Projects (in alphabetical order)
Development, optimization and modeling of high entropy alloys: towards the emergence of new metallic materials combining ultra high strength and toughness.
A strong interest from the metallurgy community emerged in the last 3 years for a new family of metal alloys called "high entropy alloys" (HEA) which consist of a mixture of a significant number (>4) of chemical elements in equiatomic quantities. While all current engineering alloys (steels, aluminium or titanium alloys) consist of one majority element whose properties are optimized by the addition of small additions of one or more elements, a completely new concept prevails in the case of HEAs. These HEAs are not only a scientific curiosity as they present quite exceptional combinations of mechanical properties with levels of resistance, deformability and toughness never achieved before. The consortium involved in this project will study these new high entropy alloys through a multidisciplinary approach moving the community away from many of the purely empirical design rules that have emerged in HEA.
Flag-ERA “MECHANIC : Modelling Charge and Heat Transport in 2D-materials based Composites"
Polymer-composites based on Graphene and related materials (GRM), such as thermoplastics and conductive flexible materials, hold promise for several key European industrial areas including aerospace and automotive industries where GRM are used in coating of batteries and cables, de-icing etc. The composites of most interest comprise structurally complex membranes of Graphene Oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO). The goal of MECHANIC consists in modelling charge and heat transport in highly disordered (realistic) GO/rGO thin films, as they appear in composites.
Flag-ERA “MORE-MXenes : Magnetically Ordered Rare Earth 2D MXenes"
Discovered in 2011, MXenes are by far the youngest family of 2D materials known and thus the least understood. MXenes are so called because they are derived from the Mn+1AXn (or MAX) phases where M is an early transition metal, A is an A-group element (mostly 13 and 14), X is C and/or N. Since all these phases are Al-containing, the Al should be readily selectively etched to create 2D RE-i-MXenes, where the RE elements are ordered in the basal planes. The goal of the MORE-MXenes project is to fundamentally understand the electronic and magnetic properties of single RE-i-MXenes layers, thus possibly being an interesting perspective of "full 2D" electronic and spintronic devices, as they could be used both as interconnects with low electrical resistivities and low contact resistances, as well as for spin injection/detection.
The Graphene Flagship is a Future and Emerging Technology Flagship by the European Commission.
Launched in 2013, with a budget of €1 billion, the Graphene Flagship represents a new form of joint, coordinated research on an unprecedented scale, forming Europe's biggest ever research initiative.
The Graphene Flagship is tasked with bringing together academic and industrial researchers to take graphene and other 2D Materials from the realm of academic laboratories into European society in the space of 10 years, thus generating economic growth, new jobs and new opportunities. The core consortium consists of over 150 academic and industrial research groups in 23 countries.
The project LOCOTED is part of the portfolio "Multifunctional Films" and more specifically the Energy theme. LOCOTED aims to develop new high-performance thermoelectric films and integrate them into low-cost generators to convert degraded the thermal energy released at the cold source of industrial installations into electricity. Indeed, a significant portion of energy resources is consumed in the form of thermal energy with an average yield of the order of 30 to 35%. After use, the residual thermal energy is released into the environment as degraded energy, that is to say a diluted energy within large gas flows at low temperature (<400 °C). Targeting an efficient use of energy by the recovery of waste heat, LOCOTED aims to identify new high performance thermoelectric compounds and to integrate them as a coating in a new type of thermoelectric converter with a low cost for converting the degraded or diluted thermal energy released at the cold source of industrial installations into electricity. In this way, the overall efficiency of industrial facilities will be increased, thus contributing to the response to societal challenges related to energy.
SUNRISE is one of six candidates for a future European large-scale research initiative. We propose a sustainable alternative to the fossil-based, energy-intensive production of fuels and base chemicals. The needed energy will be provided by sunlight, the raw materials will be molecules abundantly available in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide, water and nitrogen.
Our proposal for a coordination and support action (CSA) has been successfully selected by the European Commission at stage one and two of the FETFLAG-01-2018 call! The CSA project will start in spring 2019 and will be funded with €1M for preparing the full SUNRISE initiative addressing the S&T challenge of converting solar energy into fuels and commodity chemicals with high solar energy to product yield. The main objectives of the CSA are to:
(i) Develop the Scientific and Technological (S&T) roadmap;
(ii) Build the community for carrying out a large research initiative roadmap including scientific, industrial and general public stakeholders; and
(iii) Establish an effective governance scheme for a European large-scale research initiative.