databases. The documents reviewed showed that some global universities under investigation follow the health promoting university (HPU) concept influenced by the Ottawa charter (1986). The review articles further showed that implementing the healthy university concept differs due to cultural and contextual differences from one institution to another. The reviews showed the main item areas as smoking control/alcohol and drug abuse, mental health, sexual health, physical activities, healthy eating habits/diet categorized under health promotion. The main PA activities were pedometer activity tracking, measurement of PA using validated questionnaires, sports, games, among other intervention activities. The HPU concept is thus a good starting point that can be promoted and spread to all other universities globally with different charters' guidance, including the Ottawa charter and the Okanagan charter.

PMID:35731001 | DOI:10.1177/17579759221099308

Effectiveness of Adult Health Promotion Interventions Delivered Through Professional Sport: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

20 juin 2022

Sports Med. 2022 Jun 16. doi: 10.1007/s40279-022-01705-z. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Researchers are capitalising on the strong connections that sport fans have with their teams for health promotion programmes, yet no existing systematic reviews have evaluated the effectiveness of interventions delivered through professional sport.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically collate, evaluate, and synthesise the evidence on health promotion interventions implemented in professional sport settings.

METHODS: Randomised controlled trials reporting on adult health promotion initiatives delivered in professional sport settings were identified through electronic database searches in CINAHL, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Google Scholar. Data on health-related outcomes (e.g., weight, physical activity, dietary intake) were extracted and synthesised, and random effects meta-analyses were conducted to examine effects for weight and waist circumference. Risk of bias was examined using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomised controlled trials (RoB 2).

RESULTS: Six studies reporting on five unique interventions met the inclusion criteria, and all included studies were gender-sensitised and exclusively targeted men. Intervention effects were observed for several health outcomes, including physical activity, dietary intake, and psychosocial health. All studies aimed to reduce weight, and for most studies (n = 4), weight was a primary outcome, either of the included study or to inform a future definitive trial. Findings from the meta-analysis revealed an overall significant difference in change in weight of - 3.2 kg (95% confidence interval [CI] - 4.6 to - 1.8) and waist circumference of - 3.9 cm (95% CI - 4.9 to - 2.8), both in favour of the intervention group at 12 weeks. Intervention effects were also reported for several other health outcomes (e.g., physical activity, dietary intake, psychosocial health); however, they were not consistently measured across the studies and thus were not meta-analysed.

CONCLUSION: Health promotion interventions delivered through professional sporting organisations can significantly improve weight- and lifestyle-related health outcomes. Representation across the socioeconomic spectrum and across culturally and linguistically diverse groups was limited. As only a limited number of studies met the inclusion criteria for this review, a need exists for rigorously designed interventions, standardised intervention approaches, with long-term follow-up, and the potential for scalability.

PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019123295.

PMID:35708886 | DOI:10.1007/s40279-022-01705-z

Physical Activity and Multimorbidity Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis

14 juin 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
ObjectiveThis study evaluated the relationship between physical activity (PA) and multimorbidity in community-dwelling older adults.Data SourceA systematic review and meta-analysis in the following databases: Pubmed, Lilacs, Scielo, Web of Science, Scopus, and AgeLine.Study inclusion and Exclusion CriteriaIt included observational studies investigating the association between physical activity and multimorbidity, with older adults, published until May 2021. Studies with institutionalized individuals or that assessed specific diseases were excluded.Data ExtractionTwo reviewers independently extracted the studies based on previous inclusion and exclusion criteria, started by selecting titles, followed by abstracts and full-text reading.Data SynthesisMeta-analysis results were reported as Odds Ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval using R language. The Newcastle Ottawa scale was used to assess the quality of the studies.ResultsFifteen studies were included in the systematic review, from which 12 reported an inverse association between physical activity and multimorbidity. In the meta-analysis, from over 77 000 older adults, there was an inverse association between physical activity and multimorbidity [OR: .81; 95% CI: .73-.89]. We found significant results only for men in the analysis by sex.ConclusionsLow levels of physical activity were associated with a higher risk of multimorbidity in older adults. It is expected that public policies will be conducted aimed at the practice of physical activity among older adults.

Shifts in Self-Reported Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Play Among Lower-Socioeconomic Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study

14 juin 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
PurposeThe lack of in-person schooling and participation in structured recreation activities during the COVID-19 pandemic may have altered children’s movement behaviors. This study assessed changes in children’s self-reported in school and out of school physical activity, sedentary behavior, and play before and during the pandemic.DesignA repeated cross-sectional online survey was administered in February 2020 (pre-pandemic, in-person) and 2021 (during pandemic, remote).SettingChildren attended an urban public school district in Phoenix (AZ) serving a low-income population.SubjectsStudents in grades 4–8 completed the survey in 2020 (n = 253, 62% response rate) and 2021 (n = 261, 77% response rate).MeasuresThe survey included items from the Youth Activity Profile and three additional questions about play.AnalysisDifferences in mean scores and mean scores by gender were analyzed using one-way and two-way ANOVAs.ResultsStudents reported less physical activity during remote recess in 2021 (M = 3.42, SD = .80 v. M = 2.99, SD = .86, p < .05). Physical activity outside of school decreased during the pandemic (M = 2.76, SD = 1.26 v. M = 2.53, SD = 1.18, p < .05). Most students (55%) reported playing less during the pandemic, but playing in new ways (67%).ConclusionChildren may benefit from interventions to counter reduced movement experienced during the pandemic, particularly in under-resourced areas.

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of coronavirus: One health approach for a global strategy

24 mai 2022

Publication date: June 2022

Source: One Health, Volume 14

Author(s): Ricardo Faustino, Miguel Faria, Mónica Teixeira, Filipe Palavra, Paulo Sargento, Maria do Céu Costa