Labor Economics

People

Vincent Bodart, Muriel Dejemeppe, Bruno Van der Linden

Research Projects

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
Banque nationale

Scrapping benefits for youth: Does it brings jobs or just misery

Bruno Van der Linden and Muriel Dejemeppe   2017 2021

Project description

This project studies the impact of the prospect of a loss of eligibility to UI benefits on the transition to employment and some other destinations of young unemployed individuals. Measuring the impact on schooling decisions is also part of the research project. We exploit a policy change in Belgium that occurred in 2015, whereby some young school-leavers lost UI eligibility, while others did not, using a Difference-in-Difference and Triple difference approaches.

Sponsor Project Title IRES promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
IWEPS Labour Market Integration of Low-Skilled Youths in Wallonia: The Role of Information, Income Support and Hiring Subsidies Muriel Dejemeppe   2019 2023

Project description

This research seeks to evaluate, using microeconometric evaluation methods, the role of various and complementary support schemes for low- skilled youth integration on the labour market in Wallonia, a primarily French-speaking region in the southern part of Belgium. The set of schemes that are evaluated ranges from disseminating information in schools about job opportunities and labour market programmes for young school-leavers, hiring subsidies targeted at low-skilled unemployed youths, to financially support those who are long-term unemployed. The analysis is based on both a quasi-experimental approach (difference-in-differences and regression discontinuity design) applied to administrative individual data, and an experimental approach that randomizes information dissemination at the vocational high school level and allows to evaluate its effect on the labour market trajectories of young school-leavers.

Sponsor Project Title IRES promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End
FNR The Effect of Schengen, the Euro and Local Labour Markets: A Causal Analysis on Cross-Border Workers in Europe Muriel Dejemeppe and Bruno van der Linden   2018 2021

Project description

This research programme studies the choice of becoming a cross-border worker. Natural experiments implemented in Europe are exploited. The rst work package assesses the impact of the Schengen agreement and the single currency on labour market outcomes of individuals living in the border regions of Europe. The second and third work packages assess the effect of local labour market conditions on cross-border employment. These packages focus on the Belgian- Luxembourgish border. They look at the consequences of the introduction of a Belgian hiring subsidy scheme targeted at low-educated young jobseekers and at the 2012 reform of the Belgian unemployment insurance.

Publications


Journal Articles


1. Bodart, Vincent; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Fontenay, Sébastien. Évolution de l’emploi en Belgique : tentons d’y voir plus clair. In: Regards économiques, , no.146, p. 1-11 (2019). doi:10.14428/regardseco/2019.05.02.01. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/216570

2. Mesén Vargas, Juliana; Van der Linden, Bruno. Why Cash Transfer Programs Can Both Stimulate and Slow Down Job Finding. In: IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 8, no.1, p. 1-27 (2019). doi:10.2478/izajole-2019-0005. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/223126

3. Batyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier; Sneessens, Henri. Structural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in France and Germany. In: German Economic Review, Vol. 20, no. 4, p. e38-e69 (2019). doi:10.1111/geer.12150. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200587

4. Vandenberghe, Vincent. The Contribution of Educated Workers to Firms’ Efficiency Gains: The Key Role of Proximity to the ‘Local’ Frontier. In: De Economist, Vol. 166, no.3, p. 259-283 (2018). doi:10.1007/s10645-018-9322-2. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/209367

5. Declercq, Koen; Verboven, Franck. Enrollment and degree completion in higher education without admission standards. In: Economics of Education Review, Vol. 66, p. 223-244 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2018.08.008. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/225657

6. Bodart, Vincent; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. The Labor Market in Belgium, 2000-2016. In: IZA World of Labor, , no.484, p. 1-12 (2018). doi:10.15185/izawol.428. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/196375

7. COCKX, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Launov, Andrey; Van der Linden, Bruno. Imperfect Monitoring of Job Search: Structural Estimation and Policy Design. In: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 36, no. 1, p. 75-120 (2018). doi:10.1086/693868. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/191690

8. Bourgain, Arnaud; Metha, Kirti; Shadman Valavi, Fatemeh; Sneessens, Henri. Formation des salaires en Belgique : interactions sectorielles et performances macroéconomiques. In: Regards économiques, , no.141, p. 1-15 (2018). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/212439

9. DELMEZ, Françoise; Vandenberghe, Vincent. Long Working Hours Make Us Less Productive but Also Less Costly. In: Labour : review of labour economics and industrial relations, Vol. 32, no. 4, p. 259-287 (December 2018). doi:10.1111/labr.12128. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/200684

10. COCKX, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. Werk voor ouderen in België: werkt het beleid ?. In: Over.Werk, no. 1, p. 99-107 (2017). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/185693

