Veille sur la santé post et prénatale

Outcomes From Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Recognition Programs in Early Child Care and Education: A Scoping Review

28 juillet 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
ObjectiveRecognition programs are designed to incentivize early care and education (ECE) settings to implement childhood obesity prevention standards, yet little is known regarding their efficacy. This scoping review details characteristics, methodologies, and criteria used to evaluate recognition programs, identifies gaps in evaluation, and synthesizes existing evidence.Data SourceA public health librarian created the search strategies for six databases: Ovid MEDLINE, AGRICOLA, CAB Abstracts, PAIS Index, ERIC, and Scopus.Study Inclusion and Exclusion CriteriaInclusion criteria include recognition program, ECE setting, nutrition or physical activity, and qualitative or quantitative outcomes. Exclusion criteria include programming without recognition component, no ECE setting, no nutrition or physical activity outcome, case studies, or not written in English.Data ExtractionThree researchers independently extracted and complied data into an Excel spreadsheet.Data SynthesisTables were created describing location, recognition program criteria, award incentive, study design, study sample, risk of bias, and outcomes (e.g., menu nutrition) evaluated in each study.ResultsThree unique recognition programs (described in 7 studies) provided technical assistance, incentives, and training. While outcome measures and study designs varied across programs, it is clear that recognition programs are well accepted and feasible, and one study demonstrated beneficial weight outcomes.ConclusionAlthough additional evaluation is needed, recognition programs may be a promising strategy to improve obesity prevention practices in ECE.

Midwives' experiences of supporting women's mental health: A mixed-method study

14 juin 2022

Midwifery. 2022 May 11;111:103368. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2022.103368. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore midwives' skills, knowledge and experiences of supporting women's mental health.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND SETTING: This paper reports the second phase of a larger project, the 'Mothers' Mood Study', which recruited women and midwives to explore their experiences of perinatal mental health and service provision and focuses on midwives' experiences of supporting women with perinatal mental health problems. This paper reports on midwives' experiences through self-administered questionnaires and focus groups. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse questionnaire data and focus group data were thematically analysed.

PARTICIPANTS: All midwives employed at one Health Board in South Wales UK, were eligible to participate. Recruitment took place between February and October 2018. Questionnaires were completed by 145 midwives and 15 attended one of three focus groups.

FINDINGS: Questionnaire data showed the majority of midwives had cared for women with mental health problems, most commonly anxiety (95.0%, n = 138) and depression (87.0%, n = 127). Midwives assessed women's mental health informally by observing or asking questions about mood (99.3%, n = 144), anxiety levels (94.5%, n = 137), levels of support (91.0%, n = 132) and mental health history (95.9%, n = 139). The majority of midwives (82.8%, n = 120) indicated they would make some sort of mental health assessment at least 50% of the time. Around a third of midwives 31.7% (n = 46) reported receiving training relating to perinatal mental health in the previous two years, however only 21.4% (n = 31) of these suggested this had helped them in their practice. Three themes were generated from the focus groups, 1) Conversations 2) Support 3) Knowledge and skills.

KEY CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: A lack of time and continuity at appointments and a focus on physical health of mother and baby reduced the opportunity for conversations around mental health. In addition a lack of experience reduced midwives' confidence resulting in a low threshold for referring women to other services for support. Midwives' main concerns were a need for training on aspects of day-to-day practice and referral options to support women's mental health. A package of training to improved skills and confidence as well as a clear pathway of care will enable midwives to be better placed to support women's mental health.

PMID:35617880 | DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2022.103368

Educators’ Barriers and Facilitators to Physical Activity Policy Implementation in the Childcare Setting: Qualitative Findings From the Play Active Project

14 juin 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
PurposeWe explored childcare educators’ perceived barriers and facilitators to policy implementation in order to inform the development and implementation of an early childhood education and care (ECEC) specific physical activity policy. This study was part of the Play Active (2019-2023) project which aimed to develop, implement and evaluate evidence-based physical activity policy to improve physical activity levels in children attending ECEC.ApproachStakeholder focus groups. Setting: ECEC centers in Perth, Western Australia. Sample: Educators (n=66) from 11 ECEC centers participated in 13 focus groups (August-September 2019).MethodsSemi-structured questions explored educators’ perceptions of barriers and facilitators to implementing a new physical activity policy. A qualitative descriptive approach within a naturalistic framework informed data analysis. Focus group data were reviewed and grouped through several iterations to produce core themes.ResultsFour core themes resulted from focus groups: (1) leadership; (2) educator mindset: (3) parent engagement; and (4) organisational and educator capacity. Educators needed supportive leadership and a commitment of resources for physical activity policy implementation. Educators acknowledged physical activity practices can be influenced by knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and change capacity and stressed the need for parent engagement for successful implementation.ConclusionsEducators’ voices are important for informing implementation of physical activity policy and practices leading to improvements in children’s physical activity levels.

Whole body massage for newborns: A report on non-invasive methodology for neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome

14 juin 2022

J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2022 May 16. doi: 10.3233/NPM-220989. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Infants with in-utero exposure to opioids are at risk Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome (NOWS) and non-pharmacological methods of care, like swaddling, quiet ambient environment are routinely recommended but are not systematically studied. We hypothesized that opioid exposed infants can tolerate whole body massage while hospitalized.

METHODS: This is a prospective observational study (August 2017 to January 2019) and infants of mothers having a history of opioids use (OUD) were included. Infants received whole body massage for 30 minutes from birth till discharge home. Infants heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), systolic (sBP) and diastolic blood pressure (dBP) were recorded prior to and at the end of massage session.

RESULTS: The pilot study enrolled 30 infants. The mean birth weight and gestational age were 38±1 weeks and 2868±523 grams, respectively. All massage sessions were well tolerated. There was marked decrease in HR, systolic and diastolic BP and RR, (p < 0.01) in all study infants post massage, more profound among infants with NOWS (p < 0.01) than without NOWS.

CONCLUSIONS: Whole body massage is very well tolerated by infants with in-utero opioid exposure. Infants with NOWS had marked decrease in their HR and BP from their baseline after massage.

PMID:35599503 | DOI:10.3233/NPM-220989