Micro and Nano Technologies and Systems

Figure : Concentration of bacterial cells on the capacitive sensor thanks to AC-electrosmosis

The group forms with the CeRMiN, the UCL Research center for micro- and nano-scopic materials and electronics devices a multidisciplinary team, involving both silicon device physicists, technologists and experimentalists, as well as circuit designers. It gathers about 50 members, out of which 5 professors and more than 36 PhD students and researchers.

Principal Investigators :

Denis Flandre, Laurent Francis, Isabelle Huynen, Dimitri Lederer, Sorin Melinte, Jean-Pierre Raskin

Research Labs : 

SOI Group, Sensors, Microsystems and Actuators Laboratory of Louvain (SMALL)

Research Areas :     

This activity covers the characterization up to 110 GHz, of bulk and nanocomposite materials in various states: solids, foams, liquids, powders, gels, films, … The models created using these measurements allow to extend the range of application of nanostructures, and to develop new sensors and signal processing devices. Of current interest are ferromagnetic nanowires for tunable electronics, carbonated nanoparticles (carbon nanotubes, graphene) for intelligent packaging (EMI shielding, ESD protection, photovoltaic), and nanoporous thin film membranes for fuel cell applications.

Our current projects aim at understanding the fundamental nanoscience of man-made quantum structures, namely semiconductor nanodevices and hybrid inorganic-organic platforms for molecular opto-electronics and plasmonics. In particular, we use high-resolution nanolithography as well as soft-lithography and bottom-up fabrication techniques to engineer smart nano- and microsystems. Recently, our group started the development of cutting-edge instrumentation in the area of scanning tunneling spectroscopy and near-field experimental setups based on photon detection.

ICTEAM has been active in Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) technology since 1986. Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) has been a major theme of R&D for more than 20 years, leading to significant contributions with regards to e.g. double-gate MOSFETs, nanowires, high-temperature SOI CMOS, microwaves and millimeter-waves SOI MOSFETs and substrate, Ultra-Low-Power smart sensors (including biosensors) in terms of processing, characterization, simulation, modeling and design.

Bulk and surface micromachining sensors for chemical, medical and harsh environments applications. The group members are focused on varied devices design and fabrication of MEMS and NEMS structures co-integrated with SOI CMOS circuits: design and fabrication of NEMS-based lab-on-chip to characterize the electromechanical properties of materials at nanometer scale, nanowires gas sensors, nanoporous silicon membranes, magnetometers, flow, humidity, pressure and inertial sensors, surface acoustic wave device, etc.

Research infrastructure :

Winfab is equipped with a complete pilot fabrication line on silicon/SOI substrates of about 1,000 m² for the rapid prototyping and validation of new fabrication steps and of new integrated devices or microsystems.

Electrical measurement set-ups available in WELCOME cover a large range of frequencies (from DC up to 110 GHz) and temperatures (from few mK up to 400°C) on wafer-scale as well as packaged circuits levels. Physical (e.g. interface or thin layer properties) and mechanical (adhesion, stress...) characterization are widely available in the CeRMiN environment.

Simulation tools include industry-standard softwares for integrated processes and devices. Device irradiation is available at the nearby cyclotron research centre on a bench qualified by ESA. The wide research results have been honoured by more than 50 invited presentations in international and national conferences, as well as by several awards.

Most recent publications

Below are listed the 10 most recent journal articles and conference papers produced in this research area. You also can access all publications by following this link : see all publications.

Journal Articles

1. Lakhdar Sidi Salah; Nassira Ouslimani; Mohamed Chouai; Danlée, Yann; Huynen, Isabelle; Hamoune Aksas. Predictive optimization of electrical conductivity of polycarbonate composites at different concentrations of carbon nanotubes. In: Materials, Vol. 14, p. 1687-2006 (2021). doi:10.3390/ma14071687. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/244736

2. Saoutieff, Elise; Polichetti, Tiziana; Jouanet, Laurent; Faucon, Adrien; Vidal, Audrey; Pereira, Alexandre; Boisseau, Sébastien; Ernst, Thomas; Miglietta, Maria Lucia; Alfano, Brigida; Massera, Ettore; De Vito, Saverio; Bui, Do Hanh Ngan; Benech, Philippe; Vuong, Tan-Phu; Moldovan, Carmen; Danlée, Yann; Walewyns, Thomas; Pétré, Sylvain; Flandre, Denis; Ancans, Armands; Greitans, Modris; Ionescu, Adrian M. A Wearable Low-Power Sensing Platform for Environmental and Health Monitoring: The Convergence Project. In: Sensors, Vol. 21, no.5, p. 21 (2021). doi:10.3390/s21051802. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/244265

3. Tang, Xiaohui; Debliquy, Marc; Lahem, Driss; Yan, Yiyi; Raskin, Jean-Pierre. A Review on Functionalized Graphene Sensors for Detection of Ammonia. In: Sensors, Vol. 2021, no.21 (4), p. 1443 (2021). doi:10.3390/s21041443. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/243740

4. Wang, Bin; Malik, Mohammad Wasil; Yan, Yiyi; Kilchytska, Valeriya; Zeng, Yun; Flandre, Denis; Raskin, Jean-Pierre. A Physical Model of Contact Resistance in Ti-Contacted Graphene-Based Field Effect Transistors. In: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 68, no.2, p. 892-898 (2021). doi:10.1109/TED.2020.3046166. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/243620

