# Phenomenology of elementary particles

The phenomenology of the fundamental interactions encopasses a wide range of research activities, whose main characteristic is to sit at the boundary between theory and experiment. Day-to-day interactions and collaborations between theorists and the experimentalists at the Centre foster new ideas in different ways.

Sometimes a top-down approach is followed : New theoretical models and mechanisms are proposed and possible measurements at colliders or in other experiments are suggested. Search for Higgs scalars, supersymmetry or gravitational effects at the TeV scale are examples of such activities.

Alternatively, a bottom-up approach can be employed where new experimental possibilities are suggested or experimental data are scrutinized that call for a deeper understanding of standard model physics and/or (hopefully!) for new physics effects.

The research activities in this area cover several fields of investigation that can broadly associated to following categories:

1. Collider phenomenology
2. Flavour physics
3. Precision EW and QCD calculations
4. BSM : model building and alternative EWSB mechanims
5. Computational tools for HEP

### Projects

MoMEMta is a C++ software package to compute Matrix Element weights. Designed in a modular way, it covers the needs of experimental analysis workflows at the LHC. MoMEMta provides working examples for the most common final states (, WW, ...). If you are an expert user, be prepared to feel the freedom of configuring your MEM computation at all levels.
MoMEMta is based on:

- C++, ROOT, Lua scripting language
- Cuba (Monte-Carlo integration library)
- External PDFs (LHAPDF by default)
- External Matrix Elements (currently provided by our MadGraph C++ exporter plugin)

Study of the complementarity between dark matter relic abundance, direct detection, indirect detection and collider searches applied to the dark matter simplified models. These models consider a dark matter candidate communicating to the quark (especially top) sector of the standard model via a bosonic or vectorial mediator.

External collaborators: Eric Conte (GPRHE), Benjamin Fuks (LPTHE), Jun Guo (Chinese Academy of Science), Jan Heisig (RWTH), Kentarou Mawatari (LPSC Grenoble), Michael Kraemer (RWTH), Mathieu Pellen (University of Wuerzburg).

Study anomalous effect on the energy distribution and try to extract the parameter from experimental data.

We study supersymmetric models in which modifications of the neutrino sector, to include a mass term, are connected to the dark matter sector. We analyse if the dark matter particles can be good dark matter candidates by considering cosmological and astrophysical constraints, as well as if the new neutrino sector can accommodate neutrino data.

External collaborators: Suchitat Kulkarni (OAW Wien).

Observability of new phenomenological models in High Energy experiments is delicate to evaluate, due to the complexity of the related detectors, DAQ chain and software. Delphes is a new framework for fast simulation of a general purpose experiment. The simulation includes a tracking system, a magnetic field, calorimetry and a muon system, and possible very forward detectors arranged along the beamline. The framework is interfaced to standard file format from event generators and outputs observable analysis data objects. The simulation takes into account the detector resolutions, usual reconstruction algorithms for complex objects (FastJet) and a simplified trigger emulation. Detection of very forward scattered particles relies on the transport in beamlines with the Hector software.

Implementation of the SMEFT at NLO in QCD in the Feynrules MadGraph5_aMC@NLO chain and phenomenological studies

External collaborators: Cen Zhang, Celine Degrande.

Automation of the calculation of NLO Electroweak corrections and phenomenological studies of their impact on Standard-Model and Beyond-the-Standard-Model processes at colliders.

An automated framework for BSM phenomenology that allows one to compute Feynman rules from a Lagrangian.

External collaborators: Céline Degrande (CERN) Benjamin Fuks (Jussieu).

We study the Vector Boson Fusion production channel for the Higgs boson and other particles at the LHC, mainly focusing on the role of QCD corrections.

High-energy photon-photon and photon-proton interactions at the LHC offer interesting possibilities for the study of the electroweak sector up to TeV scale and the search for processes beyond the Standard Model. After in-depth exploratory studies, we performed using the CMS data first measurement of two-photon muon pair production as well as first ever observation of W boson pairs produced by photon fusion. Now our group is leading unique investigations of quartic couplings between photons and W and Z bosons.

External collaborators: CMS FSQ analysis group and the group of A. Szczurek (Krakow).

Automation within MadGraph5_aMC@NLO and phenomenological studies of loop-induced processes for the LHC

Monte Carlo development.

External collaborators: Benjamin Fuks, Kentarou Mawatari, Kaoru Hagiwara, Tim Stelzer, Stefano Frixione, Marco Zaro, Rikkert Frederix, Valentin Hirschi, Paolo Torrielli, Johan Alwall, Hua-Sheng Shao, Mihailo Backovic,...

In the standard model version of the grand unified theory different gauge couplings intend to, but do not, meet at some higher scale. Here we will look for some better ways for the unification of the gauge coupling constants.

Higher order corrections to key processes at the LHC (Higgs,...) are computed to higher orders in perturbation theory.

