- Encadrements 2018-2019
LGEO1252 - Terrains en géographie
- Encadrements précédents
LGEO1231 - Eléments de géographie physique
LGEO1331 - Géomorphologie
LGEO2120 - Applied geomorphology
LGEO2230 - Medical geography and geography of health
Title: Transition environments and disease vectors: a geographical perspective on ticks and the associated disease risk
Abstract: Tick-borne diseases pose a significant risk for both human and livestock health throughout Europe. Their distribution is strongly associated with environmental factors: tick abundance depends on the availability of a suitable habitat, a suitable climate and feeding hosts. The density of infected ticks will also depend on the availability of pathogen reservoir hosts. While deciduous forests, the primary habitat of ticks, have been extensively studied, less information is available about patchy landscapes and areas with transitional or bushy vegetation, where ticks also occur. However, such areas may be particularly relevant when assessing the risk to livestock or human health, as they may be more favourable to tick-host contact, and therefore to transmission, than the primary tick habitat. Tick-borne disease transmission is expected to show a strong spatial heterogeneity, the understanding of which is a great asset for prevention and control of infection and disease. A broad diversity of spatial vector distribution models has been developed at various scales, but their uptake by managers and decision-makers has been poor. A vast amount of modelling effort is wasted due to the lack of interpretability and communicability of such models. In this project, we will investigate tick presence and abundance across a gradient of vegetation and tree vegetation density, accounting for livestock and human exposure, in order to better understand the spatial distribution of risk across a range of tick habitat suitability. We will then use expert-based methods of modelling spatially hazard and exposure to produce maps usable by managers and decision makers. Such methods are more transparent and their outputs simple cartographic outputs. Understanding them therefore does not rely on understanding complex quantitative species distribution modelling methods.
Da Re, Daniele ; De Clercq, Eva M. ; Tordoni, Enrico ; Madder, Maxime ; Rousseau, Raphaël ; Vanwambeke, Sophie. Looking for Ticks from Space: Using Remotely Sensed Spectral Diversity to Assess Amblyomma and Hyalomma Tick Abundance. In: Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, no.7, p. 770 (2019). doi:10.3390/rs11070770.
Rousseau, Raphaël ; McGrath, Guy ; McMahon, Barry J. ; Vanwambeke, Sophie. Multi-criteria Decision Analysis to Model Ixodes ricinus Habitat Suitability. In: EcoHealth, Vol. 14, p. 591-602 (2017). doi:10.1007/s10393-017-1247-8.
Bouvy, Anne-Sophie ; Jacquet, Vincent ; Malay, Olivier ; Rousseau, Raphaël ; Vandamme, Pierre-Etienne ; van Outryve d'Ydewalle, Sixtine. Partager le pouvoir du Parlement : un modèle pour la démocratie belge ?. In: La revue nouvelle, Vol. /, p. 42-47 (2017).
Van Outryve d'Ydewalle, Sixtine ; Jacquet, Vincent ; Bouvy, Anne-Sophie ; Malay, Olivier ; Rousseau, Raphaël ; Vandamme, Pierre-Etienne. Partager le pouvoir du Parlement : un modèle pour la démocratie belge. In: Revue Nouvelle, Vol. La démocratie participative en question , no.7, p. 42-47 (2017).