Projets de recherche: Section politique et administrative

L’influence des partis populistes de droite radicale sur la fabrique des politiques publiques en démocratie : étude comparée des cas suisse, français et belge.

Promoteurs : Nathalie Schiffino-Leclercq, Min Reuchamps
Chercheur : Benjamin Biard, doctorant-aspirant FNRS

Ce projet de recherche étudie l’influence que peuvent exercer les partis populistes de droite radicale la fabrique des politiques publiques dans un contexte démocratique, sur la base de trois études de cas : suisse, français et belge.

The influence of deliberative democratic innovations on the policy-making process

Promoteur : Min Reuchamps
Chercheur : Vincent Jacquet
Financement : FNRS

The last decades have witnessed a wide spread of demo-cratic innovations. Chief among them are deliberative mini-publics that have been increasingly implemented in Western democracies. These procedures gather ran-domly selected citizens to discuss salient political issues with the aim of generating some kind of ‘uptake’ in the broader political system. If their internal virtues have been assessed by several empirical studies, their external effect, i.e. their potential influence, remains relatively unexplored. This research project seeks to systematically and comparatively analyse the influence of deliberative mini-publics on the policy-making process, in particular the agenda-setting, the policy formulation and the deci-sion-making. This represents a crucial issue in the current ‘post-democratic’ context.

Risk, security and national defence in Europe - a comparative analysis of risk-based approaches to security and defence governance in Germany, France and the UK

Promoteur : Nathalie Schiffino-Leclercq
Chercheur : Kristian Krieger, collaborateur scientifique

Analysing the drivers and barriers to the diffusion of riskbased governance from a neoinstitutionalist compara-tive perspective, this project aims at understanding of the role of risk in security and defence governance in diffe-rent institutional and politico-cultural settings.

Les régions européennes face à la crise : entre convergence et capacité

Promoteur : Christian de Visscher

Ce projet comparatif financé par la Fondation Leverhulme (UK) a permis à une équipe de 5 chercheurs coordonnée par le professeur Alistair Cole de l’Université de Cardiff de réaliser une campagne d’entretiens à destination des élites régionales de quatre régions européennes en 2013- 14 : Andalousie, Bretagne, Pays de Galles et Wallonie. L’ob-jectif a été d’évaluer l’impact de la crise économique dans l’Union européenne sur les stratégies et les modèles de développement régional dans chacune de ces régions.

Public-sector innovation through collaboration

Promoteurs : David Aubin, Stéphane Moyson
Chercheur : Cécile Riche, doctorante-boursière BELSPO

There is a lack of knowledge about how collaborative governance arrangements result in meaningful inno-vations regarding public policies and services, and how different forms of collaborative governance interact and reinforce each other. Also it is unclear what organizatio-nal and individual conditions need to be present within administration to foster collaborative governance arran-gements. This project will address this research gap by conducting a multi method study on collaborative arran-gements among administrations/agencies of the Belgian federal government.

Street-level justice : Conditions and effects of officers-offenders interactions in prisons and probations services in Belgium

Promoteurs : Stéphane Moyson, Nathalie Schiffino-Leclercq
Chercheur : Mathias Sabbe, doctorant-aspirant FNRS

Street-level bureaucrats’ attitudes exert a crucial influence on the implementation of public policies as well as on citizens’ satisfaction toward public services. Prison war-dens and probation officers are street-level bureaucrats but they have rarely been examined through the lenses of street-level bureaucracy. This research focuses on the attitudes of prisons wardens and probation officers, the impact of those attitudes on offenders, as well as their individual, organizational and institutional conditions.

The dynamic of policy processes on hydraulic fracturing : an international comparative research project

Promoteurs : David Aubin, Stéphane Moyson
Chercheurs : Bastien Fievet, Maximilien Plancq, stagiaires

This project relies on the advocacy coalition framework to look at the dynamic of policy processes on hydraulic fracturing. Following previous research efforts but based on eclectic methods, the newspapers of several countries concerned with the extraction of shale gas/oil are coded according to a common grid. The results will allow the examination of the attitudes and behaviour of policy actors, dynamics of advocacy coalitions and resulting policy changes in the different cases. This project will lead to theoretical advances on the contextual factors of policy processes as well as to a better understanding of the differences in policies on hydraulic fracturing around the world.

Policy advice utilisation by ministerial cabinet advisers

Promoteurs : David Aubin, Marleen Brans, Christian De Visscher
Chercheurs : Lev Lhommeau, Pierre Squevin, doctorants
Financement : FNRS

Ministerial cabinet advisers manage the formulation of public policies through the coordination of inside and outside sources of policy advice. How do advisers choose which advice to use when designing public policies ? The project investigates the determinants of policy advice utilization by political advisers in ministerial cabinet sys-tems. This question will be addressed by an internatio-nally comparative large-n study of the most representative cases of ministerial cabinet systems : France and Belgium.

