Pierre Latteur
Recent publications

Pierre Latteur's research focuses on the optimization of structures, on tensegrity structures, on timber structures, on interlocking structures and on the robonumerization of the construction processes.

IMMC main research direction(s):
Civil and environmental engineering

optimization of structures, robot-compatible construction processes

Research group(s): GCE


PhD and Post-doc researchers under my supervision:

Towards a “robonumerization” of the construction. The use of drones on construction sites: challenges and opportunities.
Sébastien Goessens

Numerical and experimental investigation of monopile driving resistance in carbonate rocks
Mustafa Jafari


Optimization of tensegrity bridges based on morphological indicators
Jonas Feron

Tensegrity structures are composed of struts and tendons in such way that the compression is “floating” inside a net of tension in a stable self-equilibrated state. Although tensegrity forms have inspired artists and architects for many years, there exist very few real construction projects across the world. The main reasons are, among others, the complex construction processes and the lack of design guidelines. This research, performed in collaboration with the company BESIX, aims at proving the feasibility of a first pure tensegrity bridge around the world.

When the structure is externally loaded, large displacements occur and require non-linear calculation before reaching an equilibrium. Indeed, in tensegrity structures more than in conventional ones, form and forces are intrinsically correlated. This phenomenon is due to their intern mechanism, unless appropriate pre-stressing is applied. An allowable stiffness can be possible, but at a certain material cost, which in turn justifies the relevance of the optimization of the weight.

While designing a tensegrity structure, optimization and form finding are often great challenges. Indeed, the large amount of parameters (span, height, shape, cross sections, materials, loads, pre-stress, etc) makes the search for the structure with the best performances cumbersome. A solution to this problem is to reduce the number of degrees of freedom to consider, by grouping them into dimensionless numbers, the morphological indicators.

In 2014, R.E. Skelton et al were pioneers in using a similar approach for optimizing planar tensegrity bridges uniformly loaded. In 2017, P. Latteur et al adapted the morphological indicators methodology, used so far to optimize mainly trusses and arches, to 3D non-linear and pre-stressed lattice structures such as tensegrity structures. In 2019, J. Feron et al used this methodology to investigate the performances of different 3D forms of uniformly loaded tensegrity footbridges.

This research focus on the required checks to ensure the practicality, the constructability and the economical and structural efficiency of a pure tensegrity footbridge thanks to non linear finite element analysis, experimental validation, parametric design, prestress optimization and dynamic behavior assessment

Recent publications

See complete list of publications

Journal Articles

1. Feron, Jonas; Boucher, Lindy; Denoël, Vincent; Latteur, Pierre. Optimization of Footbridges Composed of Prismatic Tensegrity Modules. In: Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 24, no.12, p. 28 (2019). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0001438.

2. Descamps, Thierry; Monhonval, Michel; Latteur, Pierre. An assessment methodology for timber beams in a restoration context, based on a dimensionless formulation of EC5 design criteria. In: International Journal of Architectural Heritage, Vol. Volume 12, 2018, no.12, p. 726-733. doi:10.1080/15583058.2018.1442527.

3. Goessens, Sébastien; Mueller, Caitlin; Latteur, Pierre. Feasibility study for drone-based masonry construction of real-scale structures. In: Automation in Construction, Vol. 94, p. 458-480 (2018). (Soumis).

4. Latteur, Pierre; Feron, Jonas; Denoël, Vincent. A design methodology for lattice and tensegrity structures based on a stiffness and volume optimization algorithm using morphological indicators. In: International Journal of Space Structures, Vol. 32, no.Issue 3-4, p. 226-243. doi:10.1177/0266351117746267 (Soumis).

Conference Papers

1. Feron, Jonas; Bouckaert, Igor; Mengeot, Pierre; Van Steirteghem, Jan; Latteur, Pierre. Influence of random loads on the optimal design of tensegrity footbridges.

2. Mulas, M.G.; Pisani, M.; Beeckmans, F.; Latteur, Pierre. Dynamic analysis of a steel footbridge under running pedestrians. In: Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovation, Mechanics and Applications, 2019, 978-1-138-38696-9, p. 138-143.

3. Feron, Jonas; Mengeot, Pierre; Latteur, Pierre. Uniformly Loaded tensegrity bridge design via morphological indicators method.

4. Chaltiel, Stephanie; Bravo, Maite; Goessens, Sébastien; Latteur, Pierre; Mansouri, Masoumeh; Ahmad, Ismail. Dry and Liquid clay mix drone spraying for Bioshotcrete. In: Proceedings of the IASS Symposium 2018 Creativity in Structural Design, International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (I A S S ): Caitlin Mueller, Sigrid Adriaenssens (eds.), 2018.

5. Blonder, Arielle; Grobman, Yasha, J.; Latteur, Pierre. Pleated Facades: Layered Fabric Materiality in FRP Surface Elements. In: International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures. Bulletin. (2018). International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (I A S S ): Caitlin Mueller, Sigrid Adriaenssens (eds.), 2018.

6. Goessens, Sébastien; Rogeau, Nicolas; De Beusscher, Gaëlle; Mueller, Caitlin; Latteur, Pierre. Parametric Design of Drone-Compatible Architectural Timber Structures. In: International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures. Bulletin. (2018). International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (I A S S ), 2018.

7. Goessens, Sébastien; de Furstenberg, Tassilo; Manderlier, Charline; Mueller, Caitlin; Latteur, Pierre. A Few Aspects of UAV-based Construction.

8. Ma, Zhao; Latteur, Pierre; Mueller, Caitlin. Grammar-based Rhombic Polyhedral Multi-Directional Joints and Corresponding Lattices.

9. Goessens, Sébastien; Mueller, Caitlin; Latteur, Pierre. Vers une "Robonumérisation" de la construction ?.

10. Latteur, Pierre; Goessens, Sébastien; Reniers, Milan; Zhao, Ma; Mueller, Caitlin. Masonry Construction with drones.

Book Chapters

1. Nehri, Nabil; Paques, Alexis; Marchand, Cédric; Goessens, Sébastien; Mueller, C.; Latteur, Pierre. Système de guidage d’un drone à l’aide de capteurs embarqués, destiné à la construction automatique d’ouvrages en maçonnerie. In: Revue scientifique des ISILF , xxx: avenue E. Mounier 100 • 1200 Bruxelles, 2017, p. 1-17. D/2017/7362/4001.


1. Latteur, Pierre. Calculer une structure, de la théorie à l'exemple. L’Harmattan/Academia editors: Louvain-la-Neuve, 2016. 9782806102706. 488 pages.