International migration and trade

People

Gonzague Vannoorenberghe, Frédéric Docquier, Fabio Mariani, Luca Pensieroso

Research Project

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FSR

Sources of change in comparative advantage and policy implications

Gonzague Vannoorenberghe   2017 2020

Project description

The project develops a methodology to identify the determinants of long-run changes in comparative advantage across countries. These changes affect the specialization patterns of a country, and have deep consequences for workers and rms as they come with substantial adjustment costs. The project aims to better understand the sources of changes in comparative advantage, and to help the evaluation of policies designed to accompany them.

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FNRS CDR Measuring inequality from trade data Gonzague Vannoorenberghe   2018 2019

Project description

This project uses international trade data to proxy for changes in income inequality within developing countries. Income inequality in poor countries is often badly measured and only with a long time lag. Based on the well-established fact that consumption patterns differ with income, we develop a method to measure the change in a country’s income inequality based on the change of its import patterns. We aim to develop a database of changes in inequality for each country over time based on our inferences from observed trade patterns.

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FNRS EOS Winners and losers from globalization and market integration: Insights from micro-data Frédéric Docquier, William Parienté and Gonzague Vannoorenberghe Esther Delesalle, Adam Levai 2018 2022

Project description

The process of globalization, and market integration more generally, has created winners and losers, across regions of the world, but also within regions across various individuals and producers, both in developed and developing countries. The traditional recommendation by economists has been to create conditions that allow ‘smooth’ structural adjustments, such that those who lose can move to sectors or occupations that gain, or that at least losers are compensated. While this is rather straightforward “in theory”, in practice costs and benefits of restructuring are not easy to identify and redistribute in real time, which may create substantive losses even in the medium term.

In this project we plan to improve on both the measurement and empirical analysis of the heterogeneous impact of globalization using unique and rich micro-data, at the rm-, region-, and household-level. Throughout the different parts and working packages of our project, we focus on measurement and a more detailed micro- analysis, to identify the heterogeneous effects across a variety of settings, and we do so with a modern view of globalization and market integration — i.e., that trade is more than a mere ow of goods between countries, as traditionally modeled in international trade theory. Firms, the mix of workers they employ to produce a set of differentiated products, and the globally spread production process is central in the analysis. We therefore focus on all three relevant margins of globalization: rms, households and space (cities) in this project.

The different working packages (WPs) share a common focus on micro-data and empirical analysis through state-of-the art micro-econometric techniques, that in part have been developed by the PIs of this project. We rely on a combination of new, and unique detailed datasets which have either been collected by other organizations, or by our own research teams. The coverage of the data and the project is global and local at the same time. The overall project will cover many countries, both rich and poor; but the focus of the specific working packages is local which is inherent in the use of detailed micro-data.

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FNRS PDR The economics of deep trade agreements Mathieu Parenti and Gonzague Vannoorenberghe   2019 2022

Project description

The project develops a framework to analyze the economic consequences of deep trade agreements. This new generation of trade agreements, such as the ones signed between the EU and Japan or the EU and Canada (CETA) go much beyond traditional tariff reductions and have at their core the dismantling of many non-tariff barriers. These raise a number of questions about regulatory convergence, the recognition of foreign standards (e.g. should hormone-fed beef be allowed for consumption) and investment protection. Many in the public debate fear a loss of national sovereignty, implying a lower consumer protection and unfair competition to local, high-quality producers. Most existing trade models are ill-equipped to address these questions as they restrict trade liberalization to be similar to a reduction in tariffs. Our project addresses these shortcomings by considering quality standards as a legitimate way to curb consumption or production externalities, and not only as a way to protect the national industry. In this setup, we derive the conditions under which new trade agreements are welfare improving, and provide guidance as to when countries should mutually recognize their standards or not. We also address the role of new trade agreement for international tax competition.

