Veille sur le COVID-19

Belief and Recall of Nicotine as Therapeutic for COVID-19 May Undermine E-Cigarette Quitting Behavior

20 juillet 2022
Health Education &Behavior, Ahead of Print.
We examine the proposition that misinformation about the therapeutic potential of nicotine to prevent or treat COVID-19 may lead to relapse among attempted e-cigarette quitters. A sample of N = 507 e-cigarette ever-users who reported at least one quit attempt in the past year were surveyed in June of 2021 for recall and belief in several claims about COVID-19 and nicotine. Participants who recalled and believed at least one misinformation claim were significantly more likely to have relapsed than those who did not recall or believe such claims. These differences remained robust to regression analysis adding demographic covariates and accounting for continuous measurement of recall and belief. Misinformation about e-cigarette use is reaching young adult e-cigarette users who are trying to quit. The implications of these findings merit further research to characterize potential barriers to successful e-cigarette cessation.

Differences in Beliefs and Behaviors Related to COVID-19 Prevention Among Adult Current and Former Smokers and With and Without A Cancer Diagnosis

20 juillet 2022
American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
PurposeStudy aims included assessing differences in beliefs/behaviors about COVID-19 prevention among current and former smokers with and without cancer.DesignA cross-sectional survey about COVID-19 beliefs/behaviors was administered from June 2020 to January 2021.SettingSurvey conducted online via Qualtrics from June 2020 to January 2021.SubjectsParticipants were current (n = 101) and former (n = 102) smokers with and without cancer.MeasuresQuestions were related to beliefs about efficacy of and engagement in behaviors for COVID-19 prevention.ResultsResults from logistic regressions displayed that individuals with cancer were more likely to indicate using hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol was ineffective (OR = .12, 95% CI: [.02, .65]) and avoided public transportation (OR = 1.84, 95% CI: [1.04, 3.28]) compared to those without cancer. Former smokers were more likely to indicate taking vitamin C was effective (OR = .45, 95% CI: [.22, .93]) and rinsing your mouth with salt water (OR = 1.89, 95% CI: [1.02, 3.50]) was ineffective compared to current smokers. Current smokers were more likely to indicate not smoking was effective compared to former smokers (OR = 2.19, 95% CI: [1.13, 4.24]).ConclusionsCounters to COVID-19 misinformation may need to be tailored to different at-risk groups based on differential beliefs and behaviors.

Experiences of suffering among nursing professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic: A descriptive qualitative study

18 juillet 2022

Appl Nurs Res. 2022 Aug;66:151603. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2022.151603. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Healthcare professionals have played a fundamental role in managing and controlling the COVID-19 health crisis. They are exposed to high levels of suffering, trauma, uncertainty, and powerlessness in the workplace. The objective of this study was to explore and understand experiences of suffering among primary care and hospital care nurses during the COVID-19 health crisis.

DESIGN: This is a descriptive qualitative study. Between March and April 2021, 19 in-depth interviews were carried out with nurses at health and social care facilities and hospitals in southern Spain. ATLAS.ti 9.0 software was used for discourse analysis.

RESULTS: Nurses reported that they had experienced suffering during their work in the pandemic. The main causes suggested were direct contact with patients' suffering and organisational difficulties. The repercussions are in emotional dimension and physical deterioration and social isolation.

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Given the circumstances, programmes to promote healthy, compassion-based behaviours and changes to the way in which professionals' suffering is handled must be implemented by healthcare facility managers. Nursing leaders should consider the management of suffering as a matter of the first order, both from the ethical point of view and the business profitability and make compassionate leadership.

PMID:35840275 | DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2022.151603

The COVID-19 pandemic from a One Health perspective

14 juillet 2022

Rev Med Suisse. 2022 Jul 13;18(790):1386-1389. doi: 10.53738/REVMED.2022.18.790.1386.

