Non-profit economics


Marthe Nyssens, Anaïs Perilleux

Research Projects

Sponsor Project Title IRES Promoters IRES Researchers Beginning End

Social enterprises and sustainability: A comparative analysis between worker cooperatives and social cooperatives

Project description:

Cooperatives, one of the oldest types of social enterprises, have received fresh attention because they can play an important role in social and ecological transition. This research project will focus on the sustainability of worker cooperatives and the new wave of so-called “social cooperatives”. First, it will analyse the resilience of SCOP, the French worker cooperatives, to the recent crisis. Secondly, it will look at “social cooperatives” and investigate their survivability. Thirdly, it will explore the institutional arrangements/governance structure of worker cooperatives and social cooperatives to analyse their similarities and divergences and to see to what extent those organisations can be understood as commons.

Anaïs Périlleux Esmeralda Gerritse 2019 2023
EC/COST Empowering the next generation of SE scholars Marthe Nyssens   2017 2020
INNOVIRIS Collaborative cities for collaborative entrepreneurs (city4coEN). Promoting regional economic development, social inclusion and environmental sustaianbility in the collaborative economy Marthe Nyssens Ela Callorda 2017 2021
INNOVIRIS Appréhender la performance sociale dans les entreprises sociales: Mesures d'impact et impact des mesures Marthe Nyssens
Anaïs Périlleux
Coralie Hellepute 2019 2023
Chaires “Les Petits Riens”

L'économie sociale au service de la lutte contre la pauvreté

Project description:

The aim of this project is twofold: to shed some light, through scientific research, on the complexity of the social economy and to provide tools to promote the social and environmental sustainability of enterprises. Les Petits Riens collects, selects and sells second hand clothes. Although less well known it also implements a wide range of social actions. Indeed, among others, Les Petits Riens host and support more than 300 homeless people every year. Engaged in this Chaire, this social enterprise has chosen a scientific approach to formalize and improve its actions and to share the knowledge acquired during more than 75 years of activity. It believes, indeed, that changing the way enterprises are organized from a social, economic and environmental perspective is a key factor to tackle poverty and exclusion. Every year the Chaire will choose a different topic relevant for both social enterprises and the academic researchers in the field. This first year, it will investigate the issues and the complexity of social impact measurement. This topic is crucial for social enterprises as they face an increasing pressure from public bodies and private investors in order to prove their social impact. It is also a relevant subject for academic research as social impact measurement raises important theoretical and methodological questions.

Chaire’s Webpage:

Marthe Nyssens
Anaïs Périlleux

  2015 2020


Journal Articles

1. Lambert, Louise; Dedeurwaerdere, Tom; Nyssens, Marthe; Brolis, Olivier. Unpacking the organisational diversity within the collaborative economy: The contribution of an analytical framework from social enterprise theory. In: Ecological Economics, Vol. 164, p. 1-9 (2019). doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.05.023.

2. Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe. La diversité des modèles d’entreprise sociale : nouvelles dynamiques au cœur et aux confins de l’économie sociale. In: Marché et organisations, , no.36, p. 17-38 (2019). doi:10.3917/maorg.036.0017.

3. Brolis, Olivier; Nyssens, Marthe. Does the Mission of an Organization Affect the Quality of Low-Skilled Jobs in Quasi-markets?: A Comparison Between Social Enterprises and For-Profit Organizations. In: VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, , p. 1-17 (2019). doi:10.1007/s11266-019-00164-x (Accepté/Sous presse).

4. Le Polain, Maïté; Sterck, Olivier; Nyssens, Marthe. Interest Rates in Savings Groups: Thrift or Threat?. In: World Development, Vol. 101, p. 162-172 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.09.001.

5. Cassiers, Isabelle. La croissance, une addiction ?. In: Revue Projet, , p. 18-23 (2018).

6. Brolis, Olivier; Courtois, Marie; Herman, Ginette; Nyssens, Marthe. Do Social Enterprises Discriminate less than For-Profit Organizations? The Influence of Sector and Diversity Policies on Managers’ Prejudice towards Immigrants. In: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Vol. 47, no. 4, p. 745-766 (August 2018).

7. Cassiers, Isabelle; Vanderborght, Yannick; Nahapétian, Naïri. Explorer de nouveaux modes de vie. In: Alternatives Economiques - Les dossiers, , no.10, p. 28-30 (Juin 2017).

8. Nyssens, Marthe; Defourny, Jacques. Fundamentals for an International Typology of Social Enterprise Models. In: Voluntas : international journal of voluntary and non-profit organizations, Vol. 28, no. 6, p. 2469-2497 (2017). doi:10.1007/s11266-017-9884-7.

9. Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe. Mapping Social Enterprise Models: Some Evidence from the “ICSEM” Project. In: Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 13, no. 4, p. 318-328 (2017). doi:10.1108/SEJ-09-2017-0049.