5. M. V. Cunha, José; Oliveira, Kevin; Lontchi Jioleo, Jackson; S. Lopes, Tomás; A. Curado, Marco; R. S. Barbosa, João; Vinhais, Carlos; Chen, Wei-Chao; Borme, Jérôme; Fonseca, Helder; Gaspar, João; Flandre, Denis; Edoff, Marika; G. Silva, Ana; P. Teixeira, Jennifer; A. Fernandes, Paulo; M. P. Salomé, Pedro. High-Performance and Industrially Viable Nanostructured SiOx Layers for Interface Passivation in Thin Film Solar Cells. In: Solar RRL, Vol. 2021, no.2000534, p. 13 (2021). doi:10.1002/solr.202000534. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/243569

6. Vercauteren, Roselien; Leprince, Audrey; Mahillon, Jacques; Francis, Laurent. Porous Silicon Biosensor for the Detection of Bacteria through Their Lysate. In: Biosensors, Vol. 2021, no.11, p. 27 (2021). doi:10.3390/bios11020027. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/243038

7. Polonschii, Cristina; Gheorghiu, Mihaela; David, Sorin; Gáspár, Szilveszter; Melinte, Sorin; Majeed, Hassaan; Kandel, Mikhail E.; Popescu, Gabriel; Gheorghiu, Eugen. High-resolution impedance mapping using electrically activated quantitative phase imaging. In: Light: Science & Applications volume, Vol. 10, p. 20 (2021). doi:10.1038/s41377-020-00461-x. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/241949

8. Li, Guoli; Fan, Zizheng; André, Nicolas; Xu, Yongye; Xia, Ying; Iniguez, Benjamin; Liao, Lei; Flandre, Denis. Non-Linear Output-Conductance Function for Robust Analysis of Two-Dimensional Transistors. In: IEEE Electron Device Letters, Vol. 42, no.1, p. 94-97 (2021). doi:10.1109/LED.2020.3042212. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/241726

9. Rajkumar Jaiswar; Mederos Henry, Francisco; Hermans, Sophie; Raskin, Jean-Pierre; Huynen, Isabelle. Nonlinear electrical transport in Fe3O4-decorated graphene nanoplatelets. In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 54, no.6, p. 065304 (2021). doi:10.1088/1361-6463/abc2f2. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/238637

10. Delhaye, Thibault; André, Nicolas; Francis, Laurent; Flandre, Denis. New Universal Figure of Merit for Embedded Si Piezoresistive Pressure Sensors. In: IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, Vol. 21, no. 1, p. 213-221 (2021). doi:10.1109/JSEN.2020.3013017. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/235263

Conference Papers

1. Puyol Troisi, Rafael; Pétré, Sylvain; Danlée, Yann; Walewyns, Thomas; Francis, Laurent; Flandre, Denis. Design Considerations of Ultra-Low-Power Polymer Gas Microsensors Based on Noise Analysis. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/243613

2. Raskin, Jean-Pierre. SOI technologies from digital to RF and beyond. In: Intelligent Semiconductor for Technology Convergence, nano-KISS Short Course, 2020, pp 28-64 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/241178

3. Khiara, N.; Onimus, F.; Dupuy, L.; Crocombette, J.-P.; Pardoen, Thomas; Raskin, Jean-Pierre; Brechet, Y.. Un nouveau mécanisme de fluage d’irradiation induit par les cascades de déplacements générées par l’irradiation. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/241177

4. Melinte, Sorin. Building-Integrated Energy Storage: Smart Windows. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/240888

5. Vercauteren, Roselien; Leprince, Audrey; Mahillon, Jacques; Francis, Laurent. Porous Silicon Biosensor for the Detection of Bacteria through Their Lysate. In: Selected Papers from the 1st International Electronic Conference on Biosensors (IECB 2020), MDPI: Switzerland, 2020, 15 xxx. doi:10.3390/IECB2020-07041. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/238072

6. Vandermolen, E.; Ferrandis, P.; Allibert, F.; Nabet, Massinissa; (Kees) de Groot, CH.; Raskin, Jean-Pierre; Cassé, M.. Characterization of deep levels in high resistivity substrates by Photo-Induced Current Transient Spectroscopy. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/237802

7. Le Brun, Grégoire; Raskin, Jean-Pierre. Life cycle approach for electronics eco-design: case study on paper-based water quality sensors. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/237801

8. Pardoen, Thomas; Dépinoy, S.; Strepenne, F.; Bertholet, Y.; Raskin, Jean-Pierre; Massart, T. J.; Godet, S.. Interface toughening in multilayered systems through extrinsic plastically deforming or compliant dissipative interlayers. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/237799

9. Wane, S.; Huard, V.; Rack, Martin; Nyssens, Lucas; Kieniewicz, B.; Bajon, D.; Raskin, Jean-Pierre. Broadband smart mm-wave Front-End-Modules in advanced FD-SOI with adaptive-biasing and tuning of distributed antenna-arrays. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/237796

10. Jaddi, Sahar; Coulombier, Michaël; Idrissi, Hosni; Raskin, Jean-Pierre; Pardoen, Thomas. Fracture toughness and environmentally assisted subcritical cracking of thin freestanding Al2O3 and SiO2 films. 2020 xxx. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/237795