External collaborators: Babis Anastasiou (ETH Zurich) Vittorio Del Duca (ETH Zurich & INFN Frascati) Falko Dulat (SLAC) Elisabetta Furlan (ETH Zurich) Thomas Gehrmann (Universität Zurich) Franz Herzog (Nikhef) Achilleas Lazopoulos (ETH Zurich) Bernhard Mistlberger (CERN).

The discovery of a Higgs boson (H) by the ATLAS and CMS experiments fixes the value of the self-coupling λ in the scalar potential whose form is determined by the symmetries of the Standard Model and the requirement of renormalisability. Higgs boson pair production is sensitive to the self-coupling and will play a major role in investigating the scalar potential structure.

This project consists in a search for nonresonant Higgs boson pair production via gluon fusion in the final state with two leptons, two b jets and missing transvere energy  gg → H(bb) H(WW) asking for the leptonic decay of the W's. The analysis is conducted in close collaboration with phenomenologists to ensure the approach is theoretically sound and future-proof.

The difference between predictions obtained with a massive scheme, where a heavy quark is treated as a finale massive state and the massless scheme, where the heavy quark is viewed as an initial parton may be extremely sizable. The aim of the project is to gain a better understanding of the size of the collinear logarithms arising when a heavy quark is treated as a final massive state and to investigate its kinematical origin.

External collaborators: Maria Ubiali, Giovanni Ridolfi.

Study of the supersymmetric phenomenology at LHC connected to the leptonic experimental searches to go beyond the simplified model spectra approach.

External collaborators: Michael Chala (Desy), Victor Martin Lozano (IFT Madrid), Germano Nardini (ITP Bern).

Study of the tensions observed between the K and the B meson systems and their implications for scalar-mediated flavor changing currents in the framework of two Higgs doublet models (2HDM).

### Recent publications

#### 2017

The top-quark charge asymmetry at the LHC and Tevatron through NNLO QCD and NLO EW
Michal Czakon, David Heymes, Alexander Mitov, Davide Pagani, Ioannis Tsinikos, Marco Zaro
[Abstract] [PDF]
Refereed paper. 7th November.
On the reinterpretation of non-resonant searches for Higgs boson pairs
Alexandra Carvalho, Florian Goertz, Ken Mimasu, Maxime Gouzevitch, Anamika Aggarwal
[Abstract] [PDF]
Refereed paper. 24th October.
Probing Leptogenesis at Future Colliders
Antusch, Stefan and Cazzato, Eros and Drewes, Marco and Fischer, Oliver and Garbrecht, Bjorn and Gueter, Dario and Klaric, Juraj
[Abstract] [PDF]
Refereed paper. 16th October.
Probing Dark Matter Long-lived Mediators with Solar $\gamma$ rays
Michele Lucente, Chiara Arina, Mihailo Backović and Jan Heisig
[Abstract] [PDF]
Contribution to proceedings. 9th October.
Higgs decay into four charged leptons in presence of dimension six operators
Ambresh Shivaji
Contribution to proceedings. 21st September.
Trilinear Higgs coupling determination via single-Higgs differential measurements at the LHC
Maltoni, Fabio and Pagani, Davide and Shivaji, Ambresh and Zhao, Xiaoran
[Abstract] [PDF]
Refereed paper. 18th September.
Loopedia, a Database for Loop Integrals
C. Bogner, S. Borowka, T. Hahn, G. Heinrich, S. Jones, M. Kerner, A. von Manteuffel, M. Michel, E. Panzer, V. Papara
[Abstract] [PDF] [Journal]
Refereed paper. 16th August.
Production of $HHH$ and $HHV(V=gamma,Z)$ at the hadron colliders
Agrawal, Pankaj and Saha, Debashis and Shivaji, Ambresh
[Abstract] [PDF]
Refereed paper. 16th August.
Gluon-fusion Higgs production in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory
Nicolas Deutschmann, Claude Duhr, Fabio Maltoni, Eleni Vryonidou
Refereed paper. 31st July.
Neutrino masses, leptogenesis and dark matter from small lepton number violation?
[Abstract] [PDF]
28th July.
EW corrections on top-quark pair production: the impact of the photon PDF
Ioannis Tsinikos
[Journal]
Contribution to proceedings. 29th June.
New Physics in multi-Higgs boson final states
Kilian, Wolfgang and Sun, Sichun and Yan, Qi-Shu and Zhao, Xiaoran and Zhao, Zhijie
[Abstract] [PDF] [Journal]
Refereed paper. 20th June.
The Higgs Vacuum Uplifted: Revisiting the Electroweak Phase Transition with a Second Higgs Doublet
G. C. Dorsch, S. J. Huber, K. Mimasu, J. M. No
19th May.
Top-pair production at the LHC through NNLO QCD and NLO EW
M. Czakon, D. Heymes, A. Mitov, D. Pagani, I. Tsinikos, M. Zaro
[Abstract] [PDF]
10th May.
Solar gamma-rays as a Complementary Probe of Dark Matter
Chiara Arina, Mihailo Backovic, Jan Heisig and Michele Lucente
[Abstract] [PDF]
23rd March.