Kinetic Barriers and Microscopic Mechanisms of Noble Gas Adsorption by Nanoporous γ‐Mg(BH4)2 Obtained by means of Sub‐Second X‐Ray Diffraction
Gas adsorption by porous frameworks sometimes result in structure “breathing”, “pores opening/closing”, “negative gas adsorption”, and other fascinating phenomena which can be revealed and explained with the use of in situ diffraction methods. The time‐dependent diffraction is able to address both kinetics of the guest uptake and structural response of the host framework, since the time evolution of the crystal structure bears the information on the mechanisms and kinetic barriers of guest adsorption. Using such advanced sub‐second in situ powder X‐ray diffraction, three various intracrystalline diffusion scenarios have been evaluated from the isothermal kinetics of Ar, Kr, and Xe adsorption by nanoporous γ‑Mg(BH4)2. These scenarios are dictated by two possible simultaneous transport mechanisms: diffusion through the intra‐ (i) and interchannel apertures (ii) of γ‐Mg(BH4)2 crystal structure. The contribution of i and ii changes depending on the kinetic diameter of the noble gas molecule and temperature regime. The lowest single activation barrier for the smallest Ar suggests equal diffusion of the atoms trough both pathways. Contrary, for the medium sized Kr we resolve the contributions of two parallel transport mechanisms, which tentatively can be attributed to the smaller barrier of the migration paths via the channel like pores and the higher barrier for the diffusion via narrow aperture between these channels. Remarkably, the largest Xe atoms diffuse only along 1D channels and show the highest single activation barrier. This work demonstrates a potential of sub‐second diffraction to access site‐specific kinetics of guest uptake in multi‐adsorption site frameworks.
First published: 16 November 2020 - https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202015019