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Alimentation

Outcomes From Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Recognition Programs in Early Child Care and Education: A Scoping Review

28 juillet 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
ObjectiveRecognition programs are designed to incentivize early care and education (ECE) settings to implement childhood obesity prevention standards, yet little is known regarding their efficacy. This scoping review details characteristics, methodologies, and criteria used to evaluate recognition programs, identifies gaps in evaluation, and synthesizes existing evidence.Data SourceA public health librarian created the search strategies for six databases: Ovid MEDLINE, AGRICOLA, CAB Abstracts, PAIS Index, ERIC, and Scopus.Study Inclusion and Exclusion CriteriaInclusion criteria include recognition program, ECE setting, nutrition or physical activity, and qualitative or quantitative outcomes. Exclusion criteria include programming without recognition component, no ECE setting, no nutrition or physical activity outcome, case studies, or not written in English.Data ExtractionThree researchers independently extracted and complied data into an Excel spreadsheet.Data SynthesisTables were created describing location, recognition program criteria, award incentive, study design, study sample, risk of bias, and outcomes (e.g., menu nutrition) evaluated in each study.ResultsThree unique recognition programs (described in 7 studies) provided technical assistance, incentives, and training. While outcome measures and study designs varied across programs, it is clear that recognition programs are well accepted and feasible, and one study demonstrated beneficial weight outcomes.ConclusionAlthough additional evaluation is needed, recognition programs may be a promising strategy to improve obesity prevention practices in ECE.

Nouveaux comportements alimentaires : Propositions d’actions pour une alimentation compatible avec des systèmes alimentaires durables - CNA

14 juillet 2022

Le Conseil National de l'Alimentation (CNA) a adopté en juillet 2022 l'avis n°90 « Nouveaux comportements alimentaires : propositions d’actions pour une alimentation compatible avec des systèmes alimentaires durables ». Cet avis est issu d'une autosaisine du CNA. Un groupe de concertation (1), présidé par Mme Pascale Hébel et vice-présidé par M. Fabrice Etilé, a travaillé pendant 1 an à son élaboration. Ce groupe avait notamment pour objectifs : • de dresser un état lieux et de catégoriser les « nouveaux comportements alimentaires » à la lumière de l’approche « Une Seule Santé » et de la notion de système alimentaire durable ; • d'identifier parmi ces nouveaux comportements ceux qui ont ou pourront avoir un impact structurant pour la durabilité des systèmes alimentaires grâce à l'analyse de leurs conséquences sanitaires, environnementales, économiques et sociales ; • de proposer des solutions opérationnelles permettant au système alimentaire d’anticiper les évolutions des comportements alimentaires et de répondre aux attentes sociétales et aux enjeux qu'ils soulèvent afin d'accompagner les transformations compatibles avec des systèmes alimentaires durables. EN SAVOIR PLUS /

Le Rapport : https://cna-alimentation.fr/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/CNA_Avis90_nouveaux_comportements_alimentaires.pdf


Le résumé : https://cna-alimentation.fr/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/CNA_Avis-90_Resume-4-pages.pdf

Les FODMAPs, des sucres qui altèrent la barrière intestinale

31 mai 2022
Lactose, fructose, fructane, galactanes… : les FODMAPs sont des sucres difficiles à digérer, qui fermentent dans le côlon. Leur consommation peut favoriser les douleurs et l’inconfort ressentis par les personnes qui souffrent du syndrome de l’intestin irritable, mais les mécanismes qui les impliquent dans cette symptomatologie sont encore mal compris. À Toulouse, Jasper Kamphuis vient de […]

Barriers to health promotion with overweight or obese children, young people and their families

31 mai 2022

Nurs Child Young People. 2022 May 23. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2022.e1429. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Childhood obesity is a worldwide public health issue requiring sustained health promotion efforts by multiple healthcare professionals. Children's nurses are the main providers of education, support and interventions for those who are overweight or obese. Despite sustained health promotion efforts, addressing overweight and obesity in children and young people is an ongoing challenge. This article details a literature review that aimed to identify the barriers that children's nurses experience when undertaking health promotion to address overweight or obesity with children, young people and their families. Three themes were identified: lack of time, training and resources; parental motivation and response; and the 'new normal'. Education and work-based training on structured interventions for addressing overweight or obesity are vital. Skills training in broaching challenging conversations with children, young people and their families sensitively and effectively is also important.