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
ARC New approaches to understanding and modelling global migration trends Frédéric Docquier   2018 2023

Project description

The recent refugee crisis placed migration policy in the forefront of the global policy debate. World economy trends suggest that there may be further episodes of large-scale migration in the future. In this context, GLOBMIG is a 48-month project that aims at developing stronger conceptual tools to better understand and model global migration patterns. It has assembled a team of economists, demographers, lawyers, and computer scientists around three objectives: (i) to gain understanding of the long-run root drivers of international migration and of their complex interactions with the socio-demographic, climatic, institutional and economic environments, (ii) to produce integrated projections of migration, population, and global inequality, and (iii) to use the knowledge base to assess the effectiveness and policy coherence of the legal framework. Despite considerable improvements in the recent literature, little is known about the root drivers of long- run trends in the size and structure of migration, about the interplay between internal and international migrations, or about the effects of policy reforms on migration ows and about their coherence with other policies. GLOBMIG aims at shedding light on these issues. It goes beyond the state of the art in combining traditional and innovative sources of data (e.g., big data on cell-phone owners’ mobility, worldwide opinion surveys on migration intentions, geo-referenced data on population changes, comparative data on immigration laws and policies), and in developing new methodologies for processing and analyzing them (e.g., data mining, machine learning, migration accounting models). The project is divided into two phases and six work packages. In the rst “designing phase” of the project, general modelling tools will be developed, the inventory and assessment of migration laws and policies will be produced, and the exploratory analyses of innovative data sources will be conducted. In the second “operational phase” (24 months), we will produce specific knowledge on the links between international migration, internal migration, migration policies, demo-economic changes, climatic factors and conflicts.

Publications


Journal Articles


1. Docquier, Frédéric; Kone, Zovanga L.; Mattoo, Aaditya; Ozden, Caglar. Labor market effects of demographic shifts and migration in OECD countries. In: European Economic Review, Vol. 113, p. 297-324 (2019). doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.11.007. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/216575

2. Bos, Maraijke J. D.; Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague. Imported input varieties and product innovation: Evidence from five developing countries. In: Review of International Economics, Vol. 27, no.2, p. 520-548 (2019). doi:10.1111/roie.12387. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/216591

3. Iftikhar, Zainab; Zaharieva, Anna. General equilibrium effects of immigration in Germany: Search and matching approach. In: Review of Economic Dynamics, Vol. 31, no.n/z, p. 245-276 (2019). doi:10.1016/j.red.2018.07.004. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/214025

4. Djajić, Slobodan; Docquier, Frédéric; Michael, Michael S. Optimal education policy and human capital accumulation in the context of brain drain. In: Journal of Demographic Economics, Vol. 85, no.4, p. 271-303 (2019). doi:10.1017/dem.2019.10. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/223373

5. Mariani, Fabio; Pensieroso, Luca. Fiscalité et commerce international : quels enjeux pour l’immigration clandestine ?. In: Regards économiques, , no.148, p. 1-6 (2019). doi:10.14428/regardseco/2019.06.20.01. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/220097

6. Docquier, Frédéric; Iftikhar, Zainab. Brain drain, informality and inequality: a search-and-matching model for sub-Saharan Africa. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 120, p. 109-125 (September 2019). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2019.05.003. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/215907

7. Bos, Marijke; Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague. Total factor productivity spillovers from trade reforms in India. In: Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 51, no. 2, p. 549-606 (2018). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/186119

8. Chabé-Ferret, Bastien; Machado Carneiro, Joël; Wahba, Jackie. Remigration intentions and migrants' behavior. In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 68, p. 56-72 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2017.10.018. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/197023

9. Mariani, Fabio; Mercier, Marion; Verdier, Thierry. Diasporas and conflict. In: Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 18, no. 4, p. 761-793 (2018). doi:10.1093/jeg/lby014. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/197018

10. Dào, Thu Hién; Docquier, Frédéric; Parsons, Chris; Peri, Giovanni. Migration and development: Dissecting the anatomy of the mobility transition. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 132, p. 88-101 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2017.12.003. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/196620

11. Docquier, Frédéric. Long-term trends in international migration: lessons from macroeconomic model. In: Economics and Business Review, Vol. 4 (18), no.1, p. 3-15 (2018). doi:10.18559/ebr.2018.1.1. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/196925

12. Dujardin, Claire; Louis, Virginie; Mayneris, Florian. Les pôles de compétitivité wallons. In: Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, , no.2, p. 417-462 (2018). doi:10.3917/reru.182.0417. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200653

