18 août 2020
Auditoire LAVO 51 - Place Louis Pasteur, 1
Organic redox materials for high performance lithium batteries by Bruno ERNOULD
Pour l’obtention du grade de Docteur en sciences
The ever-growing global economy implies a steadily increasing demand for more portable energy sources, currently relying mostly on Li- ion technology. In this context, the market is continuously asking for improved performances from Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Furthermore, not only the consumer needs are driving the research toward higher standards but also the global energy demand growth, evermore pressing the need of a cleaner and more sustainable energy supply chain. Yet LIBs are well-optimized devices and going beyond what is the current state-of-the art in the battery field entails to explore new materials and components. The quest for better batteries has shed light on materials and technologies promising improved levels of sustainability, cost-effectiveness, power density and/or energy density. In that respect, significant efforts are devoted to new organic positive electrode materials that could supersede their inorganic counterparts at all levels mentioned beforehand.
The goal of this thesis is to develop new concepts to allow a successful implementation of redox organics as positive electrode materials without any trade-off over their current inorganic counterparts. To that end, we explored different strategies based on: (i) the design of hybrid materials with near-ideal dispersion properties thanks to the covalent grafting of our nitroxide-bearing polymers on conductive carbon nanotubes, (ii) the design of a cross-hybrid structure merging the conducting properties of polyaniline with the high specific capacity of quinone redox moieties, (iii) the modulation of electrode potentials driven by changes of electrolyte composition to increase the battery voltage output.
Jury members :
- Prof. Jean-François Gohy (UCLouvain), supervisor
- Prof. Eric Gaigneaux (UCLouvain), chairperson
- Prof. Alexandru Vlad (UCLouvain), secretary
- Prof. Charles-André Fustin (UCLouvain)
- Prof. Sophie Hermans (UCLouvain)
- Prof. Roberto Lazzaroni (UMons, Belgium)
- Dr. Alexandre Ponrouch (ICMAB-CSIC, Barcelone, Spain)