ABSTRACT

The "One Health" approach is essential to better understand and manage a pandemic of animal origin. Sensitive geopolitical considerations seem to hamper the investigations into the origin of the pandemic, but everything points to the Rhinolophus bat as the starting point of this devastating pandemic. Through a phenomenon of reverse zoonosis, several hundred cases of contamination of animals by SARS-CoV-2 have been identified worldwide, involving about twenty species of mammals. The virus has also passed from animals to humans in the case of infected mink farms in Denmark or through contact with hamsters in Hong Kong. For the development of vaccines and treatments and to help detect COVID-19 in train stations or airports, the animal has confirmed its role as a valuable auxiliary resource for humans in the fight against the pandemic.

PMID:35822747 | DOI:10.53738/REVMED.2022.18.790.1386

COVID 19 pandemic: Impact of changes experienced on social workers' professional quality of life in Singapore

14 juillet 2022

Soc Work Health Care. 2022 Jul 12:1-25. doi: 10.1080/00981389.2022.2092582. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has impacted all spheres of life massively. Among the emerging studies on the psychosocial impact of the pandemic, few studies look specifically at how social workers are impacted. To understand this gap, this study surveyed 337 social workers. The findings showed that changes experienced in the workplace were enormous and caused secondary traumatic stress while engendering compassion satisfaction among social workers, but the presence of social support moderated to keep the secondary traumatic stress at bay. Resilience mediated association between social and workplace support and compassion fatigue. Social support seemed to have the largest effect on reducing stress through resilience. Workplace support also helped mitigate burnout. In conclusion, continued social and workplace support will be key to supporting social workers during a pandemic.

PMID:35819057 | DOI:10.1080/00981389.2022.2092582

Vaccination de base contre la COVID-19 et consolidation périodique de l’immunité

22 juin 2022

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Cet avis vise à définir le nombre de doses qui constituent une « vaccination de base contre la COVID-19 », c’est-à-dire le nombre de doses qu’un individu devrait avoir reçu pour développer une réponse immunitaire satisfaisante, réponse qui pourra ensuite être consolidée lors des campagnes périodiques de vaccination.

Vaccination contre l’influenza et la COVID-19 à l’automne 2022

21 juin 2022

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Le but de cet avis scientifique est d’émettre des recommandations concernant la vaccination contre l’influenza et contre la COVID-19 à l’automne 2022, notamment les groupes à cibler et le moment optimal pour les vacciner.

Revue rapide de la littérature scientifique sur le fardeau de la COVID-19 et les facteurs associés à la gravité de la maladie chez les enfants de 0 à 4 ans

21 juin 2022

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Comme des vaccins contre la COVID-19 pourraient être homologués et rendus disponibles prochainement pour les enfants de 0 à 4 ans, il apparaît important de connaître le fardeau de la COVID‑19 et les facteurs associés à la gravité de la maladie dans ce groupe d’âge.

Professional Quality of Life in Intensive Care Unit Professionals during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Observational Cross-sectional Study

21 juin 2022

Indian J Crit Care Med. 2022 May;26(5):604-612. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24212.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has significant positive and negative impacts on the professional life of intensive care unit (ICU) professionals. This study was conducted to evaluate compassion satisfaction (CS), burnout (BO), and secondary traumatic stress (STS) in ICU professionals and to study demographic and occupational variables related to them.

METHODS: This prospective observational study was undertaken on ICU professionals involved in direct care of critically ill COVID-19 patients. The online questionnaire consisting of demographic, work-related parameters, and professional quality of life scale version 5 (ProQOL 5) was sent to 1,080 ICU healthcare workers. The subgroups of ProQOL 5, CS, BO, and STS were calculated and compared across study parameters. Linear regression was performed to evaluate variables which were independently associated with ProQOL.

RESULTS: The response rate in the present study was 39.8%, and after evaluation, 320 responses were found eligible for final analysis. There was predominance of average levels of CS, BO, and STS. Female gender, contractual job, lesser work experience, greater workload, and COVID-19 infection in close acquittance of participants were factors observed to independently associated with increase in negative aspects of ProQOL (BO and STS). Further, increase in duty hours and COVID-19 infection in close social circle were observed to independently decrease positive aspects (CS).

CONCLUSION: This study shows that despite majority of respondents reporting moderate levels BO and STS, CS is maintained during the COVID-19 crisis. The identification of risk factors is vital to support ICU professionals by targeted interventions.

HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Kerai S, Doda P, Saxena KN. Professional Quality of Life in Intensive Care Unit Professionals during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Observational Cross-sectional Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022;26(5):604-612.

PMID:35719452 | PMC:PMC9160612 | DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24212

Coping with COVID-19: Survey data assessing psychological distress to COVID-19 and vaccine hesitancy with measures of Theory of Planned Behavior, mindfulness, compassion, cultural orientation, and pandemic fatigue

21 juin 2022

Data Brief. 2022 Jun 14:108390. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108390. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 pandemic extends into another year, the causes and consequences of pandemic fatigue and vaccine hesitancy have become prominent concerns. This dataset contains MTurk survey responses from 658 vaccinated USA samples indicating: (a) pandemic fatigue and psychological distress (physical and trauma symptoms); (b) delays in receiving medical care due to COVID-19 restrictions; (c) vaccine-related behavior and beliefs (type of vaccine and vaccine hesitancy), and (d) COVID-19 preventive health behaviors. Several predictor variables were also collected including: (a) demographic variables; (b) COVID-19 health risk factors; (c) perceived susceptibility to disease and intolerance of uncertainty; (d) attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control about COVID-19 vaccine from the Theory of Planned Behavior; (e) compassion for self and others; (f) psychological flexibility and inflexibility; (g) Buddhist mindfulness insight (impermanence, acceptance of suffering, nonself attachment, mindfulness); and (h) cultural orientation and authoritarianism. The data were collected between August 28th and October 18th of 2021. Out of the 746 MTurk workers who responded to the survey, 88 were removed from the dataset due to failing attention checks and problems with quality data. The responses from the remaining 658 allow an examination of the associations between fatigue and distress from COVID-19; COVID-19 vaccine related behaviors and beliefs; preventive health behaviors for COVID-19; COVID-19 susceptibility; intolerance of uncertainty; together with compassion, psychological flexibility, mindfulness, cultural orientation, as well as authoritarianism as possible moderators of COVID-19 fatigue, distress, and vaccine beliefs.

PMID:35721375 | PMC:PMC9195342 | DOI:10.1016/j.dib.2022.108390

Treating Anti-Vax Patients, a New Occupational Stressor-Data from the 4th Wave of the Prospective Study of Intensivists and COVID-19 (PSIC)

14 juin 2022

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 May 12;19(10):5889. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19105889.

ABSTRACT

The Prospective Study of Intensivists and COVID-19 (PSIC) is a longitudinal study that besides investigating a cohort of intensivists from one of the two COVID-19 hub hospitals in Central Italy since the beginning of the pandemic (first wave, April 2020), has conducted a new survey at each successive wave. In addition to the variables investigated in previous surveys (job changes due to the pandemic, justice of safety procedures, job stress, sleep quality, satisfaction, happiness, anxiety, depression, burnout, and intention to quit), the latest fourth wave (December 2021) study has evaluated discomfort in caring for anti-vax patients. A multivariate logistic regression model confirmed that high levels of occupational stress (distressed 75.8%) were associated with isolation, monotony, lack of time for meditation, and poor relationships with anti-vaccination patients. Compared to the first phase, there was a reduction in levels of insomnia and anxiety, but the percentage of intensivists manifesting symptoms of depression remained high (58.9%). The study underlined the efficacy of organizational interventions and psychological support.

PMID:35627425 | DOI:10.3390/ijerph19105889

“Into the Lion’s Den”: COVID-19 Experiences of Black Adults with Sickle Cell Disease

14 juin 2022
Qualitative Health Research, Ahead of Print.
Adults living with sickle cell disease are at risk for experiencing severe illness from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to the complexity of their disease. Additionally, self-management and navigating the healthcare system may be challenging during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, we conducted telephone interviews with 25 participants to explore the experiences of Black adults living with sickle cell disease during the early months of the pandemic in the United States. Three overarching themes characterize their experiences: management of sickle cell disease was further complicated by the pandemic, fear of the virus contributed to physical and social isolation, and employment and financial challenges affected well-being. The pandemic contributed to changes in health care maintenance and had a disproportionate impact on this population. Addressing social and structural determinants of health and disruptions in health care accessibility is critical to advancing health and health care equity for individuals living with sickle cell disease.