11. Marchiori, Luca; Pierrard, Olivier; Sneessens, Henri. The EU-US Unemployment Puzzle Revisited : Institutions, Demography, and Capital Flows. In: Journal of Demographic Economics, Vol. 83, no.3, p. 259-305 (2017). doi:10.1017/dem.2017.13. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/195531

12. Vandenberghe, Vincent. The productivity challenge. What to expect from better-quality labour and capital inputs?. In: Applied Economics, Vol. 49, no.40, p. 4013-4025 (2017). doi:10.1080/00036846.2016.1273504. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/185991

13. Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. Réduire le coût du travail. Oui mais comment ?. In: Dynamiques régionales, no. 3, p. 15-28. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172294

14. Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno. "Le chômage au plus bas depuis 1992" : remettons les pendules à l'heure. In: Regards économiques, no. 123 (2016), p. 1-5 (2016). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/192754

15. Lehmann, Etienne; Montero Ledezma, Paola Liliana; Van der Linden, Bruno. Workforce location and equilibrium unemployment in a duocentric economy with matching frictions. In: Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 91, p. 26-44 (January 2016). doi:10.1016/j.jue.2015.11.003. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/168237

16. Vandenberghe, Vincent. Women Make a Fraction of Every Euro Earned by Men.. In: Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Vol. LV, no.4, p. 11 - 22 (2014). doi:10.3917/rpve.554.0011. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/186005

17. Vandenberghe, Vincent. Is workforce diversity good for efficiency? An approach based on the degree of concavity of the technology. In: International Journal of Manpower : an interdisciplinary journal on human resources, management & labour economics, Vol. 37, no.2, p. 253-267 (2016). doi:10.1108/IJM-01-2015-0010. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/174364

18. Lehmann, Etienne; Lucifora, Claudio; Moriconi, Simone; Van der Linden, Bruno. Beyond the labour income tax wedge: the unemployment-reducing effect of tax progressivity. In: International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 23, no. 3, p. 454-489 (June 2016). doi:10.1007/s10797-015-9377-9. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/165720

19. Van der Linden, Bruno. Do in-work benefits work for low-skilled workers?. In: IZA World of Labor, , no.246, p. 1-10 (March 2016). doi:10.15185/izawol.246. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/172524

20. Dejemeppe, Muriel; Smith, Catherine; Van der Linden, Bruno. Did the Intergenerational Solidarity Pact increase the employment rate of older workers in Belgium? A macro-econometric evaluation. In: IZA : Journal of Labor Policy, Vol. 4, no. 17, p. 1-23 (2015). doi:10.1186/s40173-015-0040-y. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/165154


Conference Papers


1. Cockx, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Inga, Leda. The Job Seekers Allowance for School-Leavers: The Effect of Tighter Eligibility Conditions. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/226169


Book Chapters


1. Declercq, Koen; Verboven, Frank. Les défis de l'enseignement supérieur. In: L'école du renouveau , SKRIBIS ITINERA, 2018, p. 207-248. 9789492944214. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/225815

2. Declercq, Koen; Verboven, Frank. Uitdagingen vorr het hoger ondewijs. In: De (her)vormde school , SKRIBIS ITINERA, 2018, p. 207-248. 9789492944207. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/225822

3. Sneessens, Henri. Growth and Welfare: Shifts in Labour Market Policies. In: After the Financial Crisis: Shifting Legal, Economic and Political Paradigms (Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology; xxx), Palgrave MacMillan: London, 2016, 139-172. 978-1-137-50954-3. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-50956-7. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/176308

4. Van der Linden, Bruno. Pauvreté et évolution du marché du travail. In: Pauvreté en Belgique : Annuaire 2015 , Académia Press: Gand, 2015, p. 297-315. 978-90-382-2474-9. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/159053


Working Papers


1. Ounnas, Alexandre. Worker Flows and Occupations in the CPS 1976-2010: A Framework for Adjusting the Data (xxx), 2020. 72 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228014

2. Ounnas, Alexandre. Worker Flows, Occupations and the Dynamics of Unemployment and Labor Force Participation (xxx), 2020. 39 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228017

3. Ounnas, Alexandre. Job Polarization and the Labor Market: A Worker Flow Analysis (xxx), 2020. 38 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/228018

4. Cockx, Bart; Declercq, Koen; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Inga, Leda; Van der Linden, Bruno. Scrapping the entitlement to unemployment benefits for young labor market entrants : An effective way to get them to work ? (xxx), 2019. 34 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/223558


Reports


1. COCKX, Bart; Dejemeppe, Muriel; Van der Linden, Bruno; Albanese, Andrea; Ghirelli, Corinna; Smith, Catherine; Thuy, Yannick. Werk voor ouderen in België : Werkt het beleid ? = L'emploi des seniors en Belgique : Quelles politiques pour quels effets ?, 2017. 104 p. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/184398