My current research project takes part in the contemporary
interrogations on populism. It considers this as a particular form of
politicization, from the stand of what I term popular criticisms. In the
project, I describe and analyze the proliferation of these criticisms
within the activities of labor unions, in Europe and the United-States.
From the standpoint of a pragmatic sociology, and in the wake of my PhD
research on the personal "burdens" of public participation, I suggest a
resumption of sociologies that cared about the popular but were limited
in understanding it as a cultural distinction.
I explore the complex relations between popular criticisms and publicly
legitimate criticisms, comprehending them in their material and
collective context (through ethnography), considering with attention
their constancies and variations (through international comparison) and
their subjective grounds (through biographical interviews). This
research dynamic also enables me to reconsider in an original manner the
problem of "political competences" and its reverberations on personal