Panagiotis Varelas
PhD student
University of Thessaly in 2016

Main project: The Impact of Energy Policies on the Energy System
Funding: FPS
Supervisor(s): Francesco Contino

There are many difficulties in the upcoming years toward a carbon-neutral planet. The main issue that renewable energy sources are facing in the energy transformation is the security of supply. Alternative fuels like hydrogen and ammonia might be a solution to this challenge as possible energy carriers. The main barrier they are currently facing is the increased cost compared to other fuels. This project is aiming to promote alternative fuels and green applications in mobility and other sectors and to highlight the importance of alternative fuels as a solution to tackle climate change and reach our goals.

In this direction, academia should play a vital role by providing the necessary facts and guidelines to the policymakers. Currently, researchers and policymakers are acting independently, and coordinating actions are very often lacking. The main goal of this research is to provide evidence and facts that can help policymakers take decisions. This implies measuring the impact of the energy policies on energy systems. Thus, every time an energy policy will be implemented or modified our model will be able to predict the potential impact both for investors and consumers.

Existing models are not considering the effect of the energy policies on the energy systems. Traditionally these models are scenario-oriented. According to their input parameters such as demand, consumption, and available technologies, they can suggest a couple of different scenarios to the policymakers.

Modern societies are rapidly changing by the decisions of political institutions. Recent major events in Europe and United States proved that energy transition is a dynamic condition affected by a plethora of different parameters that should be considered. Designing energy models needs to be a vice versa task proposing the optimal scenarios to the policy makers, considering at the same time the impact of energy policies.

The second novelty of this research proposal is that it will take into consideration both the financial and the societal impact of energy policies.

IMMC main research direction(s):

energy storage
machine learning
sociological aspects of energy demand

Research group(s): TFL
Collaborations: Yes my main supervisor is at ULB and his name is Alessandro Parente