Vilco : The collaborative city - from governance for... to governance with citizens

Promoteur : Stéphane Moyson
Financement : Innoviris Co-Create

Nowadays, there are multiple examples of public autho-rities and citizen associations co-creating public services that contribute to city resilience. Officials-citizens inte-ractions are decisive in their success. Vilco looks at the factors explaining the nature of those interactions in the Region of Brussels, Belgium. Vilco is also a research-ac-tion experimenting new forms of interactions through Living Labs involving citizens and public officials.

La spécialisation et la coordination dans la réforme structurelle du pouvoir exécutif en équateur 2007- 2016

Promoteur : Christian de Visscher
Chercheure : M. I. Robalino Gallegos, doctorante et boursière UCLouvain
Financement : Bourse de doctorat « Coopération au déve-loppement » UCLouvain

Professionalization and social impact of European political science

Promoteurs : David Aubin, Marleen Brans
Chercheur : Pierre Squevin, doctorant
Financement : COST Action

ProSEPS aims to build a broad network of political scien-tists involved in the comparative study of higher educa-tional systems and the internationalization of research in the field of political science. The project focuses on developing a common framework for understanding the professionalization and social impact of Political Science within four areas : a) the transformation of the academic subject ; b) the social and media visibility of the subject and its research outcomes ; c) the impact of reforms on the rates of international mobility and international circula-tion of research outcomes ; d) the applicability and appli-cation of the products of political science, and the social impact of the work of political scientists.

Informing regulatory adaptation : using rias to analyze knowledge-utilization in the policy-making process

Promoteurs : David Aubin, Eric Montpetit
Chercheuse : Lise Frehen, doctorante

The 21st century is the witness of extraordinary deve-lopments of technologies. In all fields, knowledge is constantly evolving and challenges the existing regula-tions. These developments create a need for more adaptive governance – a way to facilitate regulatory adaptations fol-lowing technological developments. In order to adapt the regulation, policy-makers must gain access to knowledge related to the developments of technologies in all fields. However there still exists a gap for investigation on the link between the nature of the source of information and the regulatory adaptations that stand out of it. The aim of the project is to understand how different sources of knowledge inform the policy-making process that leads to regulatory adaptation. Regulatory Impact Assessments (RIAs) are used as the main tool to identify the informa- tion sources and the kind of use that it made of them. Both Canada and the European Union will be compared.

Les partis de droite aiment-ils la démocratie participative ?

Promoteurs : Nathalie Schiffino-Leclercq et Min Reuchamps
Chercheure : Laura Pascolo 

Le projet de thèse vise à étudier le positionnement des partis de droite (centre et extrême) vis-à-vis de la démocratie participative (y inclus la délibération et les innovations démocratiques). Le projet de thèse procède par la comparaison de plusieurs cas en Belgique francophone, en France et au Québec. L’approche qualitative recourt à la collecte de données par entretiens et documents (manifestes des partis, programmes électoraux, discours). L’analyse (lexicale, sémantique, thématique) des matériaux investiguera notamment ce que les partis de droite disent de la démocratie participative, s’ils proposent des dispositifs participatifs, les mettent en œuvre, le cas échéant de quelle manière. Le projet de thèse complète une littérature scientifique certes foisonnante en théories de la démocratie mais qui, de l’avis de chercheurs comme Loïc Blondiaux ou Julien Talpin, ont jusqu’ici très peu investigué les partis de droite en tant que tels.

Le changement organisationnel dans la fonction exécutive en Equateur. 

Promoteur : Christian de Visscher
Chercheure : Maria-Imelda Robalino 

Le projet vise à mesurer et à comparer les changements dans la structure de la fonction exécutive durant la présidence de Rafael Correa. Il vise ensuite à expliquer la variation des changements de la structure de la fonction exécutive dans les trois périodes de cette présidence 

QUALIDEM - Eroding democracies. a qualitative (re-)appraisal of how policies shape democratic linkages in Western democracies (Work Package 2)

Promotrices : Virginie Van Ingelgom, Claire Dupuy
Chercheuses : Margherita Bussi, Claire Dupuy
Financement : European Research Council Starting Grant

Le projet Qualidem est un projet interdisciplinaire qui vise à construire des ponts entre les rapports à la politique des citoyens et les changements de l’action publique. Le projet est attentif à deux changements contextuels majeurs rencontrés par des démocraties occidentales : la supranationalisation et la néolibéralisation de l’action publique. Dans le cadre de son volet ‘Mapping policies transformations’ (Work Package 2), le projet vise à interpréter les changements des politiques sociales (pensions, santé, politiques d’activation et éducation) et à développer un cadre théorique capable de saisir quels changements du policy design ont un impact sur les liens démocratiques (participation,confiance, intérêt pour la politique). Les études de cas incluent cinq pays (France, Belgique, Allemagne, Royaume Uni et Etats Unis). Le volet empirique se base sur la reanalyse des données qualitatives issues de focus groups et interviews individuels comparatifs dans les cinq pays analysés.