13. Delogu, Marco; Docquier, Frédéric; Machado, Joël. Globalizing labor and the world economy: the role of human capital. In: Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 23, no.2, p. 223-258 (2018). doi:10.1007/s10887-017-9153-z. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200616

14. Docquier, Frédéric; Ruyssen, Ilse; Schiff, Maurice. International Migration: Pacifier or Trigger for Military Conflicts. In: The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 54, no.9, p. 1657-1679 (2018). doi:10.1080/00220388.2017.1355456. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200614

15. Camacho, Carmen; Mariani, Fabio; Pensieroso, Luca. Dealing with Illegal Immigration: the Role of Informality, Taxation and Trade. In: Economia italiana, , no.1, p. 97-122 (2018). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/198474

16. Vasilakis, Chrysovalantis. Massive migration and elections: evidence from the refugee crisis in Greece. In: International Migration, Vol. 56, no. 3, p. 28-43 (June 2018). doi:10.1111/imig.12409. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/198953

17. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Income Disparities, Population and Migration Flows Over the Twenty First Century. In: Italian Economic Journal, Vol. 3, no.2, p. 125-149 (July 2017). doi:10.1007/s40797-017-0054-2. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/186260

18. Vasilakis, Chrysovalantis. Does talent migration increase inequality? A quantitative assessment in football labour market. In: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 85, p. 150-166 (2017). doi:10.1016/j.jedc.2017.10.003. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/196664

19. Camacho Pérez, Maria del Carmen; Mariani, Fabio; Pensieroso, Luca. Illegal immigration and the shadow economy. In: International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 24, no.6, p. 1050-1080 (December 2017). doi:10.1007/s10797-017-9444-5. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/189172

20. Docquier, Frédéric; Müller, Tobias; Naval, Joaquín. Informality and Long-Run Growth. In: The Scandinavian journal of economics, Vol. 119, no. 4, p. 1040–1085 (October 2017). doi:10.1111/sjoe.12185. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/186261

21. Docquier, Frédéric. The Emigration-Development Nexus: Recent Advances from the Growth Theory Perspective. In: Revue d'économie du développement, Vol. 25, no.3, p. 45 (2017). doi:10.3917/edd.313.0045. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200622

22. Curuk, Malik; Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague. Inter-sectoral labor reallocation in the short run: The role of occupational similarity. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 108, p. 20-36 (September 2017). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2017.05.003. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/186117

23. Docquier, Frédéric; Leruth, Luc. Economie du développement en Belgique. In: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Vol. LV, no.1 (2016). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/173809

24. Mercier, Marion; David, Anda; Mahia, Ramón; De Arce, Rafael. Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain. In: International Migration, Vol. 54, no.6, p. 56-73 (December 2016). doi:10.1111/imig.12288. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/183710

25. Docquier, Frédéric; Lodigiani, Elisabetta; Rapoport, Hillel; Schiff, Maurice. Emigration and Democracy. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 120, p. 209-223 (May 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.12.001. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172237

26. Ariu, Andrea; Docquier, Frédéric; Squicciarini, Mara P. Governance quality and net migration flows. In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 60, p. 238-248 (September 2016). doi:10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2016.07.006. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/182078

27. Docquier, Frédéric. Émigration, capital humain et développement : enseignements des recherches récentes menées à l’IRES. In: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Vol. LV, no.1, p. 73-87 (2016). doi:10.3917/rpve.551.0073. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/173813

28. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Global Competition for Attracting Talents and the World Economy. In: The World Economy, Vol. 39, no.4, p. 530-542 (April 2016). doi:10.1111/twec.12267. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/174313

29. Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague; Wang, Zheng; Yu, Zhihong. Volatility and Diversification of Exports: Firm-Level Theory and Evidence. In: European Economic Review, Vol. 89, p. 216-247 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.07.002. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/180611

30. Aubry, Amandine; Burzynski, Michal; Docquier, Frédéric. The welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 101, p. 1-21 (July 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2016.03.005. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/174316

31. Ourens Brocos, Guzman. Trade and growth with heterogeneous firms revisited. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 100, p. 194-202 (May 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2016.03.006. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/174526

32. Le Goff, Maëlan; Salomone, Sara. Remittances and the Changing Composition of Migration. In: The World Economy, Vol. 39, no.4, p. 513-529 (April 2016). doi:10.1111/twec.12266. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/176284

