de Nicole Koziel, Simone Vigod, PRICE J., et al.
En ligne : journals.sagepub.com[...]
Persons with mental illness are more at risk for sedentary behaviour and associated consequences. We assessed the feasibility of outdoor walking during psychotherapy sessions in an outpatient trauma therapy program to challenge sedentary behaviour.
In this pilot trial in Toronto, Canada, female therapists and patients >18 years, were encouraged to walk during 12 consecutive trauma therapy sessions. Both groups were provided wearable pedometers. We assessed protocol feasibility and desirability, and 12-week changes in patient post-traumatic stress [PTSD check-list for DSM-5 (PCL-5)], and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms [Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS)].
91% (20/22) of patients approached for the study consented to participate and 17 (85%) completed follow-up questionnaires. There was walking in 132/197 (67%) of total therapy sessions (mean 7.3 out of 10.9 sessions per participant). Inclement weather was the predominant reason for in-office sessions. At 12-week follow-up, PCL-5 mean scores decreased from 38.4 [standard deviation, ((SD) 11.8) to 30.7 (SD 14.7)], [mean difference (MD) 7.7, 95% CI: 1.5 to 13.8]; 41% (7/17) participants had a clinically significant PCL-5 score reduction of >10 points. DASS-stress mean scores decreased from 19.0 to 16.0 (MD 3.0, 95% CI: 0.3 to 5.6). No changes were observed for DASS depression (MD -0.9, 95% CI: −5.1 to 3.3) nor DASS anxiety (MD -0.2, 95% CI: −3.1 to 2.7). Daily step reporting was inconsistent and not analyzed. There was high acceptability amongst patients and therapists to walk, but not to record daily steps. There were no adverse outcomes.
It was feasible and acceptable to incorporate outdoor walking during trauma therapy sessions for patients and therapists. Weather was the greatest barrier to implementation. Further randomized-control study to compare seated and walking psychotherapy can clarify if there are psychotherapeutic and physical benefits with walking.