10. Callorda Fossati, Ela; Degavre, Florence; Nyssens, Marthe. How to deal with an" essentially contested concept" on the field? Sampling social innovations through the Delphi method. In: European Public & Social Innovation Review, Vol. 2, p. 45-58 (2017).

11. Perilleux, Anaïs; Nyssens, Marthe. Understanding Cooperative Finance as a New Common. In: Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Vol. 87, no. 3, p. 155-177 (2017). doi:10.1111/apce.12160.

12. Dupont, Elise; Fagnart, Jean-François; Germain, Marc; Jeanmart, Hervé; Possoz, Louis. Transition énergétique et (dé)croissance économique. In: Regards Economiques, Vol. Novembre 2017, no. 135, p. 1-26 (2017).

13. Cassiers, Isabelle; Marechal, Kevin; Méda, Dominique. 10 thèses pour progresser vers une société de la post-croissance. In: L'Obs, (Avril 2017).

14. Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe. Entreprises sociales : des promesses et des défis. In: Démocratie, , no.9, p. 5-9 (2017).

15. Thiry, Géraldine; Roman, Philippe. L’indice de richesse inclusive : l’économie mainstream au-delà de ses limites, mais en deçà de la soutenabilité ?. In: L’indice de richesse inclusive : l’économie mainstream au-delà de ses limites, mais en deçà de la soutenabilité ?, Vol. 16, no.1, p. 235-257 (2016). doi:10.3917/rfse.016.0235.

16. Cooney, Kate; Nyssens, Marthe; O'Shaughnessy, Mary; Defourny, Jacques. Public Policies and Work Integration Social Enterprises: The Challenge of Institutionalization in a Neoliberal Era. In: Nonprofit Policy Forum, Vol. 7, no. 4, p. 435-460 (2016). doi:10.1515/npf-2016-0028.

17. Cassiers, Isabelle. Qu’est-ce qui compte, et qui est habilité à le définir ?. In: Sources : Pour une vie reliée, , no.35, p. 78-80 (Juillet - Août 2016).

18. Bidet, Eric; Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe. Entreprise sociale et économie sociale en Asie (deuxième partie). In: Revue internationale de l'économie sociale : Recma, Vol. 95, p. 19-20 (2016).

19. Cassiers, Isabelle. Le Bhoutan nous interpelle : bonheur national brut et nouveau paradigme de développement. In: Mille Lieux, , no.01, p. 40-43 (Avril 2016).

20. Bidet, Eric; Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe. Entreprise sociale et économie sociale en Asie(première partie). In: Revue internationale de l'économie sociale : Recma, , no.341, p. 22-25 (Juillet 2016). doi:10.7202/1037434ar.

21. Nyssens, Marthe. Innovation sociale et entreprise sociale : quels dialogues possibles ? Une perspective européenne. In: Annales méditerranéennes d'économie, , no.4 (Octobre 2016).

22. Defourny, Jacques; Grønbjerg, Kirsten; Meijs, Lucas; Nyssens, Marthe. Voluntas Symposium: Comments on Salamon and Sokolowski’s Re-conceptualization of the Third Sector. In: Voluntas : international journal of voluntary and non-profit organizations, Vol. 27, no. 4, p. 1546-1561 (August 2016). doi:10.1007/s11266-016-9743-y.

23. Hiller, Victor; Baudin, Thomas. Cultural transmission and the evolution of gender roles. In: Mathematical Social Sciences, Vol. 84, p. 8-23 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.mathsocsci.2016.08.002.

24. Nyssens, Marthe; Veronese, Marília Veríssimo. Comparación internacional de modelos de empresas de economía social y Solidaria. In: Ciencias Sociais Unisinos, Vol. 52, no.3, p. 278-372 (2016).

25. Nyssens, Marthe. L’émergence des quasi-marchés : une mise à l’épreuve des relations pouvoirs publics - associations. In: Les politiques sociales, Vol. 75, no. 1&2, p. 32-51 (2015).

26. Nyssens, Marthe; Petrella, Francesca. Economie sociale et solidaire et ressources communes: vers la reconnaissance d’une diversité institutionnelle. In: Revue Française de Socio-Economie, Vol. 15, no. 1, p. 117-136 (2015). doi:10.3917/rfse.015.0117.

Book Chapters

1. Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe; Brolis, Olivier. Asian Social Enterprise Models in a Worldwide Perspective. In: Social Enterprise in Asia: Theory, Models and Practice (Routledge Studies in Social Enterprise & Social Innovation; xxx), Routledge: Abingdon, 2019. 9780367211592.


1. Gaiger, Luiz Inácio; Nyssens, Marthe; Wanderley, Fernanda. Social Enterprise in Latin America : Theory; Models and Practice. Routledge: Abingdon, 2019. 9780367151195. 330 pages.