PMID:35599600 | DOI:10.7748/ncyp.2022.e1429

Microplastiques : une contamination alimentaire qui nuirait au fonctionnement de notre intestin

25 mai 2022

canva-microplastiques-ima.jpg

Chez la souris, les microparticules de polyéthylène (PE) induisent des troubles de la structure et de la fonction de l’intestin, ainsi que de la flore intestinale. S’il s’avère que ces polluants ont un effet comparable chez l’Homme, ils pourraient être impliqués dans l’apparition de certaines maladies, notamment cancéreuses ou inflammatoires. Les microparticules de polyéthylène (PE) […]

Food Insecurity and Mental Well-Being Among Low-Income Families During COVID-19 Pandemic

24 mai 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
PurposeTo examine the interaction effects of adult and child food insecurity on parents’ and children’s mental well-being.DesignAn online survey study was conducted.SettingTwo Head Start organizations and the Qualtrics Panel.SubjectsFour hundred and eight parents under poverty level and having a child aged 3–5 years participated.MeasuresFood insecurity was assessed by the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module. Parents’ stress, anxiety and depression; and children’s sadness, fear, anger, and positive affect were measured using instruments from HealthMeasures.AnalysisMultivariate general linear models were performed in SPSS.ResultsMean age was 31 years, 17% Hispanic, 21% Black. About 51% parents and 37% children were food insecure. After adjusting for demographics and child food insecurity, parents with adult food insecurity had higher stress (B = 2.65, p = .002), anxiety (B = 3.02, p = .001), and depression (B = 3.66, p = .001); and fear in their children (B = 5.03, p = .002) than those without adult food insecurity. Similarly, parents reporting child food insecurity had greater depression than those having no child food insecurity (B = 4.61, p = .020). Black parents had lower stress (B = −1.91, p = .018), anxiety (B = −2.26, p = .012), and depression (B = −4.17, p < .001) than their White counterparts.ConclusionsThe study’s results underscore the importance of reducing food insecurity in both parents and children as a whole family system to promote mental well-being of low-income families.

The Association Between Adolescents’ Food Literacy, Vegetable and Fruit Consumption, and Other Eating Behaviors

24 mai 2022
Health Education &Behavior, Ahead of Print.
Adolescents’ intake of vegetables and fruits is generally low, and many demonstrate unhealthy eating behaviors. Food literacy may be key to improving adolescents’ nutrition. However, the relationship between food literacy, fruit and vegetable intake, and other healthy eating behaviors remains unclear, as well as how these relationships may differ among boys and girls. This study assessed the relationship between food literacy (including food skills and cooking skills), vegetable and fruit consumption, and other eating behaviors of adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 1,054 students, including 467 boys and 570 girls from five francophone high schools in New Brunswick, Canada. Quantitative data on students’ food and cooking skills, vegetable and fruit consumption, and other eating behaviors were collected with a self-reported questionnaire. Multilevel regressions were used to assess the relationship between food literacy, students’ consumption of vegetables and fruits, and other eating behaviors. Better cooking skills were associated with healthier eating behaviors and greater vegetable and fruit consumption for boys and girls. Better food skills were also associated with healthier eating behaviors and greater vegetable and fruit consumption among both genders. These findings highlight the importance of improving food literacy among adolescents. Public health interventions should focus on increasing cooking and food skills to improve adolescents’ nutrition.

Alcohol consumption messages in Korean dramas: the globalization of South Korean drinking norms

24 mai 2022
Global Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
South Korea has one of the highest rates of monthly alcohol consumption, high-risk drinking, and alcohol-related problems. Global viewers of Korean dramas consume messages about the cultural norms regarding alcohol consumption. There is limited data on the portrayal of alcohol in Korean dramas. The purpose of this embedded mixed methods study is to explore the nature of the portrayal of alcohol consumption in Korean dramas. Content analysis was conducted on a random selection of six drama series. The portrayal of alcohol consumption is ubiquitous, with a reference to alcohol approximately every 12 minutes of programming. The primary messages include the ritualistic importance of alcohol, the over consumption of alcohol by males and females, alcohol as a stress reliever, alcohol as a relationship facilitator, intoxication as a positive valence, unrealistic consequences of intoxication, males as reliable caretakers of intoxicated females, and nondepiction of driving while intoxicated. The results of this study further our understanding of the frequency of the portrayal of alcohol and the prevailing messages about alcohol consumption and intoxication in Korean dramas.