33. Schiff, Maurice; Docquier, Frédéric. Institutional impact of brain drain, human capital and inequality: a political economy analysis. In: Latin American Journal of Economics, Vol. 53, no.1, p. 95-110 (December 2016). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/182085

34. Mercier, Marion. The return of the prodigy son: Do return migrants make better leaders?. In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 122, p. 76-91 (September 2016). doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2012.10.006. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/183823

35. Vannoorenberghe, Gonzague; Janeba, Eckhard. Trade and the political economy of redistribution. In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 98, p. 233-244 (January 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2015.09.008. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172279

36. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Crise des réfugiés : quelques clarifications s'imposent !. In: Regards économiques, , no.119, p. 1-6 (octobre 2015). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/182083

37. Bertoli, Simon; Docquier, Frédéric. International Migration and Inequality Across Nations. In: The World Economy, , p. 1-2 (March 2015). doi:10.1111/twec.12263 (Accepté/Sous presse). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/159266

38. Artuc, Erhan; Docquier, Frédéric; Özden, , Çaglar; Parsons, Christopher. A Global Assessment of Human Capital Mobility: The Role of Non-OECD Destinations. In: World Development, Vol. 65, p. 6-26 (2015). doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.04.004. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/158778

39. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël; Sekkat, Khalid. Efficiency Gains from Liberalizing Labor Mobility. In: The Scandinavian journal of economics, Vol. 117, no.2, p. 303-346 (April 2015). doi:10.1111/sjoe.12097. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/166081

40. Beine, Michel; Docquier, Frédéric; Özden, Çağlar. Dissecting network externalities in international migration. In: Journal of Demographic Economics, Vol. 81, no.4, p. 379-408 (December 2015). doi:10.1017/dem.2015.13. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172238


Book Chapters


1. Docquier, Frédéric. L’immigration menace-t-elle notre économie?. In: L'apport de l'autre : Dépasser la peur des migrants (Compétences interculturelles; xxx), L'Harmattan: Paris, 2017, p. 53-58. 978-2-343-11632-7. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/184321

2. Docquier, Frédéric. The global costs from migration barriers. In: Refugees and Economic Migrants: Facts, policies and challenges , CEPR Press: London, 2016, p. 151-161. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/182081

3. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Remittances and migration prospects for the 21st century. In: Financing sustainable development; Adressing vulnerabilites , Economica: Paris, 2015, p. 217-230. 978-2-9550779-0-0. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/182084

4. Docquier, Frédéric; Machado Carneiro, Joël. Remittance and Migration Prospects for the Twenty-First Century. In: Financing Sustainable Development: Addressing Vulnerabilities , Economica: Paris, 2015, p. 217-230. 978-2-9550779-0-0. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/176325


Working Papers


1. Dimitri Defrance; Delesalle, Esther; Flore Gubert. Is migration drought-induced in Mali? An empirical analysis using panel data on Malian localities over the 1987-2009 period (xxx), 2020. 47 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/227250

2. Céline Piton; François Rycx. The Heterogeneous Employment Outcomes of First- and Second-generation Immigrants in Belgium (xxx), 2020. 58 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228011

3. Turati, Riccardo. Network-Based Connectedness And The Diffusion Of Cultural Traits (xxx), 2020. 115 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228728

4. Michal Burzynski; Christoph Deuster; Docquier, Frédéric; Jaime de Melo. Climate Change, Inequality, and Human Migration (xxx), 2019. 64 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/219749

5. Dany Bahar; Hillel Rapoport; Turati, Riccardo. Does Birthplace Diversity Affect Economic Complexity ? Cross-Country Evidence (xxx), 2019. 52 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/223527

6. Raouf Boucekkine; Giorgio Fabbri; Salvatore Federico; Fausto Gozzi; Leblanc, Virginie. A Spatiotemporal Framework For The Analytical Study Of Optimal Growth Under Transboundary Pollution (xxx), 2019. 27 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/220756


Books


1. Cordisco, Isabella; Meda, Stefania G.; Ortensi, Livia; Salomone, Sara. Famiglia in Migrazione. Rubettino Editore: Soveria Manelli, 2015. 9788849843682. 140 pages. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/176326